What defines the offenses of libel, discrimination, and harassment is more the motivation than the act itself. Since finding evidence of motivation in these acts is difficult, judges must often apply relevant laws without specific guiding criteria. Therefore, public trust in judges is essential to public satisfaction with the outcome of trials involving these offenses.
Which one of the following most accurately describes the role played in the argument by the statement that what defines some offenses is more the motivation than the act?
On the nights immediately following the mysterious Tunguska event, which destroyed a tract of Siberian wilderness in 1908, eyewitnesses reported seeing noctilucent clouds—brilliant nightvisible clouds made up of ice particles that form rarely and only at very high altitudes. Recently, noctilucent clouds have been observed on the nights following launches of rockets that release large amounts of water vapor into the upper atmosphere. This shows that it was a comet impact and not the impact of an asteroid that caused the destruction in Siberia.
The argument depends on assuming which one of the following?
If one has recently been overwhelmed by overstimulation, peaceful rest feels pleasant by contrast. Similarly, recent experience of boredom makes most forms of excitement pleasurable, even dangerous ones. No level of stimulation is intrinsically pleasant or unpleasant.
The statements above, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?
In the following questions, the symbols @, #, $, % and € are used with the following meaning as illustrated below:
'P @ Q' means 'P is smaller than Q'.
'P # Q' means 'P is either smaller than or equal to Q'.
'P $ Q' means 'P is greater than Q'.
'P % Q' means 'P is either greater than or equal to Q'.
'P € Q' means 'P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q'.
Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true?
Give answer (1) if only Conclusions I is true.
Give answer (2) if only Conclusion II is true.
Give answer (3) if either Conclusion I or II is true.
Give answer (4) if neither Conclusion I nor II is true.
Give answer (5) if both conclusions I and II are true.
Statements : M @ R, R € F, F # L
Conclusions : I. M @ L
II. R @ L
(i) P @ Q → P < Q
(ii) P # Q → P ≤ Q
(iii) P $ Q → P > Q
(iv) P % Q → P ≥ Q
(v) P € Q → P = Q
M @ R ⇒ M < R
R € F ⇒ R = F
F # L ⇒ F ≤ L
Therefore, M < R = F ≤ L
Conclusions
I. M @ L ⇒ M < L : True
II. R @ L ⇒ R < L : True
(i) Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in a closed circle facing the centre.
(ii) E is to the left of D.
(iii) C is between A and B.
(iv) F is between E and A.
Q. Who is the left of B ?
(i) Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in a closed circle facing the centre.
(ii) E is to the left of D.
(iii) C is between A and B.
(iv) F is between E and A.
Q. Who is to the right of C ?
(i) Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in a closed circle facing the centre.
(ii) E is to the left of D.
(iii) C is between A and B.
(iv) F is between E and A.
Q. Which of the above given statements is superfluous ?
Each question below consists of two statements numbered I and II . You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the questions.
Give answer (1) if the statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement II alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (2) if the statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement I alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (3) if both statements I and II together are needed to answer the question.
Give answer (4) if you cannot get the answer from the statement I and II together, but need even more data.
Q. What is the value of x+3y?
I. x+y=4.
II. 2x+6y=15.
From II, we get x + 3y = 15/2
Each question below consists of two statements numbered I and II . You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the questions.
Give answer (1) if the statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement II alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (2) if the statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement I alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (3) if both statements I and II together are needed to answer the question.
Give answer (4) if you cannot get the answer from the statement I and II together, but need even more data.
Q. What percentage of families in the State of Kashmir have an annual income of over Rs. 250000 and own a boat?
I. 28% of all the families in the state have an annual income of over Rs. 250000.
II. 40% of the families in the state with an annual income over Rs. 250000 own a boat.
From both the statements we get that 40% of 28% ie 11.2% families in the state with an annual income over Rs 250000 own a boat.
Each question below consists of two statements numbered I and II . You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the questions.
Give answer (1) if the statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement II alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (2) if the statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement I alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (3) if both statements I and II together are needed to answer the question.
Give answer (4) if you cannot get the answer from the statement I and II together, but need even more data.
Q. What is the shortest distance between Delhi and Gurgaon?
I. Delhi to Faridabad is 18 km.
II. Faridabad to Gurgaon is 23 km.
Directions and positions of cities are not given hence shortest distance between Delhi and Gurgaon can not be found.
Study the following information to answer the given questions:
P, Q, R, S, T, V, W and X are seated in a straight line facing North but not necessarily in the same order. P sits fourth to the right of X. Either P or X sit at the extreme ends of the line. Q and V are immediate neighbours of each other but none of them is an immediate neighbour of X and P. Only two people sit between S and T. The seating arrangement is such that W never sits at any of the positions towards the left of Q. W is not an immediate neighbour of P.
Q. What is the position of R with respect to X?
Study the following information to answer the given questions:
P, Q, R, S, T, V, W and X are seated in a straight line facing North but not necessarily in the same order. P sits fourth to the right of X. Either P or X sit at the extreme ends of the line. Q and V are immediate neighbours of each other but none of them is an immediate neighbour of X and P. Only two people sit between S and T. The seating arrangement is such that W never sits at any of the positions towards the left of Q. W is not an immediate neighbour of P.
Q. Which of the following represents persons seated at the two extereme ends of the line?
The arrangements of given input will follow a particular logic. Understand this logic and solve problems.
Input: 79 421 787 15 159 688
Result1 787 421 79 15 159 688
Result2 787 421 79 688 159 15
Result3 787 688 79 421 159 15
Result4 787 688 159 421 79 15
Result5 787 688 421 159 79 15
This arrangement is final for this given input.
Q. Which of the following will be 2nd last result of Input: 99 87 152 435 699
Input: 99 87 152 435 699
ResultI 699 87 152 435 99
ResultII 699 99 152 435 87
ResultIII 699 435 152 99 87
So the IInd last will be Result II.
The arrangements of given input will follow a particular logic. Understand this logic and solve problems.
Input: 79 421 787 15 159 688
Result1 787 421 79 15 159 688
Result2 787 421 79 688 159 15
Result3 787 688 79 421 159 15
Result4 787 688 159 421 79 15
Result5 787 688 421 159 79 15
This arrangement is final for this given input.
Q. If the given result is 5th and final then what will be the input?
Result5 343 225 111 81 64 9
In this type of problem we can’t determine previous steps because we can’t assume the position of the number in previous results.
The arrangements of given input will follow a particular logic. Understand this logic and solve problems.
Input: 79 421 787 15 159 688
Result1 787 421 79 15 159 688
Result2 787 421 79 688 159 15
Result3 787 688 79 421 159 15
Result4 787 688 159 421 79 15
Result5 787 688 421 159 79 15
This arrangement is final for this given input.
Q. Which will be the last result of given input?
Input: 789 798 59 80 779
In this problem, there is no need of going through all results. Just arrange the series in descending order.
Below are the statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statements and the following conclusions and decide which of the conclusion(s) follows the statement(s).
Statements:
Some leaves are roots.
Some roots are stems.
All flowers are stems.
Conclusions:
I. No flower is a leaf.
II. Some leaves are stems.
Some leaves are roots + Some roots are stems = I + I = No conclusion. Hence II and consequently do not follow.
Below are the statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statements and the following conclusions and decide which of the conclusion(s) follows the statement(s).
Statements:
All numbers are digits.
All alphabets are numbers.
All words are alphabets.
Conclusions:
I. All words are digits.
II. Some numbers are not words.
All words are alphabets + All alphabets are numbers = A + A = A = All words are numbers → conversion → Some numbers are words (I). Hence II not follow. All words are numbers + All numbers are digits = A + A = A = All words are digits. Hence I follows.
Below are the statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statements and the following conclusions and decide which of the conclusion(s) follows the statement(s).
Statements:
All plastic are wood.
No wood is a metal.
Some metals are gases.
Conclusions:
I. No plastic is a metal.
II. Some gases are plastic.
All plastics are wood + No wood is a metal = A+ E = E No plastic is a metal. Hence I follows. No plastic is a metal + Some metals are gases = E + I O* = Some gases are not plastic. Hence II does not follow.
In the following questions, the symbols @, #, $, % and € are used with the following meaning as illustrated below:
'P @ Q' means 'P is smaller than Q'.
'P # Q' means 'P is either smaller than or equal to Q'.
'P $ Q' means 'P is greater than Q'.
'P % Q' means 'P is either greater than or equal to Q'.
'P � Q' means 'P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q'.
Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true?
Give answer (1) if only Conclusions I is true.
Give answer (2) if only Conclusion II is true.
Give answer (3) if either Conclusion I or II is true.
Give answer (4) if neither Conclusion I nor II is true.
Give answer (5) if both conclusions I and II are true.
Statements : T $ J, J @ V, V # W
Conclusions : I. T € W
II. T @ W
(i) P @ Q → P < Q
(ii) P # Q → P ≤ Q
(iii) P $ Q → P > Q
(iv) P % Q → P ≥ Q
(v) P € Q → P = Q
T $ J ⇒ T > J
J @ V ⇒ J < V
V # W ⇒ V ≤ W
Therefore, T > J < V ≤ W
Conclusions
I. T € W ⇒ T = W : Not True
II. T @ W ⇒ T < W : Not True
In the following questions, the symbols @, #, $, % and € are used with the following meaning as illustrated below:
'P @ Q' means 'P is smaller than Q'.
'P # Q' means 'P is either smaller than or equal to Q'.
'P $ Q' means 'P is greater than Q'.
'P % Q' means 'P is either greater than or equal to Q'.
'P � Q' means 'P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q'.
Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true?
Give answer (1) if only Conclusions I is true.
Give answer (2) if only Conclusion II is true.
Give answer (3) if either Conclusion I or II is true.
Give answer (4) if neither Conclusion I nor II is true.
Give answer (5) if both conclusions I and II are true.
Statements : J @ D, D $ L, L # N
Conclusions : I. J # L
II. J $ L
(i) P @ Q → P < Q
(ii) P # Q → P ≤ Q
(iii) P $ Q → P > Q
(iv) P % Q → P ≥ Q
(v) P € Q → P = Q
J @ D ⇒ J < D
D $ L ⇒ D > L
L # N ⇒ L ≤ N
Therefore, J < D > L ≤ N
Conclusions
I. J # L ⇒ J ≤ L : Not True
II. J $ L ⇒ J > L : Not True
But, either I or II is true
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