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31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1


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30 Questions MCQ Test Biology 31 Years NEET Chapterwise Solved Papers | 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1

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31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 1

Match the following columns and select the correct option.     [2020]


Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 1

(a) Organ of corti is a structure located on the basilar membrane which contains hair cells that act as auditory receptors.
(b) Cochlea is the coiled portion of the labyrinth (fluid filled inner ear)
(c) Eustachian tube connects the middle ear cavity with the pharynx and helps in equalizing pressure of ear drums.
(d) Stapes is one of the ossicle of middle ear and is attached to oval window of cochlea.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 2

Which part of the brain is responsible for thermoregulation?  [2019]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 2

Hypothalamus is thermoregulatory centre. Hence it is called “thermostat” of the body. It keeps body temperature at roughly 37°C by means of a complex thermostat system.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 3

The figure shows an axon terminal and synapse. Select the option giving correct identifications of tables A-D [NEET Kar. 2013]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 3

In the given figure, A, B, C and D are axon, neurotransmitters, receptors and synaptic vesicles respectively.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 4

A sagittal section of human-brain is shown here. Identify at least two labels from A-D. [NEET Kar. 2013]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 4

Cerebrum is the first and most developed part of fore brain. It makes 2/3 part of total brain. Pons is a small spherical projection, which is situated below the midbrain and upper side of the medulla oblongata. It acts as a relay centre among different parts of brain. B and D are thalamus and spinal cord respectively.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 5

A diagram showing axon terminal and synapse is given. Identify correctly at least two of A-D. [NEET 2013]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 5

A-Receptor, C-Synaptic vesicles B  is synaptic cleft. A synapse is  formed by the membranes of a synaptic neuron and post synaptic neuron, which may or may not separated by a gap called synaptic cleft. It is filled by fluid called neurotransmitter which are involved in transmission of impulse at these synapses.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 6

The most abundant intracellular cation is : [NEET 2013]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 6

The most abundant intracellular cation is K+.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 7

A person entering an empty room suddenly finds a snake right in front on opening the door. Which one of the following is likely to happen in his neuro-hormonal control system ? [2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 7

Epinephrine and norepinephrine are secreted by adrenalmedulla in response to stress of any kind and during emergency situations and are called emergency hormones or hormones of flight, or fight.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 8

Which part of the human ear plays no role in hearing as such but is otherwise very much required? [2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 8

Vestibular apparatus is a part of inner ear which has no role in hearing but responsible for the maintenance of balance of the body and posture.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 9

The human hind brain comprises three parts, one of which is : [2012]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 9

The human hind brain comprises of pons, cerebellum and medulla oblongata.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 10

When a neuron is in resting state I not conducting any impulse, the axonal membrane is: [2011]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 10

When a neurone is in resting state i.e., not conducting any impulse, the axonal membrane is comparatively more permeable to K+ ion and nearly impermeable to Na+ ions.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 11

The nerve centres which control the body temperature and the urge for eating are contained  in: [2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 11

Hypothalamus contains important nerve centres that controls the body temperature, thirst, hunger and eating, water balance and sexual function.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 12

Which part of human brain is concerned with the regulation of body temperature? [2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 12

Hypothalamus part of human brain is concerned with the regulation of body temperature. The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions. The hypothalamus is small cone-shaped structure, projects downward, ending in the pituitary.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 13

Alzheimer disease in humans is associated with the deficiency of: [2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 13

Alzheimer disease in humans is associated with the deficiency of acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter produced by neurons referred to as cholinergic neurons. Acetylcholine plays a role in skeletal muscle movement, as well as in the regulation of smooth muscle and cardiac muscle. Acetylcholine is synthesized from choline and acetyl coenzyme-A through the action of the enzyme choline acetyltransferase and becomes packaged into membranebound vesicles.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 14

Cornea transplant in humans is almost never rejected. This is because [2008]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 14

Cornea transplant in humans is almost never rejected. This is because it has no blood supply. Cornea is a transparent layer of tissue, continuous with the sclerotic, that forms the front part of the vertebrate eye, over the iris and lens

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 15

During the propagation of a nerve impulse, the action potential results from the movement of : [2008]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 15

During the propagation of nerve impulse when a stimulus of adequate strength is applied to a polarised membrane, the permeability of the membrane to Na+ is greatly increased at the point of stimulation. As a result the sodium ion channels permit the influx of Na+ by diffusion. Since, there are more Naions entering than leaving, the electrical potential of the membrane changes from - 70 mV towards zero. At 0 mV the membrane is said to be depolarised. While the resting potential is determined largely by K+ ions, the action potential is determined largely by Na+ ions. Action potential is another name of nerve impulse. The stimulated negatively charged point on the outside of the membrane sends out an electrical current to the positive point adjacent to it. This local current causes the adjacent inner part of the membrane to reverse its potential from -70 mV to-+30 mV.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 16

Which one of the following is the correct difference between Rod Cells and Cone Cells of our retina? [2008]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 16

Rod cells is a type of light sensitive receptor cell present in the retinas of vertebrates. Rod contains the pigment rhodopsin and are essential for vision in dim light. Cone cells is a type of light sensitive receptor cell, found in retinas of all diurnal vertebrates. Cones are specialized to transmit information about colour and are responsible for the visual acuity of the eye. They function best in bright light

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 17

Given below is a diagrammatic cross section of a single loop of human cochlea: [2008]

Which one of the following options correctly represents the names of three different parts?

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 17

The diagramnatic cross section of a single  loop of human cochlea represents the three different parts- A- Perilymph B- Tertorial membrane C-Endolymph Cochlea arises from sacculus. It is spirally coiled duct. It is also known as Lagena. It is connected with sacculus by duct of Reunies. 

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 18

Which one of the following pairs of structures distinguishes a nerve cell from other types of cells? [2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 18

The cytoplasm immediately surrounding the nucleus is loaded with protein synthetic machinery and is called perikaryon, dendrites are usually shorter, tapering and much branched processes which may be one to several. These two are only present in nerve cells.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 19

Which of the following is an example of negative feedback loop in humans? [2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 19

When the set point of hypothalamus is disturbed by high temperature, it stimulates vasodilation and sweating while in low temperature there is vasoconstriction and shivering.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 20

During the transmission of nerve impulse through a nerve fibre, the potential on the inner side of the plasma membrane has which type of electric change? [2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 20

Once the events of depolarization have occurred, a nerve impulse or spike is initiated. Action potential is another name of nerve impulse. It lasts about 1 msec (millisecond). The stimulalted, negatively charged point on the outside of the membrane sends out an electrical current to the positive point (still polarized adjacent to it). This local current causes the adjacent inner part of the membrane to reverse its potential from –70 mV to +30 mV. The reversal repeats itself over and over until the nerve impulse is conducted through the length of the neuron

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 21

One of the examples of the action of the autonomous nervous system is [2005]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 21

Autonomic nerveous system regulates and coordinates involuntry activities like heart beat, homeostasis, body temperature, breathing, gut peristalsis and secretion of glands. Human intestine shows movements during food digestion called peristalsis.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 22

In a man, abducens nerve is injured. Which one of the following functions will be affected? [2005]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 22

Abducens nerve is the sixth cranial nerve. It supplies the extraocular muscle (superior oblique) of eyeball, therefore controls movement of the eyeball.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 23

Four healthy people in their twenties got involved in injuries resulting in damage and death of a few cells of the following. Which of the cells are least likely to be replaced by new cells? [2005]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 23

The neurons are cells specialised  to conduct an electrochemical current. Neuron cells do not have the capability of division.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 24

In the resting state of the neural membrane, diffusion due to concentration gradients, if allowed, would drive [2004]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 24

In a resting state of the neural membrane, Na+ concentration is  higher on the outer side and K+ concentration   is more within the cell. This concentration gradient is maintained by voltage gated channels. Hence if diffusion is allowed Na+ would enter the cell and K+ would leave. 

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 25

Injury to vagus nerve in humans is not likely to affect [2004]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 25

Muscles of the tongue are invested by the 12th cranial nerve, Hypoglossal.  The 10th cranial nerve, vagus supplies the viscera of the thorax, abdominal region and thus controls gastrointestinal, cardiac movements and pancreatic secretion.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 26

Ommatidia serve the purpose of photoreception in [2003]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 26

Cockroach has compound eye composed of many units called ommatidia. It comprises a cornea lens, crystalline cone, a graph of usually 7–8 retinal cells radially arranged around a central rhabdome

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 27

In which animal nerve cell is present but brain is absent? [2002]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 27

A primitive type of nervous system, without brain is found in the form of intra epidermal nerve net. However, there is no brain in Hydra to coordinate the response.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 28

Which of the following statements is correct for ‘nodes of Ranvier’ of nerve? [2002]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 28

Neurons are the chief functional units of the nervous system. An ordinary neuron has a soma or cyton and a long thread called axon which is enclosed in a multilayered myelin sheath,  made by Schwann  cells. The myelin  sheath is interrupted at the spaces between schwann cells to form gaps. These gaps are called Nodes of Ranvier.
These nodes and the myelin sheath create condition that speed up the nerve impulses.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 29

Characteristic feature of human cornea [2001]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 29

The outermost layer of the eye ball is fibrous in nature. Two-third part of this layer is opaque and lies inside the eyeorbit and is known as sclera.The remaining one-third of the outer layer is transparent and bulges out to form the cornea.There is no supply of blood in cornea.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 30

The purplish red pigment rhodopsin contained in the rods type of photoreceptor cells of the human eyes is a derivative of  [2000]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Neural Control & Coordination - 1 - Question 30

There are two types of photoreceptor cells of retina, namilyrods and cones. The rods contain a purplish red protein called the rhodopsin or visual purple, which contains a derivative of vitamin - A. 

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