NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 3


200 Questions MCQ Test NABARD Manager - Mock Tests & Previous Year Papers | NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 3


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This mock test of NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 3 for Banking Exams helps you for every Banking Exams entrance exam. This contains 200 Multiple Choice Questions for Banking Exams NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 3 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 3 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. Banking Exams students definitely take this NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 3 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 3 extra questions, long questions & short questions for Banking Exams on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

In the following question, a set of statements is followed by some conclusions, one of which definitely does not follow (or is not a possibility of occurrence). Choose that conclusion as the answer.

Statements:

All waves are cloths.

All trees are cloths.

Some cloths are forests.

No forest is a tree.

Conclusions:

Solution:


(a) No trees are forests: True: From the given statement i.e. No forest is a tree, a tree can never be a forest.

(b) Some waves are forests.

(c) No wave is a forest.

Conclusion (b) and (c) are complimentary to each other i.e. either conclusion (b) or (c) follows.

(d) All cloths being forests is a possibility: False : If all cloths become forest, then all trees would be forest” which contradicts the given statement “ No forest is a tree”.

(e) All waves being forests is a possibility: TRUE : The possibility is shown in the above figure.

QUESTION: 2

In the following question, there are four statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Statements:

All men are big.

All big are old.

Some old are weak.

All weak are patients.

Conclusions:

I. Some weak are big.

II. Some weak are men.

III. At least some patients are old.

IV. Some patients being men is a possibility.

Solution:


Conclusions:

I. Some weak are big : FALSE : It is not definite.

II. Some weak are men : FALSE : It is not definite.

III. At least some patients are old : TRUE: Since, Some old are weak and all weak are patients. Hence, at least some patients are old.

IV. Some patients being men is a possibility: TRUE :

QUESTION: 3

In the following question, choose the option which doesn't follow according to the given information. If all the options follow, then choose option (e) i.e. “All follows”.

(i) A is 8km to the west of C.

(ii) B is 15km to the north of C.

(iii) E is 4km to the north-east of A.

(iv) D is to the south of C

Solution:

QUESTION: 4

In a classroom, there are 5 rows and 5 children A, B, C, D and E are seated one behind the other in 5 separate rows. 'A' sits behind 'C' but in front of 'B'. 'C' sits behind 'E' and 'D' sits in front of 'E'. The order in which they are sitting from the first row to the last is

Solution:

The order of sitting is (from first to the last row) : DECAB

QUESTION: 5

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions.

There are eight friends - M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T sitting around a rectangular table, not necessarily in the same order. One person sits on each shorter side of the table and three persons sit on each longer side of the table. Equal number of persons is facing towards the centre of the table and away from the centre of the table. Each of them went for shopping and bought different items among - Car, Laptop, Watch, Gun, Shoes, Mobile, Dress and Camera, not necessarily in the same order.

1. T hasn't bought Watch. The person who bought Car sits third to the left of P, who bought Laptop.

2. The person who bought camera is sitting diagonally opposite to the person who bought Laptop.

3. Either the persons who bought Gun and Watch are facing each other and are sitting opposite to each other or are sitting adjacent to each other on same side and facing towards the centre.

4. The persons sitting on the shorter sides of the table are not facing in the same direction with respect to each other. (i.e. if one is facing towards centre then other is facing away from the centre.)

5. N, who doesn't face towards the centre of the table, sits third to the right of S, who bought Mobile.

6. The person who bought Shoes is sitting to the immediate left of the person who bought Dress.

7. M and T are sitting opposite to each other. O, who hasn't bought Dress and the person who bought Gun are sitting on the same side of the table.

8. Q, who is not sitting in the middle of the longer side of table, is sitting at equal distance from both M and T.

9. The person who bought dress or shoes doesn't sit adjacent to S or Q.

10. All the four persons who are facing towards the centre are not sitting together.

Question : Who is sitting third to the right of T?

Solution:


.’. P is sitting third to the right of T.

QUESTION: 6

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions.

There are eight friends - M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T sitting around a rectangular table, not necessarily in the same order. One person sits on each shorter side of the table and three persons sit on each longer side of the table. Equal number of persons is facing towards the centre of the table and away from the centre of the table. Each of them went for shopping and bought different items among - Car, Laptop, Watch, Gun, Shoes, Mobile, Dress and Camera, not necessarily in the same order.

1. T hasn't bought Watch. The person who bought Car sits third to the left of P, who bought Laptop.

2. The person who bought camera is sitting diagonally opposite to the person who bought Laptop.

3. Either the persons who bought Gun and Watch are facing each other and are sitting opposite to each other or are sitting adjacent to each other on same side and facing towards the centre.

4. The persons sitting on the shorter sides of the table are not facing in the same direction with respect to each other. (i.e. if one is facing towards centre then other is facing away from the centre.)

5. N, who doesn't face towards the centre of the table, sits third to the right of S, who bought Mobile.

6. The person who bought Shoes is sitting to the immediate left of the person who bought Dress.

7. M and T are sitting opposite to each other. O, who hasn't bought Dress and the person who bought Gun are sitting on the same side of the table.

8. Q, who is not sitting in the middle of the longer side of table, is sitting at equal distance from both M and T.

9. The person who bought dress or shoes doesn't sit adjacent to S or Q.

10. All the four persons who are facing towards the centre are not sitting together.

Question : Who is sitting diagonally opposite to the person who bought Laptop?

Solution:


.’. O is diagonally opposite to the person who bought Laptop.

QUESTION: 7

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions.

There are eight friends - M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T sitting around a rectangular table, not necessarily in the same order. One person sits on each shorter side of the table and three persons sit on each longer side of the table. Equal number of persons is facing towards the centre of the table and away from the centre of the table. Each of them went for shopping and bought different items among - Car, Laptop, Watch, Gun, Shoes, Mobile, Dress and Camera, not necessarily in the same order.

1. T hasn't bought Watch. The person who bought Car sits third to the left of P, who bought Laptop.

2. The person who bought camera is sitting diagonally opposite to the person who bought Laptop.

3. Either the persons who bought Gun and Watch are facing each other and are sitting opposite to each other or are sitting adjacent to each other on same side and facing towards the centre.

4. The persons sitting on the shorter sides of the table are not facing in the same direction with respect to each other. (i.e. if one is facing towards centre then other is facing away from the centre.)

5. N, who doesn't face towards the centre of the table, sits third to the right of S, who bought Mobile.

6. The person who bought Shoes is sitting to the immediate left of the person who bought Dress.

7. M and T are sitting opposite to each other. O, who hasn't bought Dress and the person who bought Gun are sitting on the same side of the table.

8. Q, who is not sitting in the middle of the longer side of table, is sitting at equal distance from both M and T.

9. The person who bought dress or shoes doesn't sit adjacent to S or Q.

10. All the four persons who are facing towards the centre are not sitting together.

Question : Who is sitting third to the left of the person who bought Watch?

Solution:


.’. M bought watch and R is sitting third to the left of M.

QUESTION: 8

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions.

There are eight friends - M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T sitting around a rectangular table, not necessarily in the same order. One person sits on each shorter side of the table and three persons sit on each longer side of the table. Equal number of persons is facing towards the centre of the table and away from the centre of the table. Each of them went for shopping and bought different items among - Car, Laptop, Watch, Gun, Shoes, Mobile, Dress and Camera, not necessarily in the same order.

1. T hasn't bought Watch. The person who bought Car sits third to the left of P, who bought Laptop.

2. The person who bought camera is sitting diagonally opposite to the person who bought Laptop.

3. Either the persons who bought Gun and Watch are facing each other and are sitting opposite to each other or are sitting adjacent to each other on same side and facing towards the centre.

4. The persons sitting on the shorter sides of the table are not facing in the same direction with respect to each other. (i.e. if one is facing towards centre then other is facing away from the centre.)

5. N, who doesn't face towards the centre of the table, sits third to the right of S, who bought Mobile.

6. The person who bought Shoes is sitting to the immediate left of the person who bought Dress.

7. M and T are sitting opposite to each other. O, who hasn't bought Dress and the person who bought Gun are sitting on the same side of the table.

8. Q, who is not sitting in the middle of the longer side of table, is sitting at equal distance from both M and T.

9. The person who bought dress or shoes doesn't sit adjacent to S or Q.

10. All the four persons who are facing towards the centre are not sitting together.

Question : R bought which of the following items?

Solution:


.’. R bought Dress.

QUESTION: 9

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions.

There are eight friends - M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T sitting around a rectangular table, not necessarily in the same order. One person sits on each shorter side of the table and three persons sit on each longer side of the table. Equal number of persons is facing towards the centre of the table and away from the centre of the table. Each of them went for shopping and bought different items among - Car, Laptop, Watch, Gun, Shoes, Mobile, Dress and Camera, not necessarily in the same order.

1. T hasn't bought Watch. The person who bought Car sits third to the left of P, who bought Laptop.

2. The person who bought camera is sitting diagonally opposite to the person who bought Laptop.

3. Either the persons who bought Gun and Watch are facing each other and are sitting opposite to each other or are sitting adjacent to each other on same side and facing towards the centre.

4. The persons sitting on the shorter sides of the table are not facing in the same direction with respect to each other. (i.e. if one is facing towards centre then other is facing away from the centre.)

5. N, who doesn't face towards the centre of the table, sits third to the right of S, who bought Mobile.

6. The person who bought Shoes is sitting to the immediate left of the person who bought Dress.

7. M and T are sitting opposite to each other. O, who hasn't bought Dress and the person who bought Gun are sitting on the same side of the table.

8. Q, who is not sitting in the middle of the longer side of table, is sitting at equal distance from both M and T.

9. The person who bought dress or shoes doesn't sit adjacent to S or Q.

10. All the four persons who are facing towards the centre are not sitting together.

Question : What is the position of T with respect to the person who bought Shoes?

Solution:

QUESTION: 10

Cause and Effect:

I. More than ten students have reported facing ragging in the last month.

II. The college authorities have decided to toughen the rules that safeguard students against the menace of ragging.

Solution:

From statement I, in the last month, incidents of ragging were reported by some students. And from statement II: the phrase “toughen the rules” signifies that the existing rules are not enough to restrict those who do ragging. Hence, the rules regarding ragging need to be made stricter. So, Statement I is the cause and Statement II is the effect.

QUESTION: 11

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Statements: A ≥ N, C > G, G < T, M = O, R ≥ L, N > C, T < M, O > R

Conclusion:

I. A ≥ G

II. C < M

III. G < O

IV. M > L

Solution:

From the given statements,

A ≥ N > C > G < T < M = O > R ≥ L

Conclusion:

I. A ≥ G : FALSE : Since, A ≥ N > C > G

II. C < M : FALSE : No relationship between C and M can be established.

III. G < O : TRUE : Since, G < T < M = O. So, G < O is true.

IV. M > L : TRUE: Since, M = O > R ≥ L. So, M > L is true.

QUESTION: 12

Statements: A>C, D>B, R>G, M<K, C<D, B>R, G<M

Conclusion:

I. A>D

II. B>G

III. R>K

Solution:

From the given statements:

A > C < D > B > R > G < M < K

Conclusion:

I. A > D : FALSE : No relationship can be established between A and D.

II. B > G : TRUE : Since, B > R > G. So, B > G is true.

III. R > K : FALSE : No relationship can be established between R and K.

QUESTION: 13

Directions for Below Question :

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F lives in an eight floor building. The lowermost floor is numbered 1, the one above is numbered 2 and so on till the topmost floor of the building are numbered 8. Two of the floors are vacant. Their ages are 11, 14, 17, 18, 28 and 31, but not necessarily in the same order.

(i) Both the vacant floors are even numbered floors but not the 8th floor.

(ii) B, who is 18 years old, lives just above the vacant floor.

(iii) The age of D is sum of the ages of C and E. D lives on even numbered floor but not on 8th floor and his age is even number. C is elder than E.

(iv) Two persons live between D and B. Difference of the ages of A and C is 3 years and A lives below B.

(v) The number of persons between C and F is same as D and A.

(vi) C does not live on 1st floor and lives below A.

Question : Who is the eldest in the group?

Solution:


.’. F is eldest in the group.

QUESTION: 14

Directions for Below Question :

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F lives in an eight floor building. The lowermost floor is numbered 1, the one above is numbered 2 and so on till the topmost floor of the building are numbered 8. Two of the floors are vacant. Their ages are 11, 14, 17, 18, 28 and 31, but not necessarily in the same order.

(i) Both the vacant floors are even numbered floors but not the 8th floor.

(ii) B, who is 18 years old, lives just above the vacant floor.

(iii) The age of D is sum of the ages of C and E. D lives on even numbered floor but not on 8th floor and his age is even number. C is elder than E.

(iv) Two persons live between D and B. Difference of the ages of A and C is 3 years and A lives below B.

(v) The number of persons between C and F is same as D and A.

(vi) C does not live on 1st floor and lives below A.

Question : How many persons are elder than D?

Solution:


.’. Only F is elder than D.

QUESTION: 15

Directions for Below Question :

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F lives in an eight floor building. The lowermost floor is numbered 1, the one above is numbered 2 and so on till the topmost floor of the building are numbered 8. Two of the floors are vacant. Their ages are 11, 14, 17, 18, 28 and 31, but not necessarily in the same order.

(i) Both the vacant floors are even numbered floors but not the 8th floor.

(ii) B, who is 18 years old, lives just above the vacant floor.

(iii) The age of D is sum of the ages of C and E. D lives on even numbered floor but not on 8th floor and his age is even number. C is elder than E.

(iv) Two persons live between D and B. Difference of the ages of A and C is 3 years and A lives below B.

(v) The number of persons between C and F is same as D and A.

(vi) C does not live on 1st floor and lives below A.

Question : How many persons live between E and the one who is 28 years old?

Solution:


.’. D is 28 years old. There are 3 persons between E and D.

QUESTION: 16

Directions for Below Question :

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F lives in an eight floor building. The lowermost floor is numbered 1, the one above is numbered 2 and so on till the topmost floor of the building are numbered 8. Two of the floors are vacant. Their ages are 11, 14, 17, 18, 28 and 31, but not necessarily in the same order.

(i) Both the vacant floors are even numbered floors but not the 8th floor.

(ii) B, who is 18 years old, lives just above the vacant floor.

(iii) The age of D is sum of the ages of C and E. D lives on even numbered floor but not on 8th floor and his age is even number. C is elder than E.

(iv) Two persons live between D and B. Difference of the ages of A and C is 3 years and A lives below B.

(v) The number of persons between C and F is same as D and A.

(vi) C does not live on 1st floor and lives below A.

Question : Which of the following is true?

Solution:


.’. D is 28 years old. C lives just below a vacant floor. A is 14 years old. F is 31 years old.

QUESTION: 17

Directions for Below Question :

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F lives in an eight floor building. The lowermost floor is numbered 1, the one above is numbered 2 and so on till the topmost floor of the building are numbered 8. Two of the floors are vacant. Their ages are 11, 14, 17, 18, 28 and 31, but not necessarily in the same order.

(i) Both the vacant floors are even numbered floors but not the 8th floor.

(ii) B, who is 18 years old, lives just above the vacant floor.

(iii) The age of D is sum of the ages of C and E. D lives on even numbered floor but not on 8th floor and his age is even number. C is elder than E.

(iv) Two persons live between D and B. Difference of the ages of A and C is 3 years and A lives below B.

(v) The number of persons between C and F is same as D and A.

(vi) C does not live on 1st floor and lives below A.

Question : Which of the following floors are vacant?

Solution:


.’. Floor number 6 and 4 are vacant.

QUESTION: 18

The following question contains two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question:

Twelve students sitting in two parallel rows facing each other such that G, H, I, J, K and L are facing south while A, B, C, D, E and F are facing north, then who is facing I?

I. G sits second to right of K who sits facing E. E sits second to the left of B. F sits third to right of A, who sits facing G. B sits facing J, who sits second to left of K. D sits second to right of F and H sits at one of the ends, second to left of L.

II. J sits facing B, who sits second to the right of E who sits facing K. G sits third to right of L who sits second to right of H. A sits facing G and D sits third to right of E. K sits third to right of H and F sits second to left of D.

Solution:

From statement I:

 

.’. C is facing I. So, statement I is sufficient.

From statement II:
 


.’. C is facing I. So, statement I is sufficient.

QUESTION: 19

Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in which of the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Choose your answer from the options based on this.

Seven persons of a family A, B, C, D, E, F and G. They belong to three generation and there are 3 couples in the family. How is E related to C?

I. A is married to B. F is grandson of B. A has only 2 sons. G is married to C.

II. D is son of A. G is sister-in-law of D. C has no child. E is mother of F.

Solution:

From Statement I:

 

.’. It is not sufficient to determine relationship between E and C.

From Statement II:


From Statement I and II:

 

.’. C & D are brothers and E is wife of D. Hence, E is sister in law of C.

Hence, Both the statements are required.

QUESTION: 20

Veer: A college degree is a must if one wishes to secure a well-paying job in the future.

Sasha: That's not true. A college also improves one's decision making, besides helping one to secure a job.

It can be inferred that Sasha has misinterpreted Veer's statement to mean:

Solution:

Option A is incorrect, as this is the actual meaning of Veer's statement, and not Sasha's inference. Option C is eliminated as the passage does not talk about success. Option D is eliminated as Veer says nothing about college and decision making. Option B is the right answer, as Sasha interprets Veer's remarks to mean that the only thing to be gained from college is security of a good job.

QUESTION: 21

A and B can do a piece of work in 45 days and 40 days respectively. They began to work together but after 'n' days ‘A’ left and B finished the rest of the work in "n + 14" days. Find after how many days A left.

Solution:

According to the question,

(A + B)'s 1 day work = 1/45 + 1/40 = 17/360

(A + B)'s 'n' day work = 17n/360

Now, the remaining work i.e. 1 - 17n/360 is completed by 'B' in (n + 14) days.

Thus,

(n + 14)/40 = 1 - 17n/360

=> 9(n + 14) = 360 - 17n

=> 9n + 126 = 360 - 17n

=> 26n = 234

=> n = 9.

QUESTION: 22

A team of 7 players is to be selected for a Corporate Level Cricket tournament. 2 managers, 8 engineers and 4 team leaders have nominated their names for inclusion in the team. In how many ways can the team be formed if it has to have at least 1 manager, 2 team leaders and 3 engineers?

Solution:

As per the given condition, in the following ways 7 players can be chosen out of 14 players:

1. 2 manager, 2 team leader and 3 engineers: 2C2 * 4C2 * 8C3 = 1 * 6 * 56 = 336

2. 1 manager, 2 team leader and 4 engineers: 2C1 * 4C2 * 8C4 = 2 * 6 * 70 = 840

3. 1 manager, 3 team leader and 3 engineers: 2C1 * 4C3 * 8C3 = 2 * 4 * 56 = 448

Hence, total number of ways = 336 + 840 + 448 = 1624.

QUESTION: 23

Two casks of 48 litres and 42 litres are filled with mixtures of wine and water in the proportions 13:3 and 18:24, respectively. If the contents of the two casks are mixed and 20 litres of water is added to the entire solution, what will be the proportion of wine to water in the resultant solution?

Solution:

In the 1st cask:

Wine = 48 * 13/16 = 39 litres

Water = 48 - 39 = 9 litres

In the 2nd cask:

Wine = 42 * 18/42 = 18 litres

Water = 42 - 18 = 24 litres

In the final solution:

Wine = (39 + 18) litres = 57 litres

Water = (9 + 24 + 20) litres = 53 litres

.'. The required ratio of wine and water in the final solution = 57 : 53.

QUESTION: 24

Suyash decides to go to a week long adult literacy camp. He starts cycling at 10:15 A.M from his home and the camp keeps shifting 2 Km farther away from his house each day. At what time will he reach the camp on the 4th day if his cycling speed is 12 km/hr and the time taken by him to reach the camp on the 2nd day was 3 hrs ?

Solution:

Let the initial distance between Suyash's house and the camp be 'x' Km.

And, on the 2nd day, the distance between Suyash's house and the camp will be (x + 2) Km.

Time taken by Suyash on the 2nd day = 3 hrs. (Given)

i.e.

(x + 2)/3 = 12

=> x + 2 = 12 * 3

=> x + 2 = 36

=> x = 34 km

Time taken by Suyash to reach the camp on the fourth day will be [x + (2 + 2 + 2)]/ 12 hrs i.e. [34 + 6] / 12 or 10/3 hrs or (10/3)*60 minutes = 3 hrs and 20 minutes.

.'. On 4th day, he will reach the camp at 3 hrs and 20 minutes from 10:15 A.M i.e. 1:35 P.M.

QUESTION: 25

A and B started a business with an initial investment of 2.5 crores and 3.5 crores respectively. After five months, C invested 4 crores. After three more months, capital invested by A and B was same as 3 crores. A took out ten percent of the profit for managing the business. If the total profit was 6 lakhs, calculate the difference in profits received by B and C?

Solution:

According to the question,

ratio of investment by A, B and C is:

(2.5 * 8 + 3 * 4) : (3.5 * 8 + 3 * 4) : (4 * 7) = 32 : 40 : 28

Given, total profit = Rs 6 lakhs.

Share of A in the profit for managing the business = 10% of 600000 = Rs 60000

Now, Rs (6 lakhs - 60000) i.e. Rs 540000 distributed among all three partners.

.'. The required difference = Rs. (40 - 28)/100 * 540000 = Rs 64800.

QUESTION: 26

Mohit earns 5/2 times in Jan, May, July, and September than his average earning of Rs. 2000 per month for the rest of the months. Also his savings in the Jan, May, July, and September is 7/3 times that of his average savings for the rest of the months which is Rs 1500 per month. The average expenditure per month will be?

Solution:

According to the question,

Mohit's earning = 8 * 2000 + 4 * 5/2 * 2000 = Rs 36000

Mohit's savings = 8 * 1500 + 4 * 7/3 * 1500 = Rs 26000

His total expenditure = Rs (36000 - 26000) = Rs 10000

.'. His average expenditure = Rs 10000/12 = Rs 833.33

QUESTION: 27

Directions for Below Question :

 

Study the below table and answer the following questions:

Question : If the profit earned in selling Tulip (per 100 units) is Rs 312, then find the profit percentage earned by seller on selling Tulip?

Solution:

Total cost of purchasing Tulip (per 100 units) including transportation = Rs (2200 + 400) = Rs 2600.

And, profit earned in selling Tulip (per 100 units) = Rs 312.

Therefore, profit percentage = 312/2600 * 100 = 12%

QUESTION: 28

Directions for Below Question :

 

Study the below table and answer the following questions:

Question :  The purchase price of Lily (per 100 units) including transportation is what percent of the selling price of Mogra(per 100 units) ?

Solution:

According to the given table,

The purchase price of Lily (per 100 units) = Rs(1300 + 400 – 300) = Rs 1400

.’. The purchase price of Lily (per 100 units) including transportation = Rs (1400 + 300) = Rs 1700

And, the selling price of Mogra(per 100 units) = Rs 810

.’. The required percentage = 1700/810 * 100 = 209.87%

QUESTION: 29

Directions for Below Question :

 

Study the below table and answer the following questions:

Question : Find the ratio of profit on marigold (per 100 units) to that on rose (per 100 units)?

Solution:

According to the given table,

The profit% in selling Marigold (per 100 units) = 9%

Total purchase price including transportation = Rs (1800 + 500) = Rs 2300

The selling price of Marigold(per 100 units) = 109/100 * 2300 = Rs 2507

.’. The profit in selling marigold (per 100 units) = Rs (2507 – 2300) = Rs 207

And, The profit in selling rose (per 100 units) = Rs 450

Therefore, the required ratio = 207 : 450 = 23 : 50

QUESTION: 30

Directions for Below Question :

 

Study the below table and answer the following questions:

Question :  Find the ratio of the difference between profit on marigold and Rose (per 100 units) to difference between loss on Lily and Mogra?

Solution:

The selling price of Marigold(per 100 units) = 109/100 * 2300 = Rs 2507

The profit in selling marigold (per 100 units) = Rs (2507 – 2300) = Rs 207

And, The profit in selling rose (per 100 units) = Rs 450

The difference between profit on marigold and Rose (per 100 units) = Rs (450 – 207) = Rs 243 -----(i)

The loss on Lily (per 100 units) = Rs 400

Purchase price of Mogra (per 100 units) = Rs [(810 * 100)/90 – 100] = Rs 800

Purchase price of Mogra (per 100 units) with transportation = Rs (800 + 100) = Rs 900

The loss in selling Mogra (per 100 units) = Rs(900 – 810) = Rs 90

The difference between loss on Lily and Mogra(per 100 units) = Rs Rs (400 – 90) = Rs 310 -----(ii)

.’. The required ratio = 243 : 310

QUESTION: 31

Directions for Below Question :

 

Study the below table and answer the following questions:

Question : If the profit earned in selling Tulip (per 100 units) is 12%, then the selling price of Tulip is what percent of the purchase price of Lily?

Solution:

Selling price of Tulip (per 100 units) = 2600 * 112/100 = Rs 2912

Purchase price of Lily (per 100 units) = Rs (1300 + 400 – 300) = Rs 1400

.’. The required percentage = 2912/1400 * 100 = 208%

QUESTION: 32

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following graphs carefully and answer the question.

Investment in three banks (in hundreds of Rs) during various years:

Percent rate of interest compounded per annum:

Question : What is the ratio of interest during 2011 to that from 2015 from all the three banks together?

Solution:

For year 2011:

Bank A :

Principal = Rs 45000, Rate = 12%,

Amount = 45000 * (112/100) = Rs 50400

.'. Interest = Rs(50400 - 45000) = Rs 5400

Bank B :

Principal = Rs 35000, Rate = 8%,

Amount = 35000 * (108/100) = Rs 37800

.'. Interest = Rs(37800 - 35000) = Rs 2800

Bank C :

Principal = Rs 42000, Rate = 10%,

Amount = 42000 * (110/100) = Rs 46200

.'. Interest = Rs(46200 - 42000) = Rs 4200

Total interest in 2011 = Rs (5400 + 2800 + 4200) = Rs 12400

For year 2015:

Bank A:

Principal = Rs 46000, Rate = 15%

Amount = 46000 * 115/100 = Rs 52900

Interest = Rs (52900 - 46000) = Rs 6900

Bank B:

Principal = Rs 42500, Rate = 12%

Amount = 42500 * 112/100 = Rs 47600

Interest = Rs (47600 - 42500) = Rs 5100

Bank C:

Principal = Rs 44000, Rate = 10%

Amount = 44000 * 110/100 = Rs 48400

Interest = Rs (48400 - 44000) = Rs 4400

Total interest in 2015 = Rs(6900 + 5100 + 4400) = Rs 16400

.'. The required ratio = 12400 : 16400 = 31 : 41

QUESTION: 33

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following graphs carefully and answer the question.

Investment in three banks (in hundreds of Rs) during various years:

Percent rate of interest compounded per annum:

Question : What is the average interest (in Rs) earned by Bank A in all the five years i.e. 2011 - 2015?

Solution:

For year 2011:

Principal = Rs 45000, Rate = 12%,

Amount = 45000 * (112/100) = Rs 50400

.'. Interest = Rs(50400 - 45000) = Rs 5400

For year 2012:

Principal = Rs 41000, Rate = 10%,

Amount = 41000 * (110/100) = Rs 45100

.'. Interest = Rs(45100 - 41000) = Rs 4100

For year 2013:

Principal = Rs 48000, Rate = 5%,

Amount = 48000 * (105/100) = Rs 50400

.'. Interest = Rs(50400 - 48000) = Rs 2400

For year 2014:

Principal = Rs 54000, Rate = 12%,

Amount = 54000 * (112/100) = Rs 60480

.'. Interest = Rs(60480 - 54000) = Rs 6480

For year 2015:

Principal = Rs 46000, Rate = 15%

Amount = 46000 * 115/100 = Rs 52900

Interest = Rs (52900 - 46000) = Rs 6900

.'. Required average = (5400 + 4100 + 2400 + 6480 + 6900)/5 = 5056.

QUESTION: 34

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following graphs carefully and answer the question.

Investment in three banks (in hundreds of Rs) during various years:

Percent rate of interest compounded per annum:

Question : Total amount invested in Bank B is approximately what percentage of amount invested in Bank C taking all years into consideration?

Solution:

Total amount invested in Bank B = Rs (35000 + 38500 + 40000 + 36500 + 42500) = Rs 192500

Total amount invested in Bank C = Rs(42000 + 38000 + 38000 + 48000 + 44000) = Rs 210000

.'. Required percentage = 192500/210000 * 100 = 91.6% = 92% (approx)

QUESTION: 35

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following graphs carefully and answer the question.

Investment in three banks (in hundreds of Rs) during various years:

Percent rate of interest compounded per annum:

Question : What is the difference between highest and lowest investment during given years taken all three banks together ?

Solution:

Total investment in the year:

2011 : Rs (45000 + 35000 + 42000) = Rs 122000

2012 : Rs (41000 + 38500 + 38000) = Rs 117500 (lowest investment)

2013 : Rs (48000 + 40000 + 38000) = Rs 126000

2014 : Rs (54000 + 36500 + 48000) = Rs 138500 (highest investment)

2015 : Rs (46000 + 42500 + 44000) = Rs 132500

.’. The required difference = Rs (138500 – 117500) = Rs 21000

QUESTION: 36

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following graphs carefully and answer the question.

Investment in three banks (in hundreds of Rs) during various years:

Percent rate of interest compounded per annum:

Question : Total amount received from bank A during 2015 is approximately what percent of total amount received from bank B and C taken together during the same year?

Solution:

For 2015:

Bank A :

Principal = 46000, Rate = 15%

Amount = 46000 * 115/100 = Rs 52900

Bank B:

Principal = Rs 42500, Rate = 12%

Amount = 42500 * 112/100 = Rs 47600

Bank C:

Principal = Rs 44000, Rate = 10%

Amount = 44000 * 110/100 = Rs 48400

.'. Required percentage = 52900/(47600 + 48400) * 100 = 55%(approx)

QUESTION: 37

Directions for Below Question :

In the following question two equations numbered I and II are given. You have to solve both the equations and choose the correct option.

Question :

I. 15x2 - 22x - 5 = 0

II. 16y2 + 22y + 7 = 0

Solution:

. 15x2 - 22x - 5 = 0

=> 15x2 + 3x – 25x - 5 = 0

=>3x(5x + 1) – 5(5x + 1) = 0

=> x = 5/3, -1/5

II. 16y2 +22y + 7 = 0

=> 16y2 + 8y + 14y + 7 = 0

=> 8y(2y + 1) + 7(2y + 1) = 0

=> y = -7/8, -1/2

.’. x > y

QUESTION: 38

Directions for Below Question :

In the following question two equations numbered I and II are given. You have to solve both the equations and choose the correct option.

Question :

I. 7x2 - 11x + 4 = 0

II. 12y2 - 22y + 8 = 0

Solution:

I. 7x2 - 11x + 4 = 0

=> 7x2 -7x – 4x + 4 = 0

=> 7x(x - 1) -4(x – 1) = 0

=> x = 4/7, 1

II. 12y2 - 22y + 8 = 0

=> 12y2 – 6y – 16y + 8 = 0

=> 6y(2y – 1) – 8(2y – 1) = 0

=> y = 4/3, 1/2

.’. If x = 4/7, then x < (y = 4/3) but x > (y = 1/2). So, the relationship between x and y can’t be established.

QUESTION: 39

What should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following number series?

12, 17, 35, 70, 126, 207, ?

Solution:

The pattern of the given series is:

12 + 5 x 1 = 17

17 + 6 x 3 = 35

35 + 7 x 5 = 70

70 + 8 x 7 = 126

126 + 9 x 9 = 207

207 + 10 x 11 = 317(next number)

QUESTION: 40

What should come in place of the question-mark (?) in the following number series?

10, 6, 8, 15, 34, 90, ?

Solution:

The pattern of the given series is:

10 * 0.5 + 1 = 6

6 * 1 + 2 = 8

8 * 1.5 + 3 = 15

15 * 2 + 4 = 34

34 * 2.5 + 5 = 90

90 * 3 + 6 = 276 (next number)

QUESTION: 41

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, two sentences (i) and (ii) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits at both the places in the context of each sentence.

Question :

(i) The two streams of water __________ here to form a river.

(ii) The farmer used the _________ to harvest his crop.

Solution:

For statement (i), combine means "join or merge to form a single unit or substance".

For statement (ii), combine, is a versatile machine designed to efficiently harvest a variety of grain crops.

QUESTION: 42

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, two sentences (i) and (ii) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits at both the places in the context of each sentence.

Question :

(i) The club signed him ___________ off stiff competition from their rivals.

(ii) She was glad to see that he got the _________ he deserved.

Solution:

For statement (i), 'Beating off' means to drive someone or something away.

For statement (ii), beating is a punishment or assault in which the victim is hit repeatedly.

QUESTION: 43

Directions for Below Question :

 

In each of these questions, two sentences (i) and (ii) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits at both the places in the context of each sentence.

Question :

(i) He tried to _________ up on his knowledge before the exam.

(ii) he must want a wash and __________ after the long journey.

Solution:

For statement (i): brush up means "an act of improving existing knowledge or skill in a particular area".

For statement (ii), brush means "an act of cleaning or smartening oneself or something up.

QUESTION: 44

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, two sentences (i) and (ii) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits at both the places in the context of each sentence.

Question :

(i) The Rothschild Ltd. is laying off employees and has decided to ____________ 500 employees overseas.

(ii) The whisky lit a ____________ in the back of his throat.

Solution:

For statement (i), "fire" means "dismiss (an employee) from a job.

For statement (i), "fire" means "a burning sensation".

QUESTION: 45

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, two sentences (i) and (ii) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits at both the places in the context of each sentence.

Question :

(i) I forgot to pack my ____________ and now I have to go and buy stuff for makeup from the market.

(ii) On the top of that mount, they found a _____________ of houses. 

Solution:

For statement (i), 'compact' means "a small flat case containing face powder, a mirror, and a powder puff".

For statement (ii), 'compact' means closely and neatly packed together; dense.

QUESTION: 46

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, a paragraph is given that has a blank in it. Five sentences (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits the blank in the context of the paragraph. Pick that as the answer.

Question :

Income tax is a much-loathed method of taxation based on earnings. It was first collected in 1797 by the Dutch Batavian Republic. In the UK it was introduced in 1799 as a "temporary" measure to finance a war against Napoleon, abolished in 1816 and reintroduced, forever, in 1842. In most countries, people do not pay it until their income exceeds a minimum threshold, and richer people pay a higher rate of income tax than poorer people. _____________________. This has led many governments to reduce income-tax rates after 1980s but not necessarily reduced the amount of total revenue collected in income tax. Nor do governments that have reduced income tax rates always cut other sorts of taxes; on the contrary, they have often increased them sharply to make up for any revenue lost as a result of lower rates of income tax

Solution:
QUESTION: 47

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, a paragraph is given that has a blank in it. Five sentences (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits the blank in the context of the paragraph. Pick that as the answer.

Question :

______________________. It is particularly tough in India, which lacks a quick response mechanism and the technology to tackle this as the situation in Chennai shows. Over five days after the spill, the coast guard, aided by fisherman and local residents, are battling to contain it. This brings back memories of how a similar spill threatened the delicate ecosystem of the Sunderbans a couple of years ago. The oil film blocks sunlight leading to the death of many marine creatures, in Chennai turtles have been among the worst affected. Once sea creatures are covered in oil, they tend to catch a cold, drown or are blinded. The oil also destroys vegetation on the coastline and poses a threat to fishermen. The oil coats the roots of plants and when coastal vegetation dies, the coast becomes vulnerable to greater erosion

Solution:
QUESTION: 48

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, a paragraph is given that has a blank in it. Five sentences (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits the blank in the context of the paragraph. Pick that as the answer.

Question :

Few facts about modern life seem more indisputable than how busy everyone seems to be. Across the industrialized world, large numbers of survey respondents tell researchers they're overburdened with work, at the expense of time with family and friends. And it's possible that the most overwhelmed people weren't even asked how they felt: according to one ingenious 2014 study, one major reason people decline to take part in surveys is that they feel too busy. _________________ . But you'd be wrong. The total time people are working - whether paid or otherwise - has not increased in Europe or North America in recent decades.

Solution:

The first line of the passage is about business of people today's times.

Option (a) is incorrect as it does not establish continuity with the following sentences.

(c) is incorrect as it tells only about parents and children but the passage is about general people.

(d) is incorrect as it is repetitive.

(e) is incorrect as the passage does not tell about the kind of work people are busy doing.

Only (b) fits the context correctly, since it tells us about the reasons that are believed to be behind this.

QUESTION: 49

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, a paragraph is given that has a blank in it. Five sentences (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits the blank in the context of the paragraph. Pick that as the answer.

Question :

Economists believe that if you can produce something more cheaply, you can sell it more easily and there is undoubtedly a tendency to that effect. But in business, transactions occur when a willing seller meets a willing customer and why they are willing is often complex. _________________________. The auto parts and diamond sectors are the latest examples. Whether the Indian garment industry could do much more than it does at present is the issue. Until 1945 most garments were manufactured - stitched, to be specific- in the same country in which they were consumed. Until the 19th century most stitched or knitted garments were manufactured to order by local suppliers. This was even the case where the fabric was imported from another country.

Solution:

There is no talk of bankruptcy in the passage, hence option E can be eliminated. B talks of garment industry whereas the line after the blank says - auto parts and diamond are latest examples (example of what? Garment industry!), hence even B can be eliminated. Also, option A talks of some theory, which is hard to argue against; auto parts and diamonds sectors cannot be examples of this theory. Hence, A is also crossed out. Between options C and D, C is the right choice. It very smoothly carries the argument discussed in the previous line. Willing seller meets willing customer - opportunity creation. Also the auto parts and diamond sectors are example of the industry value chains discussed in C.

QUESTION: 50

Directions for Below Question :

In each of these questions, a paragraph is given that has a blank in it. Five sentences (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits the blank in the context of the paragraph. Pick that as the answer.

Question :

Arguably the availability of uncensored and free press should be viewed wearily. It may not be in the public interest for people to be fed every allegation under the sun. ______________________ Knowing about potential concerning issues could possibly create a negative untrusting society, take for example the Joanna Yeats case in the UK. Her landlord Chris Jefferies was initially arrested but found not guilty of any crime in relation to her death, however while under-arrest many newspapers published libelous stories about him suggesting, for example, that he was stalker and obsessed with death.

Solution:
QUESTION: 51

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Paragraph 1: In July 2016, when a weather station in North-Western Kuwait measured 54 degrees, it may have been the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth. The potential record was set during an unusually hot summer in the already warm Middle East and North Africa. In Morocco, thermometers suddenly indicated at temperature of 46.7 degrees, in Saudi Arabia, people were struggling with temperatures of 50+ degrees, and in Basra, Iraq, temperatures came close to those in Kuwait with 53.9 degrees.

Paragraph 2: For decades, scientists have been able to see that human activities are changing Earth's climate drastically. Throughout the world, one heat record is followed by the next, but in the countries on the Persian Gulf, the climate change is so extreme and develops so fast that the major cities could literally become uninhabitable this century. That was the gloomy prediction in a study by scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Loyola Marymount University published in the Nature Climate Change journal in 2015.

Paragraph 3: The study focused on the wet-bulb temperature, which is a measure of heat that - unlike ordinary temperature readings - includes air humidity. A wet-bulb temperature of 35 degrees is considered the limit of human survival. If the temperature is higher than that, the combination of extreme heat and high humidity will mean than the body is no longer able to cool itself and give off heat via sweat. Even healthy people will only be able to survive outside for a few hours. However, this limit could be reached in cities on the Persian Gulf in less than 100 years. According to the study, the people of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, and Doha will be among the first to feel the severe consequences of global warming.

Paragraph 4: According to the scientists' calculations, after 2017, the people living along on the Persian Gulf coast will experience summer days every or every second decade with wet-bulb temperatures that exceed the human limit. The changes in the Middle East and North Africa are among the most concrete and dangerous consequences of climate change, but throughout the world, meteorologists register ever higher temperatures. In 2003, Europe was struck by a heat wave that cost 70,000 people their lives, and in 2010, the warmest summer in 90 years killed about 54,000 people in Russia.

Paragraph 5: Since 1998, more than 77,000 Europeans have died of the heat, making heat waves the most hazardous natural disaster on the continent. In 2012, the European Environmental Agency published a report, which concluded that all of Europe is experiencing higher temperatures, and that the heat waves occur more often and last longer than Europeans have been used to. The report also predicted that the rising temperatures brought about by climate change will make the number of casualties increase in the centuries to come.

Question : What is the author's attitude in paragraph 4?

Solution:

Cautious means "careful to avoid potential problems or dangers". In paragraph 4, the author discusses about situation that is likely to happen in the future i.e. rise in temperature.

QUESTION: 52

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Paragraph 1: In July 2016, when a weather station in North-Western Kuwait measured 54 degrees, it may have been the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth. The potential record was set during an unusually hot summer in the already warm Middle East and North Africa. In Morocco, thermometers suddenly indicated at temperature of 46.7 degrees, in Saudi Arabia, people were struggling with temperatures of 50+ degrees, and in Basra, Iraq, temperatures came close to those in Kuwait with 53.9 degrees.

Paragraph 2: For decades, scientists have been able to see that human activities are changing Earth's climate drastically. Throughout the world, one heat record is followed by the next, but in the countries on the Persian Gulf, the climate change is so extreme and develops so fast that the major cities could literally become uninhabitable this century. That was the gloomy prediction in a study by scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Loyola Marymount University published in the Nature Climate Change journal in 2015.

Paragraph 3: The study focused on the wet-bulb temperature, which is a measure of heat that - unlike ordinary temperature readings - includes air humidity. A wet-bulb temperature of 35 degrees is considered the limit of human survival. If the temperature is higher than that, the combination of extreme heat and high humidity will mean than the body is no longer able to cool itself and give off heat via sweat. Even healthy people will only be able to survive outside for a few hours. However, this limit could be reached in cities on the Persian Gulf in less than 100 years. According to the study, the people of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, and Doha will be among the first to feel the severe consequences of global warming.

Paragraph 4: According to the scientists' calculations, after 2017, the people living along on the Persian Gulf coast will experience summer days every or every second decade with wet-bulb temperatures that exceed the human limit. The changes in the Middle East and North Africa are among the most concrete and dangerous consequences of climate change, but throughout the world, meteorologists register ever higher temperatures. In 2003, Europe was struck by a heat wave that cost 70,000 people their lives, and in 2010, the warmest summer in 90 years killed about 54,000 people in Russia.

Paragraph 5: Since 1998, more than 77,000 Europeans have died of the heat, making heat waves the most hazardous natural disaster on the continent. In 2012, the European Environmental Agency published a report, which concluded that all of Europe is experiencing higher temperatures, and that the heat waves occur more often and last longer than Europeans have been used to. The report also predicted that the rising temperatures brought about by climate change will make the number of casualties increase in the centuries to come.

Question : Which of the following is/are true with respect to the passage?

I. A wet-bulb temperature of 35 degrees is considered the limit of human survival.

II. The changes in the Middle East and North Africa are among the most concrete and dangerous consequences of climate change.

III. Since 1998, more than 77,000 Europeans have died as a result of the heat, making heat waves the most hazardous natural disaster on the continent.

Solution:

All the sentences are clearly mentioned in the 2nd sentence of the 3rd paragraph, 2nd sentence of the 4th paragraph and 1st sentence of the 5th paragraph respectively.

QUESTION: 53

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Paragraph 1: In July 2016, when a weather station in North-Western Kuwait measured 54 degrees, it may have been the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth. The potential record was set during an unusually hot summer in the already warm Middle East and North Africa. In Morocco, thermometers suddenly indicated at temperature of 46.7 degrees, in Saudi Arabia, people were struggling with temperatures of 50+ degrees, and in Basra, Iraq, temperatures came close to those in Kuwait with 53.9 degrees.

Paragraph 2: For decades, scientists have been able to see that human activities are changing Earth's climate drastically. Throughout the world, one heat record is followed by the next, but in the countries on the Persian Gulf, the climate change is so extreme and develops so fast that the major cities could literally become uninhabitable this century. That was the gloomy prediction in a study by scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Loyola Marymount University published in the Nature Climate Change journal in 2015.

Paragraph 3: The study focused on the wet-bulb temperature, which is a measure of heat that - unlike ordinary temperature readings - includes air humidity. A wet-bulb temperature of 35 degrees is considered the limit of human survival. If the temperature is higher than that, the combination of extreme heat and high humidity will mean than the body is no longer able to cool itself and give off heat via sweat. Even healthy people will only be able to survive outside for a few hours. However, this limit could be reached in cities on the Persian Gulf in less than 100 years. According to the study, the people of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, and Doha will be among the first to feel the severe consequences of global warming.

Paragraph 4: According to the scientists' calculations, after 2017, the people living along on the Persian Gulf coast will experience summer days every or every second decade with wet-bulb temperatures that exceed the human limit. The changes in the Middle East and North Africa are among the most concrete and dangerous consequences of climate change, but throughout the world, meteorologists register ever higher temperatures. In 2003, Europe was struck by a heat wave that cost 70,000 people their lives, and in 2010, the warmest summer in 90 years killed about 54,000 people in Russia.

Paragraph 5: Since 1998, more than 77,000 Europeans have died of the heat, making heat waves the most hazardous natural disaster on the continent. In 2012, the European Environmental Agency published a report, which concluded that all of Europe is experiencing higher temperatures, and that the heat waves occur more often and last longer than Europeans have been used to. The report also predicted that the rising temperatures brought about by climate change will make the number of casualties increase in the centuries to come.

Question : According to the passage, what was/were the outcome(s) of the report published by the European Environmental Agency?

I. The entire Europe is experiencing higher temperatures.

II. The heat waves occur more often and last longer than Europeans have been used to.

III. The rising temperatures brought about by climate change will make the number of casualties increase in the centuries to come.

Solution:

The 5th paragraph contains all the above-mentioned points.

QUESTION: 54

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Paragraph 1: In July 2016, when a weather station in North-Western Kuwait measured 54 degrees, it may have been the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth. The potential record was set during an unusually hot summer in the already warm Middle East and North Africa. In Morocco, thermometers suddenly indicated at temperature of 46.7 degrees, in Saudi Arabia, people were struggling with temperatures of 50+ degrees, and in Basra, Iraq, temperatures came close to those in Kuwait with 53.9 degrees.

Paragraph 2: For decades, scientists have been able to see that human activities are changing Earth's climate drastically. Throughout the world, one heat record is followed by the next, but in the countries on the Persian Gulf, the climate change is so extreme and develops so fast that the major cities could literally become uninhabitable this century. That was the gloomy prediction in a study by scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Loyola Marymount University published in the Nature Climate Change journal in 2015.

Paragraph 3: The study focused on the wet-bulb temperature, which is a measure of heat that - unlike ordinary temperature readings - includes air humidity. A wet-bulb temperature of 35 degrees is considered the limit of human survival. If the temperature is higher than that, the combination of extreme heat and high humidity will mean than the body is no longer able to cool itself and give off heat via sweat. Even healthy people will only be able to survive outside for a few hours. However, this limit could be reached in cities on the Persian Gulf in less than 100 years. According to the study, the people of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, and Doha will be among the first to feel the severe consequences of global warming.

Paragraph 4: According to the scientists' calculations, after 2017, the people living along on the Persian Gulf coast will experience summer days every or every second decade with wet-bulb temperatures that exceed the human limit. The changes in the Middle East and North Africa are among the most concrete and dangerous consequences of climate change, but throughout the world, meteorologists register ever higher temperatures. In 2003, Europe was struck by a heat wave that cost 70,000 people their lives, and in 2010, the warmest summer in 90 years killed about 54,000 people in Russia.

Paragraph 5: Since 1998, more than 77,000 Europeans have died of the heat, making heat waves the most hazardous natural disaster on the continent. In 2012, the European Environmental Agency published a report, which concluded that all of Europe is experiencing higher temperatures, and that the heat waves occur more often and last longer than Europeans have been used to. The report also predicted that the rising temperatures brought about by climate change will make the number of casualties increase in the centuries to come.

Question : What is the main idea that the passage wants to convey?

I. The passage wants to underline the research done by the scientists regarding heat waves and its casualties.

II. The passage wants to highlight the atrocities, in numbers, caused by the increasing temperature.

III. The passage wants to reflect the implications of rising temperature and how it could be a problem not just for the Middle Eastern and South African countries but for the planet as a whole.

Solution:

The given passage is about the problem of increase in global temperature and its implications on different part of the Earth.

QUESTION: 55

Directions for Below Question :

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Paragraph 1: In July 2016, when a weather station in North-Western Kuwait measured 54 degrees, it may have been the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth. The potential record was set during an unusually hot summer in the already warm Middle East and North Africa. In Morocco, thermometers suddenly indicated at temperature of 46.7 degrees, in Saudi Arabia, people were struggling with temperatures of 50+ degrees, and in Basra, Iraq, temperatures came close to those in Kuwait with 53.9 degrees.

Paragraph 2: For decades, scientists have been able to see that human activities are changing Earth's climate drastically. Throughout the world, one heat record is followed by the next, but in the countries on the Persian Gulf, the climate change is so extreme and develops so fast that the major cities could literally become uninhabitable this century. That was the gloomy prediction in a study by scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Loyola Marymount University published in the Nature Climate Change journal in 2015.

Paragraph 3: The study focused on the wet-bulb temperature, which is a measure of heat that - unlike ordinary temperature readings - includes air humidity. A wet-bulb temperature of 35 degrees is considered the limit of human survival. If the temperature is higher than that, the combination of extreme heat and high humidity will mean than the body is no longer able to cool itself and give off heat via sweat. Even healthy people will only be able to survive outside for a few hours. However, this limit could be reached in cities on the Persian Gulf in less than 100 years. According to the study, the people of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, and Doha will be among the first to feel the severe consequences of global warming.

Paragraph 4: According to the scientists' calculations, after 2017, the people living along on the Persian Gulf coast will experience summer days every or every second decade with wet-bulb temperatures that exceed the human limit. The changes in the Middle East and North Africa are among the most concrete and dangerous consequences of climate change, but throughout the world, meteorologists register ever higher temperatures. In 2003, Europe was struck by a heat wave that cost 70,000 people their lives, and in 2010, the warmest summer in 90 years killed about 54,000 people in Russia.

Paragraph 5: Since 1998, more than 77,000 Europeans have died of the heat, making heat waves the most hazardous natural disaster on the continent. In 2012, the European Environmental Agency published a report, which concluded that all of Europe is experiencing higher temperatures, and that the heat waves occur more often and last longer than Europeans have been used to. The report also predicted that the rising temperatures brought about by climate change will make the number of casualties increase in the centuries to come.

Question : What is the outcome of paragraph 4 from the passage?

Solution:

The paragraph 4 tells about the heat waves but it doesn't mention its longevity. So, option(c) can't be the outcome. option (d) is mentioned in paragraph 2. Option (b) is mentioned in the paragraph but cannot be called as the outcome. paragraph 4 is about the adverse effect of rise in temperature around the world. So, option (a) is the correct outcome.

QUESTION: 56

Directions for Below Question :

In the questions given below, a sentence, divided into three parts, is given. One or more parts may be grammatically incorrect. Identify the incorrect part(s), and choose the most suitable replacement from the given answer choices. In the case that none of the given answer choices provide the suitable replacement for the incorrect part(s), choose option E as your answer.

Question : Many of the world is witnessing a wave (1) / of technological transformation that is on the scaling (2) / of the Industrial Revolution but happening at a digital pace. (3)

I. Much of the world is witnessing a wave (1)

II. of technological transformation that is on the scale (2)

III. of the Industrial Revolution but happens at a digital pace. (3)

Solution:

In Part 1, 'many' is used for countable nouns. Here, 'much' should be used .

In Part 2, the noun 'scale' should be used in place of 'scaling'. Part 3 has no error.

QUESTION: 57

Directions for Below Question :

In the questions given below, a sentence, divided into three parts, is given. One or more parts may be grammatically incorrect. Identify the incorrect part(s), and choose the most suitable replacement from the given answer choices. In the case that none of the given answer choices provide the suitable replacement for the incorrect part(s), choose option E as your answer.

Question : More than Nadal's ferocious forehand, (1) / stamina or athleticism, it is his unshakeable self-belief (2) / when playing on clay that makes him invincible. (3)

I. More that Nadal's ferocious forehand, (1)

II. stamina or athleticism, it is his unshakeable self-believing (2)

III. when playing on clay that make him invincible. (3)

Solution:
QUESTION: 58

Directions for Below Question :

In the questions given below, a sentence, divided into three parts, is given. One or more parts may be grammatically incorrect. Identify the incorrect part(s), and choose the most suitable replacement from the given answer choices. In the case that none of the given answer choices provide the suitable replacement for the incorrect part(s), choose option E as your answer.

Question : There is none indication that Kushner is a target of the Russia probe, officials say, (1) / and he has not publicly commented on either meeting, though (2) / his attorneys say he is happy to speak with investigators at a appropriate time. (3)

I. There is no indication that Kushner is a target of the Russia probe, officials say, (1)

II. and he has not publicly commented on either meeting, though (2)

III. his attorneys say he is happy to speak with investigators at an appropriate time. (3)

Solution:

In Part 1, 'No' is a determiner, while 'none' is a pronoun. In this context, the 'determiner' should be used. Part 2 has no error. In Part 3, the article 'an' should be used before words beginning with a vowel i.e. an appropriate.

QUESTION: 59

Directions for Below Question :

In the questions given below, a sentence, divided into three parts, is given. One or more parts may be grammatically incorrect. Identify the incorrect part(s), and choose the most suitable replacement from the given answer choices. In the case that none of the given answer choices provide the suitable replacement for the incorrect part(s), choose option E as your answer.

Question :

There is absolute no doubt that (1) / there is an urgent need to follow the path of sustainable development, (2) / especially in the contextual of climate change. (3)

I. There is absolutely no doubt that (1)

II. there is a urgent need to follow the path of sustainable development, (2)

III. especially in the context of climate change. (3)

Solution:

In Part 1, the adverb 'absolutely' should be used in place of the adjective 'absolute'. Part 2 has no error. In Part 3, the noun 'context' should be used in place of the adjective 'contextual'.

QUESTION: 60

Directions for Below Question :

In the following passage, certain words given in BOLD. You are provided with four options (a), (b), (c) and (d) one of which can replace BOLD word in order to make the sentence coherent and meaningful. If the given BOLD word is correctly used in the paragraph and no correction is required then mark (e) as your answer.

To improve India's standing with the World Bank which ranks countries on their Ease of Doing Business, the government has appointed the United Nations Development Programme and the National Productivity Council to brief relevant stakeholders about the reform initiatives taken to (A) fixing the business climate in the country. India has a successful business environment, but with this (B) preposterous institutionalisation comes an (C) adversity to innovating. While the business sector has moved by leaps and bounds where the whole country (D) enchants 'Digital India', there are still gaps in jobs, gaps in talent and gaps in services that lead to our nation's most deprived still being (E) dire in poverty.

Question : For (A):

Solution:

The word reform means “to make changes in (something, especially an institution or practice) in order to improve it and ‘mend’ means “put back together’ or ‘restore’.

QUESTION: 61

Directions for Below Question :

In the following passage, certain words given in BOLD. You are provided with four options (a), (b), (c) and (d) one of which can replace BOLD word in order to make the sentence coherent and meaningful. If the given BOLD word is correctly used in the paragraph and no correction is required then mark (e) as your answer.

To improve India's standing with the World Bank which ranks countries on their Ease of Doing Business, the government has appointed the United Nations Development Programme and the National Productivity Council to brief relevant stakeholders about the reform initiatives taken to (A) fixing the business climate in the country. India has a successful business environment, but with this (B) preposterous institutionalisation comes an (C) adversity to innovating. While the business sector has moved by leaps and bounds where the whole country (D) enchants 'Digital India', there are still gaps in jobs, gaps in talent and gaps in services that lead to our nation's most deprived still being (E) dire in poverty.

Question : For (B):

Solution:

ostentatious: showy, pretentious.

nefarious: wicked or criminal.

vigorous: strong, healthy, and full of energy.

Prosperous: flourishing financially.

QUESTION: 62

Directions for Below Question :

In the following passage, certain words given in BOLD. You are provided with four options (a), (b), (c) and (d) one of which can replace BOLD word in order to make the sentence coherent and meaningful. If the given BOLD word is correctly used in the paragraph and no correction is required then mark (e) as your answer.

To improve India's standing with the World Bank which ranks countries on their Ease of Doing Business, the government has appointed the United Nations Development Programme and the National Productivity Council to brief relevant stakeholders about the reform initiatives taken to (A) fixing the business climate in the country. India has a successful business environment, but with this (B) preposterous institutionalisation comes an (C) adversity to innovating. While the business sector has moved by leaps and bounds where the whole country (D) enchants 'Digital India', there are still gaps in jobs, gaps in talent and gaps in services that lead to our nation's most deprived still being (E) dire in poverty.

Question : For (C):

Solution:

adverse : unfavourable(adjective).

averse : having a strong dislike of or opposition to something.(adjective)

evasion : avoidance (noun)

aversion : a strong dislike or disinclination. (noun)

Here, a noun is needed and "aversion" fits in the given context.

QUESTION: 63

Directions for Below Question :

In the following passage, certain words given in BOLD. You are provided with four options (a), (b), (c) and (d) one of which can replace BOLD word in order to make the sentence coherent and meaningful. If the given BOLD word is correctly used in the paragraph and no correction is required then mark (e) as your answer.

To improve India's standing with the World Bank which ranks countries on their Ease of Doing Business, the government has appointed the United Nations Development Programme and the National Productivity Council to brief relevant stakeholders about the reform initiatives taken to (A) fixing the business climate in the country. India has a successful business environment, but with this (B) preposterous institutionalisation comes an (C) adversity to innovating. While the business sector has moved by leaps and bounds where the whole country (D) enchants 'Digital India', there are still gaps in jobs, gaps in talent and gaps in services that lead to our nation's most deprived still being (E) dire in poverty.

Question :  For (D):

Solution:

recite : to say a piece of writing aloud from memory, or to publicly say a list of things

chant : a repeated rhythmic phrase, typically one shouted or sung in unison by a crowd.

recant : to withdraw or disavow (a statement, opinion, etc.),

penchant : a strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something.

Enchant : fill (someone) with great delight.

QUESTION: 64

Directions for Below Question :

In the following passage, certain words given in BOLD. You are provided with four options (a), (b), (c) and (d) one of which can replace BOLD word in order to make the sentence coherent and meaningful. If the given BOLD word is correctly used in the paragraph and no correction is required then mark (e) as your answer.

To improve India's standing with the World Bank which ranks countries on their Ease of Doing Business, the government has appointed the United Nations Development Programme and the National Productivity Council to brief relevant stakeholders about the reform initiatives taken to (A) fixing the business climate in the country. India has a successful business environment, but with this (B) preposterous institutionalisation comes an (C) adversity to innovating. While the business sector has moved by leaps and bounds where the whole country (D) enchants 'Digital India', there are still gaps in jobs, gaps in talent and gaps in services that lead to our nation's most deprived still being (E) dire in poverty.

Question : For (E):

Solution:

rife : general, common, widespread.

descent : an act of moving downwards,

mired : involve someone or something in a difficult situation.

rampant : flourishing or spreading unchecked.

dire : awful, outrageous

QUESTION: 65

Directions for Below Question :

Select the phrase(s) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences. The given options may or may not be starters.

Question :

As the classroom rhyme goes, Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492 and discovered America. But there is more to the story of the explorer we celebrate with a federal holiday on the second Monday of every October.

1. While according to the __________________.

2. Since there is more __________________

3. Being more to the __________________

Solution:

Phrase 1 can be used i.e. "While according to the classroom rhyme, Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492 and discovered America, there is more to the story of the explorer we celebrate with a federal holiday on the second Monday of every October".

Phrase 2 can't be used because 'Since' is used to show a causational relationship between two statements, while the statements point out a disparity.

Phrase 3 can't be used because 'being' is used to introduce a reason for what one is saying.

QUESTION: 66

Directions for Below Question :

Select the phrase(s) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences. The given options may or may not be starters.

Question : The official purpose of this Berlin Wall was to keep Western "fascists" from entering East Germany and undermining the socialist state. However, it primarily served the objective of stemming mass defections from East to West.

1. Although the official _________________

2. Despite the official _________________

3. Since the official _________________

Solution:

1 is possible. Although the official purpose of this Berlin Wall was to keep Western "fascists" from entering East Germany and undermining the socialist state, it primarily served the objective of stemming mass defections from East to West.

Phrase 2 can't be used as 'Despite' is used to show two unlikely facts existing simultaneously. This is not the exact case here.

Phrase 3 can't be used because 'Since' is used to show a causational relationship between two statements, while the two statements here are contradictory.

QUESTION: 67

Directions for Below Question :

Select the phrase(s) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences. The given options may or may not be starters.

Question : Political parties need to forgo their political differences and create an atmosphere of sustained political dialogue. They know that people will certainly respond positively if sincere attempts are made to reach out to them.

1. Knowing that __________________

2. Despite knowing that _____________________

3. While knowing that ____________________

Solution:

Phrase 1 can be used. Knowing that people will certainly respond positively if sincere attempts are made to reach out to them, Political parties need to forgo their political differences and create an atmosphere of sustained political dialogue.

Phrase 2 can't be used as "Despite" is used to show two different situations happening without being affected by each other.

Phrase 3 can't be used as "while" is used to indicate that two separate clauses occur at the same time.

QUESTION: 68

Directions for Below Question :

In the following questions, three parts of the sentence are made bold. Below given are options suggesting replacements to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct option.

Question : The economic turmoil is compounded by the fact that the government was not able to print sufficient amount of the new bills, in case word leak out of what was about to take place.

Solution:

In options A and B, the third improvement suggested is grammatically incorrect. The use of 'couldn't' is contextually incorrect in option D. Option C is the correct choice, where 'lest' means “to avoid the risk of”.

QUESTION: 69

Directions for Below Question :

 

In the following questions, three parts of the sentence are made bold. Below given are options suggesting replacements to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct option.

Question : Appointing a Dalit to the highest office as a symbolic step without providing the community equal chances to rise from their oppression is going to do it no good in the long run.

1. measure, opportunities, backwardness

2. initiative, avenues, plight

3. deed, platforms, situation

Solution:

"measure" is a plan or course of action taken to achieve a particular purpose. In the context of given sentence, it can be used to denote steps taken to improve the condition of dalits.

"initiative" is an act or strategy intended to resolve a difficulty or improve a situation. It perfectly fits in the given sentence.

QUESTION: 70

Directions for Below Question :

In the following questions, three parts of the sentence are made bold. Below given are options suggesting replacements to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct option.

Question : Apart from staggering the tourism industry with its adverse impact on the State's finances and employment opportunities, prohibition led to an unprecedented elevationin crimes relating to drug use and bootlegging.

1. crippling, rise, misuse

2. ruining, growth, usage

3. paralysing, increase, abuse

Solution:

crippling, ruining: cause a severe and almost insuperable problem.

paralysing : stop ( a system, place or organization) from operating by causing disruption

So, crippling, ruining or paralysing can be used interchangeably. Similarly, rise, growth and increase can be used interchangeably.

misuse , abuse : the wrong or improper use of something.

usage: the action of using something or the fact of being used.

QUESTION: 71

Directions for Below Question :

 

In the following questions, three parts of the sentence are made bold. Below given are options suggesting replacements to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct option.

Question : By responding to the water scarcity in many mining regions, number of innovative water conservation practices were developed and implemented to reduce water use.

A. Responding to, a number of, were developed 
B. In response with, a number for, are developed 
C. In response to, a number of, are being developed
D. With response to, the number of, is developed

Solution:

Both options A and C will improve the sentence with A in past sentence and C in present tense. Whereas, the starting for both options B and D are grammatically incorrect with respect to the context. Also, in D , the should not be used before ‘number’.

QUESTION: 72

Directions for Below Question :

In the following questions, three parts of the sentence are made bold. Below given are options suggesting replacements to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct option.

Question : As a number of variations exist, sustainable development is most commonly defined as development which meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations meeting their own needs.

Solution:

'although' is used here to show contrast between “number of variations “ and “sustainable development “. Also, 'that' is used here as it is talking about certain type of development. 'to meet their own needs' is grammatically correct, using the continuous form 'meeting' is incorrect here.

QUESTION: 73

Directions for Below Question :

Below given are some sentences with one Idiom in each as bold. Choose the appropriate option(s) in which of the sentence/sentences the Idiom in bold is used correctly?

Question :
(I) We have this orientation programme that helps new employees find their feet in the organization.

(II) The owner asked his employee to change company's bank as it was a stone's throw to the work of the company.

(III) With the help of makeup and touch-up, the actor looked the spitting image of the real-life character he played in the movie.

Solution:

'Find their feet' means “to become used to a new situation or experience” and 'Spitting image' means the exact double of”. These both fit into the context of the sentences. But, 'Stone's throw' means a very short distance which doesn't fit into the context of sentence (II).

QUESTION: 74

Directions for Below Question :

 

Below given are some sentences with one Idiom in each as bold. Choose the appropriate option(s) in which of the sentence/sentences the Idiom in bold is used correctly?

Question :

I. The businessman who was on the verge of bankruptcy turned the tables when he won a million dollar in casino with a few thousands he had.

II. Environmentalists have made common cause with local people with former opposing the setting up of a factory while latter supporting it because of employment opportunities.

III. Steven Smith admitted Pakistan got too close for comfort to an incredible record-breaking victory before Australia finally wrapped up the first Test at the Gabba on Monday.

Solution:

'Turn the tables' means “by turning a position of disadvantage into one of advantage”. So it fits in the given context of the sentence.

‘made common cause’ means “to work together to achieve something”. But, the sentence (II) shows contradictory situation between Environmentalists and local people. So, it is improper to use this idiom here.

'too close for comfort' means dangerously or uncomfortably near. So, Pakistan got uncomfortably too near to an incredible record-breaking victory, which fits the context.

QUESTION: 75

Directions for Below Question :

 

Below given are some sentences with one Idiom in each as bold. Choose the appropriate option(s) in which of the sentence/sentences the Idiom in bold is used correctly?

Question :

I. The die is cast for Sourav Ganguly to become the Cricket Association of Bengal's joint secretary went unopposed with filing of his nomination papers today for July 27 AGM at Eden Gardens.

II. Flood victims run from pillar to post to get relief material since chaos has hit relief distribution in flood-ravaged Kashmir.

III. The teacher made no bones about the comprehensive requirements for the seminar leaving the organizers and students confused as to what she needed.

Solution:

'The die is cast' means “An irrevocable choice has been made”. Statement (I) tells that final decision has been made to make Sourav Ganguly as the joint secretary. So, the idiom fits in the given context.

If someone goes from pillar to post, they are forced to keep moving from one place to another. This perfectly fits in the situation mentioned in Statement (II).

'Make no bones about' means “to say something in a way that leaves no doubt, or to have no objection to it”. It contradicts with the context of the sentence (III).

QUESTION: 76

Below given are five sentences. One or more than one of them is grammatically correct and error free. Identify such sentence/sentences.

(A) India's latest export and import figures for May 2015 reflects the subdued economic scenario both globally and within the country.

(B) Studies show that the human mind can comprehend about 500 words per minute, as most people only speak at 150 to 200 words per minute.

(C) ISRO's PSLV has emerged as one of the most reliable launch vehicles in the world with a thirty seventh consecutive mission that succeed.

(D) Many native plants of our country have been pushed away by plants introduced from other parts of the world.

(E) Although Indonesia has a population of 250 million people, the country has just over 1,000 cinema screens.

Solution:

Only sentence E is grammatically correct. In sentence A, use 'figures for May 2015 reflect' in place of 'figures.....reflects'. In sentence B, use 'though' in place fo 'as' because there is contrast between two statements.

In sentence C, as the sentence in the past tense, so, 'succeeded' should be used in place of "succeed". In sentence D, use 'pushed out' should be used in place of 'pushed away'. 'pushed out' means 'to make someone leave a job or being unfair towards someone'.

QUESTION: 77

Below given are five sentences. One or more than one of them is grammatically correct and error free. Identify such sentence/sentences.

(A) The most widely recognized aim of the educational system is to facilitate the transition from participating in the family with involvement in the affairs of the larger society.

(B) The transition to democracy is a difficult process for the countries of Eastern Europe.

(C) Stephen King once suggested that the trust of the innocent is the liar's most useful tool.

(D) Consistency is often most neglected part of people's efforts to become more fit.

(E) The pollution levels in this area do not fluctuate much, and are consistently below the danger level.

Solution:

Sentences C and E are grammatically correct. The correct usage in sentence A is 'family to involvement' (we are talking about transition here - from participating in the family to involvement in the affairs of the larger society), in sentence B, the correct usage is 'transition to democracy has been a difficult' (has been is used to indicate something that started in the past and has continued till now) and in sentence D use 'Consistency is often the most' to make it grammatically correct.

QUESTION: 78

Below are given five sentences. One or more than one of them is/are grammatically incorrect. Identify such sentence / sentences.

(A) Many areas of the Arctic, particularly in the western portions of the Bering Sea, suffers from high levels of illegal fishing and overfishing

(B) A blockchain is a public ledger of all Bitcoin transactions that have ever been executed.

(C) The Indian economy is on a robust growth trajectory and boasts a stable annual growth rate, rising foreign exchange reserves and booming capital markets among others.

(D) For thousands of years the Himalayas have held a profound significance for the peoples of South Asia, as their literature, mythologies, and religions reflect.

(E) A Chinese proverb holds that great blessings come from heaven; small blessings come from man.

Solution:

Sentences B, D and E are grammatically correct. In sentence A, replace 'suffers' with 'suffer' as 'many areas of Arctic' is the subject which is plural. In sentence C, use 'boasts of' instead of just 'boasts'. Hence, A and C are grammatically incorrect. This makes option (b) the correct choice.

QUESTION: 79

From the options given below, select the option which states the incorrect set of sentences.

(A) Madison was elected to the newly formed U.S. House of Representatives, where he served from 1789 to 1797.

(B) Madison played a strong role in the ratification process, and wrote a number of essays outlining his support for the Constitution.

(C) Supporters of the Constitution were known as Federalists, while critics were called Anti-Federalists.

(D) This was not an easy process, as many states felt the Constitution gave the federal government too much power.

(E) Once the new constitution was written, it needed to be ratified by nine of the 13 states.

Solution:
QUESTION: 80

From the options given below, select the option which states the incorrect set of sentences.

(A) The response of President Dwight Eisenhower's administration was measure.

(B) It warned the Soviets that reckless talk of nuclear conflict would only make matters worst.

(C) However, Eisenhower also issued stern warnings to the French, British and Israelis to give away their campaign.

(D) The United States threatened all three nations with economic sanctions if they persisted in there attack.

(E) Eisenhower was upset with the British, in particular, for not keeping the United States informed about there intentions.

Solution:

In sentence (A), replace 'measure' by 'measured'. The sentence in past tense.

In sentence (B), replace 'worst' by 'worse'.

In sentence (C), 'give away' means 'an act or instance of giving something away' and 'give up' means 'admit defeat' or 'surrender'. So, 'give up' fits in the context of the sentence.

In sentence (D), 'their' should be used in place of 'there'.

In sentence (E), the event mentioned has been already completed in the past. So, replace 'keeping' by 'having kept'.

QUESTION: 81

What does an arrow symbol denotes in a Flowchart?

Solution:

An arrow coming from one symbol and ending at another symbol represents that control passes to the symbol the arrow points to. The line for the arrow can be solid or dashed. The meaning of the arrow with dashed line may differ from one flowchart to another and can be defined in the legend.

QUESTION: 82

What does the 'Simplex' mode of data transfer denotes?

Solution:

Simplex communication is a communication channel that sends information in one direction only.Simplex transmission is used only when the sending device does not require a response from the receiving device.

QUESTION: 83

Which of the following OSI-model Layer is also known as "Syntax Layer" ?

Solution:

In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the presentation layer is layer 6 and serves as the data translator for the network.It is sometimes called the syntax layer.

QUESTION: 84

Which of the following is responsible for approving standards and allocating resources in the functioning of the internet?

Solution:

The Internet Architecture Board provides long-range technical direction for Internet development, ensuring the Internet continues to grow and evolve as a platform for global communication and innovation.

QUESTION: 85

Fifth Generation computers are based on

Solution:

In the fifth generation, the VLSI technology became ULSI (Ultra Large Scale Integration) technology, resulting in the production of microprocessor chips having ten million electronic components. This generation is based on parallel processing hardware and AI (Artificial Intelligence) software.

QUESTION: 86

Which of the following file extension types is used for a graphics file format used in vector-based images in Adobe Illustrator?

Solution:

Encapsulated Postscript Vector graphics (Adobe Illustrator) EPS is a file extension for a graphics file format used in vector-based images in Adobe Illustrator. EPS stands for Encapsulated PostScript. An EPS file can contain text as well as graphics.

QUESTION: 87

HTTP stands for ?

Solution:

HTTP(HyperText Transfer Protocol) is the underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web.This protocol defines how messages are formatted and transmitted, and what actions Web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands.

QUESTION: 88

Which of the following is computer software designed to provide services to other software?

Solution:

System software is a type of computer program that is designed to run a computer's hardware and application programs.

QUESTION: 89

In the term "4G LTE telecommunication", what does LTE stand for?

Solution:

In telecommunication, Long-Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for high-speed wireless communication for mobile phones and data terminals, based on the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA technologies. It increases the capacity and speed using a different radio interface together with core network improvements.

QUESTION: 90

Waht is the file extensions used for an executable file?

Solution:

.exe is a common filename extension denoting an executable file (the main execution point of a computer program) for DOS, OpenVMS, Microsoft Windows, Symbian or OS/2. Besides the executable program, many .exe files contain other components called resources, such as bitmap graphics and icons which the executable program may use for its graphical user interface.

QUESTION: 91

Which of the following options is used to send a mail to multiple people without letting the recipients to know about each other?

Solution:

Blind Carbon Copy (Bcc) allows the sender of a message to conceal the person entered in the BCC field from the other recipients. This concept originally applied to paper correspondence (carbon copy) and now also applies to e-mails.

QUESTION: 92

What is the difference between Ctrl + S and Ctrl + Shift + S?

Solution:

ctrl + s : Save current data (you will be prompted for a file name if none is associated yet).

ctrl + shift + s : Save current data under a different name. The file name associated with the data changes to the new name.

QUESTION: 93

Which portion of a machine language instruction is used to specify the operation to be performed?

Solution:

Opcode is the portion of a machine language instruction that specifies what operation is to be performed by the central processing unit (CPU). The term is an abbreviation of "operation code".

QUESTION: 94

Which of the following is not a scripting language?

Solution:

C++ is a general-purpose programming language. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, while also providing facilities for low-level memory manipulation.

QUESTION: 95

What is the size of an IP address in IPv4 ?

Solution:

An IP address in IPv4 is 32-bits in size, which limits the address space tt 2^32 IP addresses.In IPv6, the address size was increased from 32 bits in IPv4 to 128 bits or 16 octets, thus providing up to 2^128 addresses.

QUESTION: 96

What is the full form of POST ?

Solution:

POST is an acronym for "Power On Self Test". This is a series of diagnostic tests that a computer or computerized electrical device runs whenever it is switched on or restarted.

QUESTION: 97

What is the function of 'Stop button (X)' in a web browser?

Solution:

Stop button cancels web browser's communication with a server and stops page loading. It is very useful to stop malicious sites from loading if accidentally entered.

QUESTION: 98

In a computer network, a Router is

Solution:

A router is a device that forwards data packets along networks. It is connected to two or more data lines from different networks. In technical terms, a router is a Layer 3 network gateway device that operates at the network layer of the OSI model. It performs the traffic directing functions on the Internet.

QUESTION: 99

The Octal number system have

Solution:

The octal numeral system, or oct for short, is the base-8 number system, and uses the digits 0 to 7. Octal numerals can be made from binary numerals by grouping consecutive binary digits into groups of three (starting from the right).

QUESTION: 100

"Perforated Paper Tape" is a type of

Solution:

Punched tape or perforated paper tape is a form of data storage, consisting of a long strip of paper in which holes are punched to store data. Now effectively obsolete, it was widely used during much of the twentieth century for teleprinter communication, for input to computers of the 1950s and 1960s, and later as a storage medium for minicomputers and CNC machine tools.

QUESTION: 101

Which state government has recently announced the free education for girls from nursery to PhD in government institutions?

Solution:

The Captain Amarinder Singh-led government in Punjab has announced free education for girls in government schools and colleges from Nursery to PhD.

QUESTION: 102

Which country has won the Ice Hockey World Championship - 2017?

Solution:

The 2017 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship, the 2017 edition of the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, was hosted by Paris, France, and Cologne, Germany, from 5 to 21 May 2017. Sweden has won the ice hockey world championships for the 10th time with a 2-1 victory over 2016 champions Canada.

QUESTION: 103

PN Bhagwati, who passed away recently, was associated with which of the following fields?

Solution:

Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati was the 17th Chief Justice of India, serving from 12 July 1985 until his retirement on 20 December 1986.

QUESTION: 104

Which bank has launched 'Retail Mart' in Thiruvananthapuram recently?

Solution:

Indian Overseas Bank (IOB), the Lead Bank for Thiruvananthapuram district, has launched the Retail Mart, a retail lending concept, in Kerala's capital city. The Retail Mart has been designed with an aim to complete all the pre-release formailities at the customer’s door step and sanction quality retail loans at a competitive rate of interest with a minimum turnaround time.

QUESTION: 105

Where is the head-quarters of 'International Maritime Organization (IMO)' located?

Solution:

International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent marine pollution from ships. Its head-quarters is in London, United Kingdom.

QUESTION: 106

UN General Assembly has elected Miroslav Lajcak as its next president. Miroslav Lajcak is the citizen of which country?

Solution:

Miroslav Lajcak is a Slovak diplomat and currently the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He has been elected as President of 72nd session of the General Assembly.

QUESTION: 107

Which day has been adopted as the 'World Day against Trafficking in Persons'?

Solution:

In 2013, the UN member states adopted a resolution which designated July 30 as the "World Day against Trafficking in Persons". They declared that such a day was necessary to “raise awareness of the situation of victims of human trafficking and for the promotion and protection of their rights.”

QUESTION: 108

Where the headquarter of 'United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)' is located?

Solution:

UNEP was founded by Maurice Strong, its first director, as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference) in June 1972 and has its headquarters in the Gigiri neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya. UN Environment also has six regional offices and various country offices.

QUESTION: 109

Recently, which country has been named as the World's Most Peaceful Country by the Institute of Economics and Peace?

Solution:

The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations' and regions' peacefulness. Iceland has topped the list with the lowest score, or peace index, making it the most peaceful country – a title it has held since 2008.

QUESTION: 110

'Santiago Bernabéu' is the home stadium of which of the following football clubs?

Solution:

The Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, is the home stadium of Real Madrid since its completion in 1947, with a current seating capacity of 81,044.

QUESTION: 111

Recently, which bank has become the first to introduce biodegradable cards in the country?

Solution:

Axis Bank has become the first to introduce biodegradable cards in the country. The card has the look and feel of regular plastic cards and can be used in PoS terminals and ATMs. However, these cards have a greater positive impact on the environment because of their ability to break down, safely and relatively quickly into the raw materials of nature and disappear into the environment. Biodegradable cards can also be recycled.

QUESTION: 112

Recently, 'Krishi Rin Samadhan Yojana' scheme was launched by which state?

Solution:

Krishi Rin Samadhan Yojana is a loan waiver scheme launched by the Madhya Pradesh state government. Loan defaulter farmers will also get interest subsidy under this scheme.

QUESTION: 113

The '49th Parallel north' separates which of the following countries?

Solution:

Roughly 3,500 kilometres (2,175 mi) of the Canada–United States border was designated to follow the 49th parallel from British Columbia to Manitoba on the Canadian side, and from Washington to Minnesota on the U.S. side, more specifically from the Strait of Georgia to the Lake of the Woods. This international border was specified in the Anglo-American Convention of 1818 and the Oregon Treaty of 1846, however the border as indicated by survey markers placed in the 19th century deviates from the 49th parallel by tens of meters.

QUESTION: 114

India and Pakistan has recently joined Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) as full members. Where is the head-quarters of SCO located?

Solution:

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. India and Pakistan have joined SCO as full members on 9 June 2017 in Astana, Kazakhstan.

QUESTION: 115

Currently, Navtej Singh Sarna is the Indian Ambassador to which country?

Solution:

The Indian Ambassador to the United States is the chief diplomatic representative of India to the United States, housed in Embassy of India, Washington, D.C. Navtej Singh Sarna previously served as the High Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom, and the Ambassador to Israel.

QUESTION: 116

What is the India's ranking in 'Social Progress Index - 2017'?

Solution:

The Social Progress Index is an aggregate index of social and environmental indicators that capture three dimensions of social progress: Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity. The 2017 Social Progress Index includes data from 128 countries on 50 indicators. India's score is 58.39 out of 100.

QUESTION: 117

The World Summit on the Information Society Forum - 2017 was held in which of the following countries?

Solution:

The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum 2017 was held on 12-16 June 2017, in Geneva, Switzerland.

QUESTION: 118

In which of the following states, Bandhavgarh National Park is located ?

Solution:

Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the popular national parks in India located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh. It was declared a national park in 1968, with an area of 105 sq.km .

QUESTION: 119

Who is the governor of Kerala?

Solution:

Justice(Retd.) P.Sathasivam is the present Governor of Kerala State.

QUESTION: 120

United nations "International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination" is observed on which day?

Solution:

The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on 21 March. On that day, in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, against the apartheid pass laws. Proclaiming the day in 1966, the United Nations General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination.

QUESTION: 121

The term 'laissez faire' is used for which type of the economy?

Solution:

Laissez-faire is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs, and subsidies. Laissez-faire economics are a key part of free market capitalism. A free market is a system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.

QUESTION: 122

Which among the following is NOT a parameter to measure happiness according to World Happiness Report?

Solution:

The World Happiness Report is a measure of happiness published by the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network.The first World Happiness Report was released on April 1, 2012 as a foundational text for the UN High Level Meeting.

QUESTION: 123

What is the number of Indian Core Industries of india ?

Solution:

The Eight Core Industries comprise nearly 40.27% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP). These industries are Electricity , steel, refinery products, crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas and fertilisers. The Base Year of the Index of Eight Core Industries has been revised from the year 2004-05 to 2011-12 from April, 2017.

QUESTION: 124

Which among the following is used to determine minimum wages for agricultural labour in different states?

Solution:

Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labourers i.e. CPI-AL is basically used for revising minimum wages for agricultural labour in different States.

QUESTION: 125

Arogya Raksha Scheme has been launched by which among the following states for APL families?

Solution:

The state government of Andhra Pradesh has launched Arogya Raksha, a universal health insurance scheme for the people of the state. The Arogya Raksha scheme would cover people Above Poverty Line to provide them an insurance coverage of up to Rs. 2 Lakh per annum. The main objective of Arogya Raksha scheme is to cover the APL families in the state and provide them the health insurance. Through the scheme, the state government aims to ensure “Health for All” by providing them insurance coverage at a negligible premium amount.

QUESTION: 126

Which of the following organizations, released the report 'Illicit Financial Flows to and from Developing Countries'?

Solution:

Accordign to the "Illicit Financial Flows to and from Developing Countries: 2005-2014" report, Illicit financial flows (IFFs) from developing and emerging economies kept pace at nearly US$1 trillion in 2014. It was released by Global Financial Integrity (GFI), a Washington, DC-based research and advisory organization.

QUESTION: 127

In June 2017, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has reduced the GDP growth projection for current fiscal to -

Solution:

The Reserve Bank of India has marginally lowered the economic growth forecast for the current fiscal year (2017-18) to 7.3 per cent even as it hoped that remonetisation would enable a pick-up in consumer spending, especially in the cash-intensive segments.

QUESTION: 128

As per GST regime, tax evasion of ____________ and above will be treated as non-bailable offence.

Solution:

Tax evasion of over Rs 5 crore under the GST regime would be non-bailable offence with the police having authority to make an arrest without a warrant. The Central GST (CGST) Act provides that if the offences relating to taxable goods and/or services where the amount of tax evaded or the amount of input tax credit wrongly availed or the amount of refund wrongly taken exceeds Rs 5 crore, shall be cognizable and non-bailable.

QUESTION: 129

In an agrarian economy, the share of primary sector is ________.

Solution:

An economy is called agrarian if the share of its primary sector is 50 percent or more in the total output (the GDP) of the economy. At the time of independence, India was such an economy. But now, it shows the typical symptom of a service economy with primary sector 's contribution falling to almost 18 percent of its total produce while almost 60 percent of its population depends on the primary sector for its livelihood.

QUESTION: 130

Who was the Chairman of the 13th Finance Commission of India?

Solution:

Finance commission is appointed every five years and it consists of one chairman and four other members. The Chairman of the 13th Finance Commission appointed in 2007 was Dr. Vijay L. Kelkar.

QUESTION: 131

Service industry comes under which among the following in an economy?

Solution:

The tertiary industry is the segment of the economy that provides services to its consumers; this includes a wide range of businesses such as financial institutions, schools and restaurants. It is also known as the tertiary sector or service industry/sector.

QUESTION: 132

What is the cost sharing ratio between Centre and States for Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana ?

Solution:

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana formerly known as Indira Awaas Yojna is an allocation based, centrally sponsored scheme funded on a cost sharing basis between the Central Government and the State Government in the 75% : 25% ratio, except in case of North-eastern states and Union Territories (UTs). For NE states the central government funds 90% and 100% for the UTs.

QUESTION: 133

Which among the following is child sex ratio in the country as per Census 2011?

Solution:

In India, the Child Sex Ratio is defined as the number of females per thousand males in the age group 0–6 years in a human population. As per the Census, 2011 the child sex ratio (0-6 years) has shown a decline from 927 females per thousand males in 2001 to 919 females per thousand males in 2011.

QUESTION: 134

Which among the following is the target age group for 'Know India Programme'?

Solution:

The Government has introduced a programme named “Know India Programme” for young persons (18 - 30 years) of Overseas Indians with a view to provide them an exposure to the country of their origin so that they can understand it better and more intimately.

QUESTION: 135

Which of the following is used for the measurement of distribution of income?

Solution:

In economics, the Lorenz curve is a graphical representation of the distribution of income or of wealth. It was developed by Max O. Lorenz in 1905 for representing inequality of the wealth distribution.

QUESTION: 136

In which year, Switzerland government has decided to exchange the financial account information related to suspected black money with India?

Solution:

Switzerland has ratified automatic exchange of financial account information with India and 40 other jurisdictions to facilitate immediate sharing of details about suspected black money even as it sought strict adherence to confidentiality and data security. It is supposed to be implemented in 2018 and the first set of data will be exchanged in 2019.

QUESTION: 137

"Twin deficit" in a economy means

Solution:

Twin deficit basically refers to a situation where the country runs relatively large current account and fiscal deficits.

QUESTION: 138

Which among the following is a scheme for imparting Digital Literacy in a minority dominated village?

Solution:

‘Cyber Gram’ has been launched as an initiative under Multi-sectoral Development Programme(MsDP) to provide hands on training in computers to the students of minority communities and enable them to acquire basic Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills. The initiative covers students of Class VI to Class X belonging to notified minority communities residing in minority concentration areas.