Painted by a European artist who came to India, this was one of the many pictures of a religious practice, a social evil that existed in ancient India. Identify the name of the practice
In some parts of the country, widows were praised if they chose death by burning themselves on the funeral pyre of their husbands. Women who died in this manner, whether willingly or otherwise, were called “sati”, meaning virtuous women. Sati, painted by Balthazar Solvyn, was one of the many pictures of a religious practice painted by the European artists who came to India. The practice of sati was seen as evidence of the barbarism of the East.
Name the uppermost caste in the social ladder that existed in ancient India
India's caste system is among the world's oldest forms of surviving social stratification. The BBC explains its complexities.
The system which divides Hindus into rigid hierarchical groups based on their karma (work) and dharma (the Hindi word for religion, but here it means duty) is generally accepted to be more than 3,000 years old.
The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of creation.
At the top of the hierarchy were the Brahmins who were mainly teachers and intellectuals and are believed to have come from Brahma's head.
Among the following, which class belonged to the traders and money lenders
Hindu religious texts assigned Vaishyas to traditional roles in agriculture and cattle-rearing, but over time they came to be landowners, traders and money-lenders. Therefore making it their responsibility to provide sustenance for those of higher class, since they were of lower class.
Name the class that belonged to the lower most strata in the social ladder of ancient India
With respect to ancient India, a list of statements related to the untouchables are given below. Point out the one that is not TRUE.
Untouchables are considered as inferior social beings and therefore not entitled to any individual rights i.e., civic, religious, political and economic. In fact, the disabilities are so severe that they are physically and socially isolated and excluded from the the rest of the Hindu society.
An image of a popular reformer who founded a reform association Brahmo Samaj is given below. Name this personality.
Monotheism is the belief in one god. A narrower definition of monotheism is the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is all-powerful and intervenes in the world.
Few important points with respect to Raja Ram Mohan Roy are given below. Select the one that is NOT TRUE.
But a voracious reader, he devoured English literature and journals, extracting as much knowledge as he could. He realised that while traditional texts like Vedas, Upanishads and Quran provided him with much reverence for philosophy, his knowledge was lacking in scientific and rational education. He advocated the introduction of an English Education System in the country teaching scientific subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and even Botany.
Who has been referred as the Prophet of Indian Nationalism?
Under which Governor General did Raja Ram Mohan Roy initiative to ban Sati?