XAT Mock Test - 3


78 Questions MCQ Test MBA Exams Mock Test Series and Past Year Question Papers | XAT Mock Test - 3


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Attempt XAT Mock Test - 3 | 78 questions in 170 minutes | Mock test for CAT preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study MBA Exams Mock Test Series and Past Year Question Papers for CAT Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Group Question

Read the definitions given below and select the best match between the numbered sentences and definitions.


Premise: A proposition from which another statement is inferred or follows as a conclusion.
Assumption: Something, which is accepted as true.
Fact: Something, which can be checked.
Reason: A cause, explanation or justification for an action or event.
Conclusion: An end, finish or summarization of process or argument. Proposition: A statement that expresses judgement or opinion.
Question: A sentence worded or expressed so as to elicit opinion.
Inductive Inference: An end, finish or summarization reached for “the whole”, based on “a particular” real incidence.
Deductive Inference: An end, finish or summarization reached based on the combining and recombining of two or more than two assumptions.

 

We should not pretend that we are endowed with the same abilities as doing so perpetuates the myth that people can help themselves to the same degree if they just try hard enough (1). This is the cause for much inaction in society (2). You’re not a heart surgeon? (3) That’s your fault for not working hard enough in school! (4) You didn’t make it as a concert pianist? (5) You must not have wanted it that badly (6). Societal inequality is thus, justified on the grounds that anyone who is willing to put in the requisite time and effort can succeed and should be rewarded with a good life, whereas those who struggle to make ends meet are to blame for their situations and should pull themselves up by their own bootstraps (7). If we acknowledge that people differ in what they have to contribute, then we have an argument for a society in which all human beings are entitled to a life that includes access to decent housing, health care, and education, simply because they are human (8). Our abilities might not be identical, and our needs surely differ, but our basic human rights are universal (9).

 


Q. The best match would be:

Solution:

Solution: The entire argument made in this passage critiques the Assumption that we are all endowed with the same abilities. Statement 1 provides a strong line of reasoning against this Assumption. It provides the justification for the action of the perpetuation of the myth that individuals can help themselves “... if they just try hard enough.”. Therefore, statement 1 is a Reason and not an Assumption. Eliminate option 1.
Statement 2 provides the cause for inaction in society and is a Reason.
Statements 3 and 5 clearly are Questions.
Though flawed, statements 4 and 6 provide reasons for the failures implied in statements 3 and 5. They do not refer to something that is accepted as true and though they may seem to be a third person’s judgement or opinion, they have been worded to justify the failures mentioned above. This eliminates options 2 and 4.
Statement 7 provides the cause for the event of societal inequality and is a Reason. The argument made in this passage rests only on one Assumption. Statement 7 does not combine or recombine two or more assumptions. Therefore, it is not a Deductive Inference. Eliminate option 5.
Statement 8 sets the Premise for the conclusion that “...our basic human rights are universal.”.
Statement 9 completes the line of thought presented through the argument made in this passage in the form of a Conclusion.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 2

Premise: A proposition from which another statement is inferred or follows as a conclusion.
Assumption: Something, which is accepted as true.
Fact: Something, which can be checked.
Reason: A cause, explanation or justification for an action or event.
Conclusion: An end, finish or summarization of process or argument. Proposition: A statement that expresses judgement or opinion.
Question: A sentence worded or expressed so as to elicit opinion.
Inductive Inference: An end, finish or summarization reached for “the whole”, based on “a particular” real incidence.
Deductive Inference: An end, finish or summarization reached based on the combining and recombining of two or more than two assumptions.

 

The 2014 Human Development Report is methodologically more  sophisticated in that, for the first time it calculates the gender development index independently of reference to males (1). Equally, ‘Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience’ would resonate among millions of ordinary people (2). Across countries and continents, several of them are still recovering from recent natural and man-made catastrophes (3). The 2004 Asian Tsunami, the 2005 Hurricane Katrina, the 2007-2008 food, financial and banking collapse, and the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster preceded by an earthquake, among others, have brought humanity closer as it grapples with a common predicament underpinned by climate change and globalisation (4). These challenges also lay bare the imperatives of fashioning an internationally coordinated response in an inter-connected world (5).

 


Q. The best match would be:

Solution:

Solution: Statement 1 puts forth the author’s opinion on the 2014 Human Development Report. According to the author, this report is methodologically more sophisticated...”. Therefore, this statement makes for a proposition. Though the latter half of the statement is factual, the crux of it lies in the author’s opinion of the report.
Eliminate options 1 and 5.
The second statement also elucidates the author’s opinion about the target population, which will reckon with the report. The statement is not something that can be accepted as true without additional knowledge. Therefore, it is not an assumption. Eliminate option 2. Statement 3 elaborates on the condition of the ordinary people mentioned in statement 2 and can be verified. Therefore, it makes for a fact. The statement does not display the author’s personal judgement or opinion and does not make for a proposition. Eliminate option 3.
Statement 4 is an inductive inference about humanity coming closer together on account of the catastrophes triggered by climate change and globalization, which are real incidences.
Similarly, the call to action suggested of an internationally coordinated response, which has been suggested in statement 5 is also an inductive inference. It refers to the whole and is once again based on real incidences.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 3

Each of the questions below contains a paragraph followed by alternative  summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.


After the invasion of Persia by the Mongol Empire, a regional Turko- Perso-Mongol dynasty formed. Just as the eastern Mongol dynasties inter-married with locals and adopted the local religion of Buddhism and the Chinese culture, this group adopted the local religion of Islam and the Persian culture. The first Mughal King, Babur, established the Mughal dynasty in the Indian Subcontinent. Upon invading this region, the Mughals starting with Emperor Akbar inter-married with the local Hindu tribes and Persian settlers creating a dynasty of combined Turko-Persian, Mongolian and Hindu Rajput backgrounds. King Babur and his descendants did this to create peace among the different religions in the region. In accordance to Islamic values, Babur focused on setting a good example for the Mughal Dynasty by emphasizing religious tolerance. 

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 is the only option that correctly summarizes facts from the passage without stating elaborate examples or unnecessary information. Option 2 is incorrect because it assumes that the practice of inter-religion marrying was borrowed from the Mongols. This is not mentioned in the passage.
Option 3 is incorrect because it states the example of Akbar’s marriages without hitting the focal point of the passage that is the motive behind such actions.
Option 4 is too extreme and hence incorrect. Words like ‘flourished’ are ideas from outside the passage and should not be a part of this summary. Option 5 incorrectly assumes that the motive behind the Mughal invasion was their need to spread their own religion and learn from the people of the acquired lands.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 4

Group Question

Answer the questions based on the passage given below.


The legend takes us back to the time when the gods of Egypt went about in the country, and mingled with men and were thoroughly acquainted with their desires and needs. The king who reigned over Egypt was Ra, the Sun-god, who was not, however, the first of the Dynasty of Gods who ruled the land. His predecessor on the throne was Hephaistos, who, according to Manetho, reigned 9000 years, whilst Ra reigned only 992 years; Panodorus makes his reign to have lasted less than 100 years. Be this as it may, it seems that the "self-created and self-begotten" god Ra had been ruling over mankind for a very long time, for his subjects were murmuring against him, and they were complaining that he was old, that his bones were like silver, his body like gold, and his hair like lapis-lazuli. When Ra heard these murmurings he ordered his bodyguard to summon all the gods who had been with him in the primeval World-ocean, and to bid them privately to assemble in the Great House, which can be no other than the famous temple of Heliopolis. This statement is interesting, for it proves that the legend is of Heliopolitan origin, like the cult of Ra itself, and that it does not belong, at least in so far as it applies to Ra, to the Predynastic Period. When Ra entered the Great Temple, the gods made obeisance to him, and took up their positions on each side of him, and informed him that they awaited his words. Addressing Nu, the personification of the World-ocean, Ra bade them to take notice of the fact that the men and women whom his Eye had created were murmuring against him. He then asked them to consider the matter and to devise a plan of action for him, for he was unwilling to slay the rebels without hearing what his gods had to say. In reply the gods advised Ra to send forth his Eye to destroy the blasphemers, for there was no eye on earth that could resist it, especially when it took the form of the goddess Hathor. Ra accepted their advice and sent forth his Eye in the form of Hathor to destroy them, and, though the rebels had fled to the mountains in fear, the Eye pursued them and overtook them and destroyed them. Hathor rejoiced in her work of destruction, and on her return was praised by Ra, for what she had done.
The slaughter of men began at Suten-henen (Herakleopolis), and during the night Hathor waded about in the blood of men. Ra asserted his intention of being master of the rebels, and this is probably referred to in the Book of the Dead, Chapter XVII., in which it is said that Ra rose as king for the first time in Suten-henen. Osiris also was crowned at Suten-henen, and in this city lived the great Bennu bird, or Phoenix, and the "Crusher of Bones" mentioned in the Negative Confession.


The legend now goes on to describe an act of Ra, the significance of which is difficult to explain. The god ordered messengers to be brought to him, and when they arrived, he commanded them to run like the wind to Abu, or the city of Elephantine, and to bring him large quantities of the fruit called tataat. What kind of fruit this was is not clear, but Brugsch thought they were "mandrakes," the so-called "love-apples," and this translation of tataat may be used provisionally. The mandrakes were given to Sekti, a goddess of Heliopolis, to crush and grind up, and when this was done they were mixed with human blood, and put in a large brewing of beer which the women slaves had made from wheat. In all they made 7,000 vessels of beer. When Ra saw the beer he approved of it, and ordered it to be carried up the river to where the goddess Hathor was still, it seems, engaged in slaughtering men. During the night he caused this beer to be poured out into the meadows of the Four Heavens, and when Hathor came she saw the beer with human blood and mandrakes in it, and drank of it and became drunk, and paid no further attention to men and women. In welcoming the goddess, Ra, called her "Amit," i.e., "beautiful one," and from this time onward "beautiful women were found in the city of Amit," which was situated in the Western Delta, near Lake Mareotis. Ra also ordered that in future at every one of his festivals vessels of "sleep-producing beer" should be made, and that their number should be the same as the number of the handmaidens of Ra. Those who took part in these festivals of Hathor and Ra drank beer in very large quantities, and under the influence of the "beautiful women," i.e., the priestesses, who were supposed to resemble Hathor in their physical attractions, the festal celebrations degenerated into drunken and licentious orgies. Soon after this Ra complained that he was smitten with pain, and that he was weary of the children of men. He thought them a worthless remnant, and wished that more of them had been slain. The gods about him begged him to endure, and reminded him that his power was in proportion to his will. Ra was, however, unconsoled, and he complained that his limbs were weak for the first time in his life. Thereupon the god Nu told Shu to help Ra, and he ordered Nut to take the great god Ra on her back. Nut changed herself into a cow, and with the help of Shu, Ra got on her back. As soon as men saw that Ra was on the back of the Cow of Heaven, and was about to leave them, they became filled with fear and repentance, and cried out to Ra to remain with them and to slay all those who had blasphemed against him. But the Cow moved on her way, and carried Ra to Het-Ahet, a town of the nome of Mareotis, where in later days the right leg of Osiris was said to be preserved. Meanwhile darkness covered the land. When day broke the men who had repented of their blasphemies appeared with their bows, and slew the enemies of Ra. At this result Ra was pleased, and he forgave those who had repented because of their righteous slaughter of his enemies. From this time onwards human sacrifices were offered up at the festivals of Ra celebrated in this place, and at Heliopolis and in other parts of Egypt.

 

 

Q. What are the causes of a festival which resulted in Licentious orgies?

a. Ra rose for the first time as king in Heliopolis.

b. Sekti brought the tataat, crushed them, mixed them with human blood and gave this to Hathor who became drunk. Ra was then pleased with her.

c. The manifestation of Ra’s Eye had destroyed the blasphemers.

d. The city near lake Mareotis had beautiful women who resembled goddess Hathor. They drank sleep-inducing beer like their goddess.

e. Ra was old but was still victorious.

Solution:

Solution: Option 2 is correct, that is e,c and a as this is mentioned in the passage.
Statement b is incorrect; Sekti did not bring the tataats, the messengers did that.
Statement d is incorrect because the beautiful women did not drink beer.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 5

The legend takes us back to the time when the gods of Egypt went about in the country, and mingled with men and were thoroughly acquainted with their desires and needs. The king who reigned over Egypt was Ra, the Sun-god, who was not, however, the first of the Dynasty of Gods who ruled the land. His predecessor on the throne was Hephaistos, who, according to Manetho, reigned 9000 years, whilst Ra reigned only 992 years; Panodorus makes his reign to have lasted less than 100 years. Be this as it may, it seems that the "self-created and self-begotten" god Ra had been ruling over mankind for a very long time, for his subjects were murmuring against him, and they were complaining that he was old, that his bones were like silver, his body like gold, and his hair like lapis-lazuli. When Ra heard these murmurings he ordered his bodyguard to summon all the gods who had been with him in the primeval World-ocean, and to bid them privately to assemble in the Great House, which can be no other than the famous temple of Heliopolis. This statement is interesting, for it proves that the legend is of Heliopolitan origin, like the cult of Ra itself, and that it does not belong, at least in so far as it applies to Ra, to the Predynastic Period. When Ra entered the Great Temple, the gods made obeisance to him, and took up their positions on each side of him, and informed him that they awaited his words. Addressing Nu, the personification of the World-ocean, Ra bade them to take notice of the fact that the men and women whom his Eye had created were murmuring against him. He then asked them to consider the matter and to devise a plan of action for him, for he was unwilling to slay the rebels without hearing what his gods had to say. In reply the gods advised Ra to send forth his Eye to destroy the blasphemers, for there was no eye on earth that could resist it, especially when it took the form of the goddess Hathor. Ra accepted their advice and sent forth his Eye in the form of Hathor to destroy them, and, though the rebels had fled to the mountains in fear, the Eye pursued them and overtook them and destroyed them. Hathor rejoiced in her work of destruction, and on her return was praised by Ra, for what she had done.
The slaughter of men began at Suten-henen (Herakleopolis), and during the night Hathor waded about in the blood of men. Ra asserted his intention of being master of the rebels, and this is probably referred to in the Book of the Dead, Chapter XVII., in which it is said that Ra rose as king for the first time in Suten-henen. Osiris also was crowned at Suten-henen, and in this city lived the great Bennu bird, or Phoenix, and the "Crusher of Bones" mentioned in the Negative Confession.


The legend now goes on to describe an act of Ra, the significance of which is difficult to explain. The god ordered messengers to be brought to him, and when they arrived, he commanded them to run like the wind to Abu, or the city of Elephantine, and to bring him large quantities of the fruit called tataat. What kind of fruit this was is not clear, but Brugsch thought they were "mandrakes," the so-called "love-apples," and this translation of tataat may be used provisionally. The mandrakes were given to Sekti, a goddess of Heliopolis, to crush and grind up, and when this was done they were mixed with human blood, and put in a large brewing of beer which the women slaves had made from wheat. In all they made 7,000 vessels of beer. When Ra saw the beer he approved of it, and ordered it to be carried up the river to where the goddess Hathor was still, it seems, engaged in slaughtering men. During the night he caused this beer to be poured out into the meadows of the Four Heavens, and when Hathor came she saw the beer with human blood and mandrakes in it, and drank of it and became drunk, and paid no further attention to men and women. In welcoming the goddess, Ra, called her "Amit," i.e., "beautiful one," and from this time onward "beautiful women were found in the city of Amit," which was situated in the Western Delta, near Lake Mareotis. Ra also ordered that in future at every one of his festivals vessels of "sleep-producing beer" should be made, and that their number should be the same as the number of the handmaidens of Ra. Those who took part in these festivals of Hathor and Ra drank beer in very large quantities, and under the influence of the "beautiful women," i.e., the priestesses, who were supposed to resemble Hathor in their physical attractions, the festal celebrations degenerated into drunken and licentious orgies. Soon after this Ra complained that he was smitten with pain, and that he was weary of the children of men. He thought them a worthless remnant, and wished that more of them had been slain. The gods about him begged him to endure, and reminded him that his power was in proportion to his will. Ra was, however, unconsoled, and he complained that his limbs were weak for the first time in his life. Thereupon the god Nu told Shu to help Ra, and he ordered Nut to take the great god Ra on her back. Nut changed herself into a cow, and with the help of Shu, Ra got on her back. As soon as men saw that Ra was on the back of the Cow of Heaven, and was about to leave them, they became filled with fear and repentance, and cried out to Ra to remain with them and to slay all those who had blasphemed against him. But the Cow moved on her way, and carried Ra to Het-Ahet, a town of the nome of Mareotis, where in later days the right leg of Osiris was said to be preserved. Meanwhile darkness covered the land. When day broke the men who had repented of their blasphemies appeared with their bows, and slew the enemies of Ra. At this result Ra was pleased, and he forgave those who had repented because of their righteous slaughter of his enemies. From this time onwards human sacrifices were offered up at the festivals of Ra celebrated in this place, and at Heliopolis and in other parts of Egypt.

 

 

Q. What was the reason for which human sacrifices were made at a certain festival?

Solution:

Solution: Option 2 is correct as it has been mentioned explicitly in the passage.
Option 1 is incorrect because Ra had not forgiven all the blasphemers but had forgiven only those men who had repented. Option 3 is incorrect because Nut is a “she” and not a “he” as mentioned in the option.
Option 4 is incorrect because the passage does not mention that Ra was feeling stronger after the killing of the rebels.
Option 5 is incorrect because it is not mentioned in the passage. Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 6

The legend takes us back to the time when the gods of Egypt went about in the country, and mingled with men and were thoroughly acquainted with their desires and needs. The king who reigned over Egypt was Ra, the Sun-god, who was not, however, the first of the Dynasty of Gods who ruled the land. His predecessor on the throne was Hephaistos, who, according to Manetho, reigned 9000 years, whilst Ra reigned only 992 years; Panodorus makes his reign to have lasted less than 100 years. Be this as it may, it seems that the "self-created and self-begotten" god Ra had been ruling over mankind for a very long time, for his subjects were murmuring against him, and they were complaining that he was old, that his bones were like silver, his body like gold, and his hair like lapis-lazuli. When Ra heard these murmurings he ordered his bodyguard to summon all the gods who had been with him in the primeval World-ocean, and to bid them privately to assemble in the Great House, which can be no other than the famous temple of Heliopolis. This statement is interesting, for it proves that the legend is of Heliopolitan origin, like the cult of Ra itself, and that it does not belong, at least in so far as it applies to Ra, to the Predynastic Period. When Ra entered the Great Temple, the gods made obeisance to him, and took up their positions on each side of him, and informed him that they awaited his words. Addressing Nu, the personification of the World-ocean, Ra bade them to take notice of the fact that the men and women whom his Eye had created were murmuring against him. He then asked them to consider the matter and to devise a plan of action for him, for he was unwilling to slay the rebels without hearing what his gods had to say. In reply the gods advised Ra to send forth his Eye to destroy the blasphemers, for there was no eye on earth that could resist it, especially when it took the form of the goddess Hathor. Ra accepted their advice and sent forth his Eye in the form of Hathor to destroy them, and, though the rebels had fled to the mountains in fear, the Eye pursued them and overtook them and destroyed them. Hathor rejoiced in her work of destruction, and on her return was praised by Ra, for what she had done.
The slaughter of men began at Suten-henen (Herakleopolis), and during the night Hathor waded about in the blood of men. Ra asserted his intention of being master of the rebels, and this is probably referred to in the Book of the Dead, Chapter XVII., in which it is said that Ra rose as king for the first time in Suten-henen. Osiris also was crowned at Suten-henen, and in this city lived the great Bennu bird, or Phoenix, and the "Crusher of Bones" mentioned in the Negative Confession.


The legend now goes on to describe an act of Ra, the significance of which is difficult to explain. The god ordered messengers to be brought to him, and when they arrived, he commanded them to run like the wind to Abu, or the city of Elephantine, and to bring him large quantities of the fruit called tataat. What kind of fruit this was is not clear, but Brugsch thought they were "mandrakes," the so-called "love-apples," and this translation of tataat may be used provisionally. The mandrakes were given to Sekti, a goddess of Heliopolis, to crush and grind up, and when this was done they were mixed with human blood, and put in a large brewing of beer which the women slaves had made from wheat. In all they made 7,000 vessels of beer. When Ra saw the beer he approved of it, and ordered it to be carried up the river to where the goddess Hathor was still, it seems, engaged in slaughtering men. During the night he caused this beer to be poured out into the meadows of the Four Heavens, and when Hathor came she saw the beer with human blood and mandrakes in it, and drank of it and became drunk, and paid no further attention to men and women. In welcoming the goddess, Ra, called her "Amit," i.e., "beautiful one," and from this time onward "beautiful women were found in the city of Amit," which was situated in the Western Delta, near Lake Mareotis. Ra also ordered that in future at every one of his festivals vessels of "sleep-producing beer" should be made, and that their number should be the same as the number of the handmaidens of Ra. Those who took part in these festivals of Hathor and Ra drank beer in very large quantities, and under the influence of the "beautiful women," i.e., the priestesses, who were supposed to resemble Hathor in their physical attractions, the festal celebrations degenerated into drunken and licentious orgies. Soon after this Ra complained that he was smitten with pain, and that he was weary of the children of men. He thought them a worthless remnant, and wished that more of them had been slain. The gods about him begged him to endure, and reminded him that his power was in proportion to his will. Ra was, however, unconsoled, and he complained that his limbs were weak for the first time in his life. Thereupon the god Nu told Shu to help Ra, and he ordered Nut to take the great god Ra on her back. Nut changed herself into a cow, and with the help of Shu, Ra got on her back. As soon as men saw that Ra was on the back of the Cow of Heaven, and was about to leave them, they became filled with fear and repentance, and cried out to Ra to remain with them and to slay all those who had blasphemed against him. But the Cow moved on her way, and carried Ra to Het-Ahet, a town of the nome of Mareotis, where in later days the right leg of Osiris was said to be preserved. Meanwhile darkness covered the land. When day broke the men who had repented of their blasphemies appeared with their bows, and slew the enemies of Ra. At this result Ra was pleased, and he forgave those who had repented because of their righteous slaughter of his enemies. From this time onwards human sacrifices were offered up at the festivals of Ra celebrated in this place, and at Heliopolis and in other parts of Egypt.

 

 

Q. Goddess Hathor was:

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 is incorrect because Goddess Hathor was not of heliopolitan origin.
Option 2 is also incorrect because she was also not the Goddess of Suten Henen.
Option 3 is also incorrect because nowhere is it mentioned in the passage that Hathor was the Goddess of the drunken yards.
Option 4 is incorrect because Hathor did not kill all the blasphemers. Option 5 is correct and is mentioned in the passage.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 7

The legend takes us back to the time when the gods of Egypt went about in the country, and mingled with men and were thoroughly acquainted with their desires and needs. The king who reigned over Egypt was Ra, the Sun-god, who was not, however, the first of the Dynasty of Gods who ruled the land. His predecessor on the throne was Hephaistos, who, according to Manetho, reigned 9000 years, whilst Ra reigned only 992 years; Panodorus makes his reign to have lasted less than 100 years. Be this as it may, it seems that the "self-created and self-begotten" god Ra had been ruling over mankind for a very long time, for his subjects were murmuring against him, and they were complaining that he was old, that his bones were like silver, his body like gold, and his hair like lapis-lazuli. When Ra heard these murmurings he ordered his bodyguard to summon all the gods who had been with him in the primeval World-ocean, and to bid them privately to assemble in the Great House, which can be no other than the famous temple of Heliopolis. This statement is interesting, for it proves that the legend is of Heliopolitan origin, like the cult of Ra itself, and that it does not belong, at least in so far as it applies to Ra, to the Predynastic Period. When Ra entered the Great Temple, the gods made obeisance to him, and took up their positions on each side of him, and informed him that they awaited his words. Addressing Nu, the personification of the World-ocean, Ra bade them to take notice of the fact that the men and women whom his Eye had created were murmuring against him. He then asked them to consider the matter and to devise a plan of action for him, for he was unwilling to slay the rebels without hearing what his gods had to say. In reply the gods advised Ra to send forth his Eye to destroy the blasphemers, for there was no eye on earth that could resist it, especially when it took the form of the goddess Hathor. Ra accepted their advice and sent forth his Eye in the form of Hathor to destroy them, and, though the rebels had fled to the mountains in fear, the Eye pursued them and overtook them and destroyed them. Hathor rejoiced in her work of destruction, and on her return was praised by Ra, for what she had done.
The slaughter of men began at Suten-henen (Herakleopolis), and during the night Hathor waded about in the blood of men. Ra asserted his intention of being master of the rebels, and this is probably referred to in the Book of the Dead, Chapter XVII., in which it is said that Ra rose as king for the first time in Suten-henen. Osiris also was crowned at Suten-henen, and in this city lived the great Bennu bird, or Phoenix, and the "Crusher of Bones" mentioned in the Negative Confession.


The legend now goes on to describe an act of Ra, the significance of which is difficult to explain. The god ordered messengers to be brought to him, and when they arrived, he commanded them to run like the wind to Abu, or the city of Elephantine, and to bring him large quantities of the fruit called tataat. What kind of fruit this was is not clear, but Brugsch thought they were "mandrakes," the so-called "love-apples," and this translation of tataat may be used provisionally. The mandrakes were given to Sekti, a goddess of Heliopolis, to crush and grind up, and when this was done they were mixed with human blood, and put in a large brewing of beer which the women slaves had made from wheat. In all they made 7,000 vessels of beer. When Ra saw the beer he approved of it, and ordered it to be carried up the river to where the goddess Hathor was still, it seems, engaged in slaughtering men. During the night he caused this beer to be poured out into the meadows of the Four Heavens, and when Hathor came she saw the beer with human blood and mandrakes in it, and drank of it and became drunk, and paid no further attention to men and women. In welcoming the goddess, Ra, called her "Amit," i.e., "beautiful one," and from this time onward "beautiful women were found in the city of Amit," which was situated in the Western Delta, near Lake Mareotis. Ra also ordered that in future at every one of his festivals vessels of "sleep-producing beer" should be made, and that their number should be the same as the number of the handmaidens of Ra. Those who took part in these festivals of Hathor and Ra drank beer in very large quantities, and under the influence of the "beautiful women," i.e., the priestesses, who were supposed to resemble Hathor in their physical attractions, the festal celebrations degenerated into drunken and licentious orgies. Soon after this Ra complained that he was smitten with pain, and that he was weary of the children of men. He thought them a worthless remnant, and wished that more of them had been slain. The gods about him begged him to endure, and reminded him that his power was in proportion to his will. Ra was, however, unconsoled, and he complained that his limbs were weak for the first time in his life. Thereupon the god Nu told Shu to help Ra, and he ordered Nut to take the great god Ra on her back. Nut changed herself into a cow, and with the help of Shu, Ra got on her back. As soon as men saw that Ra was on the back of the Cow of Heaven, and was about to leave them, they became filled with fear and repentance, and cried out to Ra to remain with them and to slay all those who had blasphemed against him. But the Cow moved on her way, and carried Ra to Het-Ahet, a town of the nome of Mareotis, where in later days the right leg of Osiris was said to be preserved. Meanwhile darkness covered the land. When day broke the men who had repented of their blasphemies appeared with their bows, and slew the enemies of Ra. At this result Ra was pleased, and he forgave those who had repented because of their righteous slaughter of his enemies. From this time onwards human sacrifices were offered up at the festivals of Ra celebrated in this place, and at Heliopolis and in other parts of Egypt.

 

 

Q. Which of the following statements is true?

Solution:

Solution: Option 5 is correct, because, it is said, that, “...carried Ra to Het- Ahet...” and “...festivals of Ra celebrated in this place...” in the last paragraph of the passage. Option 1 is incorrect because Hephaistos reigned before Ra and not after him. Option 2 is incorrect as Ra was advised to send forth his Eye because no one could resist it. Option 3 is incorrect because the author thought tataats were mandrakes, or love apples. Option 4 is incorrect because Phoenix lived in Suten Henen not Lake Mareotis. Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 8

The legend takes us back to the time when the gods of Egypt went about in the country, and mingled with men and were thoroughly acquainted with their desires and needs. The king who reigned over Egypt was Ra, the Sun-god, who was not, however, the first of the Dynasty of Gods who ruled the land. His predecessor on the throne was Hephaistos, who, according to Manetho, reigned 9000 years, whilst Ra reigned only 992 years; Panodorus makes his reign to have lasted less than 100 years. Be this as it may, it seems that the "self-created and self-begotten" god Ra had been ruling over mankind for a very long time, for his subjects were murmuring against him, and they were complaining that he was old, that his bones were like silver, his body like gold, and his hair like lapis-lazuli. When Ra heard these murmurings he ordered his bodyguard to summon all the gods who had been with him in the primeval World-ocean, and to bid them privately to assemble in the Great House, which can be no other than the famous temple of Heliopolis. This statement is interesting, for it proves that the legend is of Heliopolitan origin, like the cult of Ra itself, and that it does not belong, at least in so far as it applies to Ra, to the Predynastic Period. When Ra entered the Great Temple, the gods made obeisance to him, and took up their positions on each side of him, and informed him that they awaited his words. Addressing Nu, the personification of the World-ocean, Ra bade them to take notice of the fact that the men and women whom his Eye had created were murmuring against him. He then asked them to consider the matter and to devise a plan of action for him, for he was unwilling to slay the rebels without hearing what his gods had to say. In reply the gods advised Ra to send forth his Eye to destroy the blasphemers, for there was no eye on earth that could resist it, especially when it took the form of the goddess Hathor. Ra accepted their advice and sent forth his Eye in the form of Hathor to destroy them, and, though the rebels had fled to the mountains in fear, the Eye pursued them and overtook them and destroyed them. Hathor rejoiced in her work of destruction, and on her return was praised by Ra, for what she had done.
The slaughter of men began at Suten-henen (Herakleopolis), and during the night Hathor waded about in the blood of men. Ra asserted his intention of being master of the rebels, and this is probably referred to in the Book of the Dead, Chapter XVII., in which it is said that Ra rose as king for the first time in Suten-henen. Osiris also was crowned at Suten-henen, and in this city lived the great Bennu bird, or Phoenix, and the "Crusher of Bones" mentioned in the Negative Confession.


The legend now goes on to describe an act of Ra, the significance of which is difficult to explain. The god ordered messengers to be brought to him, and when they arrived, he commanded them to run like the wind to Abu, or the city of Elephantine, and to bring him large quantities of the fruit called tataat. What kind of fruit this was is not clear, but Brugsch thought they were "mandrakes," the so-called "love-apples," and this translation of tataat may be used provisionally. The mandrakes were given to Sekti, a goddess of Heliopolis, to crush and grind up, and when this was done they were mixed with human blood, and put in a large brewing of beer which the women slaves had made from wheat. In all they made 7,000 vessels of beer. When Ra saw the beer he approved of it, and ordered it to be carried up the river to where the goddess Hathor was still, it seems, engaged in slaughtering men. During the night he caused this beer to be poured out into the meadows of the Four Heavens, and when Hathor came she saw the beer with human blood and mandrakes in it, and drank of it and became drunk, and paid no further attention to men and women. In welcoming the goddess, Ra, called her "Amit," i.e., "beautiful one," and from this time onward "beautiful women were found in the city of Amit," which was situated in the Western Delta, near Lake Mareotis. Ra also ordered that in future at every one of his festivals vessels of "sleep-producing beer" should be made, and that their number should be the same as the number of the handmaidens of Ra. Those who took part in these festivals of Hathor and Ra drank beer in very large quantities, and under the influence of the "beautiful women," i.e., the priestesses, who were supposed to resemble Hathor in their physical attractions, the festal celebrations degenerated into drunken and licentious orgies. Soon after this Ra complained that he was smitten with pain, and that he was weary of the children of men. He thought them a worthless remnant, and wished that more of them had been slain. The gods about him begged him to endure, and reminded him that his power was in proportion to his will. Ra was, however, unconsoled, and he complained that his limbs were weak for the first time in his life. Thereupon the god Nu told Shu to help Ra, and he ordered Nut to take the great god Ra on her back. Nut changed herself into a cow, and with the help of Shu, Ra got on her back. As soon as men saw that Ra was on the back of the Cow of Heaven, and was about to leave them, they became filled with fear and repentance, and cried out to Ra to remain with them and to slay all those who had blasphemed against him. But the Cow moved on her way, and carried Ra to Het-Ahet, a town of the nome of Mareotis, where in later days the right leg of Osiris was said to be preserved. Meanwhile darkness covered the land. When day broke the men who had repented of their blasphemies appeared with their bows, and slew the enemies of Ra. At this result Ra was pleased, and he forgave those who had repented because of their righteous slaughter of his enemies. From this time onwards human sacrifices were offered up at the festivals of Ra celebrated in this place, and at Heliopolis and in other parts of Egypt.

 

 

Q. Which of the following statements is true?

Solution:

Solution: Option 3 is correct, because there were murmurs that Ra had grown old and that his bones were like silver, his body like gold, and his hair like lapis-lazuli. Option 1 is incorrect: “Nut changed herself into a cow, and with the help of Shu, Ra got on her back”. Therefore Shu did help Ra. Option 2 is incorrect because 7000 vessels of beer were made only in the first instance. Thereafter Ra ordered that as many vessels of beer be made as there are Ra’s handmaidens and this figure is not known. Option 4 is incorrect because although beer brewed from wheat were made by women slaves, the beer was mixed with tataat which was mixed and ground by Sekti. Option 5 is incorrect because Ra had ordered his bodyguards to summon the Gods, he did not summon the Gods himself.

QUESTION: 9

Answer the question based on the passage given below.

A reason why human rights have been increasingly compromised in recent years is that war has metamorphosed. Al Qaeda and its epigones, whose commitment to human rights is nil, have pushed even liberal regimes into illiberal excesses. What human rights do the inmates of Guantanamo Bay have? Anti-immigrant and Islamophobic movements have sprung up in many parts of the world, fueled in part by a fear of terrorism.

 


Q. Which of the following is in agreement with the idea presented in the passage?

Solution:

Solution: The passage emphasizes on the need for human rights in the present global scenario citing various examples to support the same. Only option 4 is in consonance with this idea presented in the passage. “Liberation of those who came to power” has not been discussed in the passage. Eliminate option 1.
Option 2 has nothing to do with the passage.
Option 3 emphasizes on a “convention on human rights” which has not even been hinted upon in the passage.
There is no discussion of “globalization” in the passage. Eliminate option 5.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 10

From the five options given below, identify the analogous relationship shared by both the pairs.

Oenology is to wine as

Solution:

Solution: “Oenology” is the science of viniculture, which is the study of “wines”.
The only option that displays the same relationship is option 1, “Oneirology” is the science of dreams. “Metaphysics” and “Teleology” are branches of study in philosophy and are not related to “metaphors” and “distance” respectively. “Sericulture” is the breeding and raising of silkworms while “philology” is the love of “literature”.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 11

The questions below consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Choose the most logical order of sentences from the options.


A. Fortunately for audiences, disciplined players can use a variety of fingerings to introduce slight variations into the pitch of these higher notes.
B. The highest notes on a clarinet can have a piercing quality and can be difficult to tune precisely.
C. Different individual instruments can be expected to play differently in this respect.
D. This becomes critical if a number of instruments are required to play a high part in unison.
E. It is also common for high melody parts to be split into close harmony to avoid this issue.

Solution:

Solution: Between sentences A, B and E, B makes for the best introductory sentence since it introduces the topic that is discussed throughout the paragraph. This eliminates options 2, 4 and 5.
Sentence A should come before sentence E since E uses the word “also” and states an additional method to avoid “this” issue. Sentence A states the first method. Hence, The AE link is better than the EA link. Eliminate option 1.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 12

Read the sentences and choose the option that best arranges them in a logical order.


A. Romantic misconceptions about the nature of mathematics lead to an intellectual environment hospitable to and even encouraging of poor mathematical education and psychological distaste for the subject and lie at the base of much innumeracy.
B. Alternatively, mathematics is sometimes endowed with a coercive character which is somehow capable of determining our future.
C. Rousseau’s disparagement of the English as ‘a nation of shopkeepers' persists as a belief that a concern with numbers and details numbs one to the big questions, to the grandeur of nature.
D. Mathematics is often taken to be mechanical, the work of low-level technicians who will report to the rest of us anything we absolutely must know.

Solution:

Solution: A makes more sense as the opening statement, as C is an example of the “misconceptions” mentioned in A. Eliminate options 4 and 5.
C and D are connected: the “concern with numbers and details” in C is similar to the “mechanical” work mentioned in D. Eliminate option 2.
B is presented as the “alternative” view, and therefore, cannot precede CD. Also, B makes most sense as the last statement, as none of the other statements follow from it. Eliminate option 1.
Therefore, the only possible correct sequence can be ACDB.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 13

Arrange the jumbled sentences in order:

 

A. So literally, I just wrote for myself or anybody that I knew personally well, writers who would be willing to appreciate it with a breadth of tolerance, a piece of work like Howl.
B. At the time, writing “Howl”—for instance like I assumed when writing it that it was something that could not be published because I wouldn’t want my daddy to see what was in there.
C. This is so complicated a matter.
D. The beginning of the fear with me was, what would my father say to something that I would write.
E. Has there been a time when fear of censorship or similar trouble has made your own expression difficult?
F. That was sort of a help for writing, because I assumed that it wouldn’t be published, therefore I could say anything that I wanted.

Solution:

Solution: The set of statements address the scenario that an author faced while writing “Howl”. All of the statements are written in first person except statement E which uses the second person singular pronoun “your”.
None of the other statements make good openings. Statement E does not make any sense when placed in between the statements. If placed first, the line of thought is that a topic is introduced and then an example is provided. Therefore it has to be the first in the order. All of the other statements are a response to the question asked in E. This eliminates options 1 and 3.
Between D, B and C as follow up choices to E, statement C is the most appropriate. Although statement B seems tempting as it uses the word “fear” which is also present in statement E, statement C sets context about the complication associated with the author's situation. Also, if we go with the arrangement of statements as showcased in option 4, then statement C ought to have been in the past tense to make sense logically and in order to continue with the grammatical tenure of the other statements. This eliminates options 2 and 4.
Statements F and A in the same order conclude the statements.
Thus, the correct order of the statements is ECDBFA.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 14

Select the odd man out from the given alternatives.

Solution:

Solution: The words in the options form the key words of proverbs in the English language as follows: A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step; A chain is only as strong as its weakest link; A friend in need is a friend indeed; A leopard cannot change its spots. One has to repeat the proverb verbatim and not change the words for it to remain a proverb.
For example, All that glitters is not gold is a proverb; All that shines is not gold is not a proverb and has lost the metaphorical meaning.
In option 3, the correct proverb is: A fool and his money are soon parted.
It is the odd one because the option states soon ‘lost’.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 15

Group Question

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.


The Earth's surface is a complex mosaic of exposures of different rock types that are assembled in an astonishing array of geometries and sequences. Individual rocks in the myriad of rock outcroppings, or in some instances shallow subsurface occurrences, contain certain materials or mineralogical information that can provide insight as to their “age”. For years investigators determined the relative ages of sedimentary rock strata on the basis of their positions in an outcrop and their fossil content. According to a long-standing principle of the geo-sciences, that of superposition, the oldest layer within a sequence of strata is at the base and the layers are progressively younger with ascending order. The relative ages of the rock strata deduced in this manner can be corroborated and at times refined by the examination of the fossil forms present. The tracing and matching of the fossil content of separate rock outcrops (i.e., correlation) eventually enabled investigators to integrate rock sequences in many areas of the world and construct a relative geologic time scale.

Scientific knowledge of the Earth's geologic history has advanced significantly since the development of radiometric dating, a method of age determination based on the principle that radioactive atoms in geologic materials decay at constant, known rates to daughter atoms. Radiometric dating has provided not only a means of numerically quantifying geologic time but also a tool for determining the age of various rocks that predate the appearance of life-forms. Some estimates suggest that as much as 70 percent of all rocks outcropping from the Earth's surface are sedimentary. Preserved in these rocks is the complex record of the many transgressions and regressions of the sea, as well as the fossil remains or other indications of now extinct organisms and the petrified sands and gravels of ancient beaches, sand dunes, and rivers. Modern scientific understanding of the complicated story told by the rock record is rooted in the long history of observations and interpretations of natural phenomena extending back to the early Greek scholars. Xenophanes of Colophon, for one, saw no difficulty in describing the various seashells and images of life-forms embedded in rocks as the remains of long-deceased organisms. In the correct spirit but for the wrong reasons, Herodotus felt that the small discoidal nummulitic petrifactions (actually the fossils of ancient lime-secreting marine protozoans) found in limestones outcropping at al-JTzah, Egypt, were the preserved remains of discarded lentils left behind by the builders of the pyramids. These early observations and interpretations represent the unstated origins of what was later to become a basic principle of uniformitarianism, the root of any attempt at linking the past (as preserved in the rock record) to the present. Loosely stated, the principle says that the various natural phenomena observed today must also have existed in the past.

 

 


Q. According to the passage, which of the following statements is/are not true?
A. A study of sedimentary rock strata and their fossil content helps determine their approximate age in years.
B. The sequence of sedimentary strata is always from the oldest to the youngest from the base.
C. The mineral content of a rock is useful in understanding their relative age in the geologic time scale.
D. Radiometric testing can determine the age of the rocks independent of their fossil content.

Solution:

Solution: Statements B is correct and can be inferred from, “According to a long-standing principle of the geo-sciences, that of superposition, the oldest layer within a sequence of strata is at the base and the layers are progressively younger with ascending order.” Statement C is correct because "... contain certain materials or mineralogical information that can provide insight as to their “age”’. Statement D is correct because radiometry is based on radioactive decay, fossil content is not necessary to determine the age of the rocks.
Statement A is incorrect because the study of strata and fossil content does not establish the “age in years” but only their relative age - which came first etc.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 16

The Earth's surface is a complex mosaic of exposures of different rock types that are assembled in an astonishing array of geometries and sequences. Individual rocks in the myriad of rock outcroppings, or in some instances shallow subsurface occurrences, contain certain materials or mineralogical information that can provide insight as to their “age”. For years investigators determined the relative ages of sedimentary rock strata on the basis of their positions in an outcrop and their fossil content. According to a long-standing principle of the geo-sciences, that of superposition, the oldest layer within a sequence of strata is at the base and the layers are progressively younger with ascending order. The relative ages of the rock strata deduced in this manner can be corroborated and at times refined by the examination of the fossil forms present. The tracing and matching of the fossil content of separate rock outcrops (i.e., correlation) eventually enabled investigators to integrate rock sequences in many areas of the world and construct a relative geologic time scale.

Scientific knowledge of the Earth's geologic history has advanced significantly since the development of radiometric dating, a method of age determination based on the principle that radioactive atoms in geologic materials decay at constant, known rates to daughter atoms. Radiometric dating has provided not only a means of numerically quantifying geologic time but also a tool for determining the age of various rocks that predate the appearance of life-forms. Some estimates suggest that as much as 70 percent of all rocks outcropping from the Earth's surface are sedimentary. Preserved in these rocks is the complex record of the many transgressions and regressions of the sea, as well as the fossil remains or other indications of now extinct organisms and the petrified sands and gravels of ancient beaches, sand dunes, and rivers. Modern scientific understanding of the complicated story told by the rock record is rooted in the long history of observations and interpretations of natural phenomena extending back to the early Greek scholars. Xenophanes of Colophon, for one, saw no difficulty in describing the various seashells and images of life-forms embedded in rocks as the remains of long-deceased organisms. In the correct spirit but for the wrong reasons, Herodotus felt that the small discoidal nummulitic petrifactions (actually the fossils of ancient lime-secreting marine protozoans) found in limestones outcropping at al-JTzah, Egypt, were the preserved remains of discarded lentils left behind by the builders of the pyramids. These early observations and interpretations represent the unstated origins of what was later to become a basic principle of uniformitarianism, the root of any attempt at linking the past (as preserved in the rock record) to the present. Loosely stated, the principle says that the various natural phenomena observed today must also have existed in the past.

 

 

Q. “For years investigators determined the relative ages of sedimentary  rock strata on the basis of their positions in an outcrop and their fossil content.” Which of the following is necessary for their findings to be true?

Solution:

Solution: Unless the sedimentary rocks are deposited horizontally the time scale drawn on the basis o f th eir “positions in an outcrop and their ... content” cannot be true.
From this point of view if one looks at the options, one can see that options 1,2,3 and 5 are irrelevant, and do not address the question asked at all.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 17

The Earth's surface is a complex mosaic of exposures of different rock types that are assembled in an astonishing array of geometries and sequences. Individual rocks in the myriad of rock outcroppings, or in some instances shallow subsurface occurrences, contain certain materials or mineralogical information that can provide insight as to their “age”. For years investigators determined the relative ages of sedimentary rock strata on the basis of their positions in an outcrop and their fossil content. According to a long-standing principle of the geo-sciences, that of superposition, the oldest layer within a sequence of strata is at the base and the layers are progressively younger with ascending order. The relative ages of the rock strata deduced in this manner can be corroborated and at times refined by the examination of the fossil forms present. The tracing and matching of the fossil content of separate rock outcrops (i.e., correlation) eventually enabled investigators to integrate rock sequences in many areas of the world and construct a relative geologic time scale.

Scientific knowledge of the Earth's geologic history has advanced significantly since the development of radiometric dating, a method of age determination based on the principle that radioactive atoms in geologic materials decay at constant, known rates to daughter atoms. Radiometric dating has provided not only a means of numerically quantifying geologic time but also a tool for determining the age of various rocks that predate the appearance of life-forms. Some estimates suggest that as much as 70 percent of all rocks outcropping from the Earth's surface are sedimentary. Preserved in these rocks is the complex record of the many transgressions and regressions of the sea, as well as the fossil remains or other indications of now extinct organisms and the petrified sands and gravels of ancient beaches, sand dunes, and rivers. Modern scientific understanding of the complicated story told by the rock record is rooted in the long history of observations and interpretations of natural phenomena extending back to the early Greek scholars. Xenophanes of Colophon, for one, saw no difficulty in describing the various seashells and images of life-forms embedded in rocks as the remains of long-deceased organisms. In the correct spirit but for the wrong reasons, Herodotus felt that the small discoidal nummulitic petrifactions (actually the fossils of ancient lime-secreting marine protozoans) found in limestones outcropping at al-JTzah, Egypt, were the preserved remains of discarded lentils left behind by the builders of the pyramids. These early observations and interpretations represent the unstated origins of what was later to become a basic principle of uniformitarianism, the root of any attempt at linking the past (as preserved in the rock record) to the present. Loosely stated, the principle says that the various natural phenomena observed today must also have existed in the past.

 

 

Q. According to the author, Herodotus most likely...

Solution:

Solution: The passage says that “Herodotus felt that the small discoidal nummulitic petrifactions - (actually the fossils of ancient lime- secreting marine protozoans) found in limestones outcropping at al- JTzah, Egypt, were the preserved remains of discarded lentils left behind by the builders of the pyramids” i.e., Herodotus believed that the disk like formations found in the lime stones were fossilised lentils, whereas they were actually fossils of marine protozoans - which points to the fact that Herodotus failed to realize the many regressions and transgressions of the - in other words, the place a- Jizah was once upon a time under the sea.
Option 2 states that the city was reclaimed from the sea which is nonsensical.
Options 3, 4 and 5 are incorrect as they contradict the information in the passage.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 18

Fill in the blanks in the passage with the most appropriate set of words from the options for each blank.


In a ________ turn of events, as the two boys came face-to-face, the mischievous student who had started the rumor shouted out, “April Fools!” before Ryan threw a punch. Tony’s heartbeat slowed to the ______ of a slow waltz, and he noticed Mr. Edwards, the principal, moving in a _____ path as he weaved his way through the crowd of students who had gathered. When Mr. Edwards reached the boys they were laughing together at the practical joke- which was a _______ ending to a potentially harmful situation.

Solution:

Solution: “Fortuitous” means ‘happening by chance rather than intention’ and therefore, fits accurately into the first blank which refers to a turn of events. “Tempo” or ‘rhythm’ is mostly attributed to music and makes a suitable fit for the second blank swhich requires a noun rather than an adjective. Eliminate options 1, 2, 3 and 5. "Sinuous" means ‘having many curves and turns’ and can be attributed to a “path”. Therefore, “sinuous” aptly fits into the third blank which talks about a “path through a crowd of students”. “Poignant” means ‘evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret’ which fits suitably in the fourth blank that talks about an ending to the situation. Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 19

Fill in the blanks with prepositions:

The American and the girl ____ him sat ____ a table in the shade, _______ the building.

Solution:

Solution: The American and the girl are together, Therefore, the girl is "with" the American. “Sat at the table” is the most appropriate in terms of usage. All of the other options are not grammatically consistent with the rest of the sentence.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 20

Read each of the short passages given below and answer the question that follows each.


Let me begin with the ability to learn, and by convincing you that there is something to explain. Many social scientists believe that learning is some pinnacle of evolution that humans have scaled from the lowlands of instinct, so that our ability to learn can be explained by our exalted braininess. But biology says otherwise. Learning is found in organisms as simple as bacteria, and human intelligence may depend on our having more innate instincts, not fewer. Learning is an option, like camouflage or horns, that nature gives organisms as needed - when some aspect of the organisms’ environmental niche is so unpredictable that anticipation of its contingencies cannot be wired in.


Q. Which of the following hypothetical animals would certainly have the ability to learn, as per the above paragraph?

Solution:

Solution: While, according to this paragraph, bacteria do have the ability to learn, we cannot be certain that all similar organisms would definitely have it, so option 1 is wrong.
The point of the paragraph is that learning is not the province of ‘highly evolved’ animals like human beings, so option 2 is also wrong.
According to the last sentence, learning works when one aspect of the organisms’ environmental niche keeps changing. If its entire environment kept changing unpredictably, what would be the point of learning anything, as the next change would nullify the learnt lessons? So option 3 is incorrect.
Based on the paragraph, only option 4 is correct - learning would benefit an animal who had to adjust regularly to only one aspect of its environment.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 21

Answer the question based on the passage given below.

In the past decade or so, researchers have produced a significant body of research measuring the dreadfulness of a long commute. People with long transit times suffer from disproportionate pain, stress, obesity and dissatisfaction. The joy of living in a big, exurban house, or that extra income left over from your cheap rent? It is almost certainly not worth it.


Q. Which one is a major assumption in this argument?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 is not an assumption, but a conclusion.
The same as above applies to option 2.
While the second half of option 4 is certainly an important assumption, the first half isn’t, and has no basis in the paragraph.
Option 5 is not an assumption, as it is a stated fact (albeit the other way around) in the second sentence.
Only option 3 is the correct assumption: the last two sentences essentially equate living in the exurbs to having a long commute.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 22

Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.

Sometime in the 1940s, Enrico Fermi was talking about the possibility of extraterrestrial intelligence with some other physicists. They were impressed that life had evolved quickly and progressively on Earth. They figured our galaxy holds about 100 billion stars, and that an intelligent, exponentially-reproducing species could colonize the galaxy in just a few million years. They reasoned that extraterrestrial intelligence should be common by now. Fermi listened patiently, then asked, simply, ‘So, where is everybody?’ That is, if extraterrestrial intelligence is common, why haven’t we met any bright aliens yet? This conundrum became known as Fermi’s Paradox.

 

 

Q. Which of the following, if true, does not resolve Fermi’s Paradox?

I. Intelligent life may be abundant in the galaxy, but the huge interstellar distances make travelling to other solar systems impossible.

II. Human technological progress hints that intelligent societies that reach a particular technological level -i.e. the invention of nuclear weapons - may wind up destroying themselves in the long run.

III. Travelling to other stars requires moving faster than light, which violates the laws of physics, but it is still possible to send a message that way.

IV. Earth may be a strange aberration in a galaxy largely devoid of intelligent life.

Solution:

Solution: The paradox occurs because of the premise that the galaxy is teeming with intelligent life. By questioning that premise, statement IV neutralizes the paradox.
Statement I effectively answers Fermi’s question “Where is everybody?” - i.e. they are on their home planet, and unable to visit us.
Statement II suggests that intelligent life evolves quite often, but doesn’t last long, which is why we haven’t met any aliens. So it resolves the paradox.
Only statement III fails to resolve the paradox - the first half is similar to statement I, but the second half begs the question why the aliens aren’t simply sending us messages instead of visiting us personally.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 23

Group Question

A passage is followed by questions pertaining to the passage. Read the passage and answer the questions. Choose the most appropriate answer.


The biologist Lynn Margulis, famous for her work on endosymbiosis, contends that symbiosis is a major driving force behind evolution. She considers Darwin's notion of evolution, driven by competition, as incomplete and claims that evolution is strongly based on cooperation, interaction, and mutual dependence among organisms. According to Margulis and Dorion Sagan, "Life did not take over the globe by combat, but by networking."

 

 

Q. Which of the following comes closest to what Margulis has  to say about Life on the globe?   

Solution:

Solution: The paragraph states “She considers Darwin's notion of evolution, driven by competition, as incomplete and claims that evolution is strongly based on co-operation, interaction, and mutual dependence among organisms. Thus it is clear that she means that different life forms survived by virtue of helping each other. Thus options 2, 3, 4 and 5 are incorrect. Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 24

The biologist Lynn Margulis, famous for her work on endosymbiosis, contends that symbiosis is a major driving force behind evolution. She considers Darwin's notion of evolution, driven by competition, as incomplete and claims that evolution is strongly based on cooperation, interaction, and mutual dependence among organisms. According to Margulis and Dorion Sagan, "Life did not take over the globe by combat, but by networking."

 

 

Q. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

Solution:

Solution: The passage states, “According to Margulis and Dorion Sagan, ‘Life did not take over the globe by combat, but by networking.’” We also know that Margulis is famous for her work in endysymbiosis. Thus we know that they have worked on the same field of science.
Option 1 is contrary to the passage.
In option 2, “incompetence” is a very strong word for “incompleteness” presented in the passage.
Option 3 is incorrect as Margulis is clearly not an amateur in endosymbiosis, more an expert.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 25

The biologist Lynn Margulis, famous for her work on endosymbiosis, contends that symbiosis is a major driving force behind evolution. She considers Darwin's notion of evolution, driven by competition, as incomplete and claims that evolution is strongly based on cooperation, interaction, and mutual dependence among organisms. According to Margulis and Dorion Sagan, "Life did not take over the globe by combat, but by networking."

 

 

Q. From the options given below, choose a description which has  the c|osest meaning to the idiom used in the sentence.

Getting his opinion on certain matters is like getting blood out of a stone.

Solution:

Solution: To say that something “is like getting blood out of a stone” would be to say that ‘it is very difficult’. “Arduous” refers to something that is ‘very difficult and burdensome’, “galling” is something that is ‘very irritating’, something said to be “deleterious” is ‘harmful or detrimental’, and a “facile” task is ‘a very easy one’.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 26

Read the sentences and choose the option that best arranges them in a logical order.

 

A. If the nation thinks it desirable to change white institutions so that they are less uniformly white, that purpose links skin color to recruitment.
B. For example, if the nation thinks the public interest is served by maintaining a domestic sugar industry through subsidies, then a Michigan farmer who grows sugar beets is relevantly different from his neighbor who grows tomatoes.
C. If the nation thinks a modest program of redistributing income is legitimate, then it uses a social security payout formula that gives disproportionate return to low wage-earners over high wage-earners.
D. Purpose determines relevancy, and this is true whether or not the relevant differences are physical.

Solution:

Solution: Comparing statements A and C (which are parallel in structure) with statement D, statement D is a better introduction. It introduces the concept “Purpose determines relevancy” in the context of “relevant differences are physical”.
Statement B with “For example” naturally follows this, since it provides an example of purpose determining relevancy. Statement B cannot be placed anywhere other than next to statement D. This automatically eliminates all options except option 2.
Statement C provides one more example on similar lines. Statement A also provides an example, but of the physical difference of “skin color.” Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 27

Read the following situation and choose the best possible alternative.

Mr. Kamlesh Anand is the Vice-President of MockDonalds, a fast food chain that has outlets across 120 cities in the country. Recently, there was an article in a newspaper that claimed that the oil used to cook one specific MockDonalds product- beefy burger- is derived from animal fat which is cheaper than that derived from vegetable fat - a fact which is not true. This information hurt the religious sentiments of a minority group leading to protests and extensive media coverage. 

 

 

Q. What is the immediate action Mr. Anand should take to ensure that things do not get out of hand?

Solution:

Solution: The immediate problem at hand is to make sure that the protests die down before further damage is done to the company name. Although the reason for the protests is untrue and unfair, Mr. Anand will have to make a decision that will placate the infuriated protesters and not harm the company’s image at the same time. These are the requirements of the most immediate action that has to be taken.
Option 2 seems like the most likely action that will achieve both these objectives.
Option 3 is inappropriate because the continued protests and extensive media coverage will pretty soon make this a national issue that is not restricted to only a certain set of people.
Option 1, although justified, is definitely not an immediate step as it does not direct any action towards the protests.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 28

Read the following situation and choose the best possible alternative.

Mr. K. S. Harihara has recently been appointed as the chairperson of the Housing and Area development committee for the city of Kochi. Ever since the recent real estate boom, a lot of people have queued up to buy plots in the Korvatti area of the city. The government rule states that if the number of potential buyers is more than the number of available plots, then the chairperson has to come up with a way of allocating plots to people keeping in the mind the interests of the buyers as well as the government.

 


Q. Which of these following options is best suited to resolve the issue of the fair allocation of plots?

Solution:

Solution: Since all of the above options are implementable and reasonably fair, we shall look at how one option rates over the other when a direct comparison is made.
Consider options 1 and 2. Option 1 definitely ensures fairness to the buyers but does nothing to benefit the government revenue as even buyers with meagre bid amounts may get selected. Option 2, on the other hand, ensures that maximum government revenue is generated from the project. However, there is a chance that it might not go down well with the buyers because of its cash-before-all nature.
Option 3, when compared to options 1 and 2, scores over both of them as it combines the advantages of both systems while taking the sheen off the glaring disadvantages.
Option 4, although correct in principle, does not really help the government in terms of revenue and also, is not as fair to the people who want to buy additional land in the city they already live in. Besides, this system might favour those who live in other cities and just want to purchase land not for accommodation but as an investment.
Option 5 has a definite edge over options 1 and 4 but does not help remove the disadvantages of both, so should be rejected. Again, it does nothing to benefit the government revenue, as even buyers with meagre bid amounts may get selected just because they cast their bid early.
Of all the options, option 3 is the most suitable.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 29

Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.

Mrs. Sheela Narayanan is a software developer in an MNC headquartered in Bangalore. She had taken a three month leave of absence for her marriage and has just resumed working. However, she has discovered that her module is now being handled by a subordinate, Kiran, whom she had trained before leaving. Kiran is not clear about the module handover and neither are the other team members. The manager seems to be happy with Kiran’s performance and, although has not said it to her, wants him to continue with the module.

 


Q. What should be an appropriate line of action for Mrs. Narayanan to follow?

Solution:

Solution: It is clear that the situation arises out of lack of proper communication among the team. At this point, Mrs. Narayanan has to take care not to take things into her own hands and make sure that she expresses her concerns to the person in charge i.e. the manager.
Option 1 is the only option that allows her to objectively analyze her manager’s point of view before taking any action.
Option 2 is unrelated to the issue as it does nothing to make things a bit more clear neither to Mrs. Narayanan nor to her team.
Option 3 is too extreme a line of action. Mrs. Narayanan will end up harbouring mistrust in the team if she chooses to mail the department lead.
Option 1 scores over both options 4 and 5 because the former helps Mrs. Narayanan understand her manager’s point of view while both the latter make her suggest actions to her manager which might not be in alignment with his decision.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 30

Read the following situation and choose the best possible alternative.

Sambhava was required to come to office on a holiday to supervise a routine client-side upload of his project. However, due to personal reasons, he could not make it. Unfortunately for him, there was a major error in the upload code and the upload had to be stopped prematurely. When Sambhava’s manager got wind of this situation, he called Sambhava and harshly reprimanded him. The manager did not listen to any excuse Sambhava had to offer as the mistake, he felt, was inexcusable and hung up before Sambhava could speak any further.

 

 


Q. What should be Sambhava’s response when he goes back to work?

Solution:

Solution: This situation is very tricky and a less than idealistic approach should be taken.
Extreme options like 1 and 5 can be eliminated right away as they would only increase the gap between Sambhava and his manager making things worse for themselves and the project.
Option 2 is also a bit on the weaker side because there are chances that the manager will start being harsh with Sambhava more and more even when the situation is less grave.
Option 3 takes the discussion in a loop. By repeating what has already happened before, there is little scope of taking the discussion forward. Option 4 is the best approach as it ensures that Sambhava apologizes for his mistake but also makes it clear to the manager that the fault was shared between both of them because of which the manager was not right in doing what he did.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 31

Read the following situation and choose the best possible alternative.

The global recession has hit AVM ventures, a financial services firm, very badly and they will have to take some people off their payrolls. Mr. Hinduja, a mid-level HR manager, has been entrusted with the responsibility of telling Mrs. Joshi, a senior employee, that she has been terminated. Mrs. Joshi has been with the company for longer than Mr. Hinduja but management’s reasons for firing her are justified since the company will now not receive the kind of work in which she has expertise.

 


Q. How should Mr. Hinduja handle this situation?

Solution:

Solution: Options 4 and 5 are the easiest to eliminate. As an HR manager, it is his responsibility to deliver such news face-to-face and doing so through mail is insulting and demeaning to Mrs. Joshi. It will not reflect well on him if he does so.
Option 1 is incorrect as he owes Mrs. Joshi an explanation if he is well aware of them.
Option 3 will lead to matters getting worse as Mrs. Joshi will not likely be in a position to understand the larger picture when her job is on the line. Option 2, although it has the potential to turn bitter, is still the best way of handling such a situation. Mr. Hinduja should also be prepared to bear the brunt of Mrs. Joshi’s ire if any but he should be confident in carrying out his responsibility irrespective of the outcome.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 32

Read the following situation and choose the best possible alternative.

The interview panel of a company has to take a call among 5 shortlisted candidates for the post of a marketing manager in their company. These candidates have been tested on certain criteria, the details of which are given below in the options. The panel wants to rate relevant educational qualifications and experience.

 


Q. Who is the most suitable candidate for handling the job?

Solution:

Solution: Since the question does not give us any details about the profile of the required candidate except that he has to be a marketing manager, the company ought to give importance to relevant educational qualifications and experience. This implies that clearing the aptitude test will not help in making the decision.
Rakesh and Ramesh, with MBA in Marketing, fit the requirement of relevant educational qualifications compared to the other 3.
Between the two, Ramesh scores with 2 years of sales experience. Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 33

Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.

Mr. Govind Vasudeva is the chairman of an NGO that works for development and education of homeless children. Every year, he receives hundreds of nominations for volunteers to work in his NGO. However, only a handful of people choose to work all year round while the rest leave after a few sessions or keep coming and going fleetingly. Recently, Mr. Vasudeva received a request from one such person - an MBA aspirant who has worked for just 2 sessions in the entire year - to grant him a certificate that would potentially help him in his B-school interviews.

 


Q. What should Mr. Vasudeva do?

Solution:

Solution: Mr. Vasudeva needs to consider the work done by the MBA aspirant and provide him a certificate for the same- for the quantity and quality of his involvement. Anything more or less would do injustice, either to the cause or to the volunteer.
Option 5 contains the best course of action in the given scenario.
Option 4 provides a far-fetched reason which may or may not be true. Options 1,2 and 3 are on the extreme side and do the volunteer an injustice.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

QUESTION: 34

Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.

Mr. Amit Varma has quit ABC consulting to join a new HR consultancy firm. Mr. Dasgupta, his ex-colleague who is still working with ABC, recently found out that Mr. Varma is still using the contacts he made while working with ABC and is helping his firm gain a market edge over ABC consulting. Mr. Dasgupta does not have a clear idea about the laws governing the same but knows that Mr. Varma could lose face and harm his new company’s image if the word got out that he is poaching contacts.

 


Q. What should Mr. Dasgupta do?

Solution:

Solution: This situation requires Mr. Dasgupta to take steps that ensure his company does not lose out due to Mr. Varma's exit.
Options 2 and 3 are very extreme and will increase Mr. Dasgupta’s involvement in matters that he shouldn’t have been involved in at all. Option 4 may give Mr. Varma an opportunity to start doing things discreetly and may continue harming ABC's business interests.
Option 5 is a far-fetched action and should only be resorted to when the legal department / superiors show inaction.
Option 1 is the the most logical step to take as there may be a clause in the employment agreement, or some legal implication which may prevent Mr. Varma.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 35

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


A King once had a lake made in the courtyard for the young princes to play in. They swam about in it, and sailed their boats and rafts on it. One day the king told them he had asked the men to put some fishes into the lake. Off the boys ran to see the fishes. Now, along with the fishes, there was a Turtle. The boys were delighted with the fishes, but they had never seen a Turtle, and they were afraid of it, thinking it was a demon. They ran back to their father, crying, "There is a demon on the bank of the lake." The king ordered his men to catch the demon, and to bring it to the palace. When the Turtle was brought in, the boys cried and ran away. The king always liked turtles but was also very fond of his sons, so he ordered the men who had brought the Turtle to kill it. "How shall we kill it?" they asked. "Pound it to powder," said someone. "Bake it in hot coals," said another. So one plan after another was spoken of. Then an old man who had always been afraid of the water said: "Throw the thing into the lake where it flows out over the rocks into the river. Then it will surely be killed." When the Turtle heard what the old man said, he thrust out his head and asked: "Friend, what have I done that you should do such a dreadful thing as that to me? The other plans were bad enough, but to throw me into the lake! Don't speak of such a cruel thing!" When the king heard what the Turtle said, he told his men to take the Turtle at once and throw it into the lake. The Turtle laughed to himself as he slid away down the river to his old home. 

 

 

Q. The turtle tweaked the situation in order to save its life. Was it ethical of him to do so?

Solution:

Solution: The turtle did no harm to anybody and was being put to death simply because the king's sons got scared. If the turtle spoke data to the contrary which saved its life without harming anyone else in any way, then it was the right thing to do. This is provided in option 3.
Option 1 erroneously states “Yes” instead of “No”, for the reasoning provided.
Option 2 is extreme.
Option 4 does not provide a convincing reason.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3

QUESTION: 36

A King once had a lake made in the courtyard for the young princes to play in. They swam about in it, and sailed their boats and rafts on it. One day the king told them he had asked the men to put some fishes into the lake. Off the boys ran to see the fishes. Now, along with the fishes, there was a Turtle. The boys were delighted with the fishes, but they had never seen a Turtle, and they were afraid of it, thinking it was a demon. They ran back to their father, crying, "There is a demon on the bank of the lake." The king ordered his men to catch the demon, and to bring it to the palace. When the Turtle was brought in, the boys cried and ran away. The king always liked turtles but was also very fond of his sons, so he ordered the men who had brought the Turtle to kill it. "How shall we kill it?" they asked. "Pound it to powder," said someone. "Bake it in hot coals," said another. So one plan after another was spoken of. Then an old man who had always been afraid of the water said: "Throw the thing into the lake where it flows out over the rocks into the river. Then it will surely be killed." When the Turtle heard what the old man said, he thrust out his head and asked: "Friend, what have I done that you should do such a dreadful thing as that to me? The other plans were bad enough, but to throw me into the lake! Don't speak of such a cruel thing!" When the king heard what the Turtle said, he told his men to take the Turtle at once and throw it into the lake. The Turtle laughed to himself as he slid away down the river to his old home. 

 

 

Q. If you were the king, what would you have done with the turtle, once you found out that your sons were afraid of it?

Solution:

Solution: Options 1 and 2 are incorrect as killing a harmless creature or banishing it to allay irrational fears is not correct.
Option 3 is a good option, but not the best one, as it would mean that the children wouldn’t learn anything from their experience.
Option 5 is not as good a solution as option 4 in which the king educates his sons about the turtle.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 37

A King once had a lake made in the courtyard for the young princes to play in. They swam about in it, and sailed their boats and rafts on it. One day the king told them he had asked the men to put some fishes into the lake. Off the boys ran to see the fishes. Now, along with the fishes, there was a Turtle. The boys were delighted with the fishes, but they had never seen a Turtle, and they were afraid of it, thinking it was a demon. They ran back to their father, crying, "There is a demon on the bank of the lake." The king ordered his men to catch the demon, and to bring it to the palace. When the Turtle was brought in, the boys cried and ran away. The king always liked turtles but was also very fond of his sons, so he ordered the men who had brought the Turtle to kill it. "How shall we kill it?" they asked. "Pound it to powder," said someone. "Bake it in hot coals," said another. So one plan after another was spoken of. Then an old man who had always been afraid of the water said: "Throw the thing into the lake where it flows out over the rocks into the river. Then it will surely be killed." When the Turtle heard what the old man said, he thrust out his head and asked: "Friend, what have I done that you should do such a dreadful thing as that to me? The other plans were bad enough, but to throw me into the lake! Don't speak of such a cruel thing!" When the king heard what the Turtle said, he told his men to take the Turtle at once and throw it into the lake. The Turtle laughed to himself as he slid away down the river to his old home. 

 

 

Q. What message is the passage trying to convey?

Solution:

Solution: Option 2 comes close, but it’s not a matter of will as much as it is of quick thinking by the turtle that enabled it to save its own life.
The other options are unrelated to the passage.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 38

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, the BP oil disaster or the Macondo blowout) is a massive ongoing oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that is now considered the largest offshore spill in U.S. history. Some estimates placed it by late May or early June, 2010, as among the largest oil spills in the world with tens of millions of gallons spilled to date. The spill stems from a sea floor oil gusher that resulted from the April 20, 2010 Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion.
The explosion killed 11 platform workers and injured 17 others. The gusher, now estimated by the quasi-official Flow Rate Technical Group to be flowing at 35,000 to 60,000 barrels (1,500,000 to 2,500,000 US gallons; 5,600 to 9,500 cubic metres) of crude oil per day, originates from a deepwater wellhead 5,000 feet (1,500 m) below the ocean surface. The exact spill flow rate is uncertain due to the difficulty of installing measurement devices at that depth and is a matter of ongoing debate. The resulting oil slick covers a surface area of at least 2,500 square miles (6,500 km2), with the exact size and location of the slick fluctuating from day to day depending on weather conditions. Scientists have also reported immense underwater plumes of oil not visible at the surface. Experts fear that the spill will result in an environmental disaster, with extensive impact already on marine and wildlife habitats. The spill has also damaged the Gulf of Mexico fishing and tourism industries. There have been a variety of ongoing efforts to stem the flow of oil at the wellhead. Crews have been working to protect hundreds of miles of beaches, wetlands and estuaries along the northern Gulf coast, using skimmer ships, floating containment booms, anchored barriers, and sand- filled barricades along shorelines. The U.S. Government has named BP as the responsible party in the incident, and officials have said the company will be held accountable for all cleanup costs resulting from the oil spill.

 

 

Q. What can the U.S. government do in the form of damage control?

Solution:

Solution: As the government, it is its duty to do damage control for an environmental incident of such mammoth proportions. However, it is BP’s fault that it happened, and if that can be conclusively proven, then BP should bear the costs.
Option 1 is limited only to money- the environmental degradation resulting from the oil spilll also needs to be addressed.
Option 2 leaves out the critical role that the US government can play- in limiting the environmental damage. The US government cannot leave everything to BP alone.
Option 3 loses out to option 4 which- in addition to assistance rendered by the US government, identifies and punishes BP for the damage caused.
Option 5 is an inappropriate decision. The scale of environmental damage is too extensive to leave it to a company to address as many livelihoods are at stake.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 39

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, the BP oil disaster or the Macondo blowout) is a massive ongoing oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that is now considered the largest offshore spill in U.S. history. Some estimates placed it by late May or early June, 2010, as among the largest oil spills in the world with tens of millions of gallons spilled to date. The spill stems from a sea floor oil gusher that resulted from the April 20, 2010 Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion.
The explosion killed 11 platform workers and injured 17 others. The gusher, now estimated by the quasi-official Flow Rate Technical Group to be flowing at 35,000 to 60,000 barrels (1,500,000 to 2,500,000 US gallons; 5,600 to 9,500 cubic metres) of crude oil per day, originates from a deepwater wellhead 5,000 feet (1,500 m) below the ocean surface. The exact spill flow rate is uncertain due to the difficulty of installing measurement devices at that depth and is a matter of ongoing debate. The resulting oil slick covers a surface area of at least 2,500 square miles (6,500 km2), with the exact size and location of the slick fluctuating from day to day depending on weather conditions. Scientists have also reported immense underwater plumes of oil not visible at the surface. Experts fear that the spill will result in an environmental disaster, with extensive impact already on marine and wildlife habitats. The spill has also damaged the Gulf of Mexico fishing and tourism industries. There have been a variety of ongoing efforts to stem the flow of oil at the wellhead. Crews have been working to protect hundreds of miles of beaches, wetlands and estuaries along the northern Gulf coast, using skimmer ships, floating containment booms, anchored barriers, and sand- filled barricades along shorelines. The U.S. Government has named BP as the responsible party in the incident, and officials have said the company will be held accountable for all cleanup costs resulting from the oil spill.

 

 

Q. What can BP do to salvage its image?

Solution:

Solution: To salvage its image, BP needs to take both - responsibility and action.
Option 2 is immediately eliminated since they do not accept responsibility for their actions, nor do they take any remedial steps. Options 1 and 4 are not sufficient - The CEO resigning on moral grounds and the company compensating the families of those who lost their lives, is not going to help solve the problem of the extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats.
Option 5 is not correct since the company needs to take monetary responsibility - they need to pay for the clean up, not ask for charity to do so.
Option 3 is the most appropriate choice, since the company takes responsibility for what happened, and states that they will do all in their capacity to clean up the mess.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 40

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, the BP oil disaster or the Macondo blowout) is a massive ongoing oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that is now considered the largest offshore spill in U.S. history. Some estimates placed it by late May or early June, 2010, as among the largest oil spills in the world with tens of millions of gallons spilled to date. The spill stems from a sea floor oil gusher that resulted from the April 20, 2010 Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion.
The explosion killed 11 platform workers and injured 17 others. The gusher, now estimated by the quasi-official Flow Rate Technical Group to be flowing at 35,000 to 60,000 barrels (1,500,000 to 2,500,000 US gallons; 5,600 to 9,500 cubic metres) of crude oil per day, originates from a deepwater wellhead 5,000 feet (1,500 m) below the ocean surface. The exact spill flow rate is uncertain due to the difficulty of installing measurement devices at that depth and is a matter of ongoing debate. The resulting oil slick covers a surface area of at least 2,500 square miles (6,500 km2), with the exact size and location of the slick fluctuating from day to day depending on weather conditions. Scientists have also reported immense underwater plumes of oil not visible at the surface. Experts fear that the spill will result in an environmental disaster, with extensive impact already on marine and wildlife habitats. The spill has also damaged the Gulf of Mexico fishing and tourism industries. There have been a variety of ongoing efforts to stem the flow of oil at the wellhead. Crews have been working to protect hundreds of miles of beaches, wetlands and estuaries along the northern Gulf coast, using skimmer ships, floating containment booms, anchored barriers, and sand- filled barricades along shorelines. The U.S. Government has named BP as the responsible party in the incident, and officials have said the company will be held accountable for all cleanup costs resulting from the oil spill.

 

 

Q. Suppose the oil flow and the area was measureable, would that help clean up?

Solution:

Solution: The question stem asks us ‘would that help the clean-up’. Clearly, more data and exact details will help in the clean up efforts in terms of estimation of manpower, costs and overall efforts. This is encompassed in option 1.
Option 3 is included in option 1 - “resources” is a much broader term than “money”. options 2 and 4 do not answer the question stem - “would it help the clean up”. Option 5 is tangential and loses out to the relevance provided in option 1.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 41

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.


To the Chairperson, Malhar 2014:

Dear Arjun,

 

As of May 1,2013, it was decided that volunteers for festival of Malhar would not be selected on the basis of an interview following the many complaints with regard to preferential and unfair selection. However, it has recently come to my attention that the departments of Marketing and Public Relations have been conducting volunteer interviews on the sly. This is in complete disregard to the rules and regulations stipulated by the students council committee last May 3, 2013.1 hope that sufficient action will be taken by you as you have acted fairly in the past with regard to such violations.

 

Sincerely,

Anushka (President, Students Council)

 

 

Q. Which of the following is not an aspect that the writer of the letter is likely  to have considered before writing it?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 can be inferred about Arjun from the following, “I hope that sufficient action will be taken by you as you have acted fairly in the past with regard to such violations.” From the same reason one can also infer that he takes rules seriously. Eliminate option 4.
Options 2 and 4 represent aspects that the writer may have definitely considered before writing the letter.
Given that the passage largely shows Arjun in a positive light it is unlikely that the writer would have considered option 3.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 42

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, the BP oil disaster or the Macondo blowout) is a massive ongoing oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that is now considered the largest offshore spill in U.S. history. Some estimates placed it by late May or early June, 2010, as among the largest oil spills in the world with tens of millions of gallons spilled to date. The spill stems from a sea floor oil gusher that resulted from the April 20, 2010 Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion.
The explosion killed 11 platform workers and injured 17 others. The gusher, now estimated by the quasi-official Flow Rate Technical Group to be flowing at 35,000 to 60,000 barrels (1,500,000 to 2,500,000 US gallons; 5,600 to 9,500 cubic metres) of crude oil per day, originates from a deepwater wellhead 5,000 feet (1,500 m) below the ocean surface. The exact spill flow rate is uncertain due to the difficulty of installing measurement devices at that depth and is a matter of ongoing debate. The resulting oil slick covers a surface area of at least 2,500 square miles (6,500 km2), with the exact size and location of the slick fluctuating from day to day depending on weather conditions. Scientists have also reported immense underwater plumes of oil not visible at the surface. Experts fear that the spill will result in an environmental disaster, with extensive impact already on marine and wildlife habitats. The spill has also damaged the Gulf of Mexico fishing and tourism industries. There have been a variety of ongoing efforts to stem the flow of oil at the wellhead. Crews have been working to protect hundreds of miles of beaches, wetlands and estuaries along the northern Gulf coast, using skimmer ships, floating containment booms, anchored barriers, and sand- filled barricades along shorelines. The U.S. Government has named BP as the responsible party in the incident, and officials have said the company will be held accountable for all cleanup costs resulting from the oil spill.

 

 

Q. As the chairperson of the college festival, what should Arjun do to ensure that the festival gets maximum sponsorship and publicity?

Solution:

Solution: From the letter presented, it is quite clear that the festival is largely volunteer driven. It would be unfair on Arjun's part to outsource their work merely for the purpose of publicity. Eliminate option 1.
Option 3 does not take the existence and the importance of the volunteers' role in the festival seriously. Moreover, the festival is not a personal achievement of Arjun.
Option 4 is unfair to other volunteers who may not be part of Marketing and PR.
Nothing is said to be wrong with the communication and marketing model of Malhar for it to be completely revamped. Eliminate option 5. Creating an extensive communication strategy and showcasing it through an orientation will give volunteers complete clarity about their responsibilities and direction.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 43

Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.

Savita has been taking care of the Mehra’s little daughter - Vidya (aged 6), since the last five years. She has been able to build a healthy relationship with all the family members, except their now teenage son Gautam. Though she is not responsible for looking after him, she considers it her moral responsibility to ensure that the youngster keeps out of trouble and is well-behaved. Gautam considers Savita’s concern as an intrusion on his privacy and has started to behave rudely with her. A couple of days earlier, while tidying up his room she found a packet of cigarettes hidden under his mattress. Savita tried to talk to Gautam who first dismissed her rudely. But when she threatened to tell his parents, he apologized, promised not to smoke again and requested her to not tell his parents.

 


Q. Savita is not convinced with Gautam’s promise and thinks that he will not quit smoking; what should her next step be?

Solution:

Solution: Irrespective of whether you are the parent or the hired help, dealing with teenage children is always tricky. They need to be handled with care and made to feel trusted.
Knowing that the teenager is following a wrong path, following option 1 would be morally wrong.
Gautam has promised Savita that he will not smoke again and has requested her to not tell his parents. If she follows option 2 or 4, she risks losing the teenager’s respect and trust both. Thus, these two options are not the best choice.
Since Savita is the help and that too is not officially responsible for Gautam, it may not be prudent or feasible for her to approach his teachers. Like options 2 and 4, this also has a possibility of backfiring. Taking the Mehras into confidence about Gautam’s smoking habit and rude behaviour and asking them to not confront him for the time being, while keeping a watch over him would be the right thing to do. By doing this, she would still have the youngster’s trust and confidence, would be true to her employers, and the Mehras would also become more vigilant about their son’s activities. Thus, option 3 is the best course of action. Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 44

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Mr. Ramcharan (age 45) had recently been promoted and transferred to the supply chain department at the head office in Delhi, after working for almost a decade as the shop floor manager at the company’s factory in Vishakapatnam.
The style of working at the head office was very different from that at the factory. Ramcharan was also having trouble adjusting in the new profile and with the new colleagues who were much younger and considerably more sophisticated than him. He was also having trouble speaking in English - the preferred language of communication at the head office. As a result, his performance was deteriorating. This in turn was having a negative effect on his relationship with his new manager and also on his health and confidence. From being considered the best shop floor manager he had gone to being one of the weakest performers in the supply chain team within a span of a month.

 


Q. Which of the following options would be the most preferred action for Ramcharan to take under these circumstances?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1 would have a negative effect on Ramcharan’s reputation in the company and he may not be considered for a promotion again, at least not for a while. He may also end up losing the respect of his colleagues at the factory. So, instead of working in his favor, asking for a transfer back might actually have a negative impact.
Similarly, option 5 would also backfire for Ramcharan and further strain his relationship with the new manager. What he can do is have a chat with the previous manager to find a solution to the problem.
Although option 2 may be a feasible option in the long run, it will not help in providing immediate relief. It may take some time for him to find a new job that would be commensurate with his experience and also give him a boost in position and salary. Till then he would be expected to perform if he wants to leave the company as an employee known for good performance and for being a team player.
Between options 3 and 4, option 4, which includes speaking to the new manager addresses both his problems - poor performance and being unable to mix with the new colleagues, is the most preferred action under the given circumstances. Speaking to his colleagues, with whom he has not yet established a rapport may not be the best solution.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 45

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


A certain exam consisted of a series of three papers, Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 3, with each paper having five sections; Section 1, Section 2, Section 3, Section 4 and Section 5. The charts below pertain to the details of the five students: A, B, C, D and E who took this exam.

 

In the charts above, missing bars indicate zero. Also, E did not solve a question in Section 2 from paper 2.

 

 

Q. For how many of the students is it possible to exactly determine the  section - paper pairing?  

Solution:

Solution: E did not solved any question from Paper 2 and also E did not solve a question from Section 2 from Paper 2 => E solved one question from Section 2 from Paper 3 and one question from Section 3 from Paper 2.
Only A and D solved one question from Section 4. D did not solve Paper 2. So, A solved the question from Paper 2 and D solved one question from Section 4 from Paper 1. E did not solve any question of Section 5. B and D did not solve any question from Paper 2. So, only A and C solved Section 5 of Paper 2. (A - 2 questions and C -1 question). since  C did not solve any question from Paper 3 and there is no question from Section 1 from Paper 2 which has been solved, C solved one question from Section 1 from Paper 1. C must have solved two questions from Section 3 from paper 1. since Each of D and B solved one question each from Section 5, they must have solved it from Paper 1 or Paper 3. C and E have solved questions from Section 3 from Paper 1 and Paper 2 respectively, B and D must have solved one and two questions respectively from Section 3 from Paper 3. C has already solved three questions from paper 1 (1 from Section 1 and two from Section 3), C solved two questions from Section 2 from paper 2.
A and D must have solved one question each from Section 2 from paper 1. 

C has solved one question from Section 1 from paper 1, A solved two questions from Section 1 from paper 3. D has solved one question from Section 2 and one from Section 4 from paper 1, D solved one question from Section 5 from Paper 3 and B solved one question from Section 5 from Paper 1.
This can be tabulated as: 

The section - paper pairing is possible for each and every student as can be seen from the above table. Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 46

A certain exam consisted of a series of three papers, Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 3, with each paper having five sections; Section 1, Section 2, Section 3, Section 4 and Section 5. The charts below pertain to the details of the five students: A, B, C, D and E who took this exam.

 

In the charts above, missing bars indicate zero. Also, E did not solve a question in Section 2 from paper 2.

 

 

Q. From which paper did A solve the two questions from Section 1?

Solution:

Solution: From the solution to the first question of the set, A solved two questions from Section 1 of Paper 3.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 47

A certain exam consisted of a series of three papers, Paper 1, Paper 2 and Paper 3, with each paper having five sections; Section 1, Section 2, Section 3, Section 4 and Section 5. The charts below pertain to the details of the five students: A, B, C, D and E who took this exam.

 

In the charts above, missing bars indicate zero. Also, E did not solve a question in Section 2 from paper 2.

 

 

Q. The chart below gives the details of marking system:

How many marks did C score in this exam?   

Solution:

Solution: Marks scored by solving

• 1 question of Section 1 from Paper 1 = 1 • 2 questions of Section 2 from Paper 2 = 2 x 4 = 8

• 2 questions of Section 3 from Paper 1 = 2 x 3 = 6

• 1 question of Section 5 from Paper 2 = 2 x 4 = 1

Total number of marks scored by C = 7 + 9 = 16 Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 48

Diabetes is supposed to be a genetic disease. If someone in your family/relation is suffering from it, you may become a likely victim. However it is a special disease in the sense that one cannot be diabetic unless he reaches the age of 30 years. It is widely assumed among people that if you don’t eat sweet, you will never be falling prey to diabetes. And if you consume a lot of sweets regularly, you can become diabetic. Experts, however, feel that this is a false belief. And it doesn’t matter whether you consume too much sweet or not till the time you are infected with diabetes. However once you’re infected with the disease, consumption of sugar increases the diabetes infection tremendously.

 


Q. Which of the graphs correctly represents the above paragraph ( x - axis represents “sugar intake” and y - axis represents “ infection of diabetes” )?

Solution:

Solution: Diabetes infection increases only if a person is diagnosed with the disease. Intake of sugar doesn’t matter before the infection of disease.
It is also clear that not everyone is diagnosed with diabetes. So, there could be people who consume sweets till the end of their lives and are not infected by diabetes. In this case, the graph will be x - axis.
However, there are some people who are infected with diabetes. So, till they are not infected with diabetes, sugar intake will not matter and the graph will be x - axis. However, once diagnosed, the risk of infection of diabetes increases rapidly, hence it will be line parallel to y - axis. So, the graph will look like a curve which is a mirror image of L- shaped curve.
Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 49

There are seven different houses in a row which use different building materials viz. Mud, Limestone, Straw, Wood, Concrete, Glass and Steel, not necessarily in the same order. The Limestone house has fewer houses on its left than on its right. The Glass house is to the immediate right of the Steel house and neither of these houses is at the extreme end of the row. The Mud house and the Straw house have exactly two houses between them but neither of them is adjacent to the Limestone house. The Wood house is third to the right of the Glass house. Which house is to the immediate right of the Concrete house?

Solution:

Solution: Let the houses be numbered 1 to 7, from left to right.
Since the Limestone house has fewer houses on its left than on its right, the Limestone house can be numbered 1,2 or 3.
Now, the Glass house is to the immediate right of the Steel house and the Wood House is third to the right of the Glass House.
Thus, their arrangement is Steel G la s s ____ Wood. This gives a group of 5 houses.
Since neither the Steel house nor the Glass house is at the ends, the Steel house is either house number 2 or 3.
Case 1: Steel House = 2 Thus, the arrangement is:__Steel Glass_____Wood__ So, the Limestone house is house number 1.
Since there are two houses between the Mud house and Straw house, they have to be house numbers 4 and 7 (in no specific order).
So, house number 5 is the Concrete house.
So, the arrangement becomes: Limestone Steel Glass Mud/Straw.

Concrete Wood Straw/Mud

In this case, the Wood house is to the immediate right of the Concrete house.
Case 2: Steel House = 3 Thus, the arrangement i s ____ Steel G la s s _____ Wood Here, Limestone can be house number 1 or 2.
There are two houses between the Mud house and Straw house.
The Limsetone house cannot be house number 2 as it becomes impossible to have two houses between the Mud and Straw house in this case.
If the Limestone house is house number 1, the Mud and Straw houses become house numbers 2 and 5 (in no specific order). However, this violates the condition that neither of these houses is next to the Limestone house.
So, the case that the Steel hosue corresponds to house number 3 is invalid.
Hence, the Wood house is to the immediate right of the Concrete house. Hence, option 3.

 

QUESTION: 50

If p(1) = 0 and 2x - 1 = p(x) - p(x - 1), then p(109) equals?

Solution:

Solution: P(1) = 0
We can calculate the consequent elements of the series as follows,

For x = 2, 2(2) - 1 = p(2) - p(2 - 1). so  p(2) = 3 = 22 - 1 .

For x = 3, 2(3) - 1 = p(3) - p(3 - 1). 

and so on. From the above calculations, we notice that the following pattern exists,

 

p(2) - p(1) = 2x2 - 1. Adding all these, p ( 109 ) - p ( 1 ) = 2(109 + 108 + 107 + ... + 2 ) - ( 108 ) = 2(5994)-108 
= 11880
Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 51

Jack, Jane and Jill are doing a piece of work. Efficiency of Jane is 50% less than the efficiency of Jack and efficiency of Jill is 50% more than the efficiency of Jane. All three of them can finish the whole work together in 20 days. If Jack finishes the whole work alone in a days and Jill finishes the whole work alone in b days, b - a is

Solution:

Solution: Let Jack does 100x units of work in a day.
Workdone by Jane and Jill in a day is 50x and 75x units respectively.
Total work = 20 (100x + 50x + 75x) = 4500x units. Jack takes a days and Jill takes b days to finish the whole work alone.
100xa = 4500x and 75xb = 4500x Solving the above equations; we get a = 45 and b - 60 . b - a = 15 Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 52

A person wants to climb a mountain. The probability that he climbs the mountain is 0.8 when the weather is clear and 0.3 when the weather is not clear. Find the probability that the person is not able to climb the mountain if the probability of having clear weather is 0.6.

Solution:

Solution: When weather is clear, the probability that the person not climbing the mountain = 0.6 x 0.2 When weather is not clear, the probability that the person not climbing the mountain = 0.4 x 0.7 Probability that person is not able to climb the mountain = 0.12 + 0.28 = 0.40
Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 53

Mr. Ajinkya buys tennis balls. The balls are inside a cylindrical container closed from both ends. Each container contains the maximum number of tennis balls that it can hold. The cost of each ball is Rs. 20. The ratio of the volumes of the container to each ball is 29 : 3. How much did Mr. Ajinkya pay after buying three such containers of tennis balls. Assume that the balls are spherical and the radius of the ball and cylinder are equal.

Solution:

Each container will have 6 balls.
Mr. Ajinkya paid Rs. 360 (= 3 x 6 x 20). Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 54

A hollow right circular cone (without base) with volume 100π cubic cm is made of paper and has height 12 cm. It is cut parallel to the axis of symmetry (along a slant height) and unfolded to get a planar structure which is

Solution:

Solution: Height of the cone, h = 12 cm Let r be the radius of the base. 

Slant height of the cone, k = 13 (using Pythagoras theorem that k2 = r2 + h2

For a right circular cone, the slant height is uniform throughout its curved surface. So, when cut parallel to axis (along a slant height) and unfolded to a plane structure, the unfolded planar structure is a sector of a circle of radius 13 cm. 

The perimeter of the circular base (radius r = 5 cm) of the cone is same as the length of the arc (at the right side of the above figure) of circle of radius 13 cm. 2π x 13 makes an angle 2π.  Angle made by 10π at the centre = 10π/13. The unfolded structure will be a sector of a circle making an angle 10π /13 at the centre. Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 55

If a, b, c and d are positive numbers, find the maximum value of ab3c2d if a + b + c + d = 42.

Solution:

QUESTION: 56

A page in the shape of a square of side 12 cm is folded once along its breadth and then along its length to get smaller similar shapes. After this a small square of side 2 cm is cut at a corner of the new shape. The page is now completely unfolded. Find the area of remaining portion of the page.

Solution:

Solution: After folding the paper as described, there will be four squares of side 6 cm and from each smaller square, a square of area 2 x 2 = 4 cm2 is removed.
Area of the remaining portion of the page = 4(36 - 4) = 4 x 32 = 128 cm2 Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 57

Rectangle ABCD has its side AB = 25 cm and side BC = 12 cm. Point E is on side AB. If m DEC = 90°, then what is the radius of the circle (in cm) inscribed in the ΔDEC? 

Solution:

Solution:

By Pythagoras Theorem in ΔDEC, we have, 252 = a2 + b2 ...(i) Area(ΔDEC) = 1/2 x 12 x 25 = 150 = 1/2 x a x b.  a x b = 300 ...(ii) Solving (i) and (ii), we get, a = 20 and b = 15. In radius, r = Area/Semiperimeter Semiperimeter = (20 + 15 + 25)/2 = 30. so  r = 150/30 = 5 cm Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 58

A shopkeeper makes an overall profit of 45% by selling the goods at different profit percentages to foreign and Indian customers. He sells products at marked price to foreign customers while gives 20% discount to Indian customers. If he sells products without any discount, he would make 80% profit. What percentage of the revenue he earns from foreign customers?

Solution:

Solution: Let M be marked price of per unit product, C the cost price and X and Y be quantities of product sold to foreigners and Indians respectively. Therefore the S.P. for foreigner is M and 0.8M for Indians. 

QUESTION: 59

A function f(x, y) is defined such that f(x, y) = f(y, x), f(x, x + y) = [(x + y)/y] x f(x, y), f(x, x) = x. Where x and y are positive integers. What is the value of f(58, 13)?

Solution:

Solution: 

 

QUESTION: 60

The price of the new IPAD tablet is Rs. 40,000. A customer purchased an IPAD in a scheme, where he paid Rs. 8,000 in cash as down payment and remaining amount in 3 equal monthly installments at an interest rate of 120% p. a. compounded monthly. The three installments are paid at the end of the month for three consecutive months. The value of each installment (in Rupees) is

Solution:

Solution: Let k be that value of each installment.
The remaining amount after the down payment = 40,000 - 8,000 = Rs. 32,000 The interest is compounded monthly.
Effective Rate = (120/12)% = 10% At the end of the first month, the amount increases to 32,000 x 1.1 = 35,200. 

After the payment of the first installment, the amount = 35,200 - k.  At the end of the second month, the amount increases to (35,200 - k ) x 1.1 = 38,720 - 1.1k.  Amount after the second installment = 38,720 - 1.1 k - k = 38,720 - 2.1k. 
At the end of the third month, the amount increases to (38,720 - 2 .1k )x 1.1 = 42 ,592 - 2.31k The third installment, i.e., the last installment, is same as the amount at the end of the third month. k = 42,592 -2.31 k Solving this, we get k = 12867.67 Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 61

A function is defined as f(x + a) = f(x/a). If f(0) = 12, find the value of f(100).

Solution:

Solution: 

QUESTION: 62

What is the total number of three digit natural numbers divisible by 6?

Solution:

Solution: Total number of numbers divisible by 6, below 1000 = [999/6] = 166.
Number of one digit or two digit numbers divisible by 6 = [99/6] = 16.
Number of three digit numbers divisible by 6 = 166 - 16 = 150

Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 63

If 8A and 9B are factors of 100! then which of the following is the highest possible value of HCF (A, B)?

Solution:

Solution: If 8A (or 23A) and 9B (or 32B) are factors of 100!, then each of these two numbers must completely divide 100!. The highest powers of 2 and 3 that divide 100! Completely are given below: 

Value of HCF (A, B) will be maximum when we choose values of A and B as 24 and 24. Thus the maximum value of HCF (A, B) is 24. Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 64

In the vegetable market, a local vendor noticed that he has not yet cleared off his stock of onions from past week. The onions will soon rot and become useless causing him a lot of loss. In order to clear his stock, he plans to mix the old stock of onions, which he was planning to sell for Rs. 15/kg, with the new fresh stock of onions, which was planned to be sold at Rs. 25/kg. He intends to mix these two stocks in the ratio of 5 parts of the fresh stock to 2 parts of the old stock and lower the price of the new stock thus generated. He intends to lower the price of this generated stock as compared to the fresh stock so that he can sell off his stock sooner. What would be the rate at which this new stock will be sold, if the store owner is not looking for any extra profit this way?

Solution:

Solution: Let there be 5x kg of fresh onions and 2x kg of old onions in the mixed stock. Therfore, there are 7x kg of onions and the effective selling price would be 5x(25) + 2x(15) = 155x for 7 kg.
The per kg cost then would be 155x/7x  ⇒ 22 Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 65

In a rolling mill, an iron cylinder is rolled to increase its length. A cylinder is rolled 10 times to get required length. After every roll, the length of the cylinder increases by 20%. What is the percentage decrease in radius of the cylinder just after the 7th roll as compared to that just after the 4th roll?

Solution:

Solution: Volume of the cylinder will remain constant. Let the length and the radius of the cylinder be I4 and r4 respectively after the 4th roll.
Let the length and the radius of the cylinder be I7 and r7 respectively after the 7th roll.
After every roll, the length of the cylinder increases by 20%. 

 

QUESTION: 66

Amit’s house is 50 km away to the East of Jatin’s house. Amit walks 25 km North from his house then takes a right turn and walks for 30 km. After that he again takes a right turn and walks for 65 km and takes a right turn and walks for another 50 km to reach at Nitin’s house. Find the actual distance (in km) between Nitin’s and Jatin’s house?

Solution:

Solution:
 

Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 67

The median of 9 different positive natural numbers is 15. Six of these nos. are 2, 13, 11, 6, 18, 17. (Numbers in series are not repeated).

Statement I : The average o f smallest three and largest three numbers is 14.
Statement II : The difference between the greatest and the second greatest numbers is 7.

Which of the following statements would be sufficient to find the largest possible integer of these numbers?

Solution:

Solution: The given numbers when arranged in ascending order would be as follows:
2, 6, 11, 13, 15, 17, 18.
18 cannot be the largest number. So, let x and y be the two remaining numbers such that x < y.
Case I: 18 < x, (2, 6, 11, 13, 15, 17, 18, x, y are the numbers in ascending order.) Case II: x < 18, (2, 6, 11, 13, 15, x, 17, 18, y are the numbers in ascending order.) Statement I: 

Considering case I, we do not get unique value for y, while y = 30 if case I is considered.
Thus, the question cannot be answered uniquely.
Similarly, with the help of statement II, the question cannot be answered.
Combining both the statements: Consider case I.
We get two inconsistent equations with two statements. So, the case is invalid.
Considering case II; we get y = 20.

So, both the statements are required to answer the question. Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 68

Find the relation between the two functions represented by the following graphs: 

Solution:

Solution: Note that mirror image of f(x) about y-axis is similar as the curve g(x) and vice versa.
So, when mirror image of g(x) is taken it will look similar to f(x) and will intersect at (3, 0) We now need to shift g(x) to the left by 1 unit to match exactly with f(x).  

QUESTION: 69

A rectangle ABCD is drawn with shorter side AB as 1. A square C’CDD’ of side 1 is cut from ABCD so that we get a rectangle ABC’D’. The rectangle ABC’D’ is not similar to ABCD, but the process is repeated and a square is removed from ABC’D’. The resultant rectangle AD’C'D' is similar to rectangle ABCD. What is the length of the longer side of ABCD?

Solution:

Solution: 

QUESTION: 70

How many zeroes are present at the end in the following sum?

(312)4+ (312)5 +(312)6+ ... + (312)15

Solution:

Solution:

= 3816 

Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 71

Two men of equal heights are standing outside at 12 PM on the eve of Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere. However, one person is standing on the equator and the other is at 60° latitude. What will be the difference in their length of shadows? [Assume that the earth is tilted towards the sun at an angle of 23.5° and height of each person is 2 meters].

Solution:

Solution: On equinox, days and nights are equal. Hence, essentially the axis of the earth is parallel to the Sun. Hence, at 12PM i.e. noon the person on the equator will have no shadow.
The man at 60° latitude will be making an angle of 30° with the axis of the earth. Hence, his shadow length will be 2 cos(30°) = 1 meter Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 72

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


The Amazon Car Manufacturing company has four departments - Production, Quality, Sales and Finance - with the number of employees in these departments at the start of 2000 being 150, 110, 105 and 135 respectively. To promote a healthy working culture, the top management of the company has proposed to employ a job rotation technique whereby the employees are transferred to some other department from their existing department based on a screening test as per the requirements of the individual departments. The transfers take place only at the end of the year. Moreover the transfers happen in such a way that employees who are transferred from one department to a new department are given a priority while considering the transfer from that new department to some other department. Also, for any department, a transfer means that either a person/s from this department goes to another department or a person/s from another department shifts to this department, but the inflow and outflow from any department cannot occur together. The graph below gives the details of the number of employees in each department for the said period. 

 

 

 

Q. At the least, people from how many departments were a part of the Sales department in 2003?

Solution:

Solution: 

The people in the Sales department in 2003 means the same thing as the people in the Sales department at the end of 2002.
The number of people in each department at the end of each year and the movement in each department at the end of each year can be tabulated as shown above.
As can be seen from the table, at the end of 2000, 40 employees from Production and 20 from Quality had been transferred out whereas the inflow in Finance and Sales from other departments was 35 and 25 respectively.
Since the objective is to minimise the number of employees who are part of the Sales department at the end of 2002, we need to transfer employees from as few departments as possible into Sales.
Therefore, consider that all 25 employees that came into Sales were from the Production department. Thus, at the end of 2000, the Sales department had employees from the Sales department as well as from the Production Department.
At the end of 2001,30 people were transferred out of the Sales department. 

Since employees who have been transferred into a new department earlier have a priority while being transferred out of that new department, all 25 people who came in from the Production department will be transferred out at the end of 2001. The remaining 5 people going out will be from the original Sales department.
Thus, at the end of 2001, all 100 people in the Sales department will be from the original Sales department itself.
At the end of 2002, 50 people move into the Sales department while 20 and 30 people respectively move out of the Quality and Finance department. There is no change in the strength of the Production department. This means that the 50 people moving into the Sales department are from Quality and Finance. Therefore, at the end of 2002 (or in 2003), there are 100, 20 and 30 people respectively from the Sales, Quality and Finance departments and working in the Sales department.
Hence, there are people from atleast 3 departments working in Sales in 2003.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 73

The Amazon Car Manufacturing company has four departments - Production, Quality, Sales and Finance - with the number of employees in these departments at the start of 2000 being 150, 110, 105 and 135 respectively. To promote a healthy working culture, the top management of the company has proposed to employ a job rotation technique whereby the employees are transferred to some other department from their existing department based on a screening test as per the requirements of the individual departments. The transfers take place only at the end of the year. Moreover the transfers happen in such a way that employees who are transferred from one department to a new department are given a priority while considering the transfer from that new department to some other department. Also, for any department, a transfer means that either a person/s from this department goes to another department or a person/s from another department shifts to this department, but the inflow and outflow from any department cannot occur together. The graph below gives the details of the number of employees in each department for the said period. 

 

 

 

Q. What can be the minimum number of years in which there were people from the Quality department in the Sales department?

Solution:

Solution: To minimise the number of years when a person from the Quality department works in the Sales department, transfer a person from Quality to Sales only when nothing else is possible. Whenever possible, transfer people from other departments into the Sales department.
In 2000 the inflow into Sales was 25 while the outflow from Quality was 20 and from Production was 40.
Thus, to minimise the number of years, one can assume that all 25 people coming into Sales were from Production.
Hence, in 2000, there were no people from Quality in Sales.
In 2001, there were no transfers from or into Quality.
In 2002, there were no transfers into or from Production. The inflow into Sales was 50, whereas the outflow from Finance and Quality was 30 and 20 respectively.
Therefore, the 20 people from Quality definitely moved into Sales. Thus, in 2002, people from the Quality department were definitely working in the Sales department.
Hence, option 2 can be eliminated.
In 2003, the outflow from Sales was 20 whereas the inflow into Quality was 65.
Therefore, to minimise the number of years, all the 20 people who had been transferred from Quality to Sales will now be transferred back to Quality and the Sales department will not have any employee from the Quality department working in it.
Thus, in 2003, there is no person from Quality working in Sales.
In 2004, since there were no transfers to or from Quality, again there was not a single person from Quality in the Sales department. Hence, option 4 can be eliminated. Therefore, nobody from the Quality department was working in Sales in 2005.
Hence, the only year when employees from Quality must have worked in Sales was 2002.
Hence, option 1.
In 2005, since the transfer was into the Quality department, no person from Quality could have moved into Sales.

QUESTION: 74

The Amazon Car Manufacturing company has four departments - Production, Quality, Sales and Finance - with the number of employees in these departments at the start of 2000 being 150, 110, 105 and 135 respectively. To promote a healthy working culture, the top management of the company has proposed to employ a job rotation technique whereby the employees are transferred to some other department from their existing department based on a screening test as per the requirements of the individual departments. The transfers take place only at the end of the year. Moreover the transfers happen in such a way that employees who are transferred from one department to a new department are given a priority while considering the transfer from that new department to some other department. Also, for any department, a transfer means that either a person/s from this department goes to another department or a person/s from another department shifts to this department, but the inflow and outflow from any department cannot occur together. The graph below gives the details of the number of employees in each department for the said period. 

 

 

 

Q. By the end of 2005, people from which department were present in all the departments?

Solution:

Solution: By the end of 2005, the number of employees in Production and Finance was 90 and 75 respectively and for both of these departments, this strength was lower than the initial strength in 2000.
This implies that all the employees that are presently engaged in these departments are the ones who have been with these departments since 2000.
Therefore, these two departments do not have any employee from another department.
Thus, at the end of 2005, there is no department whose employees are present in all departments.
Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 75

The Amazon Car Manufacturing company has four departments - Production, Quality, Sales and Finance - with the number of employees in these departments at the start of 2000 being 150, 110, 105 and 135 respectively. To promote a healthy working culture, the top management of the company has proposed to employ a job rotation technique whereby the employees are transferred to some other department from their existing department based on a screening test as per the requirements of the individual departments. The transfers take place only at the end of the year. Moreover the transfers happen in such a way that employees who are transferred from one department to a new department are given a priority while considering the transfer from that new department to some other department. Also, for any department, a transfer means that either a person/s from this department goes to another department or a person/s from another department shifts to this department, but the inflow and outflow from any department cannot occur together. The graph below gives the details of the number of employees in each department for the said period. 

 

 

 

Q. By the end of 2003, atleast how many people from Sales were there in the Sales department itself?

Solution:

Solution: In 2000, the inflow into Sales was 25 while the outflow in 2001 was 30.
This implies that 5 people from Sales were transferred to some other department and the balance of 100 was originally from Sales itself.
Now after 2001, the number of employees in Sales never dropped below 100.
Hence the minimum number of Sales people in Sales department by the end of 2003 was 100.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 76

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


The 1st table gives the data of population and literacy rates of India during the year 1951 to 2011. The 2nd table gives the data of per capita income (in Rs.) for the year 2011 for 10 different states.

 

 

Q. The population of India in the year 2011 is 17.86% of the total world population. If the population growth (in terms of percentage) of India is 200% more than that of the population growth of the world (in percentage) from 1951 to 2011, then what percentage of the total population resided in India in 1951?

Solution:

Solution: From the 1st table, population of India in the year 2011 is 1210 million. Now, this is 17.86% of the total population (say x). 17.86x= 1210 x 100 million. x = 6775 million. Now, population growth of India from 1951 to 2011 = (1210 - 361) x 100/361 =235.18%

Now, the population growth of India is 200% more than that of the population growth of the world.
If the population of India grew by 3y%, then the population of the world grew by y%.
The world population, during the given period, grew by 235.18/3 = 78.40%
Now, let the world population in 1951 be z. 1.7840z = 6775 million, z = 3797.6 million people.
Thus the population of India as percentage of population of the world in 1951 = 361 x 100/3797 = 9.5% Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 77

The 1st table gives the data of population and literacy rates of India during the year 1951 to 2011. The 2nd table gives the data of per capita income (in Rs.) for the year 2011 for 10 different states.

 

 

Q. In which decade the percentage growth in the population of India with respect to previous decade is minimum?

Solution:

Solution: From the data given in table 1, we can do a cursory check by taking approximations of the population values.
In 1951, the population was 361 million. Let us take it to be 360.
Similarly, In 1961, the population was 439 million. Let us take it to be 440 million.
Thus the approximate population growth is 80 million and hence the approximate percentage growth = 80 x 100/360⇒ 22%
Similarly, the approximate percentage growth in population during 1961 to 1971 = (550 - 440) x 100/440 = 25% During 1971 to 1981 the approximate percentage growth in population = (680 - 550) x 100/550⇒  24% During 1981 to 1991, the approximate percentage growth in population = (840 - 680) x 100/680 ⇒ 23%. 

During 1991 to 2001, the approximate percentage growth in population = (1020 - 850) x 100/850 = 20% .During 2001 to 2011, the approximate percentage growth in population = (1210 - 1020) x 100/1020 ⇒ 18.5%

From approximation, it can be seen that the minimum population growth rate is in the decade 2001 to 2011.
Hence, option 5.

QUESTION: 78

The 1st table gives the data of population and literacy rates of India during the year 1951 to 2011. The 2nd table gives the data of per capita income (in Rs.) for the year 2011 for 10 different states.

 

 

Q. In 2011, 65% of India’s population lives in the 10 states mentioned in the 2nd table. The per capita income of India is Rs. 17980 and India has a total of 29 states and union territories. What is the per capita income of the rest of the country excluding the states given in the table?

Solution:

Solution: It is given that 65% of India’s population resides in the 10 states given in the 2nd table, but we don’t know the exact population of each of the given states and hence we cannot find the gross income of these 10 states.
As we cannot find the gross income of these 10 states, it is impossible to obtain the gross income of the rest of the country and the per capita income of the rest of the country.
Hence, option 5.

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