NEET  >  Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers  >  31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 Download as PDF

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2


Test Description

25 Questions MCQ Test Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers | 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 for NEET 2022 is part of Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers preparation. The 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 below.
Solutions of 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 questions in English are available as part of our Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers for NEET & 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 solutions in Hindi for Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for NEET Exam by signing up for free. Attempt 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 | 25 questions in 25 minutes | Mock test for NEET preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers for NEET Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?
31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 1

Vexillary aestivation is characteristic of the family

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 1

The flowers in Fabaceae family are perigynous, zygomorphic.

The perianth commonly consists of a calyx and corolla of 5 segments each.

The petals are overlapping (imbricate) in bud with the posterior petal (called as the banner or flag) outermost (i.e., exterior) in position. The two lowermost petals are joined together called as the keel petals. The lateral petals are often called as the wings.

This arrangement of floral whorls is called as vexillary aestivation.

So, the correct answer is 'Fabaceae'.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 2

The coconut water and the edible part of coconut are equivalent to :

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 2

Liquid endosperm is edible part of coconut.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 3

How many plants in the list given below have composite fruits that develop from an inflorescence Walnut, poppy, radish, fig, pineapple, apple, tomato, mulberry

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 3

Fig - developed by hypanthodium inflorescence; pineapple- developed by spike inflorescence; Mulberry-developed by catkin inflorescence.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 4

The gynoecium consists of many free pistils in flowers of

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 4

The gynoecium consists of many free pistils in flowers of Michelia.

If more than one carpel is present in gynoecium this condition is called polycarpellary. If all the carpels in gynoecium are free, then this condition is called apocarpous. For example, Michelia.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 5

Phyllode is present in :

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 5

Phyllode is present in Australian Acacia. It is modification of leaf in which lamina is absent and petiole become flattened and perform the function of food synthesis.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 6

Cymose inflorescence is present in :

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 6

Cymose infloresence in present in Solanum.  Cymose inflorescence is the name of determinate or definite inflorescence in which the tip of the main axis terminates in a flower and further growth continues by one or more lateral branches which also behave like the main axis.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 7

Placentation in tomato and lemon is

[2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 7

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 8

Which one of the following diagrams represents the placentation in Dianthus?

[2011M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 8

Free central placentation occurs in  Dianthus and Primula in which ovules are borne on central axis and septa are absent.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 9

Sweet potato is homologous to

[2011M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 9

Sweet potato and turnip both are roots and become modified for special functions, the most common being the formation of tuberous roots for food storage.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 10

Whorled, simple leaves with reticulate venation are present in

[2011M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 10

Whorled phyllotaxy is a feature of Nerium and Alstonia. In Alstonia five leaves are present in a whorl while in Nerium three leaves  are present in a whorl.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 11

The ovary is half inferior in flowers of

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 11

The ovary is half-inferior in flowers of peach.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 12

Flowers are zygomorphic in :

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 12

When a flower can be divided into two similar halves only in one particular vertical plane, it is zygomorphic, e.g. pea, gulmohar, bean, etc.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 13

The correct floral formula of chilli is :

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 13

Correct Answer :- a

Explanation :

Chilli (Capsicum annum) belongs to family-Solanaceae. In this family, flower is actinomorphic, complete and bisexual; calyx has five sepals which are gamosepalous showing valvate aestivation; corolla has five petals which are polypetalous showing valvate aestivation; androecium has five free stamens (polyandrous) but epipetalous; gynoecium is bicarpellary, syncarpous, bilocular with superior ovary having axile placentation.

.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 14

What would be the number of chromosomes of the aleurone cells of a plant with 42 chromosomes in its root tip cells ?

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 14

Aleurone cells are the outer cell layer of the endosperm, usually only one cell thick in wheat and the only endosperm tissue alive at maturity. The cell layer of this layer are responsible for the de-novo synthesis of enzyme needed during germination. The chromosome number is 63 of a plant with 42 chromosome in its root tip cells.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 15

Which one of the following statements is correct ?

[2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 15

Tulips are most popular and wildly grown flowers. Tulips are bulbs, possessing modified stems and leaves.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 16

The technical term used for the androecium in a flower of China rose (Hibiscus rosa sinensis) is:

[2010]  

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 16

Hibiscus belongs to Malvaceae family. It possess numerous stamens that are called monadelphous.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 17

Ovary is half-inferior in the flowers of:

[2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 17

A flower in which floral parts arise from around the ovary is called perigynous. In this, the ovary is half inferior and half superior. It can be seen in the flowers of plum, peach etc.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 18

Keel is characteristic of the flowers of:

[2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 18

Keel is the characteristic of the flowers of family papilionaceae. For example, bean, gram, pea etc.
The flowers of this family have butterfly shaped corolla. The outermost petals of these flowers is the largest and is called vexillum, the two largest petals are similar and have wings and the two anterior petals called keel are fused enclosing stamens and carpels.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 19

In unilocular ovary with a single ovule the placentation is :

[2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 19

In basal type of placentation, the ovary is unilocular with a single ovule. In this the placenta is at the base of the ovary. It is seen in Polygonum.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 20

An example of axile placentation is:

[2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 20

Axile placentation is found in multi carpellary syncarpous gynoecium. The margin of carpels growing inward, fuse and meet in the centre of the ovary. Axis forms in the centre of the ovary, thus ovary becomes multi-chambered. The ovules are borne at the central axis. The number of these chambers are equal to the number of carpels. For example, potato, china rose, onion, lemon, orange and tomato.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 21

The floral formula

[2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 21

The given floral formula is of tobacco. It belong to the family Solanaceae. The flower is actinomorphic, bisexual and having superior ovary. Soyabean and sunhemp have monocarpellary pistil and tulip has trimerous flower and perianth.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 22

Replum is present in the ovary of flower of

[2008]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 22

Replum is present in the ovary of flower of mustard. A false septun called replum develops between the two parietal placentae in mustard and other members of family Brassicaceae. The ovary becomes bilocular. 

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 23

Which of the following is a flowering plant with nodules containing filamentous nitrogen-fixing micro-organism

[2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 23

It is also know as Australian pine, which is a deciduous tree with a soft, wispy, pine-like appearance that can grow to 100 feet or more in height. Also known as ironwood, beefwood. It bears a superficial resemblance to the conifer genus Pinus because of its small, round, cone-like fruits and its branchlets of scale-like leaves that look like pine needles. 

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 24

Pineapple (ananas) fruit develops from

[2006]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 24

Pineapple (Ananas sativus) is a sorosis fruit developed from a composite inflorescence which is actually a cluster of compactly borne flowers on a common axis.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 25

Pentamerous, actinomorphic flowers, bicarpellate ovary with oblique septa and fruit a capsule of berry, are characteristic features of

[2006]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 - Question 25

Pentamerous, actinomorphic flowers, bicarpillary ovary with oblique septa, fruit is capsule or berry are the characteristic features of family Solanaceae.
In Brassicaceae – dimerous or tetramerous, actinomorphic but sometimes zygomorphic flower, bicarpellary ovary with a false septum (called replum), fruit is siliqua or silicula.
Lilicaeae – Trimerous, actinomorphic flower, tricarpillary, syncarpous ovary, fruit is berry or capsula.
Asteraceae – Pentamerous, actinomorphic or zygomorphic flower, bicarpillary, syncarpous, unilocular ovary, fruit is cypsella.

Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF
Use Coupon Code
Information about 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2 solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Morphology of Flowering - 2, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice