Test: Ruling The Countryside - 2


20 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) | Test: Ruling The Countryside - 2


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QUESTION: 1

A set of statements on how the Permanent Settlement system was advantageous to the British are given below. Pick out the one that is not applicable

Solution:

A is the correct answer because under the Permanent Settlement system there was an agreement between the company and the Zamindars to fix the land revenue. Since the settlement was of a permanent nature, the Zamindars  had an interest in the improvement of the land thereby improving the revenue.

QUESTION: 2

The following set of statements show the disadvantages and the problems faced by the Permanent Settlement system, choose the one that is not TRUE.

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

In which year was the Permanent Settlement System started?

Solution:

The Permanent Settlement was introduced first in Bengal and Bihar, and then in the south district of Madras and Varanasi. The system eventually spread all over northern India by a series of regulations dated 1 May 1793

QUESTION: 4

The under tenants depressed by an excessive rent In kind and by usurious returns of the cattle, seed and subsistence, advance to them, can never extricate themselves from debt. In so abject a state, they cannot labour in spirit, while they earn a scanty subsistence without hope of bettering their situation. These words of an Englishman described the pathetic conditions of the under tenants of Bengal in 1806. With the help of the picture given, name the Englishman who wrote this.

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Name the Englishman who introduced the Mahalwari Settlement System as a substitute to the e Permanent Settlement System.

Solution:

Mahalwari system was one of the main revenue systems of the British in India. Holt Mackenzie and Robert Merttins Bird started this system in 1822 as a substitute of the permanent settlement system. In this system, the land revenue was collected by the village headmen, and it was not fixed.

QUESTION: 6

Which one of the following statements are TRUE with respect to the Mahalwari System

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Under the Mahalwari system, the estimated revenue of each plot within a village was added up to calculate the revenue that each mahal had to pay. From the given list of options, which one is closest in meaning to the word mahal ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

From among the regions mentioned below, which region introduced the Mahalwari Settlement System in 1822 ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

The Company tried many experiments to increase the land revenue. Name the Settlement system introduced in the Madras and Bombay presidencies ?

Solution:

Ryotwari Settlement System was the system of land revenue instituted in the late 18th century by Sir Thomas Munro, Governor of Madras in 1820. In this system, the peasants or cultivators were regarded as the owners of the land. The taxes were directly collected by the government from the peasants. If they failed to pay the taxes, they were evicted by the government.

QUESTION: 10

Who among the following introduced the Ryotwari Settlement system ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

An important blue cloth dye was produced from a plant. The Indian plant was famous for the rich blue colour that it gave to the cloth The British forced the peasants to grow more of these plants and the peasants refused as this plant made the land barren. Which plant is this ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

What is the literal meaning of the Greek word indikon?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Why was there a popular demand for Indian indigo in Italy, France and Britain?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

The Europeans want to ban import of indigo. Which was the plant that they thought had a competition with indigo?

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

The following table shows the different places of indigo cultivation by the different European powers. Complete the table by choosing the correct option from the given list
French- St Domingue, Caribbean islands
Spanish- Venezuela
Portuguese-(select from options)

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

What do you mean by nij and ryoti?

Solution:
In NIJ cultivation, the planter themselves produce indigo while under Ryot system, planter get indigo produced by ryot.

In NIJ cultivation planter directly employ hired labour to produce indigo while in ryot system, planter force the ryot to sign an agreement to produce indigo.

In NIJ cultivation less than 25 percent of land should be under indigo cultivation while in ryot system, at least 25 percent of land should be under indigo cultivation.

Under NIJ cultivation it is very difficult to find labour while in ryot system, planter sometimes forces the village head on behalf of ryot to sign the agreement to produce indigo.

Under ryot system planter give loan to ryot to produce indigo, this is not applied in case of NIJ cultivation.

QUESTION: 17

Why many Scotsmen and Englishmen came to India and became planters ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Given below are some points with regard to the nij cultivation of indigo. Select the one that is not related to the nij cultivation

Solution:

The d part is connected with the ryot system and not nij . Under the ryoti system, indigo planters forced the ryots (cultivators), and sometimes even influenced the village headmen on behalf of the ryots, to sign a contract, an agreement called satta, in which those who signed got cash advances at low rates of interest to cultivate indigo on their fields.

QUESTION: 19

Who are called the ryots?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

A set of statements with respect to the ryot cultivation of indigo is given below. Select the one that is not applicable to the ryot cultivation.

Solution:

The d part did not hold true for ryot but nij cultivation.

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