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Important Questions Test: Agriculture


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20 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) | Important Questions Test: Agriculture

Important Questions Test: Agriculture for UPSC 2022 is part of NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) preparation. The Important Questions Test: Agriculture questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Important Questions Test: Agriculture MCQs are made for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions Test: Agriculture below.
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Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 1

Name the term given to the commercial rearing of silk worms to supplement the income of the farmer.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 1

The rearing of silkworm for obtaining silk is called sericulture.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 2

Name the term given to the Breeding of Fish in specially constructed tanks and ponds

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 2

Pisciculture also known as fish farming is the rearing of fish for food in enclosures such as fish ponds or tanks. The fish are reared and raised in enclosures such as cages, open nets, tanks and ponds.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 3

Name the term given to the Cultivation of grapes.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 3

Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) or winegrowing (wine growing) is the cultivation and harvesting of grapes.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 4

Name the term given to Growing of Vegetables flowers and fruits for commercial use.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 5

Agriculture or farming can be looked at as a system. Which one among the following is not an important input of agriculture

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 5

Agriculture or farming is a system in which seeds, fertilizers, machinery, and labour are important inputs. Ploughing, sowing, irrigation, weeding, and harvesting are some of the operations.The outputs from the system include crops, dairy, wool and poultry products.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 6

Agriculture or farming can be looked at as a system. Which one among the following is not an important output of agriculture

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 6  Output: The outputs from the system include crops, wool, dairy, poultry products, etc. hence, ploughing is not an output.
Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 7

The word agriculture is derived from the Latin words ager or agri and Culture meaning Cultivation . What does the word agri literally mean?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 7

The Latin root of agriculture is agri, or "field," plus cultura, "cultivation." Cultivating a piece of land, or planting and growing food plants on it.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 8

Analyse the following and identify which one among the following can be treated as Inputs to the agriculture system. 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 8

Agricultural inputs range from improved seeds, fertilizers and crop protection chemicals to machinery, irrigation and knowledge. Seeds are critical to successful crop production and inevitably, farm productivity and profitability. Fertilizer supplies nutrients to the soil that are essential for growth

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 9

Crop plants may be attacked by pests which affect the crop production. Fungi are such type of pests which cause diseases like

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 9

Loose smut of wheat is caused by fungus Ustilago tritici, early blight of potato is caused by fungus Alternaria so/an/ and late blight of potato is caused by fungus Phytophthora infestans. Citrus canker is a bacterial disease caused by bacterium Xanthomonas.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 10

Which one from the following list is a Physical Input to the agriculture system.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 10

Because as some plants need less water for growing so the places in which rainfall is low farmers grow crops which need less water.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 11

From the following list of inputs, mention the one that is not a natural input in the agriculture system.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 11

All the inputs such as fertile soil, sunshine and earthworms are natural and organic matter whereas pesticides are the chemicals which are used to kill the pests that are destroying the crop.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 12

Name the type of farming practiced to meet the needs of the farmer's family i.e.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 12

Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer's family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 13

Fill up the missing blank after analyzing the given image : 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 13

Subsistence agriculture is often divided into three different types, including intensive subsistence, which is the traditional method, shifting cultivation, which relies on clearing forest to create new farm plots every few years and pastoral nomadism, which relies on traveling with herds of animals.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 14

Which one of the following best describes intensive subsistence agriculture?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 14

Intensive subsistence agriculture is a type of farming done primarily by hand, or with beasts of burden on small plots of land. This type of farming only produces enough output to support the farmer's family, not for commercial sale. Space constraints require every bit of land to be used.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 15

A few statements with respect to the farm in USA are given below. Pick out the one that is not TRUE

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 15

The average size of a farm in the USA is much larger than that of an Indian farm. A typical farm size in the USA is about 250 hectares. The farmer generally resides in the farm. Some of the major crops grown are corn, soyabean, wheat, cotton and sugar beet. Farmers make sure that soil and water resources meet the needs of this crop. Adequate measures are taken to control pests that can damage the crop. From time to time they send the soil samples to a soil testing laboratory to check whether the nutrients are sufficient or not.  The grains are stored in the automated grain storage or dispatched to market agencies. The farmers in the USA work like businessmen and not like  peasant farmers.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 16

Shifting cultivation refers to :

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 16

Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned while post-disturbance fallow vegetation is allowed to freely grow while the cultivator moves on to another plot. The period of cultivation is usually terminated when the soil shows signs of exhaustion or, more commonly, when the field is overrun by weeds. The length of time that a field is cultivated is usually shorter than the period over which the land is allowed to regenerate by lying fallow.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 17

This type of farming is practiced in the arid and semi-arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia, and Rajasthan etc. Herdsmen move from place to place with their animals for fodder and water along defined routes due to climatic constraints and terrain. Which type of farming is being referred to ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 17

The nomads techniques of agriculture. Nomads are people who travel around from place to place without having one settled place where they live. Most nomadic groups follow a fixed annual or seasonal pattern of movements and settlements.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 18

Name the type of farming followed from the given image 

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 19

Name the animal that is not reared by the nomadic herders as these animals provided milk, meat, wool etc.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 19

Nomads herd cattle, goats, sheep, and camels. Other animals managed by nomadic herders include horses, musk-oxen, and yaks. For many nomads, their herds provide meat, milk, and hides for their own use, as well as for trade.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 20

The main motive of this type of cultivation is profit .Large area of land and a huge amount of capital is used for cultivation with latest technological advancement . Name the type of farming from the given list.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 20

Commercial Farming In commercial Farming crops are grown and animals are reared for sale in the market, that is, for commercial purposes, while in Subsistence farming crops are grown mainly for the farmer's family needs.

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