UPSC Paper 1 Mock Test - 31


100 Questions MCQ Test UPSC Civil Services Revision & Mock Tests | UPSC Paper 1 Mock Test - 31


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QUESTION: 1

    1.    Which of the fololowing statements regarding Judiciary in India are correct?
    1.    In India Judiciary is not part of the State
    2.    In India the pattern and designation of subordiante courts in the State are not uniform
    3.    Munsiff's courts have both civil and criminal jurisdiction.
    4.    The pattern of subordinate courts in metropolitan areas is the same as that in districts

Solution:
QUESTION: 2

Which of the following statements regarding 'the advisory jurisdiction' of the Supreme Court are correct?
1. The opinion of the Supreme Coourt may be sought by the President on any question of law or fact.
2. In casee the opinion of the Supreme Court is sought it is bound to give it.
3. The advice given by the Supreme Court on a matter referred to it is binding on the President since the 42nd amendment.
4. Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court can also be exercised over disputes arising out of reference made over pre-constitutional treaties.

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

Judge of the High Court can be removed from office during his tenure by

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Restriction of the write jurisdiction of the High Courts under Article 226 of the Constitution is only possible through

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

What is the procedure required to be followed for the abolition of an existing Legislative Council in a State?
1. The Rajya Sabha must pass a resolution to that effect.
2. The State Legislative Assembly must pass a resolution to that effect by a special majority as prescribed in the Constitution
3. Parliament must enact a law abolishing the Legislative Council
4. The State Legislative Assembly must pass a resolution by ordinary majority as in the case of a bill.

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

Which of the following characteristics are essential to Federal Government
1. A supreme and written constitution
2. Separation of pwoers and the system of checks and balances
3. Distribution of powers between the Centre and States in a manner that each is independent of the other
4. Fundamental rights guaranteed to citizens
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Which one of the following statements regarding the Fundamental Duties contained in the Indian constitution are correct?
​1. Fundamental duties can be enforced through writ jurisdiction
2. Fundamental duties have formed a part of the Indian Constitution since its adoption
3. Fundamental duties became a part of the Constitution in according with the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee
4. Fundamental duties are applicable only to citizens of India.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

Which of the following statements about a uniform civil code code is/are correct?
1. It is binding on the state that a uniform civil code must be made applicable to all
2. The provisions regarding a uniform civil code is contained in Part III of the Constitution
3. The provision regarding the uniform civil code is not applicable to the State of Jammu and Kashmir
4. The Supreme Court of India has directed that a uniform civil code must be made applicable to all within ten years
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

    Given below are two statements, one labelled as A and the other labelled as (R):
    A: A bill which contains a taxation clause besides clauses dealing with other matters may also be a money bill.
    R: All bills dealing with taxes are money bills.
    In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

Which one of the following is directly related to the Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

 Which one of the following statements regarding the exercise of judicial review in India is not correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

In which of the followi 1. A reference made by the President on a question of law or fact
2. A case involving interpretation of the Constitution
3. A case involving a substantial question of law of general impotance
4. A case where the constitutionality of any law has been challenged
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:ng categories of cases has the Surpeme Court of India the power of decide?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Which of the following statements regarding the residuary powers in the Constitution of India are correct?
1. Residuary powers have been given to the Union Parliament
2. In the matter of residuary powers the Constitution of India follows the Constitution of Australia
3. The final authority to decide whether a particular matter falls under the residuary power or not is Parliament
4. The Government of India Act 1935 placed residuary powers in the hands of the Governor General
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Which of the following are the principles on the basis of which the Parliamentary system of government in India operate?
1. Nominal executive head
2. Vice President as the Chairman of the Upper House
3. Real Executive authority with the Council of Ministers.
4. Executive responsibility to the Lower House
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Consider the following statements:
A: Right to equality suggests that people ought to have an equal opportunity to demonstrate their particular capabilities and not be governed by the accident of their birth.
R: All men are equal in virtue, talent, rational capacity and endeavour.
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Consider the following statements regarding the Single Transferable Vote System:
  1.  The candidate securing the lowest number of votes is eliminated and his votes are transferred to the next candidate in order of preference.
  2.  Candidates polling the necessary minimum quota of votes are elected and their surplus votes are transferred to other candidates in order of preference
  3.  An elector is required to indicate his choice of specified number of candidates in the order of his preference
  4.  The required number of seats are filled by a process of transfer of votes and elimination
  What is the correct sequence in which the above requirements are to be followed? Choose the answer from the codes given below:
  Codes:

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

    The object of the adjournment motion in Parliament is to

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Which of the following are the principal feature of the Government of India Act, 1919?
1. Introduction of dyarchy in the executive government of the Provinces
2. Introduction of separate communal electorates for Muslims
3. Devolution of legislative authority by the Centre to the Provinces
4. Expansion and reconstitution of Central and Provincial Legislatures
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
Codes:

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

​Under the term 'Double Jeopardy' implied in Clause 2 of Article 20 of the Constitution of India, a person

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Which of the following are the grounds on which discrimination of citizens for admission into educational institutions is constitutionally prohibited?
1. Religion and Race
2. Sex and Place of Birth
3. Nationality and Colour
4. Age and Nativity
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
Codes:

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Which of the following statements regarding Article 22 of the Constitution of India are correct?
I. The fundamental right conferred by this Article protects persons against arrests and detention in certain cases arrests.
II. This fundamental right is guaranteed both to citizens and non-citizens
III. The rights guaranteed under this provision are applicable to those arrested under laws providing for preventive detention
IV. The rights guaranteed under this provision are not applicable to enemy aliens
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
Codes: 

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

A writ of Prohibition is an order issued by the Supreme Court or High Court which

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Match List-I and List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:
List-I List-II
​A. Division 1. Bring the debate
to a close
B. Guillotine 2. Formal proposal 
made by a member 
to the House
C. Motion 3. Relates to inter-
pretation or 
enforcement of the
rules of procedure
or Constitution
D. Point of order 4. Concludes discussion
on demand for grants
5. Mode of arriving at
a decision
Codes:
A B C D

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

Which of the following are the main jurisdictions of the High Court of a state:
    1.    Original jurisdiction
    2.    Appellate jurisdiction
    3.    Supervisory jurisdiction
    4.    Advisory jurisdiction
    Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
    Codes:

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Which of the following is not correct regarding the Index of Industrial Production?

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

Which of the following is correct regarding Bharat Mala Project?

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

Consider the following statements:
I. The first draft of the economic survey is prepared by the Department of Economic Affairs in the  Finance  Ministry. 
II. Then  this  draft  is  cleared  by  the  Chief  Economic  Advisor  and Secretary of Economic Affairs. 
III. The final version is scrutinized by the Finance Secretary and Finance Minister. 
IV. Most of the data are given by CSO.
Which of the above statements is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 28

What is special about India's economic growth?
I. The survey points out that India can be rated as among the best performing economies in the  world  as  the  average  growth  during  last  three  years  is  around  4  percentage  points higher  than  global  growth  and  nearly  3  percentage  points  higher  than  that  of  Emerging Market and Developing Economies. 
II. It points out that the GDP growth has averaged 7.3 per cent for the period from 2014-15 to 2017-18, which is the highest among the major economies of the world. 
III. The real GDP growth is expected to reach 6.75 percent this fiscal and will rise to 7.0 to 7.5 percent  in  2018-19,  thereby  re-instating  India  as  the  world's  fastest  growing  major economy. 

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

Consider the following statements:
I. The  economic  growth  rate  provides  insight  into  the  general  direction  and  magnitude  of  growth  for  the  overall  economy.  It  demonstrates  the  change  in  a  nation's  or  economy's  income  over  a  specified  period  of  time. 
II. Economic  growth  refers  to  positive  change  in  economic  output, but changes  in  economic output  can  be  either  positive  or  negative.  
III. If  an  economy  experiences  three  consecutive  quarters with falling growth rates, it can be said that the associated economy is falling into a  recession.  
IV. If  the  economy  begins  to  shrink,  the  percentage  rate  can  be  expressed  in negative to demonstrate the income lost over the time period being examined. 
Which of the above statem ents is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Which of the following is correct?
I. GVA  and  GDP  give  a  picture  of  economic  activity  from  producers? (supply  side)  and consumers?(demand side) perspective, respectively, because GVA is the net receipt of the producers and GDP is the expenditure incurred by the consumers. 
II. Both these measures need not match and there could be a sharp divergence due to net indirect taxes. 
III. GVA  provides  a  better  measure  of  economic  activity  because  GDP  can  record  a  sharp  increase  just  on  account  of  increased  tax  collections  due  to  better  compliance/coverage and not necessarily due to increase in output. 
IV. GVA is a better reflection of the productivity of the producers as it excludes the indirect  taxes, which could distort the production process

Solution:
QUESTION: 31

Which of the following is correct?
I. GST data reveals 50% increase in number of Indirect Taxpayers 
II. Maharashtra,  Gujarat,  Karnataka,  Tamil  Nadu  &  Telangana account for 70% of India's exports 
III. India's internal trade in goods and services is 40 percent of GDP. 

Solution:
QUESTION: 32

Consider the following statements:
I. Export concentration by firms is much lower  in  India  than  in  the  US,  Germany,  Brazil,  or  Mexico.  
II. The  top  one  percent  of  firms  accounted  for  72,  68,  67  and  55  percent  of  exports  in  Brazil,  Germany,  Mexico,  and  USA respectively but only 38 percent in the case of India. 
III. The  top  5  percent  accounted  for  91,  86,  91  and  74  percent  in  those  countries,  compared with 59 percent in India and the top 25 percent of firms accounted for 99, 98, 99 and 93 percent in those countries, as opposed to 82 percent in India. 
Which of the abvoe statements is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 33

Which of the following is not correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 34

Which of the following is not correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 35

India needs to take on  challenges in order to ward offthe fears of an impending  ?Late Converger Stall?in the process of economic development. 
Which of the folllowing is one of them?
I. The backlash against globalization which reduces exporting opportunities, 
II. The  difficulties  of  transferring  resources  from  low  productivity  to  higher  productivity sectors (structural transformation), 
III.  The  challenge  of  upgrading  human  capital  to  the  demands  of  a  technology-intensive workplace, and 
IV. Coping with climate change-induced agricultural stress.

Solution:
QUESTION: 36

Which of the following countries are known as 'Early convergers'?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 37

Consider the following is statements?
I. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (known as the Global Goals) are a set of targets relating  to  future  international  development.   II. They  have  replaced  the  Millennium  Development  Goals  (MDGs)  after  their  expiry  in  2015.  
III. The  SDGs  were  first  formally  discussed  at  the  United  Nations  Conference  on  Sustainable  Development  held  in  Rio  de Janeiro in June 2012 (Rio+20). 
IV. SDGs are further divided into 17 categories as against the  MDGs which were divided into 8 categories. SDGs have target year of 2040.

Solution:
QUESTION: 38

Regarding SDGs which of the following is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 39

Regarding SDGs which of the following is correct?
I. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources
II. Protect,  restore  and  promote  sustainable  use  of  terrestrial  ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
III. Protect the human rights of the people of other countries and maintain mutual respect.
IV. Promote  peaceful  and  inclusive  societies  for  sustainable  development,  provide access  to  justice  for  all  and  build  effective,  accountable  and  inclusive  institutions  at  all levels 
V. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development 

Solution:
QUESTION: 40

Which of the following is true of International solar Alliance?
I. The  International  Solar  Alliance  is  an  alliance  of  more  than  120  countries,  most  of  them being  sunshine  countries,  which  come  either  completely  or  partly  between  the  Tropic  of  Cancer  and  the  Tropic  of  Capricorn.  
II. The  alliance's  primary  objective  is  to  work
​for efficient use of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
III. This initiative  was first proposed by Indian prime minister Narendra Modi in a speech in November 2015, in which he  referred  the  sunshine  countries  as  suryaputra  ('sons  of  the  Sun').  
IV. The  alliance  is  a treaty-based intergovernmental organization. 

Solution:
QUESTION: 41

According to Mathura pillar inscription, Uditacharya consecrated two Sivalingas named     

Solution:
QUESTION: 42

The fact that' the patavahanas did maritime trade and had naval .power is proved from the availability of a special type of coins, 'ship with double mast'. Which ruler of the dynasty was supposed to have issued these coins ? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 43

Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

Solution:
QUESTION: 44

Which Sangam Literary work says that the Aryans introduced the ritual and ceremony of marriage (Karanam)? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 45

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:
List I List II
(Sangal Texts) (Compiled by)
A. Aingurunuru 1. Rudra Sarman
B. Ahananuru 2. Nakkirar
C. Murugarruppadai 3. Nattattanar
D. Sirupunurruppadai 4. Gudalur Kilar
Code:
A B C D

Solution:
QUESTION: 46

After Mahavira's death, who among the following became the spiritual leader of Jainism ?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 47

    Consider the following:
    1.    Kamina
    2.    Mahin
    3.    Kirpas
    4.    Shirinbaft
    5.    Salahati
    Which of the above were kinds of cloth manufactured during the Sultante period in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 48

During medieval times, hthe term pinjana referred to

Solution:
QUESTION: 49

Consider the following statements : 
1.Pherozeshati Mehta was one of the founders of the Bombay Presidency Association. 
2. When Pherozeshah Mehta retired ' from Imperial Legislative Council in 1901. G. K. Gokhale was elected in his place. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 50

In March 1925, who of the following was elected as the President of the Central Legislative Assembly?     

Solution:
QUESTION: 51

With reference to the period of Indian freedom struggle, Indian Statutory Commission is popularly known as

Solution:
QUESTION: 52

Consider the following great personalities:
1. B.R. Ambedkar
2. T. Prakasam
3. Madan Mohan  Malaviaya
​Wbho of the above is/are associated with Poona Pact?

Solution:
QUESTION: 53

A relatively small rotating funnel that extends downward from the base of a towering cloud with thunder, lightning and strong gusty wind is known as 

Solution:
QUESTION: 54

    In the northern hemisphere, tropical cyclones and middle latitude cyclones are similar in that both 

Solution:
QUESTION: 55

Consider the following statements : 
1. Among the major oceans, Indian Ocean is warmer than the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in both the hemispheres.
2. The average surface temperature of pacific Ocean is higher than that of the Atlantic Ocean in the southern hemisphere.
3. Among the major oceans, the Atlantic Ocean is the coldest in the equatorial region . 
Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 56

Which one of the following sequences in the increasing order of salinity concentration in their waters is correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 57

Which of the following conditions are associated with El Nino phenomena?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 58

Select the correct sequence of food chain in the Arctic waters from the following :    

Solution:
QUESTION: 59

Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the mountain building?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 60

What is the correct sequence of the following zonal pressure belts?
1. Subpolar low 2. Equatorial low
3. Polar high 4. Subtropical high
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Solution:
QUESTION: 61

Temperature generally decreases towards the poles because    

Solution:
QUESTION: 62

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer.
List-I List-II
A. Gulf Stream 1. Pacific Ocean
B. West Wind drift 2. A slow eastward movement of water over the zone of westerly winds
C. Peru Current 3. Indian Ocean 
D. West Australian 4. Warm current
current
Codes : 
A B C D

Solution:
QUESTION: 63

    The term ‘syzygy’ is referred to when the     

Solution:
QUESTION: 64

What happens to tropical soils when the rainforest is cleared ?​

Solution:
QUESTION: 65

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer.
List-I List-II
(Drainage patterns) (Rivers)
A. Consequent 1. Sindhu,
Brahmaputra
B. Subsequent 2. Swarnrekha, Son
C. Antecedent 3. Chambal, Betwa
D. Superimposed 4. Sharavati, Periyar
Codes :
A B C D

Solution:
QUESTION: 66

Consider the following statements about the soils of India:
1. high temperature during most of the year retards the formation of humus
2. soils which have humus require regularly applicable of chemical fertilizers to remove nitrogen deficiency
3. titanium salts in basalt impart black, colour to the soils of the Indian plateau
4. red soils are confined to the peripheral areas of the Indian plateau
Which of the statements given is/are correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 67

The Himalayan region is poor in mineral resources because     

Solution:
QUESTION: 68

The boundary of the Siwalik Belt with the Indo Gangetic trough is known as     

Solution:
QUESTION: 69

The Himalayan front gault is located between    

Solution:
QUESTION: 70

The temperature of Thiruvananthapuram is lower than that of Mumbai is May and higher than that of Mumba in January,because     

Solution:
QUESTION: 71

Consider the following:
I. A supercluster is a chain of galaxies and galaxy clusters. 
II. Galaxies are made of billions of stars and planets and grouped into clusters. 
III. These clusters of galaxies, in turn, are grouped together to form superclusters. 
IV. The Milky Way, the galaxy in which earth is located is part of a supercluster called the Laniakea Supercluster.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 72

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 73

Consider the following statements:
I. Exoplanet is a planet that does not orbit the Sun and instead orbits a different star, stellar remnant, or brown dwarf. 
II. It is also termed as extrasolar planet. 
III. The target for Double Asteroid Redirection Test is an asteroid called Didymos that will have a distant approach to Earth in October 2022 and then again in 2024
IV. Goldilocks Zone refers to a habitable zone where the temperature is neither too high nor too low.
Which of the above is/are correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 74

What is not true of GAGAN?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 75

What is not true of SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2015 and 2016?
I. The establishment of exclusive special courts for the speedy trial offences of atrocities against the members of SCs and STs and Specification of Exclusive Special Public Prosecutors are provided.
II. A new chapter relating to 'Rights Victims and Witness' is inserted.
III. Certain duties and responsibilities are impsoed upon the state for making necessary arrrangement for protection of victims, their defendants and witness.
IV. Relief amount is enhanced between Rs. 85,000 to Rs. 8,25,000.

Solution:
QUESTION: 76

Consider the following statements:
I. The UN global nuclear watchdog, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has opened world's first low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Bank in Oskemen in Kazakhstan.
II. It will be the first of its kind LEU bank not to be under control of any individual country. 
III. The LEU Bank has reserve capacity to store 190 tons of LEU, the essential ingredient needed to make the fuel for light-water nuclear reactors, which generate electricity. 
IV. The project was funded by donors, including the United States, European Union, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Norway and Nuclear Threat Initiative.
Which of the above statements is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 77

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 78

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 79

Consider the following statements regarding Nepal-China Pact:
I. Three agreements were signed after visiting Chinese Vice-Premier Wang Yang held discussions with Nepal's Deputy Prime Ministers Bijaya Kumar Gachhadar and Krishna Bahadur Mahara. 
II. It include a feasibility study for excavating natural gas and petroleum in mountain areas and plains of Terai region of the Himalayan country. 
III. China agreed to upgrade 114-kilometre Araniko highway- an old route connecting two countries, which was damaged and subsequently closed after the massive 2015 Nepal earthquake.
IV. Both countries agreed to establish hydropower projects and transmission lines and take steps for technological development in Nepal, which suffers from acute shortage of electricity.
Which of the above statements is/are true?

Solution:
QUESTION: 80

Which of the following is contained in that?
I. Myanmar must stop violence and practice of ethnic cleansing in Rakhine State unconditionally, immediately and forever. 
II. UN Secretary General should immediately send fact-finding mission to Myanmar. All civilians, irrespective of religion and ethnicity, must be protected in Myanmar. 
III. Sustainable return of all forcibly displaced Rohingyas in Bangladesh to their homes in Myanmar.
​IV. Recommendations of Kofi Annan Commission Report must be implemented immediately, unconditionally and entirely.
Which of the following is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 81

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 82

Which of the following is not true of Trade UNCTAD's Trade and Development Report 2017?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 83

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 84

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 85

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 86

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 87

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 88

Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 89

Which of the following is correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 90

Which of the following is not correctly matched?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 91

Which of the following is not correctly matched?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 92

    Which of the following is not correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 93

Which of the following is not correctly matched?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 94

Which of the following is not correctly matched?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 95

Which of the following is correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 96

Which of the following is correct?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 97

Which one of the following southwest Asian countries has the shortest coastline?    

Solution:
QUESTION: 98

‘West Bank’ is the name of given to the land area west of river    

Solution:
QUESTION: 99

    The correct order of three passes from North to South in Western Ghats is    

Solution:
QUESTION: 100

What is the correct chronological order of the following ?
1. MISA II. COFEPOSA
III. NSA IV. TADA

Solution:

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