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Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Class 7 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 7 - Important Questions: The Mughal Empire

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire for Class 7 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 7 preparation. The Important Questions: The Mughal Empire questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 7 exam syllabus.The Important Questions: The Mughal Empire MCQs are made for Class 7 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire below.
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Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 1

Who were the Mughals descended from?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 1

The passage states that the Mughals were descendants of Genghis Khan from their mother's side and Timur from their father's side.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 2

What term did the Mughals use to describe the division of inheritance among all sons?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 2

The passage mentions that the Mughals followed the custom of coparcenary inheritance, not primogeniture.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 3

Which Mughal emperor succeeded in defeating Ibrahim Lodi at the first Battle of Panipat?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 3

Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi at the first Battle of Panipat in 1526.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 4

What was the Mughal policy of 'sulh-i kul' focused on?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 4

'Sulh-i kul' refers to the Mughal policy of religious tolerance, as mentioned in Jahangir's description.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 5

What did the Mughals use to describe intermediaries, whether local headmen or powerful chieftains?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 5

The passage mentions that the term 'zamindars' was used to describe all intermediaries.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 6

Which Mughal empress was given the title Nur Jahan and had silver coins struck in her name?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 6

The passage mentions that Jahangir struck silver coins bearing the name of Queen Begum Nur Jahan.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 7

What did Abul Fazl write about Akbar's reign?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 7

Abul Fazl wrote a three-volume history of Akbar's reign, and the third volume is the Ain-i Akbari.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 8

How did the Mughal rulers and their mansabdars primarily generate income for the empire?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 8

The passage states that the main source of income for the Mughals was tax on the produce of the peasantry.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 9

In which century did the Mughal Empire experience economic and commercial prosperity?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 9

The passage mentions that the administrative and military efficiency of the Mughal Empire led to great economic and commercial prosperity.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 10

Who was the mother of Shah Jahan?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 10

Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor, was the son of Princess Manmati, also known as Jagat Gosaini. Her official title was Bilqis Makani after her son became the emperor. She was the wife of Emperor Jahangir, Shah Jahan's father.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 11

What system was prevalent in areas where Mughal administrators could survey the land and keep careful accounts?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 11

The passage mentions that the revenue system known as 'zabt' was prevalent in areas where land could be surveyed and accounts kept.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 12

What was the primary responsibility of a mansabdar in the Mughal Empire?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 12

The passage states that a mansabdar's military responsibilities required him to maintain a specified number of cavalrymen.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 13

Which Mughal emperor implemented the policy of 'sulh-i kul'?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 13

The passage mentions that Jahangir described his father Akbar's policy of 'sulh-i kul.'

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 14

What was the main focus of the third volume of Abul Fazl's writings about Akbar's reign?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 14

The passage states that the third volume, Ain-i Akbari, dealt with Akbar's administration, household, army, revenues, and the geography of his empire.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 15

What was the term used to describe the graded system used by the Mughals to fix rank, salary, and military responsibilities?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 15

The passage mentions that mansab refers to an individual who holds a position or rank in the graded system used by the Mughals.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 16

The rule of primogeniture

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 16

The rule of primogeniture refers to the practice of inheritance where the eldest son inherits his father's estate. This rule has been prevalent in many cultures and societies throughout history.

Key Points:

  • Eldest son inheritance: According to the rule of primogeniture, the eldest son has the right to inherit his father's estate, including land, property, and titles.
  • Patrilineal succession: Primogeniture follows a patrilineal succession, meaning that the inheritance is passed down through the male line. The eldest son becomes the head of the family and inherits the family's wealth and assets.
  • Exclusion of other siblings: Under primogeniture, younger sons and daughters are generally excluded from inheriting the father's estate. This system often leads to the concentration of wealth and power within the eldest son, perpetuating the gender hierarchy.
  • Historical context: Primogeniture has been practiced in various societies, including feudal systems in medieval Europe, as well as in many royal families around the world. It has been used as a means to ensure stability and continuity within noble families.
  • - Criticisms and changes: Over time, the rule of primogeniture has faced criticism for its gender bias and inequalities. Many countries have enacted reforms to modify or abolish primogeniture, allowing for equal inheritance rights for both male and female heirs.
Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 17

____ insulted Shivaji when he came to accept Mughal authority

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 17
  • Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire, had initially maintained a somewhat friendly relationship with the Mughal Empire.
  • However, when Aurangzeb ascended the throne in 1658, the relationship between Shivaji and the Mughals became strained.
  • Shivaji was constantly at odds with the Mughal Empire, as he sought to establish his own independent kingdom.
  • In 1666, Shivaji visited Aurangzeb's court in Agra to pay his respects and accept Mughal authority.
  • However, Aurangzeb treated Shivaji disrespectfully, making him stand in the court's outer court instead of allowing him inside.
  • This public humiliation deeply offended Shivaji, and he eventually left the court without officially accepting Mughal authority.
  • This incident further strained the relationship between Shivaji and the Mughals, leading to increased conflicts in the following years.

In summary, Aurangzeb insulted Shivaji when he came to accept Mughal authority by making him stand in the outer court instead of allowing him inside.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 18

Mansab, means

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 18

The word mansab is of Arabic origin meaning rank or position. The system determined the rank and status of a government official and military generals. Every civil and military officer was given a mansab, which determined their salaries and allowances. The term manasabadar means a person having a mansab.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 19

Meaning of ‘diwan’ is:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 19

The right to collect revenue of a region is called a Diwani. On 12 August 1765, the Mughal emperor appointed the East India Company as the Diwan of Bengal.

Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 20

How Shahjahan is better known as in the Indian History?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions: The Mughal Empire - Question 20

In Indian history, Shahjahan is better known as Prince Khurram before his ascension to the throne. Prince Khurram was his given name at birth, and he was later given the title of Shah Jahan, meaning "King of the World", upon his rise to power. This name is synonymous with his reign and architectural contributions, especially the Taj Mahal.

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