Daily Current Affairs MCQ - June 23, 2021


10 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly | Daily Current Affairs MCQ - June 23, 2021


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QUESTION: 1

With reference to the draft amendments to the Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020, consider the following statements:

1. It proposed appointment of Chief Compliance Officer, a nodal contact person for 24x7 coordination with law enforcement agencies.

2. To ensure that consumers are not adversely affected in the event where a seller fails to deliver the goods or services, provisions of Fall-back liability for every marketplace e-commerce entity have been provided.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

The Government of India is sharing a draft of the proposed amendments to the Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020.

The proposed amendments are as follows:

  • To ensure compliance of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019 and Rules, appointment of
    • Chief Compliance Officer, a nodal contact person for 24x7 coordination with law enforcement agencies, and
    • Resident Grievance Officer for redressing of the grievances of the consumers on the e-commerce platform, has been proposed.
  • Putting in place a framework for registration of every e-commerce entity with the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) for allotment of registration number. Registration of e-commerce entities would help create a database of genuine e-commerce entities
  • To protect the interests of consumers, mis-selling has been prohibited i.e selling goods and services entities selling goods or services by deliberate misrepresentation of information by such entities about such goods or services.
  • To ensure that consumers are aware about the expiry date of the products they are buying on the e-commerce platform all sellers on marketplace e-commerce entities and all inventory e-commerce entities to provide best before or use before date to enable consumers to make an informed purchase decision.
  • To ensure that the domestic manufacturers and suppliers get a fair and equal treatment on the e-commerce platform it has been provided that where an e-commerce entity offers imported goods or services, it shall incorporate a filter mechanism to identify goods based on country of origin.
  • To ensure that consumers are not adversely affected in the event where a seller fails to deliver the goods or services, provisions of Fall-back liability for every marketplace e-commerce entity have been provided.
  • Hence both statements are correct.
QUESTION: 2

With reference to the ’Divyangta Khel Kendras’, consider the following statements:

1. Recently central government announced establishment of five ’Divyangta Khel Kendras’ in different parts of country.

2. Assistance to Disabled Persons (ADIP) Scheme is an initiative of Ministry of Health and Famil Welfare.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

Union minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot announced establishment of five ’Divyangta Khel Kendras’ in different parts of country.

  • They have been established while looking at the interest towards the sports among the Divyangjan of the country and their good performance in Paralympics.
  • He also distributed aids and assistive devices to ‘Divyangjan’ under the Assistance to Disabled Persons (ADIP) Scheme of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • ADIP is one of the most popular schemes for providing assistive aids and appliance to Divyangjans.
  • It is organized by Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India (ALIMCO), a Public Sector Undertaking under the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Corporation started manufacturing artificial aids in 1976.

Hence only statement 1 is correct.

QUESTION: 3

With reference to the Special Procedures Branch of the Human Rights Council, consider the following statements:

1. Special procedures cover all human rights that is civil, cultural, economic, political and social as well as issues relating to specific groups.

2. A mandate-holder’s tenure in a given function, whether it is a thematic or country mandate, is limited to a maximum of six years.

3. They are non-paid and elected for 3-year mandates that can be reconducted for another three years.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva has responded the concerns raised by Special Procedures Branch of the Human Rights Council regarding India’s Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021.

  • The term ‘special procedures’ refers to the list of mechanisms established by the Human Rights Council to report and advise on human rights from a thematic and country-specific perspective.
  • Special procedures cover all human rights: civil, cultural, economic, political and social as well as issues relating to specific groups.
  • Special procedures mandate-holders are either an individual (called a Special Rapporteur (SR) or Independent Expert (IE)) or a Working Group (WG) of five members.
  • Mandate holders serve in their personal capacities, they are not UN staff and do not receive salaries or other financial remuneration for their work.
  • A mandate-holder’s tenure in a given function, whether it is a thematic or country mandate, is limited to a maximum of six years.
  • They are non-paid and elected for 3-year mandates that can be reconducted for another three years.
  • Mandate holders are appointed by the Human Rights Council and their work is supported by the OHCHR.
  • As part of their mandates, special procedures examine, advise and publicly report on human rights issues and situations.
  • Special procedures report annually to the Human Rights Council; the majority of the mandates also report annually to the General Assembly.
  • Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.
QUESTION: 4

With reference to the International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice, consider the following statements:

1. It was observed on June 15.

2. A solstice is an event that occurs when the Sun reaches its most northerly or southerly day-arc relative to the equator.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice was observed on June 21. The Day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly on June 20th of 2019.

  • A solstice is an event that occurs when the Sun reaches its most northerly or southerly day-arc relative to the equator.
  • Therefore, there are two solstices that occur annually:
    • around June 21 (commonly known as "Summer Solstice" for being the first day of summer and the longest day of the year for those living north of the Equator; or the longest day of the summer season. It occurs when the sun is directly over the Tropic of Cancer, or more specifically right over 23.5 degree north latitude.
    • December 21 (commonly known as "Winter Solstice" for being the first day of winter and the shortest day of the year).
  • The solstices, together with the equinoxes, are connected with seasons, harvests and livelihood. Therefore, many cultures celebrate various combinations of the solstices, the equinoxes, and the midpoints between them, leading to various holidays arising around these events.

Hence only statement 2 is correct.

QUESTION: 5

Yoga Sachitra, illustrated book on yoga was written by:

Solution:

Twenty-six years after the book was first published, the Directorate of Publications Division of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has reprinted the revised edition of Yoga Sachitra on the occasion of the 7th International Day of Yoga.

  • This illustrated book is written by renowned Yoga expert Dharmavir singh Mahida, in Hindi.
  • It beautifully encapsulates the eight limbs of Yoga- Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi- with a special focus on Yogasanas.

Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the following statements.

1. India has the second longest coastline in Asia.

2. Beaches, dunes, cliffs and rocks are the landforms associated with coastline.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Solution:

India has the seventh longest coastline in Asia. The coastline is 7,500 km long.

Coral reefs, mangroves, tidal mudflats, seagrass beds, and salt marshes are some of the fragile habitats found along the Indian coastline. Apart from these ecosystems, the coastline features a variety of landforms such as sandy beaches, dunes, cliffs and rocks, among others.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements regarding ‘Positive Indigenisation List’, recently seen in news.

1. The items listed includes weapons/ systems that will be procured from indigenous sources as per provisions given in Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020.

2. It aims in achieving self-reliance and promoting defence exports.

3. The complex systems, Air Borne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) systems and Tank Engines are not included in the list.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:

The ‘Second Positive Indigenisation List’ of 108 items was notified by the Ministry of Defence. This will give further boost to indigenisation with active participation of public and private sector for fulfilling the twin objectives of achieving self-reliance and promoting defence exportsAll the 108 items will now be procured from indigenous sources as per provisions given in Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020.

Like the first list, import substitution of ammunition which is a recurring requirement has been given special focus.

The ‘Second Positive Indigenisation List’ comprises complex systems, sensors, simulator, weapons and ammunitions like Helicopters, Next Generation Corvettes, Air Borne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) systems, Tank Engines, Medium Power Radar for Mountains, MRSAM Weapon Systems and many more such items to fulfil the requirements of Indian Armed Forces. This second list is planned to be implemented progressively with effect from December 2021 to December 2025.

QUESTION: 8

Which of the following national parks are located in Assam?

1. Nameri

2. Dihing Patkai

3. Dibru-Saikhowa

4. Raimona

Select the correct answer code:

Solution:

The State government notified Dihing Patkai as a National Park, four days after creating the 422-sq. km Raimona National Park in western Assam’s Kokrajhar district.

The five national parks that existed prior to the Raimona are Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri, Orang and Dibru-Saikhowa.

The Raimona National Park is within the Bodoland Territorial Region. The area of the park includes the northern part of the notified Ripu Reserve Forest (508.62 sq. km), which forms the western-most buffer to the Manas National Park that straddles the India-Bhutan border.

QUESTION: 9

When is World Music Day observed every year?

Solution:

Every year, June 21 is celebrated as 'World Music Day' all over the world. It is also called 'Fete de la Musique' in French and Make Music Day as well. Background: World Music Day was 1st celebrated in France in 1982. Every year, it is celebrated on the day of the summer solstice, which is June 21. The aim behind this was to bring people out on the streets and enjoy themselves listening to the music, however they like it.

QUESTION: 10

Which of the following cities has been named as the most liveable city of India, in the Ease of Living Index 2020, released by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE)?

Solution:

In the Ease of Living Index 2020, released by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), Bengaluru has been named the most liveable city of India. About: The Ease of Living Index 2020 is part of the report titled State of India’s Environment 2021. Bengaluru is followed by Chennai, Shimla, Bhubaneshwar, and Mumbai, as the top 5 best cities respectively. The report focused on 4 parameters to determine the ease of living index score of each city, which are: quality of life, economic ability, sustainability and citizens’ perceptions.