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A constant torque of 1000 N-m turns a wheel of the moment of inertia 200 kg-m2 about an axis through its centre. Its angular velocity after 3 seconds is:
Torque, T = 1000N - m & I = 200 Kg-m2
► T = Iα = 1000
► α = 1000 / 200 = 5 rad/s2
We know that, ω = ωo + αt
= 0 + 3 x 5 = 15 rad/s
A wheel of radius 1m rolls for war d half a revolution on horizontal ground. The magnitude of the displacement of the point of the wheel initially in contact with the ground is:
Linear distance moved by the wheel in half revolution = πr
Point P1 after half revolution reaches at P2 vertically 2m above the ground.
∴ Displacement P1P2 = (π2r2 + 22)1/2 = (π2 + 4)1/2 [∵ r = 1m]
If the linear density (mass per unit length) of a rod of length 3m is proportional to x, where x is the distance from one end of the rod, the distance of the centre of gravity of the rod from this end is:
Consider an element of length dx at a distance x from end A.
Here mass per unit length λ of rod is:
λ ∝ x ⇒ λ = kx
∴ dm = λdx = kx dx
Position of centre of gravity of rod from end A is:
A disc is rotating with angular velocity ω. If a child sits on it, what is conserved?
If external torque is zero, angular momentum remains conserved (External torque is zero because the weight of the child acts downward).
L = Iω = constant
A composite disc is to be made using equal masses of aluminium and iron so that it has as high a moment of inertia as possible. This is possible when:
Density of iron > Density of aluminium
Moment of inertia = ∫ r2 dm
Since, ρiron > ρaluminium
So, the whole of aluminium is kept in the core and the iron at the outer rim of the disc.
When a mass is rotating in a plane about a fixed point, its angular momentum is directed along:
Two persons of masses 55 kg and 65 kg respectively, are at the opposite ends of a boat. The length of the boat is 3.0 m and weighs 100 kg. The 55 kg man walks up to the 65 kg man and sits with him. If the boat is in still water the centre of mass of the system shifts by:
There is no external force so centre of mass of the system will not shift.
ABC is an equilateral triangle with O as its centre. represent three forces acting along the sides AB, BC and AC respectively. If the total torque about O is zero the magnitude of
The torques F1d and F2d of F1 and F2respectively are counterclockwise. The torque F3d is clockwise. Applying condition for rotational equilibrium,
F1 d + F2 d = F3 d
F3 = F1 + F2
A circular platform is mounted on a frictionless vertical axle. Its radius R = 2 m and its moment of inertia about the axle is 200 kgm2. It is initially at rest. A 50 kg man stands on the edge of the platform and begins to walk along the edge at the speed of 1 ms–1 relative to the ground. Time taken by the man to complete one revolution is:
By applying the law of conservation of angular momentum,
The moment of inertia of a uniform circular disc is maximum about an axis perpendicular to the disc and passing through:
According to the parallel axis theorem of the moment of Inertia,
I = Icm + md2
So, d is maximum for point B so Imax about B.
Three masses are placed on the x-axis: 300g at origin, 500g at x = 40cm and 400g at x = 70 cm.The distance of the centre of mass from the origin is:
► Xcm = (m1x1 + m2x2 + m3x3) / (m1 + m2 + m3)
► Xcm = (300 x (0) + 500(40) + 400 x 70) / (300 + 500 + 400)
► Xcm = 500 x 40 + 400 x 70 / 1200
► Xcm = 50 + 70 / 3 = 120 / 3 = 40 cm
A small object of uniform density rolls up a curved surface with an initial velocity ‘ν’. It reaches up to a maximum height of 3v2 / 4g with respect to the initial position. The object is a:
From law of conservation of mechanical energy:
► 1 / 2 Iω2 + 0 + 1 / 2 mv2 = mg x 3v2 / 4g
► 1 / 2 Iω2 = 3 / 4 mv2 - 1 / 2 mv2
► 1 / 2 Iω2 = mv2 / 4
► (1 / 2 )* I * (V2 / R2) = mv2 / 4
► I = 1 / 2 mR2
Hence, object is a disc.
A rod PQ of mass M and length L is hinged at end P. The rod is kept horizontal by a massless string tied to point Q as shown in the figure. When the string is cut, the initial angular acceleration of the rod is:
Weight of the rod will produce the torque,
τ = mg x L / 2 = I α = mL2 / 3 α (∵ Irod = ML2 / 3)
Hence, angular acceleration, α = 3g / 2L
Two discs are rotating about their axes, normal to the discs and passing through the centres of the discs. Disc D1 has 2 kg mass and 0.2 m radius and initial angular velocity of 50 rad s–1. Disc D2 has 4kg mass, 0.1 m radius and initial angular velocity of 200 rad s–1. The two discs are brought in contact face to face, with their axes of rotation coincident. The final angular velocity (in rad s–1) of the system is:
Given: m1 = 2 kg, m2 = 4 kg, r1 = 0.2 m, r2 = 0.1 m, w1 = 50 rad s–1, w2 = 200 rad s–1
As, I1W1 = I2W2 = Constant
∴ Wf = I1W1 + I2W2 / I1 + I2
= [(1 / 2 m1r1w1 )+ (1 / 2 m2r2w2 )] / (1 / 2 m1r12 + 1 / 2 m2r22)
By putting the value of m1, m2, r1, r2 and solving we get final angular velocity = 100 rad s–1
The ratio of radii of gyration of a circular ring and a circular disc, of the same mass and radius, about an axis passing through their centres and perpendicular to their planes are:
I = MK2 ⇒ K = √I / M
Iring = MR2 and Idisc = 1 / 2 MR2
► K1 / K2 = (I1 / I2 )1/2 = √MR2 / (MR2 / 2) = √2 : 1