XAT Mock Test - 2


78 Questions MCQ Test MBA Exams Mock Test Series and Past Year Question Papers | XAT Mock Test - 2


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Attempt XAT Mock Test - 2 | 78 questions in 170 minutes | Mock test for CAT preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study MBA Exams Mock Test Series and Past Year Question Papers for CAT Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Answer the question based on the passage given below.

Just as agriculture appeared in six or seven parts of the world simultaneously, suggesting an evolutionary determinism, so the same is true, a few thousand years later, of cities. Large urban settlements, with communal buildings, monuments and shared infrastructure, started popping up seven thousand years ago in several fertile river valleys.

 


Q. Which of the following most questions the author’s belief that the appearance of cities is evolutionarily determined?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 says nothing for or against the author’s evolutionary determinism theory, so it cannot be the answer.
Option 3 is the author’s evolutionary determinism theory expressed in different words.
The issue isn’t exactly where the cities popped up, but the reason for the popping, so option 4 is irrelevant.
Option 5 denies the cause-effect relation the author seems to be trying to draw, but gives no reasons for the denial, so it is not a very strong argument.
Only option 2 questions the cause-effect relation by suggesting an alternative reason for the simultaneous appearance of cities around the world.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 2

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


N. R. Sharwan has earned the tag of being the black sheep of the Hindutva political party, partly because of his nonconformist ways but mostly because of his hostile attitude towards the media.


All these words can be used instead of hostile in the sentence EXCEPT:

Solution:

Solution: The word “hostile” means ‘unfriendly’ and ‘unreceptive’. “Intimidating” and “antagonistic” convey the same connotation as “hostile.” “Surreal” means ‘unreal’ or ‘dream-like’ and it is in no way synonymous to “hostile”. It cannot replace it in the sentence. Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 3

Answer the question based on the passage given below.


I don’t think this is a golden age of TV drama. I think there are other eras that have a claim to be as good as the 00s or the current period, if not necessarily better - particularly in terms of sheer variety. But it certainly is a golden age for shows that are taken seriously enough to be the subject of in-depth critical discussion. This is partly due to the internet, of course, but when the internet first got popular, TV discussion was to some extent dominated by fandom: people who liked (or even hated) a particular show gathering to talk about it. Such discussion could, and often did, include episode reviews and in-depth discussion, but there wasn’t exactly a TV critical community per se. Now, with the decline of newsgroups and the lower profile of individual TV show fan clubs, much online TV discussion revolves around TV in general, or at least more than one show: people who a decade ago might have picked one show to focus on are instead talking about several.

 

Q. Which of the following would strengthen the author’s argument?

Solution:

Solution: The author’s argument is that the improvement nowadays isn’t in the TV shows themselves but in the quality of criticism. So options 1 and 2 are irrelevant to the argument.
Option 3 weakens the argument somewhat, as the author praises the amateur criticism on the internet.
Option 4 doesn’t really strengthen the argument, as it only says what the present kind of criticism isn’t, not what it is.
Therefore, none of the options are correct.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 4

Group Question

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.


China is subverting the status quo in the South and East China Seas, on its border with India, and even concerning international riparian flows - all without firing a single shot. Just as it grabbed land across the Himalayas in the 1950’s by launching furtive encroachments, China is waging stealth wars against its Asian neighbors that threaten to destabilize the entire region. The more economic power China has amassed, the greater its ambition to alter the territorial status quo has become.

Throughout China’s recent rise from poverty to relative prosperity and global economic power, the fundamentals of its statecraft and strategic doctrine have remained largely unchanged. Since the era of Mao Zedong, China has adhered to the Zhou Dynasty military strategist Sun Tzu’s counsel: “subdue the enemy without any battle” by exploiting its weaknesses and camouflaging offense as defense. “All warfare,” Sun famously said, “is based on deception.” For more than two decades after Deng Xiaoping consolidated power over the Chinese Communist Party, China pursued a “good neighbor” policy in its relations with other Asian countries, enabling it to concentrate on economic development. As China accumulated economic and strategic clout, its neighbors benefited from its rapid GDP growth, which spurred their own economies. But, at some point in the last decade, China’s leaders evidently decided that their country’s moment had finally arrived; its “peaceful rise” has since given way to a more assertive approach.
One of the first signs of this shift was China’s revival in 2006 of its long-dormant claim to Indian territory in Arunachal Pradesh. In a bid to broaden its “core interests,” China soon began to provoke territorial disputes with several of its neighbors. Last year, China formally staked a claim under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to more than 80% of the South China Sea.

From employing its strong trade position to exploiting its nearmonopoly on the global production of vital resources like rare-earth minerals, China has staked out a more domineering role in Asia. In fact, the more openly China has embraced market capitalism, the more nationalist it has become, encouraged by its leaders’ need for an alternative to Marxist dogma as a source of political legitimacy. Thus, territorial assertiveness has become intertwined with national renewal.

 

 

Q. The author’s main objective in writing this passage seems to

Solution:

Solution: The author documents China’s foreign policy through the years as well as various factors that have contributed to its territorial assertiveness. Though, he mentions “China’s cultural legacy”, “Marxism” and the domineering role it has adopted, the passage remains centered on analyzing China’s attempts to further its territory. This eliminates options 1 and 3.
Option 2 is incorrect since it only talks about the shortcomings of the China's territorial assertiveness.
Option 5 is incorrect since it states that the author's objective is “to highlight China's dominance”, which cannot be deduced from the passage.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 5

China is subverting the status quo in the South and East China Seas, on its border with India, and even concerning international riparian flows - all without firing a single shot. Just as it grabbed land across the Himalayas in the 1950’s by launching furtive encroachments, China is waging stealth wars against its Asian neighbors that threaten to destabilize the entire region. The more economic power China has amassed, the greater its ambition to alter the territorial status quo has become.

Throughout China’s recent rise from poverty to relative prosperity and global economic power, the fundamentals of its statecraft and strategic doctrine have remained largely unchanged. Since the era of Mao Zedong, China has adhered to the Zhou Dynasty military strategist Sun Tzu’s counsel: “subdue the enemy without any battle” by exploiting its weaknesses and camouflaging offense as defense. “All warfare,” Sun famously said, “is based on deception.” For more than two decades after Deng Xiaoping consolidated power over the Chinese Communist Party, China pursued a “good neighbor” policy in its relations with other Asian countries, enabling it to concentrate on economic development. As China accumulated economic and strategic clout, its neighbors benefited from its rapid GDP growth, which spurred their own economies. But, at some point in the last decade, China’s leaders evidently decided that their country’s moment had finally arrived; its “peaceful rise” has since given way to a more assertive approach.
One of the first signs of this shift was China’s revival in 2006 of its long-dormant claim to Indian territory in Arunachal Pradesh. In a bid to broaden its “core interests,” China soon began to provoke territorial disputes with several of its neighbors. Last year, China formally staked a claim under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to more than 80% of the South China Sea.

From employing its strong trade position to exploiting its nearmonopoly on the global production of vital resources like rare-earth minerals, China has staked out a more domineering role in Asia. In fact, the more openly China has embraced market capitalism, the more nationalist it has become, encouraged by its leaders’ need for an alternative to Marxist dogma as a source of political legitimacy. Thus, territorial assertiveness has become intertwined with national renewal.

 

 

Q. What does the author mean by - “all without firing a single shot”?

Solution:

Solution: The author uses the phrase- “all without firing a single shot” when he talks about how China hasn’t used armed warfare but stealth to change the territorial status quo in Asia.
Option 1 is incorrect since its talks about China causing harm to its trade partners, which cannot be inferred from the passage.
Option 2 talks about India’s political ideology and its roots, which once again has not been referenced upon in the passage.
Option 4 talks about China using a “good-neighbour” policy with its neighbors to acquire territory which is incorrect according to the passage.
Option 5 is incorrect since it shows that China’s influence on its neighbors is responsible for the change in territorial status quo.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 6

China is subverting the status quo in the South and East China Seas, on its border with India, and even concerning international riparian flows - all without firing a single shot. Just as it grabbed land across the Himalayas in the 1950’s by launching furtive encroachments, China is waging stealth wars against its Asian neighbors that threaten to destabilize the entire region. The more economic power China has amassed, the greater its ambition to alter the territorial status quo has become.

Throughout China’s recent rise from poverty to relative prosperity and global economic power, the fundamentals of its statecraft and strategic doctrine have remained largely unchanged. Since the era of Mao Zedong, China has adhered to the Zhou Dynasty military strategist Sun Tzu’s counsel: “subdue the enemy without any battle” by exploiting its weaknesses and camouflaging offense as defense. “All warfare,” Sun famously said, “is based on deception.” For more than two decades after Deng Xiaoping consolidated power over the Chinese Communist Party, China pursued a “good neighbor” policy in its relations with other Asian countries, enabling it to concentrate on economic development. As China accumulated economic and strategic clout, its neighbors benefited from its rapid GDP growth, which spurred their own economies. But, at some point in the last decade, China’s leaders evidently decided that their country’s moment had finally arrived; its “peaceful rise” has since given way to a more assertive approach.
One of the first signs of this shift was China’s revival in 2006 of its long-dormant claim to Indian territory in Arunachal Pradesh. In a bid to broaden its “core interests,” China soon began to provoke territorial disputes with several of its neighbors. Last year, China formally staked a claim under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to more than 80% of the South China Sea.

From employing its strong trade position to exploiting its nearmonopoly on the global production of vital resources like rare-earth minerals, China has staked out a more domineering role in Asia. In fact, the more openly China has embraced market capitalism, the more nationalist it has become, encouraged by its leaders’ need for an alternative to Marxist dogma as a source of political legitimacy. Thus, territorial assertiveness has become intertwined with national renewal.

 

 

Q. Which of the following is the author least likely to agree with?

Solution:

Solution: Options 1 - 4 can be inferred from the passage. Hence, the author is likely to agree with them.
While the passage does talk about China using its strong position in trade to play a domineering geo-political role, the statement that it has led to a stalemate in territorial disputes cannot be verified.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 7

China is subverting the status quo in the South and East China Seas, on its border with India, and even concerning international riparian flows - all without firing a single shot. Just as it grabbed land across the Himalayas in the 1950’s by launching furtive encroachments, China is waging stealth wars against its Asian neighbors that threaten to destabilize the entire region. The more economic power China has amassed, the greater its ambition to alter the territorial status quo has become.

Throughout China’s recent rise from poverty to relative prosperity and global economic power, the fundamentals of its statecraft and strategic doctrine have remained largely unchanged. Since the era of Mao Zedong, China has adhered to the Zhou Dynasty military strategist Sun Tzu’s counsel: “subdue the enemy without any battle” by exploiting its weaknesses and camouflaging offense as defense. “All warfare,” Sun famously said, “is based on deception.” For more than two decades after Deng Xiaoping consolidated power over the Chinese Communist Party, China pursued a “good neighbor” policy in its relations with other Asian countries, enabling it to concentrate on economic development. As China accumulated economic and strategic clout, its neighbors benefited from its rapid GDP growth, which spurred their own economies. But, at some point in the last decade, China’s leaders evidently decided that their country’s moment had finally arrived; its “peaceful rise” has since given way to a more assertive approach.
One of the first signs of this shift was China’s revival in 2006 of its long-dormant claim to Indian territory in Arunachal Pradesh. In a bid to broaden its “core interests,” China soon began to provoke territorial disputes with several of its neighbors. Last year, China formally staked a claim under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to more than 80% of the South China Sea.

From employing its strong trade position to exploiting its nearmonopoly on the global production of vital resources like rare-earth minerals, China has staked out a more domineering role in Asia. In fact, the more openly China has embraced market capitalism, the more nationalist it has become, encouraged by its leaders’ need for an alternative to Marxist dogma as a source of political legitimacy. Thus, territorial assertiveness has become intertwined with national renewal.

 

 

Q. Which of the following are likely consequences of Chinese territorial assertiveness in light of the views put forth in the passage?

A. Instability in South East Asia.
B. Rise in the Chinese nationalist sentiment.
C. Benefit to China’s clout in Asia.
D. Rapid economic development in China.

Solution:

Solution: Statement A has been mentioned in the passage as “China is waging stealth wars against its Asian neighbors that threaten to destabilize the entire region”.
Statement B can be inferred from the last line of the passage which states “Thus, territorial assertiveness has become intertwined with national renewal.”.
Statements C and D are out of context with respect to the passage.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 8

Answer the question based on the passage given below.

Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December; And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor. Eagerly I wished the morrow; - vainly I had sought to borrow From my books surcease of sorrow - sorrow for the lost Lenore - For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore - Nameless here for evermore.

 


Q. Which of the following is not true about the situation mentioned in the above verse?

Solution:

Solution: The first line clearly indicates that the poet is looking back from a moment in the future at the events of one particular December day. So option 1 is correct.
Option 2 can be inferred from the fourth and fifth lines.
The word “vainly” suggests that the poet tried to stop grieving but couldn’t, so option 4 is true.
Option 5 is stated in the line “I had sought... surcease of sorrow”. While option 3 may be true, it cannot be inferred for certain from the information in the verse. It is obvious that the poet deeply loved the girl, but it need not follow that he was “in love with” her - it could be brotherly or fatherly affection that he felt towards her. Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 9

The italicised numbered words given below are be correctly represented by which of the following parts of speech?


A substantial amount (1) of research has been done on residence hall social life. (2) However, in all the research that has been done, (3) a distinct hole in the research exists when it (4) comes to answering (5) why some residence halls have different levels of social interaction, (6) especially when viewed (7) from a functional (8) distance standpoint.

Solution:

Solution: The first word “amount” refers to a number or a sum. This is a noun.
The word “social” is an adjective relating to society.
The word “done” is past participle of “do” which indicates an action and is a verb.
The word “when” describes the situation at or on which (referring to a time or circumstance). Hence, it is an adverb.
The word “answering” implies the action of replying and is a verb.
The word “some” is an adjective that describes the number or quantity. The word “especially” is an adverb which is used to single out one person or thing over all others.
The word “functional” acts as an adjective that describes the utilitarian or practical feature of distance.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 10

Read the sentences and choose the option that best arranges  them in a logical order.

A. Not only is Facebook more than just another Web site, Milner says, but with 500 million users it’s ‘the largest Web site there has ever been, so large that it is not a Web site at all’.

B. Milner not only offers better terms than VC firms, he sees the world differently.

C. In an entirely different strategic model, the Russian is concentrating his bet on a unique power bloc.

D. An amusing development in the past year or so — if you regard post-Soviet finance as amusing — is that Russian investor Yuri Milner has, bit by bit, amassed one of the most valuable stakes on the Internet: He’s got 10 percent of Facebook.

E. The traditional VC has a portfolio of Web sites, expecting a few of them to be successes — a good metaphor for the Web itself, broad not deep, dependent on the connections between sites rather than any one, autonomous property.

F. He's done this by undercutting traditional American VCs - the Kleiners and the Sequoias who would, in days past, insist on a special status in return for their early investment.

Solution:

Solution: Yuri Milner is introduced by his full name and nationality in D - so any statement that refers to him only as “Milner” or “the Russian” must follow D. This rules out options 3 and 5.
BEC is a clear link. B introduces the idea of Milner as compared to traditional VC firms; E and C explain this difference. Options 1 and 4 can be eliminated. Option 2 - DFBECA - is a logically correct sequence.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 11

Read the sentences and choose the option that best arranges them in a logical order.

A. Rather than identifying intrinsic or innate properties that non-humans share with humans, some feminists have argued instead that moral recognition is invariably a social practice.

B. Feminist philosophers have challenged the individualism that is central in the arguments for the moral status of animals.

C. It depends, deeply, on the kind of relations they can have with us.

D. Moral considerability is not an intrinsic property of any creature, nor is it supervenient on only its intrinsic properties, such as its capacities.

Solution:

Solution: Statement B is the most appropriate introduction, since it mentions feminist philosophers challenging the core of the arguments for the moral status of animals. Statement A expands on the nature of this argument. The “individualism” mentioned in B is the “intrinsic or innate properties” in A. Therefore, B-A is a solid link. Options 2, 4 and 5 can be eliminated.
The “relations they can have with us” in statement C can be understood only in the context of the relations between nonhumans and humans. Therefore, D-C cannot precede B-A. Thus, option 1 can be eliminated.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3

QUESTION: 12

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


This is my modest proposal: Google should create Google Kids, a search engine that filters the Web for children. Think back to when you were a kid and your parents dropped you off at the library. In the children’s section, there was no ‘inappropriate’ stuff to be found. Similarly, Google Kids would be a sort of children’s section of the Web, focused on providing high-quality results based on age.

 

What is the basic assumption of the author’s argument?

Solution:

Solution: Option 2 is far too negative, and the issue of trusting children has no basis in the paragraph.
It is unlikely that the author is making this proposal directly to Google. Also “keenly” is not necessary in the assumption. Eliminate option 3.
The library is mentioned only as an example of how to provide an appropriate section for kids - equating library with physically searching for information and google with reading books is stretching the given data. Eliminate option 4.
Option 5 is not an assumption - it is the point of the library example.
Only option 1 is a basic assumption - a special search engine for kids is necessary only if the regular one provides results that are unsuitable for children.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 13

Select the odd man out from the given alternatives.  

Solution:

Solution: The relationship among the words is that of association. For example, scalpel and retractors are associated with surgery, and similarly the others too, except option 4 - there is no association between the ‘rod’ and the ‘teacher’.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 14

Group Question

Analyse the following passage and provide appropriate answers for questions that follow.


When he was a toddler, Donald didn't seem to care whether his parents came or went. Before turning 2, he'd already memorized Psalm 23 ("The Lord is my shepherd...") and could recite the catechism from memory, but never paid attention to a fully costumed Santa Claus during the winter holidays. He soon became obsessed with watching spinning objects and would have explosive temper tantrums if he was interrupted. Worried, Donald's father sent a 33- page typed letter recounting these and other unusual behaviors to a young psychiatrist named Leo Kanner at Johns Hopkins Hospital, in Baltimore. 
The year was 1938, and Donald would later become the first American child ever diagnosed with autism. For decades afterward, it was believed that the condition was rare. Times have certainly changed. Today, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, roughly 1 in 88 children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, or ASDs, and it's four to five times more likely to occur in boys than in girls.

The almost fivefold jump in schoolchildren diagnosed with autism between 1993 and 2003 has prompted some authorities and politicians to proclaim that we're in the midst of an "autism epidemic." Bombarded with news about autism (as I write this, Google reports that 4,470 new stories mentioned the condition in the past 24 hours), parents of babies and toddlers are understandably alarmed and confused. I've been there myself. As a pediatrician and first-time father, I followed my son Jake's growth and development with anticipation, and eagerly awaited his first smile and steps. But when he was almost 2, back in 2003, he was saying only a few words. According to a checklist known as the Denver Scale that was used at the time, he should have known more words. Naturally, my wife and I were very worried.
One reason that autism frightens mothers and fathers so deeply is because its cause is unclear. Parents also fear that a diagnosis of autism virtually guarantees a difficult life -- not only for their child, but for their entire family. But researchers are more encouraged than ever about early parental intervention, which can be enormously beneficial. "We can do so much to help children manage their challenges," explains Patricia Wright, Ph.D., M.P.H., national director of autism services for Easter Seals, which provides support for people with disabilities. "Wherever your child is now, he or she can make significant progress over time."
Simply put, autism is a defect of brain development that impairs social skills. The condition can occur on a spectrum from mild to severe. Experts still don't know the cause, but there are many theories. '"We are sure that genetics plays a role," says Parents advisor Philip Landrigan, M.D., M.Sc., a pediatrician and director of the Children's Environmental Health Center at Mount Sinai Medical Center, in New York City. In fact, a new study in Pediatrics of babies who have an older sibling with autism found that nearly 19 percent of them were diagnosed with the disorder by age 3. The link was almost three times stronger for boys: Twenty-six percent of the male infants developed autism, compared with only 9 percent of female infants.
Many scientists, including Dr. Landrigan, also suspect a direct connection between a child's exposure to certain chemicals, particularly in utero, and the risk of brain disorders including autism. Another possible cause: a parent's age. A study in Autism Research in 2010 found that while mothers have a steadily increasing risk of having a child with autism as they get older, the advanced age of the fathers only seems to contribute to that risk when the mother is younger than 30. But it's entirely possible that older parents are just more attuned to the warning signs of developmental problems in their children.

Vaccines are incorrectly believed by many to be another risk factor. A full 25 percent of parents think that some immunizations can cause autism in otherwise healthy infants, found a 2010 survey from the University of Michigan. (That may explain why nearly 10 percent of kids ages 19 to 35 months are not up to date on their immunizations.) However, at least two dozen studies in medical journals have refuted any connection between autism and vaccines.

 

 

Q. The word “catechism” means:

Solution:

Solution: “Catechism” means 'a summary of the principles of Christian religion in the form of questions and answers, used for religious instruction”. Option 1 is correct.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 15

When he was a toddler, Donald didn't seem to care whether his parents came or went. Before turning 2, he'd already memorized Psalm 23 ("The Lord is my shepherd...") and could recite the catechism from memory, but never paid attention to a fully costumed Santa Claus during the winter holidays. He soon became obsessed with watching spinning objects and would have explosive temper tantrums if he was interrupted. Worried, Donald's father sent a 33- page typed letter recounting these and other unusual behaviors to a young psychiatrist named Leo Kanner at Johns Hopkins Hospital, in Baltimore. 
The year was 1938, and Donald would later become the first American child ever diagnosed with autism. For decades afterward, it was believed that the condition was rare. Times have certainly changed. Today, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, roughly 1 in 88 children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, or ASDs, and it's four to five times more likely to occur in boys than in girls.

The almost fivefold jump in schoolchildren diagnosed with autism between 1993 and 2003 has prompted some authorities and politicians to proclaim that we're in the midst of an "autism epidemic." Bombarded with news about autism (as I write this, Google reports that 4,470 new stories mentioned the condition in the past 24 hours), parents of babies and toddlers are understandably alarmed and confused. I've been there myself. As a pediatrician and first-time father, I followed my son Jake's growth and development with anticipation, and eagerly awaited his first smile and steps. But when he was almost 2, back in 2003, he was saying only a few words. According to a checklist known as the Denver Scale that was used at the time, he should have known more words. Naturally, my wife and I were very worried.
One reason that autism frightens mothers and fathers so deeply is because its cause is unclear. Parents also fear that a diagnosis of autism virtually guarantees a difficult life -- not only for their child, but for their entire family. But researchers are more encouraged than ever about early parental intervention, which can be enormously beneficial. "We can do so much to help children manage their challenges," explains Patricia Wright, Ph.D., M.P.H., national director of autism services for Easter Seals, which provides support for people with disabilities. "Wherever your child is now, he or she can make significant progress over time."
Simply put, autism is a defect of brain development that impairs social skills. The condition can occur on a spectrum from mild to severe. Experts still don't know the cause, but there are many theories. '"We are sure that genetics plays a role," says Parents advisor Philip Landrigan, M.D., M.Sc., a pediatrician and director of the Children's Environmental Health Center at Mount Sinai Medical Center, in New York City. In fact, a new study in Pediatrics of babies who have an older sibling with autism found that nearly 19 percent of them were diagnosed with the disorder by age 3. The link was almost three times stronger for boys: Twenty-six percent of the male infants developed autism, compared with only 9 percent of female infants.
Many scientists, including Dr. Landrigan, also suspect a direct connection between a child's exposure to certain chemicals, particularly in utero, and the risk of brain disorders including autism. Another possible cause: a parent's age. A study in Autism Research in 2010 found that while mothers have a steadily increasing risk of having a child with autism as they get older, the advanced age of the fathers only seems to contribute to that risk when the mother is younger than 30. But it's entirely possible that older parents are just more attuned to the warning signs of developmental problems in their children.

Vaccines are incorrectly believed by many to be another risk factor. A full 25 percent of parents think that some immunizations can cause autism in otherwise healthy infants, found a 2010 survey from the University of Michigan. (That may explain why nearly 10 percent of kids ages 19 to 35 months are not up to date on their immunizations.) However, at least two dozen studies in medical journals have refuted any connection between autism and vaccines.

 

 

Q. The passage does not support the claim that 'autism':

Solution:

Solution: The passage states that “Vaccines are incorrectly believed by many to be another risk factor. A full 25 percent of parents think that some immunizations can cause autism ... studies in medical journals have refuted any connection between autism and vaccines.”. Option 1 is not supported by the passage.
The lines “... older parents are just more attuned to the warning signs of developmental problems in their children.” help support option 2.
The passage mentions "... a direct connection between a child's exposure to certain chemicals, particularly in utero, and the risk of brain disorders including autism.”, thus supporting option 3.
The lines “... researchers are more encouraged than ever about early parental intervention, which can be enormously beneficial.” support option 4.
The passage says that"... autism spectrum disorders, or ASDs, and it's four to five times more likely to occur in boys than in girls.”, validating option 5.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 16

When he was a toddler, Donald didn't seem to care whether his parents came or went. Before turning 2, he'd already memorized Psalm 23 ("The Lord is my shepherd...") and could recite the catechism from memory, but never paid attention to a fully costumed Santa Claus during the winter holidays. He soon became obsessed with watching spinning objects and would have explosive temper tantrums if he was interrupted. Worried, Donald's father sent a 33- page typed letter recounting these and other unusual behaviors to a young psychiatrist named Leo Kanner at Johns Hopkins Hospital, in Baltimore. 
The year was 1938, and Donald would later become the first American child ever diagnosed with autism. For decades afterward, it was believed that the condition was rare. Times have certainly changed. Today, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, roughly 1 in 88 children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, or ASDs, and it's four to five times more likely to occur in boys than in girls.

The almost fivefold jump in schoolchildren diagnosed with autism between 1993 and 2003 has prompted some authorities and politicians to proclaim that we're in the midst of an "autism epidemic." Bombarded with news about autism (as I write this, Google reports that 4,470 new stories mentioned the condition in the past 24 hours), parents of babies and toddlers are understandably alarmed and confused. I've been there myself. As a pediatrician and first-time father, I followed my son Jake's growth and development with anticipation, and eagerly awaited his first smile and steps. But when he was almost 2, back in 2003, he was saying only a few words. According to a checklist known as the Denver Scale that was used at the time, he should have known more words. Naturally, my wife and I were very worried.
One reason that autism frightens mothers and fathers so deeply is because its cause is unclear. Parents also fear that a diagnosis of autism virtually guarantees a difficult life -- not only for their child, but for their entire family. But researchers are more encouraged than ever about early parental intervention, which can be enormously beneficial. "We can do so much to help children manage their challenges," explains Patricia Wright, Ph.D., M.P.H., national director of autism services for Easter Seals, which provides support for people with disabilities. "Wherever your child is now, he or she can make significant progress over time."
Simply put, autism is a defect of brain development that impairs social skills. The condition can occur on a spectrum from mild to severe. Experts still don't know the cause, but there are many theories. '"We are sure that genetics plays a role," says Parents advisor Philip Landrigan, M.D., M.Sc., a pediatrician and director of the Children's Environmental Health Center at Mount Sinai Medical Center, in New York City. In fact, a new study in Pediatrics of babies who have an older sibling with autism found that nearly 19 percent of them were diagnosed with the disorder by age 3. The link was almost three times stronger for boys: Twenty-six percent of the male infants developed autism, compared with only 9 percent of female infants.
Many scientists, including Dr. Landrigan, also suspect a direct connection between a child's exposure to certain chemicals, particularly in utero, and the risk of brain disorders including autism. Another possible cause: a parent's age. A study in Autism Research in 2010 found that while mothers have a steadily increasing risk of having a child with autism as they get older, the advanced age of the fathers only seems to contribute to that risk when the mother is younger than 30. But it's entirely possible that older parents are just more attuned to the warning signs of developmental problems in their children.

Vaccines are incorrectly believed by many to be another risk factor. A full 25 percent of parents think that some immunizations can cause autism in otherwise healthy infants, found a 2010 survey from the University of Michigan. (That may explain why nearly 10 percent of kids ages 19 to 35 months are not up to date on their immunizations.) However, at least two dozen studies in medical journals have refuted any connection between autism and vaccines.

 

 

Q. Karan is 5 years old and shows developmental problems; he is slower than other children his age, cannot interact properly with people, shows an unnatural interest in moving objects, and barely speaks a few words. He has been immunized as a baby. His mother is 28 while his father is 40 years old.
Karan's mother was ill and needed to be administered a cocktail of drugs and medication during her pregnancy, some known to affect the unborn baby's development.

Which of the following statements is a valid conclusion on the basis of the given information?

Solution:

Solution: The passage discusses the possibility of exposure to certain chemicals in utero having a connection to developmental disorders in children. It also mentions "... advanced age of the fathers only seems to contribute to that risk when the mother is younger than 30.”. Vaccination has been said to not have a link with autism. Keeping these points in mind, option 2 can be concluded since it does not make an absolute statement. Option 1 which attributes Karan's autism to his exposure to chemicals as well as his immunization is incorrect.
Option 3 incorrectly attributes Karan's autism to his mother's age.
Option 4 fails to take into account Karan's father's age.
Option 5 does not take into account any of the factors mentioned in the passage.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 17

When he was a toddler, Donald didn't seem to care whether his parents came or went. Before turning 2, he'd already memorized Psalm 23 ("The Lord is my shepherd...") and could recite the catechism from memory, but never paid attention to a fully costumed Santa Claus during the winter holidays. He soon became obsessed with watching spinning objects and would have explosive temper tantrums if he was interrupted. Worried, Donald's father sent a 33- page typed letter recounting these and other unusual behaviors to a young psychiatrist named Leo Kanner at Johns Hopkins Hospital, in Baltimore. 
The year was 1938, and Donald would later become the first American child ever diagnosed with autism. For decades afterward, it was believed that the condition was rare. Times have certainly changed. Today, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, roughly 1 in 88 children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, or ASDs, and it's four to five times more likely to occur in boys than in girls.

The almost fivefold jump in schoolchildren diagnosed with autism between 1993 and 2003 has prompted some authorities and politicians to proclaim that we're in the midst of an "autism epidemic." Bombarded with news about autism (as I write this, Google reports that 4,470 new stories mentioned the condition in the past 24 hours), parents of babies and toddlers are understandably alarmed and confused. I've been there myself. As a pediatrician and first-time father, I followed my son Jake's growth and development with anticipation, and eagerly awaited his first smile and steps. But when he was almost 2, back in 2003, he was saying only a few words. According to a checklist known as the Denver Scale that was used at the time, he should have known more words. Naturally, my wife and I were very worried.
One reason that autism frightens mothers and fathers so deeply is because its cause is unclear. Parents also fear that a diagnosis of autism virtually guarantees a difficult life -- not only for their child, but for their entire family. But researchers are more encouraged than ever about early parental intervention, which can be enormously beneficial. "We can do so much to help children manage their challenges," explains Patricia Wright, Ph.D., M.P.H., national director of autism services for Easter Seals, which provides support for people with disabilities. "Wherever your child is now, he or she can make significant progress over time."
Simply put, autism is a defect of brain development that impairs social skills. The condition can occur on a spectrum from mild to severe. Experts still don't know the cause, but there are many theories. '"We are sure that genetics plays a role," says Parents advisor Philip Landrigan, M.D., M.Sc., a pediatrician and director of the Children's Environmental Health Center at Mount Sinai Medical Center, in New York City. In fact, a new study in Pediatrics of babies who have an older sibling with autism found that nearly 19 percent of them were diagnosed with the disorder by age 3. The link was almost three times stronger for boys: Twenty-six percent of the male infants developed autism, compared with only 9 percent of female infants.
Many scientists, including Dr. Landrigan, also suspect a direct connection between a child's exposure to certain chemicals, particularly in utero, and the risk of brain disorders including autism. Another possible cause: a parent's age. A study in Autism Research in 2010 found that while mothers have a steadily increasing risk of having a child with autism as they get older, the advanced age of the fathers only seems to contribute to that risk when the mother is younger than 30. But it's entirely possible that older parents are just more attuned to the warning signs of developmental problems in their children.

Vaccines are incorrectly believed by many to be another risk factor. A full 25 percent of parents think that some immunizations can cause autism in otherwise healthy infants, found a 2010 survey from the University of Michigan. (That may explain why nearly 10 percent of kids ages 19 to 35 months are not up to date on their immunizations.) However, at least two dozen studies in medical journals have refuted any connection between autism and vaccines.

 

 

Q. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

Solution:

Solution: Donald was the first American child to be diagnosed with autism- not the first child (in the world). Eliminate option 1. The passage mentions “Bombarded with news about autism ... parents of babies and toddlers are understandably alarmed and confused.”. Option 2 is untrue. "... autism is a defect of brain development that impairs social skills” helps eliminate option 3. "... mothers have a steadily increasing risk of having a child with autism as they get older” makes it clear that option 4 is wrong.
Option 5 is correct according to the passage: “...A full 25 percent of parents think that some immunizations can cause autism ... (That may explain why nearly 10 percent of kids ages 19 to 35 months are not up to date on their immunizations.)”.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 18

Answer the question based on the passage given below.

‘Wikipedia approaches its limits,’ ran a striking headline in the usually sober Guardian. With infinite storage and lots of free labour, the very notion of ‘limits’ in Wikipedia seems misplaced. However, the limits alluded to in the Guardian are more editorial than logistical. The low-hanging fruit is disappearing - Wikipedians can write only so many biographies of Seinfeld characters - and getting new content onto the site is not as easy as it used to be.
As Wikipedia has accumulated a wealth of data - its English version contains more than three million articles - opportunities for making novel contributions have diminished. Wikipedia was bound to hit a knowledge constraint at some point, and it may have already done so. A recent study suggests that article growth peaked in 2007-2008 and has been declining since.

 

 

Q. Which of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion in this paragraph?

Solution:

Solution: The limits discussed in the passage are editorial ones, not financial ones, so option 1 is irrelevant to the argument.
The issue in the paragraph is that addition of new content is to Wikipedia is slowing down significantly. While what option 2 suggests is certainly a good contribution, it does not involve addition of new content, so it does not affect the argument.
The paragraph specifically talks about the English version of Wikipedia, so option 4 is irrelevant.
Only option 3 weakens the argument, as it points out that there is more to adding new content than simply an increase in the number of articles.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 19

Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate option that follows:

Watching a rocket as it slowly starts to _________ itself out of Earth’s deep gravity well and then streak up into the blue, you suddenly grasp on a _________ level the energies involved in space exploration.

Solution:

Solution: The statement describes the experience of watching a rocket launch.
The word for the first blank must ascribe to the action of a rocket lifting itself out of the Earth’s gravity well. To “alleviate” means ‘to make easier to endure; lessen; mitigate’. It cannot fit into the first blank. Eliminate option 1. The words provided in the other options can more or less fit the first blank. Hence, in-order to select the correct answer, we must examine the words provided for the second blank. “Perfunctory” means ‘performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial’. Given the positive tone of the statement and the fact that the author has heightened the experience of watching a rocket launch, it seems like an unlikely fit for the second blank. Eliminate option 2.
Similarly, “confounding” meaning ‘to throw into confusion or disorder’ also has a negative connotation. Eliminate option 3. “Detach” may not be the most appropriate term to use for the first blank. Moreover, the author has referred to a sudden feeling for the second blank. Something that is profound is likely to be gradual and deliberated over. “Visceral” meaning ‘characterized by or proceeding from instinct rather than intellect’ makes for a better fit for the second blank. One may be viscerally overwhelmed by looking at a rocket launch. Eliminate option 4.
Option 5 provides the best choices for the blanks.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 20

Read each of the short passages given below and answer the question that follows each.


The notion that ancient hunter-gatherers lived in a perfect and peaceful world is beguiling but wrong. If life expectancy is any measure of progress, then the current figure for the developed world - 78 years - is clearly far greater than that for either hunter- gatherers or farmers in the ancient world.

 

Q. Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the conclusion the most?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 does not affect the conclusion at all, since it does not pertain to the comparison between modern developed societies and ancient hunter-gatherers.
Similarly, option 2 is also a non sequitur, as ancient farmers do not factor into the conclusion.
While option 3 does suggest that progress (in the technological sense) positively correlates to life expectancy, the lack of explicit comparison to either modern developed societies or ancient hunter-gatherers makes it an unsuitable answer.
Option 4 shows that the life of ancient hunter-gatherers was not perfect or peaceful, and that their actual lifespan was even shorter than their ‘natural’ lifespan (i.e. they died unnatural deaths). So it strengthens the conclusion.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 21

Answer the following question based on the information given below.

Which sentence includes an example of personification?

Solution:

Solution: A personification is a figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities. In option 5, ‘curiosity’, an abstract noun, has been personified, or given the human quality of being able to ‘kill something’.
Option 1 contains a metaphor - “Laughter is the best medicine” but not a personification.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 22

Group Question

A passage is followed by questions pertaining to the passage. Read the passage and answer the questions. Choose the most appropriate answer.


Hecate or Hekate (ancient Greek 'EKCuri [Hekate], "far-shooting") was a popular chthonian Greco-Roman goddess, often associated with magic, witches, ghosts, and crossroads. She is attested in poetry as early as Hesiod's Theogony. An inscription from late archaic Miletus naming her as a protector of entrances is also testimony to her presence in archaic Greek religion. Regarding the nature of her cult, it has been remarked, “She is more at home on the fringes than in the center of Greek polytheism. Intrinsically ambivalent and polymorphous, she straddles conventional boundaries and eludes definition.” She has been associated with childbirth, nurturing the young, gates and walls, doorways, crossroads, magic, lunar lore, torches and dogs. William Berg observes, “Since children are not called after spooks, it is safe to assume that Carian theophoric names involving hekat- refer to a major deity free from the dark and unsavoury ties to the underworld and to witchcraft associated with the Hecate of classical Athens.” But he cautions, “The Laginetan goddess may have had a more infernal character than scholars have been willing to assume.” In Ptolemaic Alexandria and elsewhere during the Hellenistic period, she appears as a three-faced goddess associated with ghosts, witchcraft, and curses. Today she is claimed as a goddess of witches and in the context of Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism. Some neo-pagans refer to her as a “crone goddess,” though this characterization appears to conflict with her frequent characterization as a virgin in late antiquity. She closely parallels the Roman goddess Trivia.

Hecate has been characterized as a pre-Olympian chthonic goddess. She appears in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and in Hesiod's Theogony, where she is promoted strongly as a great goddess. The place of origin of her following is uncertain, but it is thought that she had popular followings in Thrace. Her most important sanctuary was Lagina, a theocratic city-state in which the goddess was served by eunuchs. Lagina, where the famous temple of Hecate drew great festal assemblies every year, lay close to the originally Macedonian colony of Stratonikeia, where she was the city's patroness. In Thrace she played a role similar to that of lesser-Hermes, namely a governess of liminal regions (particularly gates) and the wilderness, bearing little resemblance to the night-walking crone she became. Additionally, this led to her role of aiding women in childbirth and the raising of young men. 

 

 

Q. From the passage, we can conclude that:  

Solution:

Solution: A “chthonian” is a deity or a spirit of the underworld. Also, from William Berg’s observation, one can conclude that Hecate has “dark and unsavoury ties to the underworld and to witchcraft”. Therefore, option 1 is incorrect.
From the extract, “She is more at home on the fringes than in the center of Greek polytheism,” one can conclude that option 2 is also incorrect.
Option 3 is correct, as Hecate is defined as being “intrinsically ambivalent”, and is associated with both negative- witchcraft, curses, ghosts as well as positive things- childbirth, nurturing the young.
Option 4 is incorrect. Hecate was sometimes called the “crone goddess”. A crone is “a withered, witch-like old woman.” Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 23

Hecate or Hekate (ancient Greek 'EKCuri [Hekate], "far-shooting") was a popular chthonian Greco-Roman goddess, often associated with magic, witches, ghosts, and crossroads. She is attested in poetry as early as Hesiod's Theogony. An inscription from late archaic Miletus naming her as a protector of entrances is also testimony to her presence in archaic Greek religion. Regarding the nature of her cult, it has been remarked, “She is more at home on the fringes than in the center of Greek polytheism. Intrinsically ambivalent and polymorphous, she straddles conventional boundaries and eludes definition.” She has been associated with childbirth, nurturing the young, gates and walls, doorways, crossroads, magic, lunar lore, torches and dogs. William Berg observes, “Since children are not called after spooks, it is safe to assume that Carian theophoric names involving hekat- refer to a major deity free from the dark and unsavoury ties to the underworld and to witchcraft associated with the Hecate of classical Athens.” But he cautions, “The Laginetan goddess may have had a more infernal character than scholars have been willing to assume.” In Ptolemaic Alexandria and elsewhere during the Hellenistic period, she appears as a three-faced goddess associated with ghosts, witchcraft, and curses. Today she is claimed as a goddess of witches and in the context of Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism. Some neo-pagans refer to her as a “crone goddess,” though this characterization appears to conflict with her frequent characterization as a virgin in late antiquity. She closely parallels the Roman goddess Trivia.

Hecate has been characterized as a pre-Olympian chthonic goddess. She appears in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and in Hesiod's Theogony, where she is promoted strongly as a great goddess. The place of origin of her following is uncertain, but it is thought that she had popular followings in Thrace. Her most important sanctuary was Lagina, a theocratic city-state in which the goddess was served by eunuchs. Lagina, where the famous temple of Hecate drew great festal assemblies every year, lay close to the originally Macedonian colony of Stratonikeia, where she was the city's patroness. In Thrace she played a role similar to that of lesser-Hermes, namely a governess of liminal regions (particularly gates) and the wilderness, bearing little resemblance to the night-walking crone she became. Additionally, this led to her role of aiding women in childbirth and the raising of young men. 

 

 

Q. From the passage, one can conclude that Hermes was:

Solution:

Solution: The following extract, “...she (Hecate) played a role similar to that of lesser-Hermes, namely a governess of liminal regions (particularly gates) and the wilderness,” one can conclude that Hermes must have been someone who guarded the main gateways. This resonates with option 2.
Options 1 and 5 are incorrect as they have not been mentioned in the passage.
Option 3 can’t be concluded from the passage, even though it states that Hecate herself is a pre-Olympian, the same can’t be assumed to be the case for Hermes.
Option 4 is incorrect as nothing in the passage links Hermes to the Underworld, even though there are speculations about Hecate.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 24

Hecate or Hekate (ancient Greek 'EKCuri [Hekate], "far-shooting") was a popular chthonian Greco-Roman goddess, often associated with magic, witches, ghosts, and crossroads. She is attested in poetry as early as Hesiod's Theogony. An inscription from late archaic Miletus naming her as a protector of entrances is also testimony to her presence in archaic Greek religion. Regarding the nature of her cult, it has been remarked, “She is more at home on the fringes than in the center of Greek polytheism. Intrinsically ambivalent and polymorphous, she straddles conventional boundaries and eludes definition.” She has been associated with childbirth, nurturing the young, gates and walls, doorways, crossroads, magic, lunar lore, torches and dogs. William Berg observes, “Since children are not called after spooks, it is safe to assume that Carian theophoric names involving hekat- refer to a major deity free from the dark and unsavoury ties to the underworld and to witchcraft associated with the Hecate of classical Athens.” But he cautions, “The Laginetan goddess may have had a more infernal character than scholars have been willing to assume.” In Ptolemaic Alexandria and elsewhere during the Hellenistic period, she appears as a three-faced goddess associated with ghosts, witchcraft, and curses. Today she is claimed as a goddess of witches and in the context of Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism. Some neo-pagans refer to her as a “crone goddess,” though this characterization appears to conflict with her frequent characterization as a virgin in late antiquity. She closely parallels the Roman goddess Trivia.

Hecate has been characterized as a pre-Olympian chthonic goddess. She appears in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and in Hesiod's Theogony, where she is promoted strongly as a great goddess. The place of origin of her following is uncertain, but it is thought that she had popular followings in Thrace. Her most important sanctuary was Lagina, a theocratic city-state in which the goddess was served by eunuchs. Lagina, where the famous temple of Hecate drew great festal assemblies every year, lay close to the originally Macedonian colony of Stratonikeia, where she was the city's patroness. In Thrace she played a role similar to that of lesser-Hermes, namely a governess of liminal regions (particularly gates) and the wilderness, bearing little resemblance to the night-walking crone she became. Additionally, this led to her role of aiding women in childbirth and the raising of young men. 

 

 

Q. The word that comes closest to replacing “infernal” in the passage is:

Solution:

Solution: The word “infernal” in the passage has been used to describe Hecate's character. “Infernal” means ‘hellish; fiendish; diabolical,’ whereas “furious” means ‘angry’. “Fiery” means ‘easily angered or provoked’. “Ambiguous” means ‘open to or having several possible meanings or interpretations.’ “Volatile” means ‘changeable; mercurial; flighty.’ Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 25

Hecate or Hekate (ancient Greek 'EKCuri [Hekate], "far-shooting") was a popular chthonian Greco-Roman goddess, often associated with magic, witches, ghosts, and crossroads. She is attested in poetry as early as Hesiod's Theogony. An inscription from late archaic Miletus naming her as a protector of entrances is also testimony to her presence in archaic Greek religion. Regarding the nature of her cult, it has been remarked, “She is more at home on the fringes than in the center of Greek polytheism. Intrinsically ambivalent and polymorphous, she straddles conventional boundaries and eludes definition.” She has been associated with childbirth, nurturing the young, gates and walls, doorways, crossroads, magic, lunar lore, torches and dogs. William Berg observes, “Since children are not called after spooks, it is safe to assume that Carian theophoric names involving hekat- refer to a major deity free from the dark and unsavoury ties to the underworld and to witchcraft associated with the Hecate of classical Athens.” But he cautions, “The Laginetan goddess may have had a more infernal character than scholars have been willing to assume.” In Ptolemaic Alexandria and elsewhere during the Hellenistic period, she appears as a three-faced goddess associated with ghosts, witchcraft, and curses. Today she is claimed as a goddess of witches and in the context of Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism. Some neo-pagans refer to her as a “crone goddess,” though this characterization appears to conflict with her frequent characterization as a virgin in late antiquity. She closely parallels the Roman goddess Trivia.

Hecate has been characterized as a pre-Olympian chthonic goddess. She appears in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and in Hesiod's Theogony, where she is promoted strongly as a great goddess. The place of origin of her following is uncertain, but it is thought that she had popular followings in Thrace. Her most important sanctuary was Lagina, a theocratic city-state in which the goddess was served by eunuchs. Lagina, where the famous temple of Hecate drew great festal assemblies every year, lay close to the originally Macedonian colony of Stratonikeia, where she was the city's patroness. In Thrace she played a role similar to that of lesser-Hermes, namely a governess of liminal regions (particularly gates) and the wilderness, bearing little resemblance to the night-walking crone she became. Additionally, this led to her role of aiding women in childbirth and the raising of young men. 

 

 

Q. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 is true according to the passage because Hecate is described as “polymorphous” in the first paragraph.
Option 2 is true as her city-state has been described as “theocratic”.
Option 3 is true as it can be concluded from the statement “Miletus naming her as a protector of entrances is also testimony to her presence in archaic Greek religion.” Option 4 is true as it can be concluded from the statement “Lagina, where the famous temple of Hecate drew great festal assemblies every year.” Option 5 can be disproved from the statement “in Hesiod's Theogony, where she is promoted strongly as a great goddess..”.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 26

Hecate or Hekate (ancient Greek 'EKCuri [Hekate], "far-shooting") was a popular chthonian Greco-Roman goddess, often associated with magic, witches, ghosts, and crossroads. She is attested in poetry as early as Hesiod's Theogony. An inscription from late archaic Miletus naming her as a protector of entrances is also testimony to her presence in archaic Greek religion. Regarding the nature of her cult, it has been remarked, “She is more at home on the fringes than in the center of Greek polytheism. Intrinsically ambivalent and polymorphous, she straddles conventional boundaries and eludes definition.” She has been associated with childbirth, nurturing the young, gates and walls, doorways, crossroads, magic, lunar lore, torches and dogs. William Berg observes, “Since children are not called after spooks, it is safe to assume that Carian theophoric names involving hekat- refer to a major deity free from the dark and unsavoury ties to the underworld and to witchcraft associated with the Hecate of classical Athens.” But he cautions, “The Laginetan goddess may have had a more infernal character than scholars have been willing to assume.” In Ptolemaic Alexandria and elsewhere during the Hellenistic period, she appears as a three-faced goddess associated with ghosts, witchcraft, and curses. Today she is claimed as a goddess of witches and in the context of Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism. Some neo-pagans refer to her as a “crone goddess,” though this characterization appears to conflict with her frequent characterization as a virgin in late antiquity. She closely parallels the Roman goddess Trivia.

Hecate has been characterized as a pre-Olympian chthonic goddess. She appears in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and in Hesiod's Theogony, where she is promoted strongly as a great goddess. The place of origin of her following is uncertain, but it is thought that she had popular followings in Thrace. Her most important sanctuary was Lagina, a theocratic city-state in which the goddess was served by eunuchs. Lagina, where the famous temple of Hecate drew great festal assemblies every year, lay close to the originally Macedonian colony of Stratonikeia, where she was the city's patroness. In Thrace she played a role similar to that of lesser-Hermes, namely a governess of liminal regions (particularly gates) and the wilderness, bearing little resemblance to the night-walking crone she became. Additionally, this led to her role of aiding women in childbirth and the raising of young men. 

 

 

Q. Which of the following, according to the passage, is the Goddess Hecate not associated with?

Solution:

Solution: Hecate is not associated with “Suns.” Therefore, option 1 is correct.
However, she is associated with ‘moons’- “lunar lore,” with ‘sorcery’ as is stated by “witchcraft and curses.” Therefore, options 2 and 3 are eliminated.
Hecate was associated with ‘wilderness’ and ‘doors’ as is evident in the line “In Thrace she played a role similar to that of lesser-Hermes, namely a governess of liminal regions (particularly gates) and the wilderness.” Therefore, options 4 and 5 are eliminated.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 27

Group Question

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.


Reve Schiller is a corporate turnaround artist, and having previously steered Jordan Steel and Pan Asia Airlines through bankruptcy, he is now attempting to do the same with Upsilon Corp, the nation's largest supplier of auto parts. It's shaping up as a bumpy ride. Days after Upsilon filed for bankruptcy protection on August 8, he was criticized for providing a generous severance package for the senior management while indicating that he planned to ask for steep cuts in pay and benefits from the company's more than 68,000 unionized workers.

Upsilon's move puts the retirement pensions of its 60,000 U.S. employees and 19,000 retirees at risk and worsens the eroding position of its chief customer, Union Motors, which announced a 2.3 billion dollar third quarter loss recently. UM is contractually obligated to pay thousands of Upsilon workers a portion of any benefits they might lose in bankruptcy, a bill that could run as high as 13 billion dollars. One immediate reason for Upsilon's filing was to forestall a 1.8 billion dollar payment it was required to make to its pension programs in January. Schiller blames the defined pension benefit, which he calls an "anachronism," for his company's downfall and points to the downward wage pressure exerted by globalization for precipitating the current crisis.

 

 

Q. Which of the following important issues that might affect the crisis at Upsilon Corp, has not been discussed in the passage?

Solution:

Solution: Only option 1 will have a bearing on any decisions taken by the management of Upsilon Corp.
Options 2 and 4 will not have any affect on Upsilon Corp. Option 3 will have some bearing on Upsilon's fate but that has already been discussed towards the end of the passage. Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 28

Reve Schiller is a corporate turnaround artist, and having previously steered Jordan Steel and Pan Asia Airlines through bankruptcy, he is now attempting to do the same with Upsilon Corp, the nation's largest supplier of auto parts. It's shaping up as a bumpy ride. Days after Upsilon filed for bankruptcy protection on August 8, he was criticized for providing a generous severance package for the senior management while indicating that he planned to ask for steep cuts in pay and benefits from the company's more than 68,000 unionized workers.

Upsilon's move puts the retirement pensions of its 60,000 U.S. employees and 19,000 retirees at risk and worsens the eroding position of its chief customer, Union Motors, which announced a 2.3 billion dollar third quarter loss recently. UM is contractually obligated to pay thousands of Upsilon workers a portion of any benefits they might lose in bankruptcy, a bill that could run as high as 13 billion dollars. One immediate reason for Upsilon's filing was to forestall a 1.8 billion dollar payment it was required to make to its pension programs in January. Schiller blames the defined pension benefit, which he calls an "anachronism," for his company's downfall and points to the downward wage pressure exerted by globalization for precipitating the current crisis.

 

 

Q. As a unionized worker of Upsilon Corp, you are aware that  your employers offer a salary that is five-thirds of what other auto-suppliers offer. You have been asked to join the agitation against Schiller’s policy of lowering increments in the salaries of unionized workers.

What decision will you take?

Solution:

Solution: The passage states that despite the company's financial woes, the senior management received large severance packages, while steep cuts were announced for the labor workforce. Thus, it would only be fair that the lowering of increments and pay cuts be evenly distributed throughout the organization. The correct decision would therefore be to participate in the agitation.
Options 2, 4 and 5 would be very passive actions to undertake.
Warning the higher management would negatively affect the interests of your co-workers. Eliminate option 3.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 29

Reve Schiller is a corporate turnaround artist, and having previously steered Jordan Steel and Pan Asia Airlines through bankruptcy, he is now attempting to do the same with Upsilon Corp, the nation's largest supplier of auto parts. It's shaping up as a bumpy ride. Days after Upsilon filed for bankruptcy protection on August 8, he was criticized for providing a generous severance package for the senior management while indicating that he planned to ask for steep cuts in pay and benefits from the company's more than 68,000 unionized workers.

Upsilon's move puts the retirement pensions of its 60,000 U.S. employees and 19,000 retirees at risk and worsens the eroding position of its chief customer, Union Motors, which announced a 2.3 billion dollar third quarter loss recently. UM is contractually obligated to pay thousands of Upsilon workers a portion of any benefits they might lose in bankruptcy, a bill that could run as high as 13 billion dollars. One immediate reason for Upsilon's filing was to forestall a 1.8 billion dollar payment it was required to make to its pension programs in January. Schiller blames the defined pension benefit, which he calls an "anachronism," for his company's downfall and points to the downward wage pressure exerted by globalization for precipitating the current crisis.

 

 

Q. It was recently disclosed in the media that Schiller received $2 million as a signing bonus when he joined the company. As a director of Upsilon Corp, you are expected to speak at the Annual General Meeting to pacify the fears of shareholders.

Which of the following is likely to be your explanation for the decision?

Solution:

Solution: All of the given options support the reasoning behind the board’s decision to offer compensation to Schiller, but option 2 which mentions that Schiller would lose a significant amount of his salary from his previous position as a result of accepting the job at Upsilon Corp provides the strongest reasoning for it.
Options 1 and 3 provide very weak reasons for Schiller's bonus and would not satisfy the board.
Option 4 would also be incorrect since providing a signing bonus cannot depend on the CEO's capacity to infuse capital into the company.
Option 5 implies that Schiller's bonus was paid just to keep up with his previous employers and Schiller's monetary interests were given a higher priority than the company's interests. Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 30

Reve Schiller is a corporate turnaround artist, and having previously steered Jordan Steel and Pan Asia Airlines through bankruptcy, he is now attempting to do the same with Upsilon Corp, the nation's largest supplier of auto parts. It's shaping up as a bumpy ride. Days after Upsilon filed for bankruptcy protection on August 8, he was criticized for providing a generous severance package for the senior management while indicating that he planned to ask for steep cuts in pay and benefits from the company's more than 68,000 unionized workers.

Upsilon's move puts the retirement pensions of its 60,000 U.S. employees and 19,000 retirees at risk and worsens the eroding position of its chief customer, Union Motors, which announced a 2.3 billion dollar third quarter loss recently. UM is contractually obligated to pay thousands of Upsilon workers a portion of any benefits they might lose in bankruptcy, a bill that could run as high as 13 billion dollars. One immediate reason for Upsilon's filing was to forestall a 1.8 billion dollar payment it was required to make to its pension programs in January. Schiller blames the defined pension benefit, which he calls an "anachronism," for his company's downfall and points to the downward wage pressure exerted by globalization for precipitating the current crisis.

Q. With increasing protests from workers and retirees for his decision to give out generous severance packages, Schiller has agreed to take a salary of $1 till the restructuring is done. However, none of the former members of the senior management have offered to return or reduce their severance pay. As a retiree from Upsilon Motors, who would you hold responsible for the company’s current financial dilemma?

A. Reve Schiller

B. The Board of Directors

C. Trade Unions

D. Former senior management

E. The management of Union Motors

Solution:

Solution: The decision to give large severance packages was taken by Schiller and approved by the board of directors. Despite the increasing pressure to reduce costs, the former senior management did not forfeit a part of their severance pay. Thus, Schiller, the Board of Directors and the former senior management are responsible. None of the other entities are responsible for the current financial dilemma.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 31

Reve Schiller is a corporate turnaround artist, and having previously steered Jordan Steel and Pan Asia Airlines through bankruptcy, he is now attempting to do the same with Upsilon Corp, the nation's largest supplier of auto parts. It's shaping up as a bumpy ride. Days after Upsilon filed for bankruptcy protection on August 8, he was criticized for providing a generous severance package for the senior management while indicating that he planned to ask for steep cuts in pay and benefits from the company's more than 68,000 unionized workers.

Upsilon's move puts the retirement pensions of its 60,000 U.S. employees and 19,000 retirees at risk and worsens the eroding position of its chief customer, Union Motors, which announced a 2.3 billion dollar third quarter loss recently. UM is contractually obligated to pay thousands of Upsilon workers a portion of any benefits they might lose in bankruptcy, a bill that could run as high as 13 billion dollars. One immediate reason for Upsilon's filing was to forestall a 1.8 billion dollar payment it was required to make to its pension programs in January. Schiller blames the defined pension benefit, which he calls an "anachronism," for his company's downfall and points to the downward wage pressure exerted by globalization for precipitating the current crisis.

 

 

Q. Union Motors has filed for Bankruptcy protection and has undergone re-organization with a large chunk of its assets being sold-off. How is this likely to affect Upsilon Corp?

Solution:

Solution: Since UM is contractually obligated to give Upsilon employees any benefits they might lose due to the bankruptcy, option 1 holds.
Union Motors being covered by the bankruptcy protection would lead to mitigation of further losses, thus, eliminating option 2.
There is no data in the passage to deduce options 3 and 5. Option 4 is incorrect as Schiller is not responsible for the losses of Upsilon Corp’s clients.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 32

Group Question

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.


Eifler India's category head, Latika, went into premature labour, 45 days before her due date. Adding to the pain of having her baby in the ICU, parts of her extended family brazenly blamed her for neglecting her pregnancy. While that truth stared everyone in the face, Latika called Netra her senior-most manager in the Home Hygiene section and asked her to hold fort for her at work. She did not want to ask one of her male colleagues as they had a history of not obliging their female colleagues.

The next day was a serious day for Home Hygiene. A two-day Product Concept Development Clinic that Latika had organized, was now going to be handled by Netra. It was a two-day iterative process where the presence of the category manager was critical to evaluate and provide inputs for product design modification. Latika, who would have done this, had not expected to go into premature labour, and Netra now stepping in for her was a load off everyone's chest because the success of this venture was critical to the company. However, Netra’s father developed complications while undergoing a knee replacement surgery and she also needed somebody to fill in for her. Purva, the head of HR of Eifler India decided to approach male managers given that both the female managers Latika and Netra were indisposed. However, they refused claiming that they were already overworked.

 

 

Q. What action should Purva take against the male managers?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 is defeatist in nature and inconsiderate of Purva. Eliminate option 1.
Offering bonuses would indirectly encourage the insensitivity of the male colleagues. Eliminate option 3.
There is no time to hire new managers and train them in time to take charge of the event. Eliminate option 4.
The situation is very critical and filing a complaint will not yield any immediate results. Purva needs to salvage the situation. Eliminate option 5.
Option 2 is the only feasible course of action.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 33

Eifler India's category head, Latika, went into premature labour, 45 days before her due date. Adding to the pain of having her baby in the ICU, parts of her extended family brazenly blamed her for neglecting her pregnancy. While that truth stared everyone in the face, Latika called Netra her senior-most manager in the Home Hygiene section and asked her to hold fort for her at work. She did not want to ask one of her male colleagues as they had a history of not obliging their female colleagues.

The next day was a serious day for Home Hygiene. A two-day Product Concept Development Clinic that Latika had organized, was now going to be handled by Netra. It was a two-day iterative process where the presence of the category manager was critical to evaluate and provide inputs for product design modification. Latika, who would have done this, had not expected to go into premature labour, and Netra now stepping in for her was a load off everyone's chest because the success of this venture was critical to the company. However, Netra’s father developed complications while undergoing a knee replacement surgery and she also needed somebody to fill in for her. Purva, the head of HR of Eifler India decided to approach male managers given that both the female managers Latika and Netra were indisposed. However, they refused claiming that they were already overworked.

 

 

Q. The manager assigned by Purva lacks specific knowledge in terms of product design modification which is an essential part of the event. How can Purva help?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 is not a possibility since the experience of another manager will not bring any relevant expertise to the table. Option 2 is extremely amoral and apathetic.
Hiring a consultant from an external agency would not be a good decision on account of the time crunch. Eliminate option 3.
Requesting Latika and Netra to be available on call in such dire circumstances is insensitive. Eliminate option 4.
Thus, the correct decision would be to pull together a team from Latika's division and get them to support the assigned manager.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 34

Eifler India's category head, Latika, went into premature labour, 45 days before her due date. Adding to the pain of having her baby in the ICU, parts of her extended family brazenly blamed her for neglecting her pregnancy. While that truth stared everyone in the face, Latika called Netra her senior-most manager in the Home Hygiene section and asked her to hold fort for her at work. She did not want to ask one of her male colleagues as they had a history of not obliging their female colleagues.

The next day was a serious day for Home Hygiene. A two-day Product Concept Development Clinic that Latika had organized, was now going to be handled by Netra. It was a two-day iterative process where the presence of the category manager was critical to evaluate and provide inputs for product design modification. Latika, who would have done this, had not expected to go into premature labour, and Netra now stepping in for her was a load off everyone's chest because the success of this venture was critical to the company. However, Netra’s father developed complications while undergoing a knee replacement surgery and she also needed somebody to fill in for her. Purva, the head of HR of Eifler India decided to approach male managers given that both the female managers Latika and Netra were indisposed. However, they refused claiming that they were already overworked.

 

 

Q. With respect to the organization’s Gender Diversity Initiative, much is left to be desired. Which of the following actions should be taken to help it?

A. Have a flexible work-from-home policy for women.
B. Come with a balanced gender diversity initiative with inputs from both male and female managers.
C. Have stringent laws for male managers to make them adhere to the guidelines of the initiative.
D. Have regular discussions and team-building initiatives to promote empathy amongst male and female employees.

Solution:

Solution: All the actions would help in the proper implementation of the Gender Diversity Initiative other than action C since it would be a bone of contention between the male and female managers. Thus, the correct actions are A, B, and D.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 35

Group Question

Read the following passage and answer the questions.


In 2014 Karan and Arjun started a social networking site. Their annual earning is currently just 1 crore rupees. They want to improve and expand their business. Mr Flemming from Innovative Internet Solutions is trying to sell them a new social networking game that could potentially enhance their annual earnings to 25 crores within a year. But they have to make a one time investment of 8 crores. If the game doesn’t succeed on the social networking site, the investment is lost. Karan and Arjun are confused about the possible risks of this investment.

 

 

Q. Karan is enthusiastic about the investment but Arjun is  skeptical. They argue and end up with no conclusion. Finally, they hire a consultant. The consultant makes some observations. Which of the following observation made by the consultant would reduce Arjun’s skepticism?

Solution:

Solution: Arjun is already skeptical. Options 2, 3 and 5 would only add to his feelings of doubt and skepticism.
Option 4 is unrelated to gaming apps and talks about advertising on online portals.
Option 1 is apt. If the online game increases ‘hits’ or ‘views’ on social networking sites, it would mean that Karan and Arjun’s site would get greater viewership and hence make good profits in the long run even if the game itself does not succeed as such.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 36

In 2014 Karan and Arjun started a social networking site. Their annual earning is currently just 1 crore rupees. They want to improve and expand their business. Mr Flemming from Innovative Internet Solutions is trying to sell them a new social networking game that could potentially enhance their annual earnings to 25 crores within a year. But they have to make a one time investment of 8 crores. If the game doesn’t succeed on the social networking site, the investment is lost. Karan and Arjun are confused about the possible risks of this investment.

 

 

Q. Which of the following would be the best sales pitch strategy by Mr. Flemming to sell the online gaming application to Karan and Arjun?

Solution:

Solution: Options 1 and 4 with the word ‘risk’ in it would not be viable options.
Option 2 with ‘if indicates uncertainty.
Option 3 also shows work in progress and nothing concrete or certain.
Option 5 is concrete data. Past research gives a clear indication that having games on social networking sites is a positive thing.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 37

In 2014 Karan and Arjun started a social networking site. Their annual earning is currently just 1 crore rupees. They want to improve and expand their business. Mr Flemming from Innovative Internet Solutions is trying to sell them a new social networking game that could potentially enhance their annual earnings to 25 crores within a year. But they have to make a one time investment of 8 crores. If the game doesn’t succeed on the social networking site, the investment is lost. Karan and Arjun are confused about the possible risks of this investment.

 

 

Q. Karan and Arjun purchase the online gaming application and it is a huge success. The game has been received very well by the masses and has helped the social networking site soar to greater heights than expected within a year. Famebook, another social networking site, wants to purchase the game from Karan and Arjun. He offers them 15 crores for the rights of the game. What should Karan and Arjun do?

Solution:

Solution: Famebook and the social networking site by Karan and Arjun are competitors in the market. If the game has led to ‘profits beyond expectations’ then it is helping Karan and Arjun make 25 crores and more (as per the common data). Hence, options 1, 3, and 4 are inappropriate.
Option 5 would not be appropriate as competitors do not advise each other on whom to liaise with. Also, considering these are social networking sites and are popular, Famebook would have already heard of Innovative Internet Solutions selling the game to Karan and Arjun.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 38

Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.


Shantanu is a team leader in a business process outsourcing firm. His responsibilities include heading a team of seven members who report to him daily, as well as submitting a report of his team performance along with other team leaders to the project manager. Lately, a key member of Shantanu’s team has been reporting directly to the project manager since his responsibilities are critical to the team’s function. Although this is a break in the company hierarchy, the project manager seems unconcerned.

 

 

Q. How should Shantanu handle this situation?

Solution:

Solution: Shantanu has to be careful while handling this situation because he has to think not only of his primary responsibilities but also the company’s benefit. If the project manager does not have a problem with this situation, it means that he is satisfied with the communication. However, if anything goes wrong, Shantanu will be in an awkward position since he is responsible for the work that his team members are doing.
Option 4 seems to be the best way to handle this situation. If Shantanu can come up with an arrangement wherein he knows what is being communicated to the manager, he can oversee activities as well as intervene when required.
Option 1 amounts to him shrugging off his responsibility. Option 2 is rigid and extreme.
Option 5 involves putting his decision on someone else.
Option 3 is making a big deal out of a small situation and may result in him getting undermined in the eyes of his manager and his team member.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 39

Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.


Mr. Sanjeev Khosla is a project manager in charge of handling a team of marketing interns who are working on dummy assignments for his firm. His responsibility is to assign situational tasks to the team and report their performance to the senior management. Based on his feedback, one or more of these interns will be offered a full-time job in the company. In the first two assignments, the interns put in a lot of effort and showed tremendous promise. However, for the remaining four assignments, the team performance slackened and none of the deadlines could be met.

 

 

Q. Which of the following is the most appropriate feedback that Mr. Khosla should give to the senior management?

Solution:

Solution: As a manager responsible for selecting future employees of his firm, it is part of Mr. Khosla’s responsibility to ensure that he provides a complete picture to the top management and not one based only on certain assignments.
Options 1, 2, 4 and 5 fall short because they take partial performances into account.
Option 3 has a balanced view consisting of all 6 assignments. Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 40

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Recently Lorna J. Wendt turned down a $10 million divorce settlement decided by a superior court, from her husband of thirty one years, Gary C. Wendt, the CEO of General Electric, whose net worth may be as much as $100 million. She argued that helping to put her husband through Harvard Business School, and then taking on the role of a corporate executive’s wife, which involved, in her case, playing hostess at business parties, organizing charity events, relocating on very short notice, and listening patiently to tales of office woes, were investments that entitle her to one half of Mr. Wendt’s fortune. While a 50/50 settlement is common practice in divorce cases, American courts do not award a wife one half when more than 10 or 15 million dollars is at stake. Instead, the wife is awarded an amount that enables her to live in the style to which she has become accustomed.

 


Q. Given below are certain points of view on the above case, a certain course of action, and the reason. What would you choose?

Solution:

Solution: The following extract, “While a 50/50 settlement is common practice in divorce cases, American courts do not award a wife one half when more than 10 or 15 million dollars is at stake. Instead, the wife is awarded an amount that enables her to live in the style to which she has become accustomed” determines the fact that Lorna J. Wendt cannot claim a 50/50 settlement. We can eliminate options 1 and 4.
Option 3 states that “factors as length of marriage, the contributions of both spouses, ages and health, and, the needs” were taken into consideration. Therefore, the distribution can be seen as fair towards both the parties. Hence, the right decision would be to go with this option.
Options 2 and 5 are opinionated and not everyone would agree with these points of view. Therefore, they can be eliminated. Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 41

Read the following situation and choose the best possible alternative.


Your company has entered into a 5-year contract with a major supplier. The contract has 2 years remaining on its term but the supplier has now asked you to renegotiate the price of the contract because his labour and fuel costs have risen more than expected. If you agree to a price increase, it will have a substantial negative impact on your profitability.

 


Q. What would you do?

Solution:

Solution: This is a legal issue concerning a 5-year contract and there is no room for renegotiation. From a business standpoint, the major supplier should have considered foreseeable circumstances that would have caused the increase. The supplier has no choice but to absorb the increased costs. If “I” renegotiate and place my company in a position to reduce profitability then I have neglected my fiduciary responsibility to my employer, whom I owe a greater duty. The supplier will have to honour the contract or face being in breach of contract. Option 2 handles the issue responsibly.
Options 4 and 5 are extreme.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 42

Group Question

Read the following situation and choose the best possible alternative.


Kiran has a pizza parlour in Bandra, Mumbai. Kiran and her husband Amol handle their business together and it is a great success. Recently, their children Purva and Rakesh joined the business after completing their 10th and 12th standard respectively. Purva is very interested in the family business and often chats with customers and comes up with innovative ideas to increase sales. Rakesh is well- informed about the food industry but is passionate about bikes and travelling. Kiran and Amol are aware of their children’s interests but feel that both should be a part of the business and not leave it in the hands of external sources.

 

 

Q. Kiran and Amol want to expand their food chain to other  states like Delhi and Bangalore. They give their children 5 options:

A. Rakesh can leave the business and fend for himself

B. Purva should utilize her innovative ideas and enthusiasm in the expansion of the food chains

C. Rakesh should use his skills to find great localities for setting up the food chains

D. Rakesh and Purva can together further expand their food chain brand countrywide

E. Rakesh and Priya stay back and work in their pizza parlour in Mumbai

Which of the following set of options is the most likely course of advice?

Solution:

Solution: Since the parents want both children to work in the family-run business and both have different strengths, the ideal plan of action would be option 3: here Rakesh can use his passion for travel to hunt for new and lucrative places to start pizza joints and Purva can then work on replacing the original pizza place in each location. In the long run, the two as a team can expand to more states in the country.
Option 1 with E in the beginning fails the purpose of the parents, option 2 is incorrect as Purva cannot start the pizza place before Rakesh finds appropriate locations. Similarly option 5 is incorrect as Rakesh and Purva cannot expand the business before the initial journey. Option 4 is incorrect because Rakesh leaves the business abruptly.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 43

Kiran has a pizza parlour in Bandra, Mumbai. Kiran and her husband Amol handle their business together and it is a great success. Recently, their children Purva and Rakesh joined the business after completing their 10th and 12th standard respectively. Purva is very interested in the family business and often chats with customers and comes up with innovative ideas to increase sales. Rakesh is well- informed about the food industry but is passionate about bikes and travelling. Kiran and Amol are aware of their children’s interests but feel that both should be a part of the business and not leave it in the hands of external sources.

 

 

Q. Kiran and Amol consult some businesspersons on what to do next. They said: Business person

1: Purva will get married and leave Business person

2: Rakesh will not handle things well Business person

3: Purva and Rakesh will have a lot of clashes Business person

4: Both do not have the same strengths Business person

5: What if people get bored of pizza?

If Kiran and Amol think all these are valid concerns, which of the following actions would be best for the business?

Solution:

Solution: Considering the fact both Rakesh and Purva have some expertise in food and have separate strengths as well, it would be a good idea for them to get training in the concerned fields so that they both can use their strengths to their advantage and take the family business forward.
Training would help them gain foresight which could help in avoiding clashes and arguments. Besides, Purva’s people skills and Rakesh’s passion for travel can be used effectively in the business expansion.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 44

Kiran has a pizza parlour in Bandra, Mumbai. Kiran and her husband Amol handle their business together and it is a great success. Recently, their children Purva and Rakesh joined the business after completing their 10th and 12th standard respectively. Purva is very interested in the family business and often chats with customers and comes up with innovative ideas to increase sales. Rakesh is well- informed about the food industry but is passionate about bikes and travelling. Kiran and Amol are aware of their children’s interests but feel that both should be a part of the business and not leave it in the hands of external sources.

 

 

Q. In a few years, Purva gets married to Deepak who is a person with excellent business acumen. By now there are 15 pizza corners across Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai and Delhi. Amol and Kiran fear that while Deepak can be vital for business expansion, he may be rigid in his ideas and rules. He may also overtake the business by virtue of marriage. What should Kiran and Amol do?

Solution:

Solution: Amol and Kiran are speculating that Deepak may take advantage of the business in the future. Since Deepak has business expertise, option 1 is not advantageous and does not utilise his talents to the fullest.
Options 2 and 4 are not fair to Purva.
Option 5 would only increase the threat of the business going in the hands of someone else- a total stranger this time. Option 3 is the wisest thing to do at this point. While all members of the family can run the business, the legal owners will still be Kiran and Amol.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 45

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


The fluctuation of currencies of various countries, viz the US Dollar (USD), the British Pound (GBP) and the Euro against the Indian Rupee is shown below. The data is for the period of 1st January to 10th January of a particular year.

 

 

 

Q. What is the price of 1 GBP in terms of USD on 3rd January?   

Solution:

Solution: On 3rd Jan, a GBP costs Rs. 75.6 and a USD costs Rs. 45.4 

QUESTION: 46

The fluctuation of currencies of various countries, viz the US Dollar (USD), the British Pound (GBP) and the Euro against the Indian Rupee is shown below. The data is for the period of 1st January to 10th January of a particular year.

 

 

 

Q. The Rupee is said to have appreciated on a particular day if the value of the Rupee goes up from the previous day against all the three currencies. How many times in the 10 day period has the Rupee appreciated?The value of 1 USD, 1 GBP and 1 Euro on 31st December of the previous year was Rs. 45.1, Rs. 75.0 and Rs. 53.8 respectively.

Solution:

Solution: Appreciation of the Rupee occurs when the value of Rupee goes up against other currencies.
We see that the Rupee has appreciated only on 10th January.
The Rupee has appreciated only once.
Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 47

The fluctuation of currencies of various countries, viz the US Dollar (USD), the British Pound (GBP) and the Euro against the Indian Rupee is shown below. The data is for the period of 1st January to 10th January of a particular year.

 

 

 

Q. Ram entered United States with Rs. 10,000 on 2nd January. He spent $15.30 at the airport. He then left on the same day to reach London. He spent £12 at London airport. He then reached France on 3rd January and spent €30 at the airport. His expenses thereafter were taken care of by his employer. If he reached India on 5th January, how much money in terms of Rupees was left with him?

Assume that he converted all the money that he had to the local currency as soon as he reached another country.

Solution:

Solution: On 2nd January the conversion rate between the Rupee and the USD is 45.6. 

As he spent $15.30 he would have $204 with him. He then converted his money into pounds in London, thus getting

As he spent £12 there he was left with £111.54 He then reached France on the next day, where he converted his money to Euros.

As he spent €30 on the airport, he was left with €125.87 He came back to India on 5th January when the conversion rate between the Euro and the Indian Rupee was Rs. 54.6. He was left with 125.87 x 54.6 « Rs. 6872.5 Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 48

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.

A product manufactured by XYZ Ltd needs to undergo a Quality Control (QC) test in five different machines in a specific order. The probability of a product failing the QC test in machines A, B, C, D & E is 3/7, 2/3, 2/11, 2/7 & 7/11 respectively. A product is liable to be "rejected" at any stage if it has failed the QC test in all the machines on which it has been tested. However, the company has recently started two rounds of rejections. The first round happens after three tests are completed. Products left over after this round are treated as fresh products for the last two machines. The second round happens after a product passes through both these machines. 

 

 

Q. If the probability of a product being rejected in the first round is x, which of the following is not a possible value of x?

Solution:

Solution: The probability of a product being rejected in the first round can be obtained by multiplying the individual probabilities of a product failing the QC test in each of the first three machines.
However, note that the first three machines need not be A, B and C. They can be any combination of three machines out of A, B, C, D and E. 

4/77 = (2/3) x (3/7) x (2/11). Hence, if the first three machines are A, B & C, x can be 4/77. 6/121 = (2/11) x (3/7) x (7/11). Hence, if the first three machines are A, C and E, xcan be 6/121. 2/11 = (2/3) x (3/7) x (7/11). Hence, if the first three machines are A, B and E, x can be 2/11. 4/121 = (2/11) x (2/7) x (7/11). Hence, if the first three machines are C, D and E, x can be 4/121. 2/7 cannot be obtained by multiplying any combination of three probabilities.
So, x cannot be 2/7.
Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 49

A product manufactured by XYZ Ltd needs to undergo a Quality Control (QC) test in five different machines in a specific order. The probability of a product failing the QC test in machines A, B, C, D & E is 3/7, 2/3, 2/11, 2/7 & 7/11 respectively. A product is liable to be "rejected" at any stage if it has failed the QC test in all the machines on which it has been tested. However, the company has recently started two rounds of rejections. The first round happens after three tests are completed. Products left over after this round are treated as fresh products for the last two machines. The second round happens after a product passes through both these machines. 

 

 

Q. Which of the following cannot be the fourth and fifth QC testing machines (in any order), if the probability of a product being rejected in the second round is more than 15%?

Solution:

Solution: All the products that enter the fourth QC test are defect-free. Hence, the probability of a product getting rejected in the second round can be obtained by multiplying the individual probabilities of a product failing the QC test in each of the last two machines. These two machines can be any pair from A, B, C, D and E.
Consider the pairs of machines given in the options and multiply the probabilities of a product failing the QC test in each of those machines. The pair that gives a probability less than or equal to 15% is an invalid combination.
A & B = (3/7) x (2/3) = 2/7 = 28.57%. D & E = (2/7) x (7/11) = 2/11 = 18.18%. A & E = (3/7) x (7/11) = 3/11 = 27.27%. C & D = (2/11) x (2/7) = 4/77 = 5.19%. Since the probability for the C-D pair is less than 15%, it is not a possible combination of the fourth and fifth QC testing machines.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 50

If β is positive constant and θ increases, then the value of G if θ > 1 :  

Solution:

As θ increases, 1/θ decreases and hence, (1 + 1/θ) decreases. 

If β is constant and θ increases, then the value of G increases.
Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 51

□ABCD is a trapezium with AD || BC. E, F, G are midpoint of AB, BC and AD respectively. GF intersects EC and ED at P, R respectively. Line parallel to AD and passing through E meets FG at Q and CD at H. A(□BEPF), A(□AERG) and A(□DRQH) are 28, 51, 35 square units. A(□CPQH) is 

Solution:

Solution: We have following diagram according to the given specifications and few constructions.
Construction: Perpendicular JM is drawn through P on BC and EH. Perpendicular KN is drawn through R on EH and AD. 

BC || AD || EH . E is midpoint of AB. 

 

 

 

QUESTION: 52

A dog and a cat are running a race. Distance covered in two leaps of the dog is same as that covered in three leaps of the cat. For every 4 leaps of the dog, the cat takes 3 leaps. The ratio of the speed of the dog to the speed of the cat is

Solution:

Solution: Let d be the distance covered in the dog’s one leap and c be the distance covered in cat’s one leap.
Given, 2 x d = 3 x c.  

 

QUESTION: 53

Ladrags India is conducting its beauty contest for women at Malabar Hills. It has several rounds for Preliminary selection of candidates. All candidates participate in all the rounds and are marked out of 100 in each round. After all the rounds, the candidates are divided into 3 categories depending on their average scores. A candidate is said to be in “AAA” category if the average of her scores is between 90 and 95(both inclusive). Category “BBB” has candidates whose average lies between 84 and 89(both inclusive). If the average is below 84 the candidate is classified under “CCC” category. Richa is preparing for the last round and she realizes that she must score a minimum of 96 to get “AAA” category. However, after the round, she realizes that she will score 54 and will just manage “BBB” category. How many rounds did Richa participate in before the last round?

Solution:

Solution: Let the total number of rounds in the contest be n.
Let Richa’s score till the 2nd last round be x. To get “AAA” category, she has to score a minimum of 96 in the last round.
So, to get an average of 90, she has to score a minimum of 96 in the last round. 

QUESTION: 54

A curve C1 = ax4 + bx3 + cx2 + dx + e intersects y-axis at -7. The slope of C1 at this point is 6. Also, the curve intersects another curve 2x - 7 at x = 1. The value of (a + b + c + d + e) is

Solution:

QUESTION: 55

Find the value o f the expression: | . . . | | | | x - 3| + 3 | - 3| + 3|............|

Solution:

Hence, both options 1 and 2 are correct.
Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 56

The angles of depression from the top of a tower to two points on the same side of the tower are complimentary. If the distance between the two points is a and the distance from the foot of the tower to the farther point is b, then what is the height of the tower?

Solution:

Solution: Given data can be represented as shown in the following diagram: 

Let the height of the tower be denoted by h. 

QUESTION: 57

In a management entrance exam, there were 100 questions. Each right answer awarded 2 marks while each wrong answer resulted in deduction of two third of a mark. Ram answered all the questions. After the exam he realized that if he had done all the wrong answers correctly and his correct answers wrongly then he would have got 80 marks more. How much did Ram score in that test?

Solution:

Solution: Let R and W be the number of right and wrong questions answered by Ram.
R+W = 100 ... (i) According to the given condition, 

QUESTION: 58

Each question is followed by two statements, A and B. Answer each  question using the following instructions:

Mark option (1) if the question can be answered by using statement A alone but not by using statement B alone.
Mark option (2) if the question can be answered by using statement B alone but not by using statement A alone.
Mark option (3) if the question can be answered by using either statement alone.
Mark option (4) if the question can be answered by using both the statements together but not by either of the statements alone.
Mark option (5) if the question cannot be answered on the basis of the two statements.


Q. If x and y are integers, is y even?

A. 2x + 3y is divisible by 4.
B. 17y + 19x is divisible by 9.

Solution:

Solution: Consider statement A alone: If y is odd 3y is of the form 4k + 3 and if y is even, 3y is of the form 4k + 1.
The only way in which, 2x + 3y can be a multiple of 4 is when 2x = 1 and 3y is 4k+3. i.e. x = 0 and y is odd.
We can determine that y is odd from A alone. Statement A alone is sufficient. 

Consider statement B alone: (18 - 1)y + (18 + 1 )x is divisible by 9. so (-1)y + (1 )x is divisible by 9. ( - 1 )y+ (1)x is zero. y is odd.
•Statement B alone is sufficient to answer the question. Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 59

Consider 2 quantities A and B, where A = x + y + z and B = xy2z3. x, y, and z are integers. Three statements are provided below:

I. z < y < x

II. z, y, x make an increasing A.P.

III. x, y and Z are distinct prime numbers

Which of the following statements would be sufficient to determine whether A > B?

Solution:

Solution: x, y, z can be positive or negative. So, we cannot determine whether A > B from statements I and II. x, y and z are distinct prime numbers. So, A < B Thus, statement III is sufficient to answer the question.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 60

The length of the Direct Common Tangent between two circles is 26 units and the length of the Transverse Common Tangent between two circles is 24 units. Find the product of radii of the 2 circles.

Solution:

Where rand R are the radii of the 2 circles, and d is the distance between their centres.
Squaring and subtracting (i) and (ii) we get, (D.C.T)2 - (T.C.T)2 = 4rR. 262 - 242 = 100
so rR = 25 Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 61

Two bags 1 and 2 contain some white socks and some black socks. The probability of drawing a white sock from bag 1 is 4/9. The probability of drawing a black sock from bag 2 is 7/16. When contents of the two bags are mixed together, find the probability of drawing a white sock if the ratio of white socks in bag 1 and bag 2 is 4 : 9.

Solution:

Solution: Let bag 1 has 9x socks, 4x of them are white and 5x are black.
Let bag 2 has 16y socks. Of 16y socks, 7y are black and 9y are white.
After mixing the contents of the two bags, there are (9x + 16y) socks, of which, (Ax + 9y) are white and (5x + 7y) are black. 

QUESTION: 62

A toy cow is tied by a rope at a point A on a toy hexagonal house, where A is one of the vertices of the hexagonal house. If the length of the rope is 10.5 cm and the length of the side of the hexagonal house is 3.5 cm then what is the area of the land on which the cow can graze?

Solution:

Solution:  

Note that the cow moves in a radius of 10.5 cm about point A, till it reaches point B and its equivalent on the other side. Thereafter it moves in a radius of 7 cm till point C and its equivalent on the other side and then in a radius of 3.5 cm.
Area covered till point B and its equivalent = 240/360 x  x 10.52 = 231 sq. cm.
Area covered till point C and its equivalent = 2 x 60/360 x π x 72 = 51.33 sq. cm.
Area covered after point C = 2 x 60/360 x π x 3.52 = 12.83 sq. cm.
Sum of the areas covered is = 295.16 sq. cm.
Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 63

Consider the figure given below, □ABCD is a square. E is the midpoint of BC and F is a point on diagonal AC such that CF = 3AF. What is the measure of ∠FED? 

Solution:

Solution: Draw GH || BA such that G-F-H, as shown in the diagram below - 

 

 

QUESTION: 64

A cube with length of side 1 unit is sliced by a plane that passes through two diagonally opposite vertices A and C and the midpoints B and D of two opposite edges not containing A and C. What is the area of quadrilateral ABCD?

Solution:

Solution : Refer the following diagram

It is quite clear that the 4 sides of the quadrilateral are equal. Thus, quadrilateral ABCD is a rhombus.
Area of a rhombus = 0.5 x  (Product of its diagonals) The diagonals of rhombus ABCD are, 

QUESTION: 65

What is the probability (in %) that any 4 people chosen randomly will not have their birthdays on the same day of the week? 

Solution:

Solution: For our condition (4 people having their birthday on 4 different days): 4 different days out of 7 days can be chosen in 7C4 ways. We can assign these 4 days to 4 people in 4! ways.
Total possible ways are = 4! x 7C4.

 For sample set: Since all 4 can have any day as their birthday, Total number of ways is 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 = 7

QUESTION: 66

Four points, A, B, C and D, lie on side/s of a convex quadrilateral. Can you draw a triangle so that all the four points lie on the sides of the triangle?

Solution:

Solution: First consider the collinear cases: If all the four points are collinear, then they lie on one of the sides of the quadrilateral. A triangle can be drawn, whose one of the sides contains the side of the quadrilateral (i.e., the side having points A, B, C and D).
If 3 points are collinear, (say A, B, and C, with B between A and C) draw line AC. ΔDAC can be drawn.
If none of the three points are collinear, that is no three of A, B, C and D lie on the same line. We can form another □ABCD. 

Now we have two cases, □ABCD is either a parallelogram or it is not.
If □ABCD is not a parallelogram, we can take any two non-parallel sides and extend them to meet at some point to get a triangle. The sides of this triangle will contain all the four points. Like ΔABE in the figure below -

If □ABCD is a square or a parallelogram, extend AB and AD. Draw BD, and draw a line through C parallel to BD. Let the intersections of this line (through C) with line AB and line AD be 2 vertices of the triangle, with A as the 3rd as shown in the figure below - 

 

Thus, it is always possible to draw a triangle so that any 4 points lying on a convex quadrilateral lie on the triangle.
Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 67

Two numbers 157and 439B belong to the base system B. On dividing the second number by the first number, we get the remainder as 1. Find the value of B.

Solution:

Solution: Since the remainder is 1, 157B completely divides 438B. 157B = B2 + 5B + 7. 438B = 4B2 + 3B + 8. Note that, since 157B completely divides 438B, (4B2 + 3B + 8) - 3(B2 + 5B + 7) = B2 - 12B - 13. 
(B2 - 12B - 13) must be either a multiple of 157B or 0.
However, if we further subtract (B2 + 5B + 7) we get - 17B - 20 which is negative.
Hence, B2 - 12B - 13 = 0 Thus we get the value of B as 13. Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 68

Total of 1018 chocolates were distributed in a class such that each student gets either 9 or 10 or 12 chocolates. It was then noted that most of the students got 10 chocolates. The number of students getting 10 chocolates is same as the sum of the number of students getting 12 chocolates and half the number of students getting the least number of chocolates. What can be the total number of students in the class?

Solution:

Solution: Let x, y and z be the numbers of students who got 9, 10 and 12 chocolates respectively. 9x + 10y+ 12z = 1018 

total number of students = 24 + 43 + 31 =98 Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 69

What would be the reminder if y is divided by 2011 ? 

Solution:

Remainder when if y is divided by 2011 =2011 - 24 = 1987 Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 70

A test tube, in the shape of a cylinder, having a hemispherical base is held vertically. The diameter of the base is same as the diameter of the cylindrical part and is equal to 3 cm. On pouring a liquid of volume  cm3 into the test tube it is observed that the liquid does not overflow but it filled the test tube completely. What is height of the liquid from the bottom of the test tube? 

Solution:

Solution: 

h = 8 cm
Height of the liquid from the bottom of the test tube = 8 + 1.5 = 9.5 cm Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 71

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


The newly formed country of CHINDIA is divided into 8 regions - North, South, East, West, North-East, North-West, South-East and South-West. These regions are further classified into states/territories.

 

 

Line P divides each region into two sides. The side containing the origin (0, 0) represents the under-developed states, and the other represents the developed states of a particular region. Also, the literacy rate (on a scale of 10) and the net industrial output (in billion dollars) have been shown for each state/territory along the ordinate and the abscissa respectively.

 

 

Q. Which region has the highest disparity in literacy rates between the  developed and the under developed states?

Solution:

Solution: The disparity in literacy rates between the developed and the underdeveloped states will be maximum when the points on either side of the line P are farthest from each other along the Y axis.
It can be observed from the graph that the points are farthest from each other along the Y axis for the North-West region.
Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 72

The newly formed country of CHINDIA is divided into 8 regions - North, South, East, West, North-East, North-West, South-East and South-West. These regions are further classified into states/territories.

 

 

Line P divides each region into two sides. The side containing the origin (0, 0) represents the under-developed states, and the other represents the developed states of a particular region. Also, the literacy rate (on a scale of 10) and the net industrial output (in billion dollars) have been shown for each state/territory along the ordinate and the abscissa respectively.

 

 

Q. The ratio of the minimum industrial output in a developed state in the South region to the maximum industrial output in an underdeveloped state in the North-West region is closest to

Solution:

Solution: Minimum industrial output in a developed state in the South region » 3 billion dollars Maximum industrial output in an under-developed state in the North- West region = 6 billion dollars Required Ratio « 1 : 2 Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 73

The newly formed country of CHINDIA is divided into 8 regions - North, South, East, West, North-East, North-West, South-East and South-West. These regions are further classified into states/territories.

 

 

Line P divides each region into two sides. The side containing the origin (0, 0) represents the under-developed states, and the other represents the developed states of a particular region. Also, the literacy rate (on a scale of 10) and the net industrial output (in billion dollars) have been shown for each state/territory along the ordinate and the abscissa respectively.

 

 

Q. Which of the following could be the correct order of regions placed in descending order of the average literacy rates of their underdeveloped states?

Solution:

Solution: For the underdeveloped states, the average literacy rates for various regions are: North = (1 + 1 + 2 + 4)/4 = 2 .South = (1 + 3 + 4 + 3)/4 = 2.75 East = (2 + 3 + 5 + 9)/4 = 4.75 West = (5 + 3 + 2)/3 = 3.33 North-East = (1 + 3 + 6 + 8)/4 = 4.5 South-East = (3+ 4 + 4 + 1 + 1 + 2)/6 = 2.5 South-West = (1 + 2 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 4)/6 = 2.67 North-West = (7 + 7 + 8 + 1 )/4 = 5.75 Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 74

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


Table 1 shows the percentage breakup of various areas of the Services sector of a country X from 2006 to 2011.

 

Table 2 shows the details of the constituents of the GDP of country X (in Rs. crore) 

 

Table 3 shows certain ‘development measures’ of the economy of country X 

*GDP per capita = GDP of the country / population of the country. *Literacy Rate is defined as the literate population of the country as a percentage of the total population of that country.

 

 

Q. If, in country X, all the females are the only contributors to the GDP and the GDP per capita is recalculated as GDP per female citizen, by approximately what amount (in Rs.) will the new value of GDP per capita in 2006 differ from the old value in 2006? 

Solution:

Solution: Original GDP per capita in 2006 = 37849 Gender ratio in 2006 = 0.9375 i.e. there are 9375 females for 10000 males. 

For purposes of calculating the GDP per capita, this implies that if the total population is 1, the number of females is 15/31. 

Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 75

Table 1 shows the percentage breakup of various areas of the Services sector of a country X from 2006 to 2011.

 

Table 2 shows the details of the constituents of the GDP of country X (in Rs. crore) 

 

Table 3 shows certain ‘development measures’ of the economy of country X 

*GDP per capita = GDP of the country / population of the country. *Literacy Rate is defined as the literate population of the country as a percentage of the total population of that country.

 

 

Q. What was the approximate number of illiterate people in country X in 2009 (in millions)?

Solution:

Solution: Literacy rate in 2009 = 63.59% Number of illiterate people = 36.41% of population 

Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 76

Table 1 shows the percentage breakup of various areas of the Services sector of a country X from 2006 to 2011.

 

Table 2 shows the details of the constituents of the GDP of country X (in Rs. crore) 

 

Table 3 shows certain ‘development measures’ of the economy of country X 

*GDP per capita = GDP of the country / population of the country. *Literacy Rate is defined as the literate population of the country as a percentage of the total population of that country.

 

 

Q. If the value of the IT/ITeS Sector (in Rs.) in 2006 is x and the corresponding value in 2010 is y, which of the following is true regarding x & y?

Solution:

Solution: x = 21.61% of 168194 and y = 17.98% of 154863. Since 168194 > 154863 and 21.61 > 17.98, 21.61% of 168194 > 17.98% of 154863 
x > y Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 77

Table 1 shows the percentage breakup of various areas of the Services sector of a country X from 2006 to 2011.

 

Table 2 shows the details of the constituents of the GDP of country X (in Rs. crore) 

 

Table 3 shows certain ‘development measures’ of the economy of country X 

*GDP per capita = GDP of the country / population of the country. *Literacy Rate is defined as the literate population of the country as a percentage of the total population of that country.

 

 

Q. Consider the statements given below: 
1. The value of exports in 2011 is greater than the value of imports in 2011.

2. The value of 'Others’ in 2011 is more than the value of ‘Tourism’ in 2007.

3. The contribution of ‘IT/ITeS’ in the GDP has been more than that of ‘Miscellaneous’ in the GDP for each year in the given period.

Which of these statements is necessarily true?

Solution:

Solution: Consider Statement 1: Only the growth rate for imports and exports is given. Since the base value of imports or exports is not known, their value in 2011 cannot be compared.
Thus, statement 1 may or may not be true.
Consider Statement 2: ‘Others’ in 2011 = 4.18% of 167943 

‘Tourism’ in 2007 = 3.58% of 167468 Since 167943 > 167468 and 4.18 > 3.58, ‘Others’ in 2011 > ‘Tourism’ in 2007 Thus, statement 2 is necessarily true.
Consider Statement 3: To compare ‘IT/ITES’ and ‘Miscellaneous’, first check 2010.
This is because the IT/ITeS Sector’s least percentage contribution coincides with the least total value of Services in 2010.
IT/ITES in 2010 = 17.98% of 154863 « 27844

This is less than the value of the miscellaneous sector in 2010 i.e. 28163
So, statement 3 is not necessarily true.
Thus, only statement 2 is necessarily true.
Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 78

G(y) = y2 + 3y + 2 and T = { 0, 1, 2 , . . . , 25}. How many elements ('t's) exist in the set T such that G(t) has a remainder zero when divided by 6?

Solution:

Solution: Factorizing the given function, we get, G(t) = ( t+ 1 ) ( t+ 2).

(t + 1) and (t + 2) are consecutive integers.

One of them is odd and the other is even. G(t) is a multiple of 6 if either (t + 1) or (t + 2) is a multiple of 3. 
Case (i): If (t + 1) is a multiple of 3, (t+ 1) = 3k. (t + 2) = 3k + 1, where k = 1, 2, 3 ,...  t = 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23.

Case (ii): If (t + 2) is a multiple of 3, (t+ 2) = 3k. (t + 1) = 3k - 1, where k = 1,2, 3,... .so t = 1, 4, 7,10,13,16,19, 22, 25.

 17 members of set T are divisible by 6.
Hence, option 4.

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