UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Tests  >  Test: Current Affairs- 1 - UPSC MCQ

Test: Current Affairs- 1 - UPSC MCQ


Test Description

50 Questions MCQ Test - Test: Current Affairs- 1

Test: Current Affairs- 1 for UPSC 2024 is part of UPSC preparation. The Test: Current Affairs- 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Current Affairs- 1 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Current Affairs- 1 below.
Solutions of Test: Current Affairs- 1 questions in English are available as part of our course for UPSC & Test: Current Affairs- 1 solutions in Hindi for UPSC course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for UPSC Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Test: Current Affairs- 1 | 50 questions in 60 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 1

Consider the following statements about the Ramon Magsaysay Award: 
1. It was founded during the Second World War, and stands as Asia's most prestigious accolade and  top award.
 2. It is presented in the 'Emergent Leadership' category.
 3. Vinoba Bhave was the first Indian recipient of the Ramon Magsaysay Award.
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 1

Recently, Surgical oncologist Padma Shri Dr R. Ravi Kannan, Director of the Cachar Cancer Hospital and Research Centre (CCHRC) in Assam, received the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award for 2023. Established in 1957, Ramon Magsaysay Award is Asia's highest honor and premier prize. It celebrates individuals who demonstrate exceptional spirit in serving the people of Asia, regardless of their background. The award is presented annually on 31stAugust, which coincides with the birthday of Ramon Magsaysay, the third president of the Republic of the Philippines, who inspired its creation. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.

Theaward initially featured six categories, including “Government Service”, “PublicService”, “Community Leadership”,“Journalism,Literature,and Creative Communication Arts”,“Peaceand International Understanding”, and “Emergent Leadership”. However,post-2009, the Ramon Magsaysay Award is nolonger being given in fixed Award categories, except for Emergent Leadership. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

In1958BhavewasthefirstrecipientoftheinternationalRamonMagsaysayAwardforCommunity Leadership. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1983. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 2

Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana:

1.This initiative was launched on Gandhi Jayanti in2014,by the Ministry of Finance,stands as one of the largest global efforts to promote financial inclusion.

2.This initiative spans across urban and rural regions,andindividualsopeninganaccountreceivea domestic Debit and Credit card (Visa card).

3.Through Jan Dhan accounts, over 50crore people have been brought into the formal banking system, with half of these accounts belonging to women.

How many of the above given statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 2

Only one statement is correct from the above statements that is the PMJDY had indeed brought a significant number of people into the formal banking system, with women constituting a substantial portion of the account holders. The numbers regarding total accounts and the proportion belonging to women have been accurate in various reports, indicating the vast impact of PMJDY. Through Jan Dhan accounts, over 50crore people have been brought into the formal banking system, with half of these accounts belonging to women. 

1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you? Download the App
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 3

Consider the following statements:

1.To examine the viability of the "one nation, one election" (ONOE)plan, the Central government established a panel under the direction of former President Ram Nath Kovind.

2.According to Articles 82(2) and173 of the Indian Constitution, the terms of the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies are each set at five years.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 3

One Nation, One Election (ONOE) Plan Panel: There has been discussion in India about moving towards a "One Nation, One Election" system, which proposes holding simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha (the lower house of India's Parliament) and state assemblies. However, as of my last update, no specific panel under the direction of former President Ram Nath Kovind was officially announced for this purpose. The government of India has considered the idea and discussed it in various forums, but any specific panel or committee's formation would need verification from the latest, credible sources.

Terms of the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies: The terms of the Lok Sabha and the state legislative assemblies in India are indeed set at five years, unless dissolved sooner. However, the specific articles of the Indian Constitution that set these terms are Article 83 for the Lok Sabha (Parliament) and Article 172 for the State Legislatures, not Articles 82(2) and 173 as mentioned. Article 82 deals with the readjustment of seats after each census, and Article 173 sets the qualifications for membership of the state legislatures.

The correct statement is 1 only.

Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 4

Consider the following statements:

1. Personalized Adaptive Learning (PAL) employs AI to offer students personalized learning experiences tailored to their individual needs and abilities.

2. Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing (DIKSHA) is an online platform that serves as a repository of educational content for schools, which is overseen by the Ministry of Education.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 4

The National eGovernance Division (NeGD), a branch of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), is embarking on a mission to integrate Personalised Adaptive Learning (PAL) into the Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing (DIKSHA) platform. DIKSHA, overseen by the Ministry of Education, serves as an online repository of educational content for schools, but it is currently static. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

PAL, on the other hand, employs AI to offer students personalised learning experiences tailored to their individual needs and abilities. Hence, statement 1 is  correct.

Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 5

Consider the following statements regarding United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO):

1. The UNWTO is an intergovernmental organization based in Madrid, Spain, and has 159 Member States.

2. UNWTO promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development, and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide.

3. The General Assembly, which is the principal gathering of the World Tourism Organization, ‎meets every three years.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 5

United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO): The UNWTO is an intergovernmental organization based in Madrid, Spain, and has 159 Member States. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

UNWTO promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development, and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

The General Assembly is the principal gathering of the World Tourism Organization. It ‎meets every two years to approve the budget and programme of work and to debate ‎topics of vital importance to the tourism sector. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.

Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 6

Consider the following statements about Global Fund

1.It is a worldwide movement to defeat HIV, TB and malaria.
2.It is a joint initiative of WHO and UNDP.
3.The Global Fund raises funds on a 3-year cycle, bringing longer term predictability in the fight against AIDS, TB and Malaria.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 6
  • The Global Fund is a worldwide movement to defeat HIV, TB and malaria and ensure a healthier, safer, more equitable future for all.
  • The Global Fund pools the world’s resources to invest in ending AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics.
  • It is a partnership of governments, civil society, technical agencies, the private sector and people affected by the diseases.
  • The Global Fund raises funds on a 3 year cycle, bringing longer term predictability in the fight against AIDS, TB and malaria.
  • The fund provides the advanced pill known as TLD for under 45 USD per person per year.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 7

Consider the following statements about Asbestos:

  1. Asbestos is a generic term for a group of six silicate minerals with similar but distinct properties.
  2. It is non-flammable even at very high temperatures and is extremely flexible and durable.
  3. India is by far the world’s second largest asbestos producing country.

 

How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 7

The Correct Answer is b 

Statement 1 is Correct

  • Asbestos is a generic term for a group of six silicate minerals with similar but distinct properties.
  • These are generally divided into two sub- groups; serpentine and amphiboles.
  • Serpentine asbestos (chrysotile or white asbestos) was the most commonly used type of asbestos.

Statement 2 is Correct

Properties:

  • These are resistant to heat and corrosion. It is non-flammable even at very high temperatures and is extremely flexible and durable.
  • It has good tensile strength.
  • It has low heat conductivity and high resistance to electricity.

Statement 3 is Incorrect

  • India's asbestos requirement is met through imports from Russia, Kazakhstan, Brazil and China.
  • Russia and Kazakhstan produce the largest volumes of asbestos in the world, totaling 700,000 metric tons and 230,000 metric tons, respectively, in 2022.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 8

Pulikkali,  the folk art form recently seen in news, belong to which of the following state? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 8
  • Pulikkali (Tiger Dance) is one among the folk art forms of Kerala.
  • On the fourth day of Onam festival, artists paint their bodies like tigers with stripes of yellow, red and black and dance to the rhythm of traditional percussion instruments such as thakil, udukku and chenda.
  • The Swaraj Ground in Thrissur district plays host to this carnival that has people appearing in various unique hues and masks.
  • The main theme of this folk art is tiger hunting with participants playing the role of tiger and hunter.
  • It was introduced by the erstwhile ruler of Cochin, Maharaja Rama Varma Sakthan Thampuran.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 9

Consider the following statements

Statement I – Stem cell therapies is used to treat inflammatory and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Statement II – Stem cells is characterized by their self-renewal capacity and ability to differentiate into various cell types.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 9
  • Stem cell therapy is a form of regenerative medicine designed to repair damaged cells within the body by reducing inflammation and modulating the immune system.
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the most common U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved stem cell-based therapy which treats blood cancers like leukaemia.
  • Stem cells can also be regenerative therapy for severe skin burns and seriously damaged corneas.
  • Stem cell therapy, a type of regenerative medicine, utilizes stem cells or their derivatives to stimulate the body’s own healing processes and repair damaged, diseased or injured tissue.
  • Stem cell therapy to treat autism is very much at an experimental stage and currently there is no cure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
  • Stem cells is characterized by their self-renewal capacity and ability to differentiate into various cell types, hold immense potential in the field of regenerative medicine and medical research.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 10

Consider the following statements about Kakapo (owl parrot)

1.It is a large, nocturnal and flightless parrot.
2.It is found only in Arunachal Pradesh state of India.
3.It is listed as Critically Endangered in IUCN Red List.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 10

It is a large, nocturnal, flightless, lek-breeding parrot
Appearance:

  • It has a pale owl-like face.
  • It consists moss green mottled with yellow and black above, and similar but more yellow below.
  • The bill is grey, and the legs and feet grey with pale soles.
  • These are remarkable and unusual birds, found only in Aotearoa New Zealand.
  • They only breed every few years, triggered by the availability of certain forest foods such as the fruits of the native rimu tree.

Threats:

  • This bird suffers from diseases such as the fungal infection aspergillosis and many of their eggs are infertile.

Conservation status

  • IUCN: Critically Endangered
  • A lek is an aggregation of males that gather to engage in competitive displays that may entice visiting females who are surveying prospective partners for copulation.
  • Aspergillosis is a group of fungal infections caused by the Aspergillus species. These fungi are commonly found in the environment, particularly in soil, decaying vegetation, and compost piles.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 11

Consider the following statements about PM-DAKSH Yojana

1. It is a Central Sector Scheme implemented by Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
2. It aims to enhance competency level of the target groups to make them employable both in self- employment and wage-employment.

Choose the incorrect statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 11

Statement 1 Correct:

  • The Pradhan Mantri Dakshata Aur Kushalata Sampanna Hitgrahi (PM-DAKSH) Yojana is a Central Sector Scheme.
  • It was launched during 2020-21.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment (MoSJ&E).

Statement 2 Correct:

The main objective of the Scheme is to enhance competency level of the target groups to make them employable both in self- employment and wage-employment for their socio-economic development.
It is a National Action Plan for skilling marginalized persons covering SCs, OBCs, EBCs, DNTs, Sanitation workers including waste pickers.

Target Group:

  • Artisans- who may be able to improve their revenue generation capacities within their practicing vocations;
  • Women- who may be able to enter into self-employment and financially empower themselves without neglecting their domestic activities; and
  • Youth- who may acquire long-term training and specialization in employable vocations and gain a better standing in the job market.
  • The age criterion of scheme between 18-45 years and income criteria is no income limit for SCs, SafaiKaramcharis Including waste picker and DNT.
  • The annual family income should be below Rs.3 lakh for OBCs and the EBCs (Economically Backward Classes) annual family income below Rs.1 lakh.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 12

Consider the following statements about Ecocide

1. The term ‘Ecocide’ translates to ‘killing one’s home’ or ‘environment’.
2. Ecocide is a crime in 11 countries including India.
Choose the correct statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 12

Statement 1 Correct:

  • The term ‘Ecocide’ translates to ‘killing one’s home’ or ‘environment’.
  • Such ‘killing’ could include port expansion projects that destroy fragile marine life and local livelihoods, deforestation, illegal sand mining, polluting rivers with untreated sewage.

Statement 2 Incorrect:

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court deals with 4 atrocities:

  • Genocide
  • Crimes against humanity
  • War crimes
  • Crime of aggression

The provision on war crimes is the only statute that can hold a perpetrator responsible for environmental damage, although if it is intentionally caused and during wartime situations.

There is no accepted legal definition of ecocide.

Ecocide is a crime in 11 countries which doesn’t include India.

Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 13

Consider the following statements about Maritime Infrastructure Perspective Plan (MIPP)

1. It is an initiative Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways.
2. It aims to synchronize infrastructure requirements of the Navy through a comprehensive perspective plan model for the next 15 years.
Choose the correct statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 13

Statement 1 Incorrect:

  •  The Minister of State for Defence released the Maritime Infrastructure Perspective Plan (MIPP) 2023-37

Statement 2 Correct:

  • MIPP aims to synchronize and enmesh the infrastructure requirements of the Navy through a comprehensive perspective plan model for the next 15 years.
  • The Plan Document is aligned with the Government’s vision on creation of sustainable infrastructure.
  • It is also in compliances with broader policy directives on PM Gati Shakti project, disaster resilience, transition to net zero, etc.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 14

Gujarat Declaration, recently seen in news is an outcome of? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 14

Gujarat Declaration

  • The declaration reaffirmed global commitments towards indigenous knowledge, biodiversity and traditional complementary and integrative medicine.

Gujarat declaration talks about scaling up efforts to further implement:

  • Evidence-based TCIM (Traditional complimentary integrative medicine) interventions,
  • Approaches in support of the goal of universal health coverage (UHC) and
  • All health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • It states the role of multi-regional, multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder collaborations demonstrated at the Global Summit.
  • It is aligned with and complementary to the work of WHO major offices, to maximize evidence based benefits of TCIM in global health.
  • It also strives enable the artificial intelligence (AI) in particular, to advance digital health resources on TCIM for people’s health and well-being.
  • The 1st global summit on Traditional Medicine was organised by the World Health Organization (WHO) and co-hosted by the Ministry of Ayush at Gandhinagar, Gujarat in august 2023.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 15

Consider the following statements about Gilbert Hill, recently seen in news

1. It is a 200-foot monolith column of black basalt rock located at Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh.
2. The rock has a sheer vertical face and was formed during Cenozoic Era of the Earth formation.
3. The ‘hill’ is only one of three outcrops of volcanic rock worldwide.

How many of the statements given above are correct? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 15

Gilbert Hill:

  • It is a 200-foot monolith column of black basalt rock located at Andheri in Mumbai.
  • The rock has a sheer vertical face and was formed when molten lava was squeezed out of the Earth’s clefts during the Mesozoic Era about 66 million years ago.
  • It was declared a National Park in 1952, while the BrihanMumbai Municipal Corporation categorised it as a Grade II heritage structure in 2007.
  • The ‘hill’ is only one of three outcrops of volcanic rock worldwide.
  • Arguably the oldest heritage site in the country in its original form, Gilbert Hill has a few temples and a small garden atop. These are accessed by a steep staircase carved into the rock.

Key Facts about Mesozoic Era:

  • It is one of the major geologic eras in Earth’s history, lasting approximately from 252 million years ago to 66 million years ago.
  • It is also known as the “Age of Dinosaurs” because dinosaurs were the dominant land animals during this time.
  • The Mesozoic Era was divided into three periods:
  • Triassic Period (252 to 201 million years ago)
  • Jurassic Period (201 to 145 million years ago)
  • Cretaceous Period (145 to 66 million years ago)
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 16

Consider the following pairs :

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 16

Kangra Paintings

  • Kangra painting is the pictorial art of Kangra, named after Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, a former princely state, which patronized the art.
  • It became prevalent with the fading of Basohli school of painting in mid-18th century, and soon produced such a magnitude in paintings both in content as well as volume, that the Pahari painting school, came to be known as Kangra paintings.

Cheriyal Scroll Paintings

  • Cheriyal Scroll Painting is a stylized version of Nakashi art, rich in the local motifs peculiar to the Telangana.
  • They are at present made only in Hyderabad, Telangana,  The scrolls are painted in a narrative format, much like a film roll or a comic strip, depicting stories from Indian mythology, and intimately tied to the shorter stories from the Puranas and Epics.
  • Painted in vivid hues, mostly primary colors, with a predominance of red in the background, the paintings are characterised by the unbridled imagination of the local artisans who were not constrained by the academic rigour that characterised the more classical Tanjore painting and Mysore painting.
  • Cheriyal scroll painting received Intellectual Property Rights Protection or Geographical Indication (GI) status in 2007
  • Rogan
  • The word Rogan means “Oil” in Persian. With origins in Persia, it came to Kutch around 300 years ago.
  • This rare craft is practised by a lone Muslim family, the Khatris of Nirona Village, Gujarat.

Technique:

  • Rogan is a form of textile painting which uses a rich, brightly coloured paint made from castor oil and natural colors. Castor is a crop commonly grown in the Kutch region of Gujarat and the artists source it from the local farmers.

Warli

  • Warli is a traditional art form of Maharashtra.
  • Its roots can be traced to as early as the 10th century A.D.
  • These paintings are distinctive with their vivid contrast expressions.
  • These paintings are mainly dominated by basic geometric shapes like circles, triangles and squares.
  • These geometric shapes stand as a symbol of natural elements in our environment.
  • People and animals are represented by two inverted triangles joined together, where the upper triangle is the torso and the lower triangle is the pelvis.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 17

Consider the following statements about Global Biofuels Alliance

1. India, Brazil and the US are the founding members of the alliance.
2. It was launched on the side-lines of COP26 Glasgow Summit with an aim to intensify the use of sustainable biofuels
Choose the correct statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 17

Statement 1 Correct:

  • It is an India-led Initiative to develop an alliance of Governments, International organizations and Industry to facilitate adoption of biofuels.
  • A total of 19 countries and 12 international organizations have so far agreed to join the alliance, including both G20 members and non-member countries.
  • India, Brazil and the US are the founding members of the alliance.

Statement 2 Incorrect:

  • India proposed the creation of a Global Biofuels Alliance during the G20 summit.
  • This Alliance will be aimed at facilitating cooperation and intensifying the use of sustainable biofuels, including in the transportation sector.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 18

Bilateral Naval Exercise Varuna was recently held between India and which of the following country? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 18
  • It is the bilateral Naval Exercise between India and France.
  • This bilateral exercise between the two navies was initiated in 1993.
  • It was named ‘VARUNA’ in 2001 and has become a hallmark of India France strategic bilateral relationship.
  • The exercise witnessed participation of guided missile frigates, tanker, Maritime Patrol Aircraft and integral helicopters from the two sides.
  • The exercise was conducted over three days and witnessed joint operations, underway replenishment and various tactical manoeuvres.
  • Units of both navies endeavoured to enhance and hone their war fighting skills, improve interoperability and demonstrate their ability to promote peace, security and stability in the region.
  • The first phase of ‘Varuna-2023’ was conducted off India’s Western Seaboard from 16 to 20 Jan 23.
  • The exercise also facilitates operational level interaction between the two Navies to foster mutual cooperation for good order at sea, underscoring the shared commitment to ensuring security, safety and freedom of the global maritime commons.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 19

Consider the following statements about Morocco

1.It is a mountainous country of western North Africa that lies directly across the Strait of Gibraltar.
2.It is the only African country with coastal exposure to both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
3.The major Atlantic Ocean port is Casablanca, is located in Morocco.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 19
  • It is a mountainous country of western North Africa that lies directly across the Strait of Gibraltar.
  • It retains much of its ancient architecture and even more of its traditional customs.
  • Morocco’s largest city and major Atlantic Ocean port is Casablanca, an industrial and commercial centre.
  • Capital: Rabat
  • It borders Algeria to the east and southeast, Western Sahara to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.
  • It is the only African country with coastal exposure to both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Two small Spanish enclaves, Ceuta and Melilla, are situated on the country’s northern coast.
  • Major mountain ranges: Atlas and Rif
  • Spoken Languages: Arabic and Amazigh (Tamazight).
  • Religion: Predominantly Islam with a rich Islamic heritage.
  • Political System: Morocco has a constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses.
  • Economy: The Moroccan economy remains heavily dependent on the export of raw materials.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 20

Consider the following statements about India-Middle East-Europe Economic corridor IMEC

1. The project includes India, UAE, Israel, European Union and USA.
2. The IMEC comprises an Eastern Corridor connecting India to the Gulf region and a Northern Corridor connecting the Gulf region to Europe.
3. The corridor only includes road and air routes.

How many of the statements given above are correct? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 20

India-Middle East-Europe Economic corridor:

  • The project includes India, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, the European Union, France, Italy, Germany and the US.
  • The project will aim to enable greater trade among the involved countries, including energy products.
  • The IMEC comprises an Eastern Corridor connecting India to the Gulf region and a Northern Corridor connecting the Gulf region to Europe.
  • It will include a railway and ship-rail transit network and road transport routes.
  • The corridor will include a rail link as well as an electricity cable, a hydrogen pipeline and a high-speed data cable.
  • In the coming times, it will be a major medium of economic integration between India, West Asia and Europe.
  • The rail and shipping corridor is part of the Partnership for Global Infrastructure Investment (PGII)

Significance

  • It would increase prosperity among the countries involved through an increased flow of energy and digital communications.
  • The project would help deal with the lack of infrastructure needed for growth in lower- and middle-income nations.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 21

Consider the following statements about DiCRA platform

1. DiCRA is a collaborative digital public good which provides open access to key geospatial datasets pertinent to climate resilient agriculture.
2. In India NABARD will host and maintain the DiCRA platform and use its key geospatial datasets for policy making with UNEP’s technical support.
Choose the correct statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 21

Statement 1 Correct:

  • Data in Climate Resilient Agriculture (DiCRA) is a collaborative digital public good which provides open access to key geospatial datasets pertinent to climate resilient agriculture.
  • It is curated by UNDP and partner organizations to inform public investments in agriculture, and already provides intelligence on climate resilience for 50 million hectares of farmland across India.
  • It is guided by the digital public good principles of open access, open software, open code and open APIs.
  • It uses cutting edge data science and machine learning to identify farms that are resilient to climate change and those that are highly vulnerable.

Statement 2 Incorrect:

  • By partnering for enhancing and scaling its use, NABARD will host and maintain the DiCRA platform and use its key geospatial datasets for policy making, research and development activities, with UNDP’s technical support.
  • This five-year technical cooperation is envisaged to foster collective climate action, create innovative platforms and new product offerings to enhance economic empowerment in rural India.
  • Such open data innovations can highlight best practices, optimize agriculture investments and shelter populations from risk.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 22

Consider the following statements about  International Organisation of Legal Metrology (OIML)

1. It is an intergovernmental treaty organization that was established in 1955, headquartered at Paris.
2. It aims to develop model regulations, standards and related documents for use by legal metrology authorities and industry.
3. India is a member of the organisation.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 22
  • The OIML stands for International Organisation of Legal Metrology. Established in 1955 and headquartered in Paris.
  • The OIML is an international standard-setting body.
  • It develops model regulations, standards and related documents for use by legal metrology authorities and industry.
  • It is an intergovernmental treaty organization that provides mutual recognition systems which reduce trade barriers and costs in a global market.
  • OIML has 63 Member States.
  • It plays a crucial role in harmonising national laws and regulations on the performance of measuring instruments such as:
    • Clinical thermometers
    • Alcohol breath analysers,
    • Radar speed measuring instruments,
    • Ship tanks found at ports and
    • Petrol dispensing unit.
  • OIML is a single certificate accepted worldwide.
  • OIML-CS is a system for issuing, registering and using OIML certificates, and their associated OIML type evaluation/test reports, for instruments like digital balance, clinical thermometers, etc.
  • With the addition of India, the number of countries authorised to issue OIML certificates has increased to 13.
  • India
  • India became a member of the OIML in 1956.
  • India signed the metric convention in 1956.
  • India has recently became OIML certificate issuing authority which will help the Indian economy in several ways, including:
  • Increase in exports,
  • Earning of foreign exchange and
  • Generation of employment.
  • Since only 13 countries are authorised for OIML certification, neighbouring countries and manufacturers can come to India to get their certification done.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 23

Harami Nala, a tidal channel recently seen innews is located in which of the following state? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 23
  • Harami Nala is a 22-kilometer tidal channel that serves as a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. The channel carries water and mud and is inhabited by protected marine species. Vast marshy mudflats surround it, with temperatures reaching above 50° Celsius in summer.
  • Sir Creek, originally Ban Ganga, is a 96-km tidal estuary in the uninhabited marshlands of the Indus River Delta on the border between India and Pakistan. The creek flows into the Arabian Sea and separates Gujarat state in India from Sindh province in Pakistan.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 24

Consider the following statements National Judicial Data Grid portal (NJDG)

1. It is the flagship project under the e-Courts project.
2. It is the national repository of all case related information pertaining to the Supreme Court, High Courts, District and Taluka Courts.
Choose the incorrect statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 24

Statement 1 Correct:

  • National Judicial Data Grid portal (NJDG) is the national repository of all case related information pertaining to the Supreme Court, High Courts, District and Taluka Courts.
  • NJDG has been developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC) in close coordination with the in-house software development team of the Computer Cell, Registry.

Statement 2 Correct: 

  • It is the flagship project under the e-Courts project.
  • The entire database shall be periodically updated on the NJDG portal.
  • The portal provide access to case related information, statistics such as institution, pendency and disposal of cases, case-types, year-wise break-up of the Supreme Court of India.
  • NJDG is the only website which offers single window access to the entire information relating to cases and Courts starting from the Taluka level Courts to the Apex Court of our country in a searchable manner.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 25

Consider the following statements about Advocate-on-Record (AoR)

1. The concept of AoR was introduced by the SC with the power given to it under Article 145(1) of the Indian Constitution.
2. Advocate on record is a title given to an advocate who can represent a cause or pleading before the SC.
3. The Advocate is required to have a prior experience of at least 10 years.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 25
  • The concept of AoR was introduced by the SCwith the power given to it under Article 145(1) of the Indian Constitution, which states that the SC may, from time to time, make rules for regulating the practices and procedures in the court.
  • “Advocate on record” is a title given to an advocate who can represent a cause or pleading before the SC.
  • Only these advocates are entitled to file any matter or document before the SC. They can also file an appearance or act for a party in the SC.
  • No other High Court in India has a similar provision.
  • Order IV rule 5 of the Supreme Court Rules, 2013 lays down the requirements to be fulfilled to become an AoR. They are as follows:
    • The Advocate is required to be enrolled with any State Bar Council.
    • The Advocate is required to have a prior experience of at least 4 years.
    • The Advocate has undergone a training of 1 year under a senior AoR.
    • The Advocate has appeared for the examination conducted by the SC.
    • The Advocate is required to have an office in Delhi within a radius of 10 miles from the SC house and give an undertaking to employ a clerk, who shall be a registered clerk, within one month of being registered as an advocate on record.
  • Once registered, an AOR is issued a unique identification number that must be used on all documents filed in the SC.
  • Whether an Advocate is allowed to assist in a matter held before the SC?
  • An advocate is allowed to assist, brief, collect all documents related to the case and help in the drafting as well.
  • He can also argue and plead a case with the instructions of an AoR.
  • Only the filing of a case under his Vakalatnama is restricted.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 26

Consider the following statements about Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO)

1. It is a multi-disciplinary statutory body under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
2. It was setup in 2003 on the basis of recommendations of Naresh Chandra Committee on corporate governance.
3. SFIO has powers to arrest people for the violation of the Company law.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 26
  • It is a multi-disciplinary organization under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
  • It consists of experts in the fields of accountancy, forensic auditing, law, information technology, investigation, company law, capital market and taxation.

Objective: For detecting and prosecuting or recommending for prosecution white-collar crimes and frauds.

History: It was setup in 2003 on the basis of recommendations of Naresh Chandra Committee on corporate governance in the backdrop of stock market scams, failure of non-financial banking companies and the phenomena of vanishing companies and plantation companies.

Investigation into the affairs of a company is assigned to SFIO, where the Government is of the opinion that it is necessary to investigate into the affairs of a company-

  • On receipt of a report of the Registrar or inspector under section 208 of the Companies Act, 2013
  • On intimation of a special resolution passed by a company that its affairs are required to be investigated
  • In the public interest or on request from any department of the Central Government or a State Government
  • Function and Roles:
  • Section 211 of the Companies Act, 2013, has accorded statutory status to the Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO).
  • SFIO also has powers to arrest people for the violation of the Company law.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 27

Consider the following statements

1. The Psyche mission is a journey to a unique metal-rich asteroid orbiting the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
2. The Outer Space Treaty states that entities can extract and sell resources derived from asteroid for private profit.
Choose the correct statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 27

Statement 1 Correct:

  • The Psyche mission is a journey to a unique metal-rich asteroid orbiting the Sun between Mars and Jupiter.
  • What makes the asteroid Psyche unique is that it appears to be the exposed nickel-iron core of an early planet, one of the building blocks of our solar system.

Statement 1 Corect: 

  • As per the Outer Space Treaty, a state or other legal entity cannot own a planet or space object (such as an asteroid), but such entities can extract and sell resources derived from these objects for private profit.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 28

Liptako-Gourma, recently seen in news belong to which of the following region? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 28

Liptako-Gourma Charter

  • The military leaders of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger has recently signed a mutual defence pact, Liptako-Gourma Charter in Mali’s capital Bamako.
  • AES – The Charter established the Alliance of Sahel States (AES).
  • Aim – It aims to establish architecture of collective defence and mutual assistance.
  • Binding – The charter binds the signatories to assist one another — including militarily — in the event of an attack on any one of them.
  • It also binds the 3 countries to work to prevent or settle armed rebellions.

Liptako-Gourma Region

  • The region is the meeting point of the borders of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger
  • Armed rebellion – The region has been ravaged by jihadist insurgency which erupted in northern Mali in 2012 and later spreaded to Niger and Burkina Faso in 2015.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 29

Consider the following statements about Anamudi Shola national park

1. It is located in the state of Tamil Nadu surrounded by Mathikettan Shola Park and Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary.
2. It consists of montane wet temperate forests and moist deciduous forests.
Choose the correct statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 29

Statement 1 Incorrect:

  • It is located in the state of Kerala.
  • It is surrounded by Eravikulam National park, Pampadum Shola National park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and Mathikettan Shola Park.
  • Flora: The place is home to around 174 species of herbs and shrubs, 62 species of trees and around 40 species of climbers of which quite a few of them are endemic.

Statement 1 Correct:
Vegetation:

  • It consists of southern subtropical hill forests, southern montane wet temperate forests and moist deciduous forests.
  • The unique thing in the dense shola woods that houses a dense patch of stunted trees will be the luxurious presence of lichen, mosses, and climbers.
  • Fauna: Leopards, civet cats, wolves, Indian bison, wild boars, elephants, tigers, Panther, and sloth bears etc.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 30

Consider the following statements about Matsya-6000

1. It is a manned submersible vehicle developed by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT).
2. It relies only on gravity, water, and lithium-ion batteries for power.
3. It was developed under the Samudrayaan mission to facilitate humans in the deep ocean in exploring mineral resources.
How many of the statements given above are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 30
  • It is a manned submersible vehicle developed by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Chennai.
  • It was developed under the Samudrayaan mission to facilitate humans in the deep ocean in exploring mineral resources.
  • It would make India only one among six countries (US, Russia, Japan, France, and China) to have piloted a crewed under-sea expedition beyond 5,000 metres.

Objectives:

  • It will look at chemosynthetic biodiversity in hydrothermal vents and low-temperature methane seeps in the ocean.
  • It will also promote tourism and ocean literacy.

Features:

  • It is designed with the capability of operating in the deep sea for 12 hours, while in case of emergency, it can also operate up to 96 hours with all the necessary measures for human safety.
  • Made of 80mm-thick titanium alloy, it will be able to withstand a pressure 600 times greater than that at sea level.
  • It relies only on gravity, water, and lithium-ion batteries for power.
  • It will also feature the ultra-short baseline acoustic positioning system (USBL). This will allow the mothership carrying the transponder to send information and the submersible to respond, which will then let the mothership know where the submersible is.
  • This is a flotation device that will rise to the top of the ocean — thus helping to find the submersible even in case it cannot resurface.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 31

Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Ethanol’

1. Ethanol is an agricultural by-product obtained from sources such as rice husk or maize
2. It aids in more complete combustion, lowers emissions, and improves the fuel’s environmental performance
3. All vehicles in India will have E20 (20% ethanol in petrol) compatible material by 2030
How many of the statement(s) given above are correct

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 31

Statement 1 Correct: 

  • Ethanol is an agricultural by-product, mainly obtained from the processing of sugar. It can also be obtained from other sources such as rice husk or maize.

Statement 2 Correct:

  • Since ethanol contains oxygen, it aids in more complete combustion, lowers emissions, and improves the fuel’s environmental performance.

Statement 3 Incorrect:

  • In 2022, after a coordinated policy push for five years, India’s blending programme achieved the significant milestone of 10 per cent ethanol blending in petrol. The government is planning to increase the blending share to 20 per cent (E20) by FY25-26, a target that was brought ahead by five years.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 32

Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Rashtriya Vigyan Puraskar awards’

1. It shall be one of the highest recognitions in the field of science, technology, and innovation in India
2. All the scientists working in India except those working for the Government shall be eligible for the awards
3. The award will be provided at par status with other National Awards
How many of the statement(s) given above are correct

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 32

Statement 1 Correct: 

  • Rashtriya Vigyan Puraskar shall be one of the highest recognitions in the field of science, technology, and innovation in India. The objective of the award is to recognize the notable and inspiring contribution made by the scientists, technologists, and innovators individually or in teams in various fields of science, technology and technology led innovation.

Statement 2 Incorrect:

  • Scientists/ technologists/innovators working in government, private sector organizations or any individual working outside any organization, who have made distinguished contributions in terms of path-breaking research or innovation or discovery in any field of science, technology, or technology- led innovation shall be eligible for the awards. People of Indian Origin staying abroad with exceptional contributions benefiting the Indian communities or society shall also be eligible for the awards.

Statement 3 Correct:

  • All Awards will have a Sanad & a medal It will be awarded providing at par status with other National Awards.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 33

Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Asia Pacific Forum’

1. Institutions that partially comply with the Paris Principles are granted associate membership
2. It addresses some of the most serious environmental challenges in Asia Pacific region
Select the correct statement(s)

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 33

Statement 1 Correct: 

  • To be admitted as a full member, a National Human Rights Institution must fully comply with the minimum international standards set out in the Paris Principles. National Human Rights Institutions that partially comply with the Paris Principles are granted associate membership.

Statement 2 Incorrect:

  • To be admitted as a full member, a National Human Rights Institution must fully comply with the minimum international standards set out in the Paris Principles. National Human Rights Institutions that partially comply with the Paris Principles are granted associate membership.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 34

‘Pterygotrigla intermedica’ a species recently seen in news are 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 34

‘Pterygotrigla intermedica’ commonly known as gurnards or sea-robins and belongs to the family Triglidae. The specimens of this fish were found to be very distinct from other gurnad species in various aspects,such as snout length, shape of the internuchal space, and size of the cleithral spine. It is the fourth species of Pterygotrigla genus reported in India so far, and there are a total of 178 species of the Triglidae family worldwide.

Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 35

With reference to ‘Perovskite’, consider the following statements

Statement 1 – It is recognized as potential inexpensive base materials for high-efficiency commercial photovoltaics

Statement 2 – They can efficiently absorb and emit light across wavelengths ranging from visible to ultra-violet.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 35

Statement 1 Correct: 

  • Perovskites are a class of materials that share a similar structure and display a myriad of exciting properties like superconductivity, magnetoresistance, etc. Solar cells are currently the most prominent perovskite application, as synthetic perovskites are recognized as potential inexpensive base materials for high-efficiency commercial photovoltaics.

Statement 2 Incorrect:

  • They are known for their exceptional optical properties. They can efficiently absorb and emit light across a wide range of wavelengths, from visible to near-infrared. This property has made them a promising candidate for solar cells and light-emitting devices.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 36

Consider the following statements about Five Eyes Alliance

1. It is a Secret agreement that allow secretive intelligence agencies in the alliance countries to spy on the world.
2. The United Nation Security Council’s resolution 1253 is the foundation of the Five Eyes alliance.
3. USA, UK and France are the members of the Five Eyes Alliance.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 36

In 1946, Five Eyes Alliance was formed between 5 anglophone countries and their security agencies that includes:

  • The USA (NSA)
  • The UK (GCHQ)
  • Australia (ASD)
  • Canada (CSEC)
  • New Zealand (GCSB)
  • It is a Secret agreements that allow secretive intelligence agencies in in the alliance countries to spy on the world.
  • The alliance comprises series of bilateral agreements on surveillance and intelligence-sharing.
  • The United Kingdom-United States Communication Intelligence Act (UKUSA Agreement) is the foundation of the Five Eyes alliance.
  • Though these arrangements are commonly referred UKUSA agreement, the documents underpinning the Five Eyes alliance are numerous, intricate and secret.
  • Intelligence-sharing agreements have now expanded beyond the Five Eyes to include other states such as:
  • 9 Eyes – The Five Eyes, with the addition of Denmark, France, the Netherlands and Norway.
  • 14 Eyes – The 9 Eyes, with the addition of Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain and Sweden.
  • 41 Eyes – All of the above, with the addition of the allied coalition in Afghanistan.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 37

Consider the following statements

1. He/she is exempted from registration with the Foreign Regional Registration Officer or Foreign Registration Officer for any length of stay in India.
2. He/she can become a member of a Legislative Assembly or of a Legislative Council or of the Parliament of India.
3. Government of India has conferred political rights to vote to OCI cardholder.
Which of the above give entitlements is/are given to the Overseas Citizen of India (OCI)?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 37

Overseas Citizen of India (OCI):

  • It is given to overseas Indians.
  • OCI Scheme was introduced by amending the Citizenship Act, 1955, in August 2005.
  • It provides long-term visa-free travel and stay in India and gives the cardholders a host of privileges normally not given to a foreign national.

Who is eligible for an OCI card? As per the ministry’s statement, a foreign national –

  • who was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after 26 January, 1950;
  • who was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26th January, 1950;
  • who belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15th August, 1947; who is a child or a grandchild or a great-grandchild of such a citizen;
  • who is a minor child of such persons mentioned above;
  • who is a minor child and whose both parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India – is eligible for registration as an OCI cardholder.

Entitlements:

  • A registered OCI is granted multiple entry, multipurpose, life-long visa for visiting India.
  • He/she is exempted from registration with the Foreign Regional Registration Officer or Foreign Registration Officer for any length of stay in India.
  • He/she is entitled to general ‘parity with Non-Resident Indians in respect of all facilities available to them in economic, financial and educational fields except in matters relating to the acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties.

OCI cardholder is NOT entitled to:

  • OCI is not to be misconstrued as ‘dual citizenship’. OCI does not confer political rights to vote;
  • to be a member of a Legislative Assembly or of a Legislative Council or of the Parliament of India;
  • to hold Indian constitutional posts such as that of the President, Vice President, Judge of the Supreme Court or High Court etc.;
  • He/she cannot normally hold employment in the Government;
  • to undertake any Missionary work, Mountaineering and Journalism work without prior permission of the Govt. of India;
  • OCI cardholder shall also require Protected Area Permit (PAP)/Restricted Area Permit (RAP) to visit any place which falls within the Protected/Restricted Area notified by the Government as in the case of any other foreigner.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 38

Consider the following statements

1. South China Sea is bordered by China, Taiwan, the Philippines and Malaysia.
2. It is connected by the Taiwan Strait with the East China Sea and by the Bass Strait with the Philippine Sea.
Choose the correct statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 38

Statement 1 is Correct:

  • It is an arm of the western Pacific Ocean that borders the Southeast Asian mainland.
  • Boundaries: It is bordered by China, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and Vietnam.
  • The South China Sea and the East China Sea together form the China Sea.
  • The two major archipelagos are known as the Paracel Islands, controlled by China, and the Spratly Islands.

Statement 2 is Incorrect:

  • It is connected by the Taiwan Strait with the East China Sea and by the Luzon Strait with the Philippine Sea (both marginal seas of the Pacific Ocean).
  • Climate: Weather in the sea is tropical and largely controlled by monsoons.
  • It is the second most used sea lane in the world. It is a significant trade route for crude oil from the Persian Gulf and Africa through the Strait of Malacca to Singapore, Thailand, Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan.
  • Major Ports: Hong Kong, Singapore, and Kaohsiung in southern Taiwan.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 39

Kole wetland, recently seen in news is located in which of the following state of India? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 39
  • It is an internationally important Ramsar site of high value biodiversity situated in Kerala.
  • The wetland gets its name from its high productivity Kole literally translates to bumper crop in Malayalam.
  • It contributes to 40% of rice production in the state.
  • It is one of the largest brackish, humid tropical wetland ecosystem on the southwest coast of India.
  • The wetlands are fed by 10 rivers and is a typical large estuarine systems on the western coast.
  • One of the specialties of this wetland cultivation is its dewatering scheme.
  • Each year, before the season starts, all farming clusters, known as padasekharams, have to follow dewater their land before sowing.
  • This collaborative ritual or kootaima reeti is what protects Kole as a wetland.

Cabomba furcuta

  • Cabomba furcuta is a species of aquatic plant in the water and is popularly called as Pink Bloom.
  • The submerged perennial aquatic plant grows in stagnant to slow-flowing freshwater.
  • Threats – Due its massive flowering, has been a new threat to the kole fields, in addition to water hyacinth and Salvinia molesta.
  • It is a visual treat and a potential outspread in water bodies by active stem propagation, hindering penetration of light into the water.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 40

Consider the following statements about Sea Urchins

1. Marine creatures like starfish and sea cucumbers belong to Sea urchins group.
2. They are herbivorous, primarily feeding on algae and plant material.
Choose the incorrect statements:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 40

Statement 1 is Correct:

  • Sea urchins belong to a group of marine invertebrates called echinoderms, which means spiny-skinned animals.
  • It includes other well-known marine creatures like starfish and sea cucumbers.
  • Sea urchins are characterized by their spherical to somewhat flattened, spiny bodies, and they are found in oceans worldwide, from shallow coastal waters to deep-sea environments.
  • They live on the ocean floor, usually on hard surfaces, and use tube feet or spines to move about.
  • The largest urchin (known from a single specimen) is Sperostoma giganteum of deep waters off Japan.

Statement 2 is Correct:
Features:

  • They have a globular body and a radial arrangement of organs, shown by five bands of pores running from mouth to anus over the test (internal skeleton).
  • The pores accommodate tube feet, which are slender, extensible, and often sucker-tipped.
  • They have a hard exoskeleton, or test, made up of interlocking plates or ossicles, which are often covered with movable spines.
  • From nodules on the test arise long, movable spines and pedicellariae (pincerlike organs); these structures may have poison glands.

Feeding:

  • They are herbivorous, primarily feeding on algae and plant material.
  • They use their specialized mouthparts, called Aristotle’s lantern, to scrape algae and other food sources from rocks or the seafloor.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 41

Consider the following with respect to ‘ciTRAN’

1. It is a RNA molecule in living cells that carries genetic information and protein production.
2. Unlike DNA, RNA is most often single-stranded.
3. While most RNAs forms a closed-loop, ciTRAN have a linear structure with free ends.
Select the correct statement(s)

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 41

Statement 1 is Correct:

  • It is a molecule in living cells that carries genetic information and helps in production of proteins.
  • Its role in HIV-1 replication has remained unclear for a long time.

Statement 2 is Correct:

  • Unlike DNA, however, RNA is most often single-stranded.

Statement 3 is Incorrect:

  • While most RNAs have a linear structure with free ends, a unique type known as circular RNA (circRNA) forms a closed-loop.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 42

With reference to ‘Amazon Future Engineer Programme’ consider the following statements

1.It is a computer science and STEM education program that seeks to afford all young people the opportunity to explore their potential.
2.The Programme has been launched by Ministry of Education to train tribal students in advanced coding and Artificial Intelligence.
Select the INCORRECT statement

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 42

Statement 1 is Correct:

  • Amazon Future Engineer is a computer science and STEM education program that seeks to afford all young people the opportunity to explore their potential.
  • The Programme has been launched to train tribal students in advanced coding and Artificial Intelligence.
  • The three-day in-person teachers training workshop has been inaugurated along with the EMRS Coders Expo.
  • The expo is an exhibition of the top 20 Coding Projects.
  • The second phase of the programme would include an Advanced Block Programming and Artificial Intelligence curriculum
  • Need of the Programme

Statement 2 is Incorrect:

  • National Education Society for Tribal Students (NESTS), under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, launched the Phase II of the ‘Amazon Future Engineer Programme’ in 54 Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS).
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 43

Consider the following statements with respect to OSIRIS-REX

1. It is a mission to Mars to bring back samples back to earth.
2. It is a joint mission by NASA and Japan space agency (JAXA).
Select the correct statement(s)

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 43

Statement 1 is Incorrect:

  • OSIRIS-REx is an acronym for “Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, and Security-Regolith Explorer.”
  • The goal of the mission was to collect a sample weighing at least 2.1 ounces (59.5 grams) from near-Earth asteroid 101955 Bennu (formerly known as 1999 RQ36) and then bring the sample to Earth.

Statement 2 is Incorrect:

  • OSIRIS-REx is the first U.S. mission to collect a sample from an asteroid. It was the sole mission of NASA
  • The mission team selected a sample site called “Nightingale” located in a northern crater 460 feet (140 meters) wide. The crater is thought to be relatively young, and the regolith, or rocks and dust, is freshly exposed. This means the site would likely allow for a pristine sample of the asteroid, giving the team insight into Bennu’s history.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 44

‘Justice Gita Mittal Committee’ which was recently in news is related to 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 44

Justice Gita Mittal Committee

  • It was constituted by the Supreme Court of India to intervene and monitor relief and rehabilitation, and restoration of homesteads, religious places of worship, and to oversee relief and rehabilitation of victims of violence in Manipur.
  • It is a three member committee, headed by former Jammu and Kashmir high court Chief Justice Gita Mittal. It has Justices Shalini Phansalkar Joshi and Asha Menon, as other two members.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 45

Which court case affirmed that the Preamble is a part of the Indian Constitution?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 45

Option 3 : Kesavananda Bharati Case
 

  • The doctrine of Basic Structure:
    • The Supreme Court recognized the Basic structure concept for the first time in the historic Kesavananda Bharati case in 1973.
    • The Supreme Court has declared that Article 368 did not enable Parliament to alter the basic structure or framework of the Constitution and parliament could not use its amending powers under Article 368 to 'damage', 'emasculate', 'destroy', 'abrogate', 'change' or 'alter' the 'basic structure' or framework of the constitution. 
    • The Supreme court is yet to define or classify what constitutes the basic structure of the constitution.
    • From the various judgements of the supreme court, some of the features have emerged as the basic structure of the Indian constitution.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 46

Consider the following statements about ‘CRIIIO 4 GOOD’ programme

1. It is a series of cricket-based animation films to promote gender equality among girls and boys
2. It was launched by The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in association with the International Cricket Council
Select the correct statement(s)

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 46

Statement 1 is Correct:

  • ‘CRIIIO 4 GOOD’ is a new online, life skills learning modules, to promote gender equality among girls and boys. ‘CRIIIO 4 GOOD’ is a series of 8 cricket-based animation films to promote gender parity, equip girls with life skills and encourage their participation in sports. The themes of the eight modules are: leadership, problem-solving, confidence, decision-making, negotiation, empathy, teamwork and goal setting and are visualized through state-of-the-art animation using cricketing examples. In-depth research into local nuances has made these films real and relatable.

Statement 2 is Incorrect:

  • The programme was launched by the Ministry of Education in association with the International Cricket Council, UNICEF, and the Board of Control for Cricket in India at the Narendra Modi Stadium, Ahmedabad.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 47

‘Toto’ language which is said to be endangered belongs to which language family 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 47

Toto is a language spoken by barely 1,600 people living in parts of West Bengal bordering Bhutan. Toto is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the tribal Toto people and is written in the Bengali script. Even though prominent community member Dhaniram Toto developed a script as recently as in 2015, most people either write it in Bengali script or write in Bengali language.

Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 48

Consider the following statements about ‘Sarnaism’

1. The followers of Sarnaism pray to trees and hills and believe in protecting forest areas
2. It is mainly practised by the tribal community of the Himalayan ranges
3. The main festival of Sarnaism is Sarhul, a festival in which devotees worship their ancestors
How many of the statement(s) given above are correct

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 48

Statement 1 is Correct:

  • ‘The Sarna religion is a nature-worshipping faith that is also known as “Sarna Dharma” or “Religion of the Holy Woods”. Followers of the Sarna religion pray to trees and hills and believe in protecting forest areas. Their holy grail is “Jal (water), Jungle (forest), Zameen (land)”.

Statement 2 is Incorrect:

  • Sarnaism is an Indian religious belief in eastern regions of the subcontinent. The belief is based on worship at Sarna, the sacred groves in the Chota Nagpur Plateau region in the states of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Odisha.

Statement 2 is Correct:

  • The main festival of Sarnaism is Sarhul, a festival in which devotees worship their ancestors. During the festival, the pahan brings three water pots to the sarna. If the water pots reduce in level, they believe the monsoon will fail, but if it stays the same the monsoon will come as normal. Men then offer sakua flowers and leaves
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 49

Consider the following statements with respect to ‘United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime’

1. The Convention is the first comprehensive and global legally binding instrument to fight transnational organized crime.
2. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is the custodian of the UNTOC
3. India is the only South Asian country to ratify the Convention
How many of the statement(s) given above are correct

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 49

Statement 1 is Correct:

  • The UNTOC was adopted by General Assembly in 2000 and came into force in 2003. The Convention is the first comprehensive and global legally binding instrument to fight transnational organized crime. States that have ratified UNTOC commit themselves to taking a series of measures to prevent and control transnational organized crime, including (i) the criminalising of the participation in an organized criminal group, of money laundering, related corruption and obstruction of justice and (ii) the adoption of frameworks for extradition, mutual legal assistance and international cooperation.

Statement 2 is Incorrect:

  • The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is the custodian of the UNTOC.

Statement 2 is Correct:

  • In May 2011, the Indian Government ratified two UN Conventions – the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UNTOC) and its three protocols. India became the fourth South Asian country after Afghanistan, Pakistan and Sri Lanka to ratify the UNTOC.
Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 50

With reference to ‘Anti-matter, consider the following statements

Statement 1 – Antimatter is the same as ordinary matter except that it has the opposite electric charge.

Statement 2 – An electron, which has a negative charge has an antimatter partner known as a proton.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 1 - Question 50

Statement 1 is Correct:

  • Antimatter is the same as ordinary matter except that it has the opposite electric charge. It is also known as “mirror” matter. Matter and antimatter cannot coexist at close range for more than a small fraction of a second because they collide with and annihilate each other, releasing large quantities of energy in the form of gamma rays or elementary particles.

Statement 2 is Incorrect:

  • An electron, which has a negative charge, has an antimatter partner known as a positron. A positron is a particle with the same mass as an electron but a positive charge. The antimatter particles corresponding to electrons, protons, and neutrons are called positrons, antiprotons, and antineutrons; collectively they are referred to as antiparticles.
Information about Test: Current Affairs- 1 Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for Test: Current Affairs- 1 solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for Test: Current Affairs- 1, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice
Download as PDF