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31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2


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25 Questions MCQ Test Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers | 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 for NEET 2022 is part of Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers preparation. The 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 below.
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31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 1

Widal Test is carried out to test :

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 1

Widal test is carried out to test typhoid fever caused by Salmonella typhii bacteria. Typhoid vaccine is available.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 2

Motile zygote of Plasmodium occurs in :

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 2

Motile zygote of Plasmodium occurs in gut of female Anopheles. Zygote formed in stomach of mosquito about 9 to 10  days after sucking the blood of an infected human. Anopheles receives RBCs containing different stages of erthyrocytic cycle, including gametocyte. In its gut, all stages except the gametocytes are digested. The gametocytes remain unaffected by digestive enzymes of the mosquito, hatch out from the RBCs into the lumen of mosquito’s stomach and form sperm and ovum by gametogenesis. Syngamy or fusion of male and female gamete.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 3

Select the correct statement with respect to diseases and immunisation? [2011M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 3

The primary and secondary immune responses are carried out with the help of two special types of lymphocytes present in our blood, ie, B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes. The B-lymphocytes produce an array (a range) of proteins in response to pathogens into our blood to fight with them. These proteins are called antibodies. The T-cells themselves do not secrete antibodies but help B-cells to produce them.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 4

Common cold is not cured by antibiotics because it is

[2011M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 4

Common cold is due to rhinovir us. Recent studies found that antibiotics do not kill this virus.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 5

The pathogen Microsporum responsible for ringworm disease in humans belongs to the same kingdom of organisms as that of

[2011M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 5

Many fungi belonging to the genera-Microsporum, Trichophyton and Epidermophyton are responsible for ringworms which is one of the most common infectious diseases in man. Microsporum is a member of the class- Deuteromycetes (Fungi imperfecti) of Kingdom - Fungi, Rhizopus (bread mould) is a member of the class - Zygomycetes (conjugation fungi) of Kingdom - Fungi.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 6

A certain patient is suspected to be suffering from Acquired Immuno deficiency Syndrome. Which diagnostic technique will you recommend for its detection?

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 6

ELISA is an fundamental tool of clinical immunology and is used as an initial screen for HIV detection.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 7

Which one of the following is categorised as a parasite in true sense ?

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 7

Head louse is an obligate ectoparasite of human scalp and as well as laying egg on human hair.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 8

At which stage of HIV infection does one usually show symptoms of AIDS?

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 8

When HIV replicates rapidly in helper T-lymphocytes and damages large number of these cells, at this stage infected persons start showing symptoms of AIDS.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 9

Where will you look for the sporozoites of the malarial parasite?

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 9

Sporozoites of malarial parasite are found in saliva of infected female Anopheles mosquito.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 10

Which one of the following statements is correct with respect to AIDS?

[2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 10

AIdS (Acquired Immune deficiency Syndrome) is caused by HIV retrovirus. The virus destroys the helper T lymphocytes thus reducing their numbers.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 11

Widal test is used for the diagnosis of

[2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 11

Widal test is used for the diagnosis of typhoid. It is an agglutination test for the presence of antibodies against the Salmonella organisms, which cause typhoid fever.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 12

Select the correct statement from the ones given below?

[2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 12

Morphine is potent opioid analgesic that is often given to persons (who have undergone surgery) as a pain killer. It is mainly used to relieve severe and persistent pain. It is administrated by mouth, injection or suppositories.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 13

Use of antihistamines and steroids give a quick relief from

[2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 13

Antihistamines are drugs which are used to treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies. Antihistamines can give relief when a person has nasal congestion, sneezing, or hives because of pollen, dust mites, or animal allergy. Histamine is mostly responsible for allergic reactions. Antihistamines block the action of histamines.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound. Steroids such as corticosteroids are used in the treatment of allergic reactions by reducing inflammation associated with allergies. They prevent and treat nasal stuffiness, sneezing, and itchy, runny nose due to seasonal or year-round allergies. They can also decrease inflammation and swelling from other types of allergic reactions.
So, the correct answer is 'Allergy'.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 14

Which one of the following statements is correct?

[2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 14

Malignant tumours may exhibit metastasis. Cancer (medical term: malignant neoplasm) is a class of diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth (division beyond the normal limits), invasion (intrusion on and destruction of adjacent tissues), and sometimes metastasis spread to other locations in the body via lymph or blood.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 15

Which of the following is a pair of viral diseases?

[2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 15

Common Cold, AIDS is a pair of viral diseases. Viruses are a very common type of infectious disease. Viruses are the smallest life-form existing, since they are not even a single cell. It is almost like they are not alive at all. They are small strands of DNA-like cell material. A virus consists mostly of RNA and cannot survive without host cells.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 16

The letter T in T -lymphocyte refers to

[2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 16

The letter T in T-lymphocyte refers to thymus. In human anatomy, the thymus is an organ located in the upper anterior portion of the chest cavity just behind the sternum. The thymus gland is a pink-grey organ that lies underneath the top of the breast bone.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 17

A person likely to develop tetanus is immunised by administering

[2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 17

Tetanus vaccine, also known as tetanus toxoid (TT), is an inactive vaccine used to prevent tetanus. A person likely to develop tetanus is immunised by giving pre-formed antibodies and it produces passive immunity. In passive immunity, the antibodies are produced in some other animals in response to given antigen. These pre-formed antibodies are then injected into the humans at the time of need or emergency.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 18

To which type of barriers under innate immunity, do the saliva in the mouth and the tears from the eyes, belong?

[2008]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 18

The saliva in the mouth and the tears from the eyes belongs to physiological barriers.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 19

Which one of the following is the correct statement regarding the particular psychotropic drug specified?

[2008]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 19

Hashish causes after thought perceptions and hallucinations. Hashish is a preparation of Cannabis composed of the compressed trichomes collected from the Cannabis  plant. Psychoactive effects vary between  types of Hashish but are usually the same as those of other Cannabis preparations such as marijuana. Hash is generally prohibited  to the same extent as all other forms of  cannabis. It is consumed in much the same way as Cannabis buds, used by itself in  miniature smoking pipes, vapourized, hot  knifed, or smoked in joints mixed with  tobacco, Cannabis buds or other herbs. 

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 20

Increased asthmatics attacks in certain seasons are related to

[2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 20

Pollen – grains of many species are responsible for some of the severe allergies and  bronchial affliction in some people often lead to chronic respiratory disorders - asthma, bronchitis.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 21

Ultrasound of how much frequency is beamed into  human body for sonography ?

[2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 21

Ultrasound imaging has frequency range 1 - 15 MHz which has become part of our lives in the last decade. We are now all familiar with the blurry black and white sonograms (ultrasound pictures) that show the unborn baby inside the mother's uterus. Although it may take a little imagination on our part to understand that a round circle is the baby's head, that does not prevent a proud mother-to-be from showing off her first baby picture.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 22

If you suspect major deficiency of antibodies in a person to which of the following would you look for confirmatory evidence?

[2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 22

Serum globulins → It makes 2 to 3% of plasma proteins. The a  and b - globulin sent with the hormones to transport them the  g–globulin from antibodies.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 23

Antibodies in our body are complex

[2006]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 23

Whenver our body gets attacked by some foreign invadors, our body’s immune system produces some chemicals to kill or to react against the invader. These chemicals are actually made up of carbohydrates & proteins i.e. glycoproteins called antibody.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 24

The 'blue baby' syndrome results from

[2006]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 24

Methaemoglobin is a denatured haemoglobin causes blue baby syndrome.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 25

Which one of the following acts as a physiological barrier to the entry of microorganisms in the human body? 

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Health & Disease - 2 - Question 25

Physiological barriers to the entry of microorganisms in the human body are tears in eyes, saliva in mouth and HCl in the stomach.The enzymes lysozymes are found in tears and saliva and inhibit the synthesis of peptidoglycan present in the cell wall of microorganisms especially eubacteria.

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