A piston-cylinder device initially contains air at 150 kPa and 27°C. At this state, the volume is 400 litre. The mass of the piston is such that a 350 kPa pressure is required to move it. The air is now heated until its volume has doubled. Determine the total heat transferred to the air.
Qin – Wout = ΔU = m(u3 –u1)
m = P1V1/RT1 = 0.697 kg
u1 = u@ 300 K = 214.36 kJ/kg
u3 = u@ 1400 K = 1113.43 kJ/kg
Therefore Qin = 767 kJ.
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