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Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Science & Technology for UPSC CSE - Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1

Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 for UPSC 2024 is part of Science & Technology for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 below.
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Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 1

Identify the group among the following, which contains all bacterial diseases :

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 1

Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 2

Choose the wrong statement:

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 2

Peptic ulcers were caused by stress, poor dietary habits.

Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 3

Diseases affect the organs depending on the point of entry into the body. Identify the disease from the following, which enters our body through a mosquito bite and reaches the brain:

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 3
  • Encephalitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the brain. This condition causes problems with the brain and spinal cord function.
  • The inflammation causes the brain to swell, which leads to changes in the person’s neurologic condition, including mental confusion and seizures.
Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 4

Which one of the following has a long term effect on the health of an individual?

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 4
  • Chewing of tobacco may cause long term effects on an individual. It increases the risk for leukoplakia which is a precursor to oral cancer.
  • Chewing tobacco has been known to cause cancer, particularly of the mouth and throat.
Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 5

The diseases where microbes are the immediate causes are called _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 5

Diseases where microbes are immediate causes are called infectious diseases. Microbes can spread in a community and thereby spread the disease. 
Example: Tuberculosis, common cold, AIDS, etc.

Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 6

Which one of the following is not a viral disease?

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 6

Typhoid is caused by Salmonella typhi, which is a bacteria. All other diseases are caused by viruses.

Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 7

Malarial parasite after entering the human body reaches the:

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 7
  • Malaria spreads when a mosquito becomes infected with the disease after biting an infected person, and the infected mosquito then bites a non-infected person.
  • The malaria parasites enter that person's bloodstream and travel to the liver. When the parasites mature, they leave the liver and infect red blood cells.
Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 8

We should not allow mosquitoes to breed in our surroundings because they______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 8
  • Mosquitos cause more human suffering than any other organism. Mosquitoes act as a vector for bacteria and viruses, responsible for diseases such as malaria, dengue, encephalitis and yellow fever etc.
  • When mosquitoes bite a human it causes severe skin irritation through an allergic reaction to the mosquitoes saliva, this is what causes the red bump and itching.
Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 9

Sleeping sickness is caused by (i) ________ , which is a (ii) ___________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 9
  • Human African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is a vector-borne parasitic disease.
  • It is caused by infection with protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma.
Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 10

AIDS cannot be transmitted by:

Detailed Solution for Test: Why Do We Fall Ill- 1 - Question 10
  • AIDS ( acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)  don't spread by hugs or by handshakes. There are only a few ways you can get infected with HIV/AIDS.
  • AIDS can be spread by sexual contact, breastfeeding, blood transfusion.
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