Test: The Making Of A Global World - 4


20 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) | Test: The Making Of A Global World - 4


Description
This mock test of Test: The Making Of A Global World - 4 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 20 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Test: The Making Of A Global World - 4 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Test: The Making Of A Global World - 4 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Test: The Making Of A Global World - 4 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Test: The Making Of A Global World - 4 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

‘Globalisation’ today mainly refers to :

Solution:

The term globalization derives from the word globalize, which refers to the emergence of an international network of economic systems.One of the earliest known usages of the term as a noun was in a 1930 publication entitled Towards New Education, where it denoted a holistic view of human experience in education. The term 'globalization' had been used in its economic sense at least as early as 1981, and in other senses since at least as early as 1944.Theodore Levitt is credited with popularizing the term and bringing it into the mainstream business audience in the later half of the 1980s. Since its inception, the concept of globalization has inspired competing definitions and interpretations. Its antecedents date back to the great movements of trade and empire across Asia and the Indian Ocean from the 15th century onward.

QUESTION: 2

The main aim of the post-war international economic system was to

Solution: The main aim of the post-war international economic system was to preserve economic stability and full employment in the industrial world. Its framework was agreed upon at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference held in July 1944 at Bretton Woods in New Hampshire, USA.
QUESTION: 3

What was the Bretton Woods system?

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Which of the following statements is a true definition of what the economists identify as “flows”?

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

The two evidences we have of India carrying on an active coastal trade in ancient times are :

Solution:

From ancient times, travellers, traders, priests and pilgrims travelled vast distances for knowledge, opportunity and spiritual fulfilment, or to escape persecution. As early as 3000 BCE an active coastal trade linked the Indus valley civilisations with present-day West Asia.

QUESTION: 6

The most powerful weapon, which the Spanish conquerors of America had, was :

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Beside clearing land, what else was needed to increase food production in the world in the 19th century?

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

The number of people who migrated from Europe to America and Australia and other parts of the world in the 19th century was nearly

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

The dramatic changes in global agricultural economy by 1890, were :

Solution:

i) By 1890, a global agricultural economy had taken shape. It was accompanied by complex changes in labour movement patterns, capital flows, ecologies and technology.

(ii) Food no longer came from a nearby village or town, but from thousands of miles away.

QUESTION: 10

Indentured labour means :

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

The example of indentured labour’s migration from India illustrates :

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

In the 19th century hundreds of thousands of Indian and Chinese labourers went to work on :

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Indian nationalist leaders began opposing the system of indentured labour migration from the 1900s because:

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Name one Nobel Prize winning writer who was a descendant of indentured labour migrants :

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Indentured labour system was abolished in India in :

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

The reasons why the inflow of fine Indian cotton into Britain and other countries declined in the 19th century were :

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Which Indian town is shown in the picture and why ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

The British ‘trade surplus’ with India in the 19th century helped Britain :

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

The foods introduced in Europe after Christopher Columbus accidentally discovered the vast continent, later known as America, were :

Solution:

Foods such as potato which were unknown before were only introduced in Europe and Asia after Christopher Columbus accidentally discovered the vast continent known as the Americas.

QUESTION: 20

The Europeans brought to Africa a devastating disease which destroyed :

Solution:

Rinderpest a cattle disease arrived in Africa in the late 1880s. It was carried by infected cattle imported from British Asia to feed the Italian soldiers invading Eritrea in East Africa. Along the way rinderpest killed 90 per cent of the cattle.