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Test: Current Affairs- 5 - UPSC MCQ


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50 Questions MCQ Test - Test: Current Affairs- 5

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Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 1

India Gaming Report 2024 is released by:

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 1
  • India Gaming Report 2024 Released by Interactive Entertainment and Innovation Council (IEIC) and WinZO
  • Key findings: India is the largest gaming market with 568 million users, accounting for 1 in 5 online gamers globally. The Indian gaming market is expected to reach $6 Billion by 2028. The number of Indian gaming companies surged from 25 in 2015 to over 1400 in 2023
  • Regulations: MeitY acts as the nodal agency for online gaming regulations and development; Draft National AVGC Policy, and National AVGC Centre of Excellence; 100% FDI allowed in the gaming sector utilizing automatic route within Electronic System and IT & BPM sectors
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 2

Consider the following statements about International Finance Corporation (IFC):

  1. It is a sister organization of the International Monetary Fund.
  2. It is the largest global development institution focused exclusively on the private sector in developing countries.
  3. Its goals are to increase sustainable agriculture opportunities, improve healthcare and education.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 2
  • IFC—a sister organization of the World Bank and member of the World Bank Group—is the largest global development institution focused exclusively on the private sector in developing countries. The Bank Group has set two goals for the world to achieve by 2030: end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity in every country.
  • The IFC is owned and governed by its member countries, but has its own executive leadership and staff that conduct its normal business operations.
  • It is a corporation whose shareholders are member governments that provide paid-in capital and which have the right to vote on its matters.
  • Functions:
    • It offers an array of debt and equity financing services and helps companies face their risk exposures, while refraining from participating in a management capacity.
    • The corporation also offers advice to companies on making decisions, evaluating their impact on the environment and society, and being responsible.
    • It advises governments on building infrastructure and partnerships to further support private sector development.
  • Since 2009, the IFC has focused on a set of development goals that its projects are expected to target. Its goals are to increase sustainable agriculture opportunities, improve healthcare and education, increase access to financing for microfinance and business clients, advance infrastructure, help small businesses grow revenues, and invest in climate health.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 3

Consider the following statements about the Group of Friends (GOF):

  1. It was launched by India in 2022.
  2. It aims to promote accountability for crimes against the Blue Helmets.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 3
  • The GOF was launched by India in 2022 to promote accountability for crimes against the Blue Helmets during its presidency of the UN Security Council.
  • India, Bangladesh, Egypt, France, Morocco and Nepal are co-chairs of the GOF, which comprises 40 member states.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 4

Food Waste Index (FWI) Report 2024 is released by the 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 4
  • Released by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The report co-authored with WRAP (Waste and Resources Action Programme) was published ahead of International Day of Zero Waste (observed annually on 30 March)
  • Key Findings: Households across all continents wasted over 1 billion meals a day in 2022, while 783 million people were affected by hunger and a third of humanity faced food insecurity. Food Waste generates an estimated 8–10% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Issues: Due to the lack of robust cold chains, hotter countries generate more food waste per capita in households; Fragmented food system.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 5

Consider the following statements about Dry Seeded Rice (DSR):

  1. It involves transplanting rice seedlings into flooded fields.
  2. It typically requires less water compared to traditional flooded rice cultivation.
  3. It is primarily practiced in regions with abundant rainfall.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 5
  • Context: The IRRI-South Asia Regional Centre (ISARC) aims to develop rice varieties with low methane emissions and improve the productivity of nutritious rice.
  • Dry Seeded Rice (DSR) is a modern rice cultivation technique where rice seeds are sown directly into dry soil rather than transplanting seedlings into flooded fields, as seen in traditional flooded rice cultivation. This method typically requires less water because flooding is not necessary during the initial stages of growth, unlike in flooded rice cultivation. By avoiding continuous flooding, DSR also reduces methane emissions and water pollution associated with traditional rice cultivation methods. Therefore, only statement 2 is correct.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 6

“1 Million Youth Actions Challenge”(1MYAC) is an initiative led by the 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 6
  • Context: The 1 Million Youth Actions Challenge (1MYAC) by the UN Climate Change Learning Partnership (UN CC:Learn) aims to mobilize youth aged 10 to 30 to take concrete actions for a sustainable future, with a goal of reaching 1,000,000 youth actions.
    • It focuses on promoting four Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): clean water and sanitation, responsible consumption and production, climate action, and life on land.
    • 1MYAC was founded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the RéSEAU.
  • The One UN Climate Change Learning Partnership (UN CC:Learn) is a collaborative initiative of more than 30 multilateral organizations that support countries in designing and implementing climate change. UN CC:Learn offers information on climate change and free online courses.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 7

The Residential Envelope Transmittance Value (RETV) is a metric used to measure 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 7
  • Context: Addressing energy inefficiency in residential buildings is crucial, with initiatives like Eco-Niwas Samhita (ENS) introducing the Residential Envelope Transmittance Value (RETV) to measure heat transfer.
  • What is RETV?
    • The Residential Envelope Transmittance Value (RETV) is a metric used to measure heat transfer through a building’s envelope. It indicates the thermal efficiency of a building, with lower RETV values corresponding to cooler indoor environments and decreased energy usage.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 8

Consider the following statements:

  1. Interest rates rise when inflation decreases.
  2. Lower interest rates typically encourage saving and discourage borrowing.
  3. Central banks adjust interest rates to regulate the money supply and stabilize economic activity.
  4. Rising interest rates have a stimulative effect on the housing market.

How many of the above statements about interest rates are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 8
  • S1 is incorrect: Interest rates generally rise with increasing inflation to compensate lenders for the diminishing value of money over time.
  • S2 is incorrect: Lower interest rates typically encourage borrowing and spending by making it cheaper to finance purchases, while they discourage saving by offering lower returns on savings accounts and investments.
  • S3 is correct. Central banks, such as the Federal Reserve in the United States, use monetary policy tools, including adjusting interest rates, to influence the money supply in the economy. By raising or lowering interest rates, central banks can influence borrowing, spending, and investment, which in turn affects economic activity and inflation.
  • S4 is incorrect: Rising interest rates usually have a dampening effect on the housing market as higher mortgage rates make it more expensive for individuals to borrow money for home purchases, potentially reducing demand for homes and slowing down housing market activity.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 9

Consider the following pairs[GI product: State]:

  1. Asharikandi Terracotta Craft: Kerala
  2. Pani Meteka Craft: Assam
  3. Sarthebari Metal Craft: Odisha
  4. Jaapi: Sikkim

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 9

All of the above GI products belongs to Assam [Asharikandi Terracotta Craft, Pani Meteka Craft, Sarthebari Metal Craft, Jaapi (Bamboo Headgear), Mishing Handloom Products]

Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 10

Which element is commonly used in atomic clocks due to its stable atomic structure? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 10
  • Context: India is deploying atomic clocks nationwide to synchronize all digital devices with Indian Standard Time, enhancing uniformity and national security.
  • Cesium atomic clocks are widely used because cesium atoms have a particularly stable atomic structure, making them reliable for timekeeping purposes.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 11

What term describes the phenomenon where the frequency of atomic oscillations is used to define the length of a second? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 11
  • Context: India is deploying atomic clocks nationwide to synchronize all digital devices with Indian Standard Time, enhancing uniformity and national security.
  • Atomic frequency standard refers to the process of using the frequency of atomic oscillations, typically of cesium or other suitable atoms, to define the standard unit of time, the second.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 12

Consider the following pairs[GI product: State]:

  1. Pachra-Rignai: Assam
  2. Matabari Peda: Tripura
  3. Lyrnai Pottery: Meghalaya
  4. Chubitchi: Nagaland

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 12
  • Tripura: Pachra-Rignai, Matabari Peda
  • Meghalaya: Garo Textile Weaving , Lyrnai Pottery, Chubitchi
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 13

What is the primary method by which atomic clocks maintain accuracy? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 13
  • Context: India is deploying atomic clocks nationwide to synchronize all digital devices with Indian Standard Time, enhancing uniformity and national security.
  • Atomic clocks maintain accuracy by counting the regular oscillations or vibrations of atoms. This method provides extremely precise timekeeping.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 14

Consider the following statements regarding Kallakkadal.

  1. Kallakkadal are flash-flood events that take place without any noticeable advance change in local winds in the coastal environment.
  2. They occur along the Indian coast, particularly the west coast.
  3. Tsunami and Kallakkadal are similar types of waves with similar causes or mechanisms.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 14
  • Statements 1 and 2 are correct.
  • Swell surge forecast system is an innovative system designed for the prediction of Kallakkadal/Swell Surge that occurs along the Indian coast, particularly the west coast. Kallakadal/Swell surge are flash-flood events that take place without any noticeable advance change in local winds or any other apparent signature in the coastal environment. Hence the local population remains totally unaware of these flooding events until they actually occur. Such events are intermittent throughout the year.
  • Kallakkadal is a colloquial term used by Kerala fishermen to refer to the freaky flooding episodes and in 2012 UNESCO formally accepted this term for scientific use. During Kallakkadal events, the sea surges into the land and inundated vast areas. These events have attracted attention especially after the 2004 Tsunami in the Indian Ocean, since most people mistake Kallakkadal to be Tsunamis. Tsunami and Kallakkadal/Swell surge are two different types of waves with entirely separate causes or mechanisms. Kallakkadal are caused by meteorological conditions in the Southern Ocean, south of 30°S. A study by INCOIS scientists has revealed that specific meteorological conditions in the Southern Indian Ocean support the generation of long period swells. These swells once generated, travel northward and reach the Indian coasts in 3-5 days time, creating havoc in the coastal areas. The system will now predict Kallakkadal and warnings will be given to concerned authorities at least 2-3 days in advance, which will help the local authorities for contingency plans and to reduce damage.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 15

Consider the following statements :
Statement-I: Earth’s rotation is slowing slightly with time; thus, a day was shorter in the past.
Statement-II: This is due to the tidal effects the Moon has on Earth’s rotation.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 15

Earth rotates once in about 24 hours with respect to the Sun, but once every 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4 seconds with respect to other distant stars (see below). Earth’s rotation is slowing slightly with time; thus, a day was shorter in the past. This is due to the tidal effects the Moon has on Earth’s rotation.

Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 16

With reference to India’s Lokpal and Lokayuktas, consider the following statements:

  1. The idea of a Lokpal first came up in 1963 during a discussion on Budget allocation of the Union Law Ministry.
  2. Karnataka was the first state to create a Lokayukta in 1972.
  3. The Lokpal and Lokayukta deal with complaints against public servants, including the Lokpal chairperson and members.

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 16
  • Only statements 1 and 3 are correct.
  • Context: Former Supreme Court judge A.M. Khanwilkar has been appointed as the chairperson of the anti-corruption ombudsman Lokpal, filling a vacancy that existed for nearly two years.
  • S1: The idea of a Lokpal — the central anti-corruption ombudsman — first came up in 1963 during a discussion on Budget allocation of the Union Law Ministry. Bills seeking an ombudsman were introduced in Parliament eight times between 1968 and 2001 but were not passed, noted a 2020 report by anti-corruption organisation Transparency International India.
  • S2: Over the years, different states set up their own Lokayuktas — the state equivalent of the Lokpal. Maharashtra was first in this respect with its Lokayukta body established in 1971 under the Maharashtra Lokayukta and Upayukta Act
  • S3: The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013, subsequently came into force on January 16, 2014. The Act provides for establishing a Lokpal headed by a Chairperson, who is or has been a Chief Justice of India, or is or has been a judge of the Supreme Court, or an eminent person who fulfils eligibility criteria as specified. Of its other members, not exceeding eight, 50 per cent are to be judicial members, provided that not less than 50 per cent belong to the Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST), Other Backward Classes, or minority communities, or are women. The Lokpal and Lokayukta deal with complaints against public servants, including the Lokpal chairperson and members.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 17

Consider the following statements:

  1. The African Club is a close association of creditor nations that get together to offer debt relief and financial support to debtor governments within the African Union.
  2. The African Club was founded in 2023 after Democratic Republic of the Congo consented to meet in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with its public creditors.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 17
  • Context: During the 37th African Union Summit, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, African leaders launched the ‘Africa Club’, an alliance of African multilateral financial institutions.
  • Focusing on the urgent need for reforming the global financial system to address climate and development needs.
  • To tackle this, there was a call for increased access to high-quality finance for climate and development efforts, which led to the
  • African leaders also demanded solutions to the debt crisis, increased grant and concessional money to Africa, and rechannelling of Special Drawing Rights (SDR) to African financial institutions.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 18

Consider the following statements:

  1. Genome India Project (GIP) is a research initiative led by the Bangalore-based Indian Institute of Science’s Centre for Brain Research and funded by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research.
  2. The GIP aims to identify genetic variations through whole genome sequencing of 10,000 representative individuals across India.
  3. Human genome is the entire set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) residing in the nucleus of every cell of the human body.

How many of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 18
  • Only statements 2 and 3 are correct.
  • Context: The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) announced the completion of India’s ‘10,000 genome’ project, aiming to create a reference database of whole-genome sequences representative of the country’s diverse population.
  • The Genome India Project (GIP) is a national project that aims to sequence 10,000 genomes by the end of 2023. The project is funded by the Government of India’s Department of Biotechnology and is led by the Centre for Brain Research (CBR). The GIP’s first phase aims to identify genetic variations by sequencing the genomes of 10,000 people across India. The project’s goal is to develop personalized medicine based on patients’ genomes.
  • S1: Genome India Project funded by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, and spearheaded by Indian Institute of Science’s Centre for Brain Research(CBR).
  • S2: The project aims to identify genetic variations through whole genome sequencing of 10,000 representative individuals across India in the first phase of the study.
  • S3: Human genome is the entire set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) residing in the nucleus of every cell of the human body. It carries the complete genetic information responsible for the development and functioning of an organism.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 19

Consider the following statements about the SWAYAM Plus platform:

  1. It is an initiative of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to promote online learning in India.
  2. SWAYAM Plus courses are exclusively for undergraduate students.
  3. It offers live interactive sessions with instructors and experts.

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 19
  • Only statement 3 is correct.
  • Context: Union Minister of Education and Skill Development and Entrepreneurship launched the SWAYAM Plus platform, in collaboration with industry leaders such as L&T, Microsoft, and CISCO.
  • Operated by the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT Madras), the platform aims to offer courses focusing on employability and professional development, covering sectors like manufacturing, energy, computer science, engineering, IT, management studies, healthcare, hospitality, and tourism.
  • SWAYAM Plus combines academic rigor with real-world expertise from industry partners to enhance the employability of college students and lifelong learners.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 20

Consider the following statements about the Women Exporters in the Digital Economy (WEIDE) Fund:

  1. It is a joint effort between the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Ford Foundation to accelerate progress on closing the gender digital divide.
  2. The fund has received its first donation of USD 5 million from the United States.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 20
  • Context: The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Trade Centre (ITC) have jointly launched a USD 50 million global fund called the Women Exporters in the Digital Economy (WEIDE) Fund.
  • The aim of this fund is to assist women-led businesses and women entrepreneurs in developing economies and least-developed countries in adopting digital technologies and expanding their online presence.
  • The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has allocated USD 5 million as the first donor to the fund.
  • Additionally, the ITC hosted the SheTrades Summit, bringing together women entrepreneurs, global business leaders, and development partners to discuss solutions to challenges faced by women in accessing new markets in the digital trading system.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 21

With reference to Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), consider the following statements:

  1. It was established by the UN General Assembly to provide rapid and life-saving assistance to vulnerable populations during humanitarian crises.
  2. It is managed by the Office for Disaster Risk Reduction on behalf of the UN Secretary-General.
  3. It releases resources for underfunded emergencies twice a year.

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 21
  • Only statements 1 and 3 are correct.
  • Context: The UN has allocated US$100 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to support underfunded humanitarian crises in seven countries across Africa, the Americas, and the Middle East.
  • About UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)
    • It was established in 2005 by the UN General Assembly to provide rapid and life-saving assistance to vulnerable populations during humanitarian crises.
    • Managed by the Emergency Relief Coordinator on behalf of the UN Secretary-General, CERF releases resources for underfunded emergencies twice a year.
    • It addresses critical funding gaps exacerbated by increased global conflicts, climate-induced disasters, and poly-crisis phenomena. The fund is replenished annually through contributions from governments, the private sector, foundations, and individuals.
    • CERF’s allocations are divided into:
      • Rapid Responses: providing immediate aid during sudden crises
      • Underfunded Emergencies support countries facing prolonged humanitarian challenges.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 22

Consider the following statements about Harit Nauka Initiative:

  1. It is an initiative of the Indian Ports Association (IPA).
  2. It is aimed at promoting the adoption of greener technologies in inland waterway vessels.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 22
  • Context: PM Modi will inaugurate India’s first green hydrogen fuel cell inland waterway vessel as part of the National Green Hydrogen Mission.
  • What is the Harit Nauka initiative?
    • The Harit Nauka initiative is a program launched by the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways aimed at promoting the adoption of greener technologies in inland waterway vessels. It focuses on shifting inland vessels towards sustainable alternatives, such as hydrogen fuel cells, to reduce environmental impact.
    • This initiative aims to establish the V.O.Chidambaranar Port as India’s first Green Hydrogen Hub Port, with projects including a desalination plant and hydrogen production facility.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 23

With reference to ‘Elephant Grass’, consider the following statements:

  1. It can be cooked to make soups and stews.
  2. It can be used as feed for livestock.
  3. It can be used in the production of biofuels.

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 23
  • Napier grass, also known as elephant grass, is a productive and versatile forage grass native to Africa and southeast Asia. Due to its high yield, it is widely used as feed for livestock and in bioenergy applications.
  • Elephant grass is a multipurpose plant. The young leaves and shoots are edible by humans and can be cooked to make soups and stews (Burkill, 1985). The culms can be used to make fences, and the whole plant is used for thatch. It is considered a potential second generation energy source crop in the USA (EPA, 2013). Leaf and culm infusions are reported to have diuretic properties (Duke, 1983). Elephant grass has several environmental applications. It can be used to make mulch and to provide soil erosion control. It is a weed controller and, in Africa, it has been reported to be used as a trap plant in push-pull management strategies to fight against stem borers in maize crops (see Environmental impact below) (Khan et al., 2007).
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 24

What happens to the electrical conductivity of a semiconductor when it is exposed to light? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 24
  • Context: The Union Cabinet, led by the PM, approved the establishment of three semiconductor units as part of the ‘Development of Semiconductors and Display Manufacturing Ecosystems in India’ initiative.
  • When a semiconductor is exposed to light, it can absorb photons with energies greater than the bandgap energy. This absorption can excite electrons from the valence band to the conduction band, creating additional charge carriers and thereby increasing the conductivity of the semiconductor. Hence option C is the correct answer.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 25

In which of the following states is Mudumalai Tiger Reserve located? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 25
  • Context: The first-ever herpetofaunal survey in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve recorded 82 species of reptiles and amphibians. Conducted in February, it covered Theppakadu, Kargudi, and Nilakottai forest ranges.
  • About Mudumalai Tiger Reserve
    • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu state at the tri-junction of three states, viz, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1st Biosphere Reserve in India). The Reserve has tall grasses, commonly referred to as ‘Elephant Grass’
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 26

Consider the following schemes:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)
  2. Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan ( SCA to SCSP)
  3. Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana(BJRCY)
  4. Swachhta Udyami Yojana (SUY)

How many of the above schemes have been merged into one scheme, namely Pradhan Mantri Anusuchit. Jaati Abhyuday Yojana (PM-AJAY)?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 26
  • Context: The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment inaugurated and laid the foundation stone for 34 residential hostels across various states and central institutes (under PM-AJAY), in order to cater to the accommodation needs of Scheduled Castes (SC) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) students.
  • Pradhan Mantri Anusuchit Jaati Abhuyday Yojana (PM- AJAY) is a merged scheme of 03 Centrally Sponsored Scheme namely Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY), Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan ( SCA to SCSP) and Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana(BJRCY) and has been implemented since 2021-22 with an aim to reduce poverty of the SC communities by generation of additional employment opportunities through Skill development, income generating schemes and other initiatives and to improve socio-economic developmental indicators by ensuring adequate infrastructure and requisite services in the SC dominated villages.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 27

Consider the following statements about Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project (PMP):

  1. It is a bi-national hydropower project between India and Bhutan.
  2. It is situated on the Sankosh River.
  3. It is governed by the integrated Indian-Bhutan Friendship Treaty, which was signed in New Delhi on February 8, 2007

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 27
  • Context: The recent Nepal-India official dialogue did not address progress on the significant Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project (PMP), despite the signing of a long-term power-sharing agreement over a month ago.
  • The project remains stalled due to disagreements over benefit sharing, posing challenges to its initiation.
  • About the Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project (PMP):
    • It is a joint hydropower initiative situated on the Mahakali River, shared by Nepal and India. It is governed by the integrated Mahakali Treaty signed in 1996. The project aims to generate approximately 6,480 MW of energy, with equal division between the two countries, and provide irrigation water for 130,000 hectares of land in Nepal and 240,000 hectares in India.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 28

Which of the following statements regarding Haemophilia A is true? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 28
  • Context: India has successfully conducted the first human clinical trial for gene therapy targeting ‘haemophilia A’.
  • The trials utilized a novel technology involving a lentiviral vector to express an FVIII transgene in the patient’s own haematopoietic stem cell, leading to the expression of FVIII from specific differentiated blood cells.
  • Hemophilia A, also known as classical haemophilia or factor VIII deficiency, is a hereditary bleeding disorder. It’s caused by a mutation on the X-chromosome’s Factor VIII gene, which means that only boys are affected. In most cases, the mutation is passed down from parent to child.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 29

The Mission LiFE, a global mass movement to nudge individual and community action to protect and preserve the environment,  introduced by India at 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 29
  • Context: The United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) adopted a resolution on sustainable lifestyles submitted by India, and co-sponsored by Sri Lanka and Bolivia.
  • Mission LiFE, introduced by India at UNFCCC COP26 (Oct 2022), aims to encourage individual and community actions for environmental preservation. It operates in three phases: changing demand by nudging individuals towards eco-friendly practices, changing supply by enabling industries to meet this demand, and changing policy to support Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP).
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 30

Consider the following statements:

  1. It is a narrow waterway separating North and South America.
  2. It is a man-made canal connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
  3. It is a desert region located in Central America.

Which one of the above statements about the Darien Gap is true?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 30
  • Context: The Darien Gap, a dense jungle spanning northern Colombia and southern Panama, has become a perilous route for migrants seeking asylum in the US.
  • What is Darien Gap?
    • The Darién Gap is a rugged region in the Isthmus of Darién, connecting Central and South America.
    • It comprises dense forests and mountains in Panama’s Darién Province and Colombia’s Chocó Department. Home to indigenous communities, the terrain varies from flat marshlands to mountainous rainforests. With no roads crossing it, travel is challenging and often conducted by boat or on foot. Despite the dangers, increasing violence and limited legal immigration options in their home countries have driven a surge in crossings, primarily by Venezuelans but also by Haitians, Chinese, Afghans, and others.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 31

Human Development Report is published by the 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 31

The Human Development Report (HDR) is an annual Human Development Index report published by the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 32

Consider the following statements about the National Health Authority(NHA):

  1. National Health Agency (NHA) is an attached office of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  2. NHA has been set up by the Government of India to implement Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) through State level Health Agencies.
  3. NHA is governed by a Governing Board chaired by the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 32
  • National Health Authority (NHA) is the apex body responsible for implementing India’s flagship public health insurance/assurance scheme called “Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana” & has been entrusted with the role of designing strategy, building technological infrastructure and implementation of “National Digital Health Mission” to create a National Digital Health Eco-system.
  • National Health Authority is the successor of the National Health Agency, which was functioning as a registered society since 23rd May, 2018. Pursuant to Cabinet decision for full functional autonomy, National Health Agency was reconstituted as the National Health Authority on 2nd January 2019, under Gazette Notification Registered No. DL –(N) 04/0007/2003-18.
  • NHA has been set-up to implement PM-JAY, as it is popularly known, at the national level. An attached office of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare with full functional autonomy, NHA is governed by a Governing Board chaired by the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare. It is headed by a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), an officer of the rank of Secretary to the Government of India, who manages its affairs. The CEO is the Ex-Office Member Secretary of the Governing Board.
  • To implement the scheme at the State level, State Health Agencies (SHAs) in the form of a society/trust have been set up by respective States. SHAs have full operational autonomy over the implementation of the scheme in the State including extending the coverage to non SECC beneficiaries.
  • NHA is leading the implementation for Ayushman Bharat Digital MissionABDM in coordination with different ministries/departments of the Government of India, State Governments, and private sector/civil society organizations.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 33

Consider the following statements about Kisan Credit Card Scheme

  1. The scheme was prepared by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
  2. It is implemented by all Co-operative banks, Regional Rural Banks and Public Sector Banks throughout the country.
  3. It covers the risk of KCC holders against death or permanent disability resulting from accidents.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 33
  • The Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme was announced in the Budget speech of 1998-99 to fulfil the financial requirements of the farmers at various stages of farming through institutional credit.
  • The model scheme was prepared by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) on the recommendation of V Gupta committee.
  • The KCC scheme is being implemented by the all Co-operative banks, Regional Rural Banks and Public Sector Banks throughout the country.
  • Scheme covers risk of KCC holders against death or permanent disability resulting from accidents.
  • Crop loans disbursed under KCC Scheme for notified crops are covered under Crop Insurance Scheme, to protect the interest of the farmer against loss of crop yield caused by natural calamities, pest attacks etc.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 34

Consider the following statements about Nana Jagannath Shankarseth:

  1. He was a founding member of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway.
  2. He was the first Indian to be nominated to the Bombay Legislative Council under the Act of 1861.
  3. He was the first Indian member of the Asiatic Society of Bengal.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 34
  • Statement 3 is not correct.
  • He was one of few founding members of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway along with Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy and David Sasson.
  • He became the first Indian to be nominated to the Bombay Legislative Council under the Act of 1861, and became a member of the Bombay Board of Education. He also was the first Indian member of the Asiatic Society of Mumbai, and is known to have endowed a school and donated land in Grant Road for a theater.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 35

Consider the following statements about the Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI):

  1. It is a multi-government policy forum dedicated to accelerating the introduction and adoption of electric vehicles worldwide.
  2. The International Renewable Energy Agency acts as Coordinator to support the EVI member governments in this activity.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 35

The Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) is a multi-government policy forum dedicated to accelerating the introduction and adoption of electric vehicles worldwide. The IEA acts as Coordinator to support the EVI member governments in this activity.

Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 36

Consider the following statements regarding legislative powers of the Governor.

  1. If a bill passed by the state legislature endangers the position of the state high court, the Governor must reserve the bill for consideration of the President.
  2. If a bill sent by the Governor for the reconsideration of the State legislature is passed again without amendments, the Governor is under no constitutional obligation to give his assent to the bill.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 36

Article 200 provides that when a Bill passed by the State Legislature, is presented to the Governor, the Governor shall declare—
(a) that he assents to the Bill; or
(b) that he withholds assent therefrom; or
(c) that he reserves the Bill for the President’s consideration; or
(d) the Governor may, as soon as possible, return the Bill (other than a Money Bill) with a message for re-consideration by the State Legislature. But, if the Bill is again passed by the Legislature with or without amendment, the Governor shall not withhold assent therefrom (First Proviso); or
(e) if in the opinion of the Governor, the Bill, if it became law, would so derogate from the powers of the High Court as to endanger its constitutional position, he shall not assent to but shall reserve it for the consideration of the President (Second Proviso).

Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 37

Consider the following statements about Model Code of Conduct (MCC):

  1. The MCC comes into force from the date the election schedule is announced until the date that results are out.
  2. It has no statutory backing.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 37
  • Context: The Model Code of Conduct (MCC) has been enforced by the Election Commission of India (ECI) for the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, beginning from the announcement of the election schedule until the declaration of results.
  • This code regulates the behaviour of political parties and candidates during the election period, aiming to ensure free and fair elections.
  • It includes provisions regarding general conduct, meetings, processions, polling day, polling booths, observers, the party in power, and election manifestos.
  • Key restrictions imposed by the MCC include prohibiting the announcement of policy decisions by the ruling party, using official positions for campaigning, combining official visits with election work, using government resources for campaigning, and making ad-hoc appointments that may influence voters.
  • The MCC is not legally binding but is enforced through moral sanction or censure by the ECI.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 38

Consider the following materials:

  1. sugar cane
  2. corn
  3. soybeans

How many of the above materials are used to make biofuels?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 38
  • Biofuels are usually liquid fuels created using organic materials, such as biomass and natural waste. Typical materials used to make biofuels are sugar cane, corn and soybeans.
  • “Most biofuels are used as transportation fuels, but they may also be used for heating and electricity generation,” the US Energy Information Administration says.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 39

Consider the following heritage sites:

  1. Gwalior Fort
  2. Bhojeshwar Mahadev Temple
  3. Rock Art Sites of Chambal Valley
  4. Bhimbetka rock shelters

How many of the above are included in UNESCO’s tentative list recently?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 39
  • Context: Madhya Pradesh celebrates a significant achievement as six of its heritage sites are included in UNESCO’s tentative list.
  • The sites included are Gwalior Fort, the Historical Group of Dhamnar, Bhojeshwar Mahadev Temple, Rock Art Sites of Chambal Valley, Khooni Bhandara in Burhanpur, and God Memorial of Ramnagar in Mandla.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 40

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  2. Films can be publicly exhibited in India only after they have been certified by the Central Board of Film Certification.
  3. The Board consists of non-official members and a Chairman and functions with headquarters at Pune.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 40
  • Statement 3 is not correct.
  • Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, regulating the public exhibition of films under the provisions of the Cinematograph Act 1952.
  • Films can be publicly exhibited in India only after they have been certified by the Central Board of Film Certification.
  • The Board consists of non-official members and a Chairman (all of whom are appointed by Central Government) and functions with headquarters at Mumbai. It has nine Regional offices, one each at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Thiruvananthapuram, Hyderabad, New Delhi, Cuttack and Guwahati. The Regional Offices are assisted in the examination of films by Advisory Panels. The members of the panels are nominated by the Central Government by drawing people from different walks of life for a period of 2 years.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 41

Consider the following statements about the ‘Understanding Lifelong Learning for All in Society’(ULLAS) scheme:

  1. It is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  2. It includes illiterate adults who were denied the chance to attend school and are at least 15 years old.
  3. It is implemented through volunteerism through online mode.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 41

What is ULLAS (Understanding Lifelong Learning for All in Society)?

  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme for 2022-2027, that empowers adults aged 15 and above with basic literacy, numeracy, and critical life skills, promoting lifelong learning through volunteerism and access to regional language content on the DIKSHA Portal and ULLAS mobile app.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 42

Consider the following statements about the ‘Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons’ (NPT):

  1. It is the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States.
  2. It opened for signature in 1968 and the Treaty entered into force in 1970.
  3. It establishes a safeguards system under the responsibility of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 42
  • The NPT is a landmark international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament. The Treaty represents the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States. Opened for signature in 1968, the Treaty entered into force in 1970. On 11 May 1995, the Treaty was extended indefinitely. A total of 191 States have joined the Treaty, including the five nuclear-weapon States. More countries have ratified the NPT than any other arms limitation and disarmament agreement, a testament to the Treaty’s significance.
  • Status and text of the Treaty
  • The Treaty is regarded as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime and an essential foundation for the pursuit of nuclear disarmament. It was designed to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, to further the goals of nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament, and to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy
  • To further the goal of non-proliferation and as a confidence-building measure between States parties, the Treaty establishes a safeguards system under the responsibility of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Safeguards are used to verify compliance with the Treaty through inspections conducted by the IAEA. The Treaty promotes cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear technology and equal access to this technology for all States parties, while safeguards prevent the diversion of fissile material for weapons use.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 43

Consider the following statements about E-Shram Portal:

  1. It is launched by the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  2. It is a registration portal for unorganized workers.
  3. Registration on this portal is paid with a nominal charge of ₹50.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 43
  • The Ministry of Labour & Employment has launched e-SHRAM portal, a National Database of the Unorganised Workers on 26th August, 2021.
  • The e-Shram portal is a centralized database that helps to implement social security services for unorganized workers.
  • It also helps to share information with stakeholders and provide a comprehensive database for national crises.
  • The portal uses Aadhaar to deliver social security benefits and ensure that the benefits are portable to migrant and construction workers at their workplaces.
  • Registration on portal is free.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 44

Consider the following statements about the Manas river:

  1. It is a river that flows between southern Bhutan and India.
  2. It is a right-bank tributary of the Brahmaputra River.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 44

The Manas river flows through Bhutan and Assam in India before it joins the right bank of the Brahmaputra river.

Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 45

With reference to the Ring of Fire, consider the following statements:

  1. The Ring of Fire is a region characterized by high volcanic activity but no seismic activity.
  2. The Ring of Fire is primarily located in the Indian Ocean and is home to numerous coral reefs.
  3. It is associated with frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions due to tectonic plate movements.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 45
  • Only statement 3 is correct.
  • The Ring of Fire is associated with frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions due to the movement of tectonic plates. It is where several tectonic plates meet, resulting in significant geological activity, including the formation of volcanoes and seismic events.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 46

‘Project Gaia’ was in news recently, is associated with the 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 46
  • Context: Central banks, including the European Central Bank and the Bank of Spain, have introduced Project Gaia, utilizing artificial intelligence (AI) to evaluate climate-related financial risks.
  • This innovative program addresses the lack of uniform reporting standards by analysing firm carbon emissions, green bonds, and net-zero commitment disclosures.
  • The initiative aims to democratize climate risk research by potentially opening Gaia to the public as an online tool.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 47

Consider the following statements about the Strait of Gibraltar:

  1. It is one of the narrowest straits in the world.
  2. It separates the Atlantic Ocean from the Mediterranean Sea.
  3. It was formed as a result of volcanic activity in the last 100 years.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 47
  • Only statements 1 and 2 are correct.
  • Context: A modeling study suggests that a dormant subduction zone beneath the Gibraltar Strait could become active and migrate into the Atlantic Ocean, potentially forming an Atlantic “Ring of Fire” in about 20 million years.
  • The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Europe from Africa.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 48

‘Summit for Democracy’, a virtual summit, recently in news, hosted by the 

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 48

About the Summit for Democracy:

  • The Summit for Democracy, launched by the US in 2021, is a platform for democracies worldwide to share experiences, strengthen democratic institutions, protect human rights, and combat corruption. It aims to promote collaboration among democratic nations and advance initiatives for democratic renewal, including efforts to enhance technology for democracy and defend free and fair elections.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 49

Consider the following freedom fighters:

  1. Ram Prasad Bismil
  2. Ashfaqulla Khan
  3. Sachindra Nath Bakshi
  4. Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee

How many among the above were the founders of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA)?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 49
  • The HRA was founded by a group of young men who were disillusioned by Gandhi’s tactics and what they felt was zealous preaching of “non-violence.”
  • Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqulla Khan, both of whom had a flair for poetry, were among the group’s founders. Others included Sachindra Nath Bakshi and trade unionist Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee. Figures such as Chandra Shekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh would also join the HRA. Their manifesto released on January 1, 1925, was titled Krantikari (Revolutionary).
  • It proclaimed, “The immediate object of the revolutionary party in the domain of politics is to establish a federal Republic of United States of India by an organized and armed revolution.
Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 50

Consider the following places:

  1. Gulmarg
  2. Kargil
  3. Nubra Valley
  4. Hemis

How many of the above places are situated in Ladakh?

Detailed Solution for Test: Current Affairs- 5 - Question 50

Gulmarg is located at a distance of 31 km (19 mi) from Baramulla and 49 km (30 mi) from Srinagar.
Kargil, Nubra Valley and Hemis are part of Ladakh

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