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Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Class 10 MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test - Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science

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Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 1

A natural phenomenon that becomes harmful due to pollution is _____________. 

Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 1
Introduction:
A natural phenomenon that becomes harmful due to pollution is the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is a natural process that occurs when certain gases in the Earth's atmosphere trap heat from the sun, leading to an increase in the Earth's temperature. However, human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, have significantly increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, causing an enhanced greenhouse effect and contributing to global warming.
Explanation:
The greenhouse effect becomes harmful due to pollution in the following ways:
1. Increased Global Warming: The excessive release of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) from human activities, such as burning fossil fuels for energy and deforestation, has led to a significant increase in global warming. This rise in temperature disrupts natural ecosystems, affects weather patterns, and poses risks to human health and well-being.
2. Climate Change: The greenhouse effect, intensified by pollution, has caused climate change, leading to extreme weather events like hurricanes, droughts, and heatwaves. These events can have devastating effects on human settlements, agriculture, biodiversity, and the overall stability of ecosystems.
3. Sea-Level Rise: As global temperatures increase, the melting of polar ice caps and glaciers accelerates, contributing to sea-level rise. This poses a serious threat to coastal areas, leading to increased flooding, erosion, and displacement of populations.
4. Disruption of Ecological Balance: Pollution-induced greenhouse effect alters ecological balance by affecting the distribution and behavior of species. Changes in temperature and weather patterns can disrupt the timing of natural processes like flowering, migration, and hibernation, leading to mismatches in species interactions and potential extinctions.
5. Negative Health Impacts: The greenhouse effect, worsened by pollution, contributes to air pollution, which can have detrimental effects on human health. Increased concentrations of pollutants like particulate matter and ozone lead to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, allergies, and other health issues.
6. Economic Consequences: The harmful effects of the greenhouse effect, caused by pollution, have significant economic implications. These include damages to infrastructure, increased healthcare costs, loss of agricultural productivity, and the need for adaptation and mitigation measures, all of which can strain economies and societies.
In conclusion, the greenhouse effect, which is a natural phenomenon, becomes harmful due to pollution caused by human activities. The increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere leads to global warming, climate change, sea-level rise, disruption of ecological balance, negative health impacts, and economic consequences. It is crucial to reduce pollution and mitigate the greenhouse effect to protect the planet and ensure a sustainable future.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 2

One of the best solutions to get rid of non-biodegradable wastes is _________________. 

Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 2
Recycling: A Solution to Non-Biodegradable Waste
Recycling is one of the best solutions to get rid of non-biodegradable wastes. It involves the process of converting waste materials into reusable materials.
Here are some key points explaining why recycling is an effective solution:

  1. Environmental Benefits:


    • Recycling reduces the need for extracting and processing raw materials, which helps in conserving natural resources.

    • It reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills, preventing the pollution of soil and water.

    • Recycling also reduces greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to the fight against climate change.


  2. Economic Benefits:


    • Recycling creates job opportunities in industries that process and manufacture recycled materials.

    • It helps in reducing the costs associated with waste management and disposal.

    • By recycling, valuable materials can be recovered and reused, reducing the dependence on expensive raw materials.


  3. Social Benefits:


    • Recycling promotes a sense of responsibility among individuals and communities towards the environment.

    • It educates and raises awareness about the importance of waste reduction and resource conservation.

    • Recycling also contributes to a cleaner and healthier living environment.


  4. Types of Recycling:


    • Paper recycling: Used paper products such as newspapers, magazines, and cardboard are collected, processed, and turned into new paper products.

    • Plastic recycling: Plastic materials are sorted, cleaned, and melted down to create new plastic products.

    • Glass recycling: Glass containers are collected, crushed, and melted to produce new glass products.

    • Metal recycling: Metals such as aluminum, steel, and copper are collected, melted, and transformed into new metal products.


  5. Importance of Proper Recycling:


    • Proper sorting and separation of recyclable materials are crucial to ensure the quality and effectiveness of the recycling process.

    • Public participation and awareness are essential for successful recycling programs.

    • Government policies and regulations play a significant role in promoting and supporting recycling initiatives.



By choosing to recycle, we can significantly reduce the impact of non-biodegradable waste on the environment, conserve resources, and create a more sustainable future.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 3

Animal dung is _________________ waste.

Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 3
Animal dung is biodegradable waste.
Animal dung refers to the feces or excrement of animals, such as cows, horses, or elephants. It is considered biodegradable waste due to the following reasons:
1. Composition: Animal dung mainly consists of organic matter, such as undigested food, cellulose, and other plant fibers. These organic materials can be broken down by microorganisms naturally present in the environment.
2. Decomposition: When animal dung is exposed to air, heat, and moisture, it undergoes a process called decomposition. During this process, microorganisms like bacteria and fungi break down the organic matter into simpler compounds.
3. Nutrient Recycling: Animal dung contains essential nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. When it decomposes, these nutrients are released into the soil, enriching it and making it more fertile. This nutrient recycling is beneficial for plant growth and overall ecosystem health.
4. Environmental Impact: Biodegradable waste, such as animal dung, does not pose a significant threat to the environment. It does not accumulate in landfills or release harmful toxins or pollutants into the soil, water, or air.
Therefore, animal dung is considered biodegradable waste as it can be broken down naturally by microorganisms, contributes to nutrient recycling, and has minimal environmental impact.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 4
Which of the following is biodegradable?  
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 4
Biodegradable Materials:
1. Leather belts: Leather is a natural material derived from animal hide, and it is biodegradable. When leather products are disposed of, they will decompose naturally over time, returning to the environment without causing harm.
Non-Biodegradable Materials:
2. Iron nails: Iron is a metal that does not naturally decompose. Iron nails will remain in the environment for a long time, contributing to waste and potential environmental damage if not properly disposed of.
3. Plastic mugs: Plastic is a synthetic material made from non-renewable resources like petroleum. Most plastics are non-biodegradable and can persist in the environment for hundreds of years. Plastic mugs, if not recycled or properly disposed of, can contribute to pollution and harm ecosystems.
4. Silver foil: Silver foil is a metal and does not biodegrade naturally. It will remain in the environment for an extended period, potentially causing pollution and harm to wildlife if not properly managed.
Therefore, out of the given options, only leather belts are biodegradable. It is important to choose biodegradable materials whenever possible to reduce waste and minimize the environmental impact.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 5
Which of the following is non-biodegradable? 
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 5
Non-biodegradable Materials
Nylon
- Nylon is a synthetic polymer made from petroleum products.
- It is not biodegradable because it cannot be broken down by bacteria or other natural processes.
Biodegradable Materials
Animal Bones
- Animal bones are organic materials that can be broken down naturally by bacteria and other microorganisms.
- They are biodegradable and can decompose over time.
Tea Leaves
- Tea leaves are organic materials that can be broken down naturally by bacteria and other microorganisms.
- They are biodegradable and can decompose over time.
Wool
- Wool is a natural fiber obtained from sheep or other animals.
- It is biodegradable and can decompose over time.
Therefore, out of the given options, the non-biodegradable material is nylon.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 6
Name one non-biodegradable waste which may pollute the earth to dangerous levels of toxicity, if not handled properly. 
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 6
Non-biodegradable Waste that may pollute the Earth to Dangerous Levels of Toxicity:
There are several non-biodegradable wastes that can pose a threat to the environment if not handled properly. One such waste is radioactive substances. Here is a detailed explanation of why radioactive substances can be highly toxic and harmful if not managed correctly:
1. Radioactive Substances:
- Radioactive substances are materials that emit ionizing radiation. These substances can be generated through various human activities, such as nuclear power generation, medical procedures, and industrial applications.
- If not handled properly, radioactive substances can contaminate the environment and pose a significant risk to human health and ecosystems.
- The toxic effects of radioactive substances can be long-lasting, as they have a half-life, which is the time it takes for half of the radioactive material to decay.
- Exposure to high levels of radiation can cause severe health issues, including radiation sickness, DNA damage, cancer, and even death.
- Radioactive waste needs to be stored and managed safely to prevent leaks or accidental releases into the environment. Specialized facilities and protocols are required for the safe disposal of radioactive waste.
- Governments and regulatory bodies have strict guidelines and regulations in place to ensure the safe handling, transportation, and disposal of radioactive substances.
It is crucial to understand the potential dangers associated with non-biodegradable wastes like radioactive substances to ensure proper handling and disposal. By following appropriate protocols and regulations, we can minimize the risks and protect both human health and the environment.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 7

In a lake polluted with pesticides, which one of the following will contain the maximum amount of pesticides? 

Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 7

 

If a lake is polluted with pesticides, large fish will contain the maximum amount of pesticide. The process due to which large fish will contain the maximum amount of pesticide is called biological magnification. It is also called as biomagnification. Phytoplanktons and zooplanktons absorb pesticide from the polluted water. Small fishes eats phytoplankton and zooplanktons. There will be increased accumulation of pesticide in their bodies. These small fishes are eaten by big fish. Hence, the big fish will have the maximum amount of pesticide.

Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 8
Name the substance whose accumulation in pelicans of Lake Michigan led to the formation of thin shells of their eggs. 
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 8
The substance that led to the formation of thin eggshells in pelicans of Lake Michigan is DDT.
Explanation:
- DDT (Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane) is an insecticide that was widely used in the mid-20th century to control agricultural pests and combat diseases like malaria.
- Although it was effective in killing insects, DDT was also highly persistent in the environment and had detrimental effects on wildlife, particularly birds.
- In the case of pelicans in Lake Michigan, DDT entered the food chain when it was sprayed on agricultural fields, and it eventually accumulated in the bodies of fish, the primary food source for pelicans.
- The high levels of DDT in the pelicans' diet caused a disruption in their calcium metabolism, resulting in the production of thin and fragile eggshells.
- As a consequence, the pelican eggs were more prone to breakage during incubation, leading to reduced reproductive success and population decline.
- The thinning of the eggshells was a significant ecological issue and highlighted the negative impact of DDT on bird populations.
- Due to its harmful effects, DDT was eventually banned in many countries, including the United States, in the 1970s.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 9
Name the process in which a harmful chemical enters the food chain and gets concentrated at each level in the food chain.  
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 9
Process of Biomagnification in the Food Chain:
Biomagnification:
Biomagnification refers to the process through which a harmful chemical or toxin enters the food chain and becomes increasingly concentrated as it moves up the food chain. This phenomenon occurs because the concentration of the chemical or toxin increases at each successive trophic level.
Explanation:
Biomagnification occurs due to the following steps:
1. Introduction of the Chemical:
- Initially, a harmful chemical or toxin is introduced into the environment through various sources such as industrial waste, agricultural runoff, or pollution.
2. Accumulation in Producers:
- The chemical is absorbed by plants or algae, which are the primary producers in the food chain. These organisms take in the chemical through their roots or during photosynthesis.
3. Ingestion by Herbivores:
- Herbivores, such as small fish or insects, consume the contaminated plants or algae. They absorb the chemical into their bodies while feeding.
4. Transfer to Carnivores:
- The contaminated herbivores are then consumed by carnivores, such as larger fish or birds. At this stage, the concentration of the chemical increases because the carnivores consume multiple contaminated herbivores.
5. Further Transfer to Higher-Level Consumers:
- The process continues as the higher-level consumers, such as top predators or humans, consume the contaminated carnivores. With each level of consumption, the concentration of the chemical increases.
6. Concentration Increase:
- As the chemical moves up the food chain, it gets concentrated because it is not easily metabolized or excreted by organisms. This concentration increase is due to the cumulative effect of consuming contaminated organisms at each trophic level.
7. Impact on Organisms:
- The increasing concentration of the harmful chemical in organisms can have detrimental effects on their health. It can lead to bioaccumulation, where the chemical accumulates in the tissues and organs of organisms, potentially causing toxic effects and disrupting their physiological processes.
8. Human Health Concerns:
- Biomagnification is of particular concern for humans as they often occupy the highest trophic level in many food chains. Consuming contaminated organisms can lead to the ingestion of high levels of harmful chemicals, which can have adverse health effects.
Conclusion:
Biomagnification is a process in which a harmful chemical enters the food chain and becomes increasingly concentrated at each trophic level. It highlights the potential risks associated with the accumulation of toxins and chemicals in the environment and emphasizes the need for proper management of pollutants to safeguard ecosystem health and human well-being.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 10
Biotic environment includes?
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 10
Biotic environment refers to the living components of an ecosystem. It includes producers, consumers, and decomposers. Here is a detailed explanation:
Producers:
- Producers, also known as autotrophs, are organisms that can convert energy from sunlight or chemicals into organic matter through the process of photosynthesis or chemosynthesis.
- They are the foundation of the food chain, as they produce their own food and provide energy for other organisms.
- Examples of producers include plants, algae, and some bacteria.
Consumers:
- Consumers, also known as heterotrophs, are organisms that rely on other organisms for their energy and nutrients.
- They obtain energy by consuming producers or other consumers.
- Consumers can be further classified into different trophic levels, such as herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores.
- Examples of consumers include animals, fungi, and some bacteria.
Decomposers:
- Decomposers, also known as saprotrophs, are organisms that break down dead organic matter and recycle nutrients back into the environment.
- They play a crucial role in the decomposition process, helping to decompose dead plants, animals, and other organic materials.
- Decomposers include bacteria, fungi, and some insects.
All of the above:
- The biotic environment includes all producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem.
- These organisms interact with each other and their environment, forming complex food webs and nutrient cycles.
- They are interconnected and dependent on each other for survival and maintaining the balance of the ecosystem.
- Understanding the roles and interactions of these biotic components is essential for studying and managing ecosystems.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 11
Decomposers include:
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 11
Decomposers include:

  • Bacteria: Bacteria are microscopic single-celled organisms that play a crucial role in the decomposition process. They break down organic matter into simpler substances, such as carbon dioxide and water, through chemical reactions.

  • Fungi: Fungi are a group of organisms that include molds, mushrooms, and yeasts. They obtain nutrients by breaking down organic matter externally through the secretion of enzymes. Fungi play a significant role in decomposing dead plant and animal material.

  • Both: Both bacteria and fungi are considered decomposers as they actively participate in the decomposition process, breaking down organic matter and recycling nutrients back into the ecosystem.

  • Animals: While animals can contribute to the decomposition process, they are not typically considered decomposers. Animals such as scavengers and detritivores feed on the remains of dead organisms, but they do not break down organic matter through chemical or enzymatic processes like bacteria and fungi.


In summary, decomposers include both bacteria and fungi. They are responsible for breaking down organic matter, recycling nutrients, and playing a vital role in maintaining the balance of ecosystems. Animals, while they may aid in the decomposition process, are not considered primary decomposers.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 12

Abiotic environment does not include: 

Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 12
Abiotic environment does not include:
- Air: The atmosphere is a vital component of the abiotic environment. It provides gases such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, which are essential for the survival of many living organisms.
- Water: Water is another crucial component of the abiotic environment. It plays a vital role in various ecological processes and is essential for the survival of all living organisms.
- Soil: Soil is an integral part of the abiotic environment. It provides nutrients, anchorage, and support to plants, serving as a habitat for many organisms.
- Plants: While plants are living organisms, they are not considered part of the abiotic environment. They are part of the biotic environment, as they interact with other living organisms and are dependent on the abiotic factors mentioned above for their survival.
Therefore, the correct answer is D: Plants.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 13
Vermicomposting is done by:
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 13
Vermicomposting is done by worms.
Worms, specifically earthworms, play a crucial role in the process of vermicomposting. They are responsible for breaking down organic waste materials and converting them into nutrient-rich compost through their digestive system. Here is a detailed explanation of how worms are involved in vermicomposting:
1. What is vermicomposting?
- Vermicomposting is a composting method that uses worms to decompose organic materials.
- It is an efficient and sustainable way to recycle organic waste and produce nutrient-rich compost.
2. The role of worms in vermicomposting:
- Worms, especially species like red worms (Eisenia fetida), are commonly used in vermicomposting.
- They consume organic waste materials such as kitchen scraps, vegetable peelings, coffee grounds, and paper waste.
- As the worms feed on the waste, they break it down into smaller particles.
3. How worms facilitate decomposition:
- Worms have a muscular digestive system that allows them to grind the organic matter they consume.
- The waste passes through the worm's digestive tract, where it gets partially digested and mixed with enzymes and microorganisms.
- The digestive enzymes and microorganisms present in the worm's gut help in breaking down the waste further.
4. Production of vermicompost:
- As worms digest the organic matter, they excrete it in the form of castings or worm castings.
- Worm castings are rich in nutrients, beneficial microorganisms, and humus.
- These castings are collected and used as a high-quality organic fertilizer or soil amendment.
5. Benefits of vermicomposting:
- Vermicomposting helps reduce the amount of organic waste going to landfills, promoting waste diversion and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- The resulting vermicompost improves soil structure and fertility, enhances plant growth, and increases nutrient availability.
- It also helps retain moisture in the soil and suppresses plant diseases.
In summary, worms are the key players in vermicomposting. They consume organic waste, break it down through digestion, and produce nutrient-rich vermicompost. This process is an environmentally friendly and sustainable way to recycle organic waste and create valuable compost.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 14
The group of organisms which convert light into food are called?
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 14
The group of organisms which convert light into food are called autotrophs.
Autotrophs are able to produce their own food using energy from the sun. They are also known as producers as they provide the foundation of the food chain for other organisms. Here are some key points about autotrophs:
1. Autotrophs are capable of photosynthesis, a process where they convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy (food) using carbon dioxide and water.
2. They are found in various ecosystems, including plants, algae, and some bacteria.
3. Plants are the most common autotrophs and play a crucial role in sustaining life on Earth.
4. Algae, such as phytoplankton, are autotrophs found in aquatic environments and are important in the production of oxygen and as a food source for other organisms.
5. Some bacteria, like cyanobacteria, are autotrophs and can perform photosynthesis similar to plants.
6. Autotrophs are at the base of the food chain, providing food and energy for heterotrophs.
7. Heterotrophs, on the other hand, cannot produce their own food and rely on consuming other organisms for energy.
8. Autotrophs are essential for maintaining the balance of ecosystems and the oxygen levels in the atmosphere.
In conclusion, autotrophs are the group of organisms that convert light energy into food through the process of photosynthesis. They are crucial for sustaining life on Earth and provide the foundation for the food chain.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 15
Which one the following is not biodegradable? 
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 15
Not Biodegradable:
- Aluminium foil
Explanation:
- Biodegradable materials are those that can be broken down and decomposed by natural processes, such as bacteria or other living organisms.
- On the other hand, non-biodegradable materials cannot be broken down naturally and remain in the environment for a long time, causing pollution and harm to ecosystems.
- Among the given options, aluminium foil is not biodegradable.
- Here's why aluminium foil is not biodegradable:
1. Composition: Aluminium foil is made of aluminum, which is a metal. Metals are generally not biodegradable.
2. Resistance to Decomposition: Aluminum has a low rate of oxidation and decomposition, making it resistant to natural breakdown processes.
3. Persistence in the Environment: When aluminum foil is discarded in the environment, it can persist for hundreds of years without decomposing.
- Therefore, out of the given options, aluminium foil is the only one that is not biodegradable.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 16

In our country the Van Mahotsav Day is celebrated on?

Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 16

Van Mahotsav or the festival of trees is a festival celebrated in India in the first week of July. This celebration was started in 1950 by Dr. K.M. Munshi • the Agriculture minister for India during the same year. As part of the celebrations, millions of saplings are planted by people of all age groups from all over the country in the Van Mahotsav week.

Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 17
Which of the following wastes cannot be decomposed by bacteria to form compost?   
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 17
Kitchen wastes:
- Kitchen wastes consist of organic materials such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds, and eggshells.
- These organic materials can be decomposed by bacteria through the process of composting.
- Bacteria break down the organic matter into simpler compounds, resulting in nutrient-rich compost that can be used as fertilizer.
Plastic and polythene bags:
- Plastic and polythene bags are non-biodegradable materials.
- Bacteria do not have the ability to break down these synthetic materials.
- Plastic and polythene bags can persist in the environment for hundreds of years, causing pollution and harm to wildlife.
Dead plants:
- Dead plants can be decomposed by bacteria and other microorganisms.
- Bacteria break down the plant matter and release nutrients back into the soil.
- This natural process is an essential part of nutrient cycling in ecosystems.
Bodies of insects living in the soil:
- The bodies of insects living in the soil are organic materials that can be decomposed by bacteria.
- Bacteria play a crucial role in the decomposition process, breaking down the insect bodies and recycling nutrients back into the soil.
Conclusion:
- Among the given options, plastic and polythene bags cannot be decomposed by bacteria to form compost.
- While kitchen wastes, dead plants, and the bodies of insects living in the soil can all be decomposed by bacteria, plastic and polythene bags are non-biodegradable and persist in the environment.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 18
Which of the following problems is not created by noise pollution ?  
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 18
Problem not created by noise pollution: Diarrhoea
Noise pollution can have various negative impacts on human health and well-being. However, one problem that is not directly caused by noise pollution is diarrhoea. Here is a detailed explanation:
1. Diarrhoea:
- Diarrhoea is a condition characterized by frequent and watery bowel movements.
- It is primarily caused by gastrointestinal infections, food poisoning, or other factors such as medication side effects, dietary changes, or underlying health conditions.
- Noise pollution does not directly lead to diarrhoea or affect the gastrointestinal system in such a way.
- Diarrhoea is primarily caused by pathogens, toxins, or other factors related to the digestive system, rather than noise pollution.
Problems created by noise pollution:
While diarrhoea is not caused by noise pollution, it is important to understand the problems that can arise from excessive noise exposure:
1. Hypertension:
- Prolonged exposure to loud noise can lead to an increase in blood pressure levels.
- This can contribute to hypertension (high blood pressure), which is a risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases.
2. Deafness:
- Continuous exposure to loud noise, especially at high volumes, can damage the delicate structures of the inner ear.
- This can lead to hearing loss and potentially cause deafness over time.
3. Irritation:
- Noise pollution can be a source of irritation and annoyance, affecting mental well-being and causing stress.
- It can disrupt sleep patterns, impair concentration, and contribute to general feelings of discomfort and irritation.
In conclusion, while noise pollution can have detrimental effects on human health, diarrhoea is not a problem directly caused by noise pollution.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 19

Plants are green because of the presence of a pigment called: 

Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 19
Why are plants green?
- Plants are green because of the presence of a pigment called chlorophyll.
- Chlorophyll is responsible for capturing light energy from the sun and converting it into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis.
- The green color of chlorophyll is due to its ability to absorb light in the red and blue regions of the electromagnetic spectrum while reflecting green light.
- This absorption and reflection of light by chlorophyll allow plants to utilize the energy from sunlight to produce glucose, which is essential for their growth and survival.
- Other pigments, such as carotenoids, may also be present in plants and contribute to their coloration, but chlorophyll is the primary pigment responsible for the green color.
- Without chlorophyll, plants would not be able to carry out photosynthesis effectively and would not be green in color.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 20
Air is composed of gases, water vapours and ?
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 20
Composition of Air:
Air is the mixture of gases that surround the Earth. It is composed of several components, including gases, water vapors, and other substances. One of the main components of air is nitrogen, followed by oxygen. However, apart from these two major gases, there are other substances present in the air as well.
Gases in Air:
- Nitrogen: It is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere, making up about 78% of the air we breathe.
- Oxygen: Oxygen accounts for approximately 21% of the air.
- Carbon Dioxide: It is present in trace amounts, comprising about 0.04% of the air.
- Argon: Argon is the third most abundant gas in the Earth's atmosphere, making up about 0.9% of the air.
Water Vapors in Air:
- Water vapor: Water exists in the atmosphere in the form of invisible water vapors. The amount of water vapor in the air can vary depending on the temperature and humidity.
Other Substances in Air:
- Dust particles: Air can contain various solid particles, such as dust, pollen, and pollutants. These particles are suspended in the air and can vary in size and composition.
- Pollutants: Air pollution can introduce harmful substances into the air, such as smoke, smog, and industrial emissions.
- Other trace gases: Air also contains trace amounts of gases like methane, ozone, and noble gases like helium and neon.
Answer:
Among the given options, the component that is present in air along with gases and water vapors is dust particles. Dust particles are common in the environment and can be found in the air due to various natural and human activities. These particles can be visible or microscopic and are carried by air currents. They can originate from sources like soil, pollen, spores, and human-made pollutants. Dust particles play a role in air quality and can have health implications when inhaled in large quantities. Therefore, the correct answer is A: dust particles.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 21
Medicine of quinine is provided by?
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 21
Medicine of quinine is provided by the cinchona plant.
The cinchona plant is the primary source of quinine, a medication that is used to treat malaria. Here are some key points about the cinchona plant and its role in providing quinine:
- Cinchona plant: The cinchona plant is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs native to the Andean forests of western South America. It belongs to the family Rubiaceae.
- Quinine: Quinine is an alkaloid that is extracted from the bark of the cinchona plant. It has been used for centuries as a treatment for malaria, a mosquito-borne infectious disease.
- Antimalarial properties: Quinine has antimalarial properties, meaning it can kill or inhibit the growth of the malaria parasite in the human body. It is effective against several species of Plasmodium, the parasite responsible for causing malaria.
- Traditional use: Indigenous populations in South America have long used the bark of the cinchona plant to treat fevers and other ailments. The use of cinchona bark as a treatment for malaria was introduced to Europe in the 17th century.
- Modern production: Today, quinine is produced on a larger scale through synthetic methods. However, the cinchona plant remains an important source of quinine, especially in traditional medicine and natural health products.
- Other uses: In addition to its antimalarial properties, quinine is also used as a flavoring agent in tonic water and other beverages. It has a bitter taste and is often mixed with sweeteners and carbonated water to make it more palatable.
- Side effects and precautions: While quinine is effective in treating malaria, it can also have side effects and interactions with other medications. It is important to use quinine under the guidance of a healthcare professional and follow the recommended dosage and precautions.
In conclusion, the cinchona plant is the natural source of quinine, a medication used for the treatment of malaria. It has been used for centuries and continues to play a role in traditional medicine and natural health products.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 22
Chief source of energy in environment is:
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 22
Chief Source of Energy in the Environment
The chief source of energy in the environment is the sun. The sun is responsible for providing most of the energy that sustains life on Earth.
Explanation:
- The sun is a massive ball of hot gases that emits vast amounts of energy in the form of light and heat. This energy is generated through nuclear fusion, where hydrogen atoms combine to form helium, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the process.
- Solar energy is the primary source of energy for various processes on Earth, including photosynthesis in plants, which converts sunlight into chemical energy.
- The sun's energy also drives the Earth's climate system, influencing weather patterns and ocean currents.
- Additionally, solar energy is harnessed through various technologies such as solar panels, which convert sunlight into electricity for human use.
- Other sources of energy in the environment, such as fire, moon, and stars, do not have the same level of influence or provide as much energy as the sun.
- Fire is a chemical reaction that releases energy when fuel combines with oxygen, but it is not a primary source of energy in the environment.
- The moon and stars do emit some energy, but their contribution is relatively small compared to the sun.
In conclusion, the sun is the chief source of energy in the environment, providing light, heat, and the energy necessary for the sustenance of life on Earth.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 23
Process through which plants reproduce:
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 23
Process through which plants reproduce:
Pollination:
- Pollination is the process by which pollen grains are transferred from the male reproductive organ (anther) to the female reproductive organ (stigma) of a flower.
- It is a crucial step in plant reproduction as it leads to the fertilization of the ovules and the production of seeds.
- Pollination can occur through various means, including wind, water, and animals (insects, birds, bats) that carry pollen from one flower to another.
Steps of pollination:
1. Pollen production: The anther produces pollen grains, which contain male gametes (sperm cells).
2. Pollen transfer: Pollen grains are transferred from the anther to the stigma, either by wind or through the assistance of animals.
3. Pollen germination: Once on the stigma, the pollen grains germinate and form pollen tubes that grow down through the style towards the ovary.
4. Fertilization: The pollen tubes deliver the sperm cells to the ovules in the ovary, where fertilization takes place.
5. Seed development: After fertilization, the ovules develop into seeds, containing the embryo of the new plant.
Importance of pollination:
- Pollination ensures genetic diversity within plant populations by enabling cross-pollination between different plants.
- It facilitates the transfer of genetic traits that contribute to the survival and adaptation of plant species.
- Pollinators, such as bees, butterflies, and birds, also benefit from the nectar and pollen they obtain during pollination.
In conclusion, pollination is a vital process in plant reproduction as it allows for the transfer of pollen between flowers, leading to fertilization and the formation of seeds.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 24
71% of earth surface is covered with:    
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 24
Earth's Surface Coverage:
- 71% of Earth's surface is covered with water.
Explanation:
- The Earth's surface is composed of various elements, including land, water, and air.
- To determine the percentage of Earth's surface covered with water, we need to consider the total surface area of the planet.
- According to scientific research and measurements, it has been determined that approximately 71% of the Earth's surface is covered with water.
- This water can be found in the form of oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, and other bodies of water.
- The remaining 29% of Earth's surface is covered with land, which includes continents and islands.
- It is important to note that while the majority of Earth's surface is covered with water, it does not mean that all of this water is accessible or suitable for human use.
- Additionally, the percentage of water coverage on Earth may vary slightly due to factors such as sea level changes and the melting of polar ice caps.
- Overall, the significant amount of water present on Earth plays a crucial role in supporting life and maintaining ecological balance.
Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 25
If waste materials contaminate the source of drinking water which of the following diseases will spread?   
Detailed Solution for Our Environment - Practice Test, Class 10 Science - Question 25
Contamination of Drinking Water and the Spread of Diseases
Contamination of the source of drinking water can lead to the spread of various diseases. In this case, if waste materials contaminate the source of drinking water, the disease that is most likely to spread is Typhoid.
Explanation:
Here is a detailed explanation of why Typhoid is the most likely disease to spread in this scenario:
1. Typhoid:
- Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, which is primarily transmitted through the ingestion of contaminated food or water.
- Waste materials can introduce these bacteria into the drinking water source, leading to the contamination of the water supply.
- When individuals consume contaminated water, they can become infected with Salmonella typhi and develop typhoid fever.
- Typhoid fever is characterized by symptoms such as high fever, abdominal pain, headache, and diarrhea.
2. Scurvy, Malaria, and Anemia:
- Scurvy is a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C and is not directly related to water contamination.
- Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by parasites and is not directly related to water contamination.
- Anemia is a condition characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin and is not directly related to water contamination.
In conclusion, if waste materials contaminate the source of drinking water, the disease most likely to spread is Typhoid. It is essential to ensure the proper treatment and purification of drinking water to prevent the transmission of waterborne diseases.
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