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When a proton is accelerated through 1 V, thenits kinetic energy will be [1999]
Potential difference (V) = 1V, K.E. acquired = qV = 1.6 × 10^{–19} × 1
= 1.6 × 10^{–19} joules = 1 eV
If a long hollow copper pipe carries a current,then magnetic field is produced [1999]
Inside a hollow pipe carrying current, the magnetic field is zero, since according to Ampere's law, B_{i}. 2πr = μ_{0} × 0 ⇒ B_{i} = 0.
But for external points, the current behaves as if it was concentrated at the axis only; so, outside,Thus, the magnetic field is produced outside the pipe only.
Two long parallel wires P and Q are both perpendicular to the plane of the paper with distance of 5 m between them. If P and Q carry currents of 2.5 amp and 5 amp respectively in the same direction, then the magnetic field at a point halfway between the wires is [2000]
When the current flows in both wires in the same direction then magnetic field at half way due to the wire P,
(where I1= 2.5 amp) The direction of is downward
Magnetic field at half way due to wire Q
[where I_{2} = 2.5amp.]
Net magnetic field at half way
Hence, net magnetic field at midpoint
A proton moving with a velocity 3 × 10^{5} m/senters a magnetic field of 0.3 tesla at an angle of30º with the field. The radius of curvature of itspath will be (e/m for proton = 108 C/kg) [2000]
= 0.5 x 10^{ 2}m = 0.5cm
In a certain region of space electric field and magnetic field are perpendicular to each other and an electron enters in region perpendicular to the direction of and both and moves undeflected, then velocity of electron is [2001]
Electron moves undeflected if force exerted due to electric field is equal to force due to magnetic field.
A charged particle of charge q and mass m enters perpendicularly in a magnetic field . Kinetic energy of the particle is E; then frequency of rotation is [2001]
For circular path in magnetic field, mrω^{2} = qvB
∴ If v is frequency of roatation, then
A galvanometer can be converted into avoltmeter by connecting [2002]
A galvanometer can be converted in to a voltmeter by connecting the high ressistance in series with the galvanometer so that only a small amount of current passes through it.
A wire carries a current. Maintaining the samecurrent it is bent first to form a circular plane coil ofone turn which produces a magnetic field B at thecentre of the coil. The same length is now bentmore sharply to give a double loop of smaller radius.The magnetic field at the centre of the double loop,caused by the same current is [2002]
Let I be current and l be the length of the wire.
For Ist case :where
2πr = l and n = 1
For IInd Case :
A particle having charge q moves with a velocity through a region in which both an electric field and a magnetic field are present .The force on the particle is [2002]
Force due to electric field =
Force due to magnetic field =
Net force experienced =
A charged particle moves through a magneticfield in a direction perpendicular to it. Then the [2003]
Magnetic for ce acts perpendicular to the velocity. Hence speed remains constant.
A long solenoid carrying a current produces amagnetic field B along its axis. If the current isdouble and the number of turns per cm is halved,the new value of the magnetic field is [2003]
B = μ_{0}ni
⇒ B_{1} = B
A galvanometer acting as a voltmeter will have [2004]
A high resistance is connected in series so that less current passes through voltmeter.
A galvanometer of 50 ohm resistance has 25 divisions. A current of 4 × 10^{–4} ampere gives adeflection of one per division. To convert thisgalvanometer into a voltmeter having a rangeof 25 volts, it should be connected with aresistance of [2004]
R_{g} = 50Ω, I_{g }= 25 × 4 × 10^{–A}Ω = 10^{–2} A
Range of V = 25 volts V = I_{g}(R_{e }+ R_{g})
An electron moves in a circular orbit with a uniform speed v. It produces a magnetic field B at the centre of the circle. The radius of the circle is proportional to [2005]
The magnetic field produce by moving electron in circular path
A very long straight wire carries a current I. At the instant when a charge + Q at point P has velocity , as shown, the force on the charge is
The direction of
∴ The magnetic force
is along OY.
When a charged particle moving with velocity is subjected to a magnetic field of induction the force on it is nonzero. This implies that
Force on a particle moving with velocity v in a magnetic field B is
If angle between is either zero or 180º, then value of F will be zero as cross product of will be zero.
So option (b) is correct.
Two circular coils 1 and 2 are made from the samewire but the radius of the 1st coil is twice that ofthe 2nd coil. What potential difference in voltsshould be applied across them so that themagnetic field at their centres is the same [2006]
If R_{1} & R_{2} be the radius of the circular wires,
If same potential is applied on them, current in Ist will be half that in the later. If V potential is applied on them, current in them
Now magnetic field at the centre of circular
coil,
For first wire, field B_{1}
For second wire, field B_{2} =
Given B_{1} = B_{2} The given data do not provide any required result. There is a mistake in the framing of the question.
A beam of electron passes undeflected throughmutually perpendicular electric and magnetic fields.If the electric field is switched off, and the samemagnetic field is maintained, the electrons move [2007]
If the electric field is switched off, and the same magnetic field is maintained, the electrons move in a circular orbit and electron will travel a magnetic field ⊥ to its velocity..
In a mass spectrometer used for measuring the masses of ions, the ions are initially accelerated by an electric potential V and then made to describe semicircular path of radius R using a magnetic field B. If V and B are kept constant, the ratio will be proportional to
In mass spectro meter, when ions are accelerated through potential V
..........(i)
As the magnetic field curves the path of the ions in a semicircular orbit
.......... (ii)
Substituting (ii) in (i)
Since V and B are constants,
Under the influence of a uniform magnetic fielda charged particle is moving in a circle of radiusR with constant speed v. The time period of themotion [2007]
When a test charge q0 enters a magnetic fielddirected along zaxis, with a velocity making angles d with the zaxis. The time period of the motion is independent of R and v.
A closed loop PQRS carrying a current is placed in a uniform magnetic field. If the magnetic forces on segments PS, SR, and RQ are F_{1} , F_{2} and F_{3} respectively and are in the plane of the paper and along the directions shown, the force on the segment QP is [2008]
According to the figure the magnitude of force on the segment QM is F_{3} –F_{1} and PM is F_{2}.
Therefore, the magnitude of the force on segment PQ is
A particle of mass m, charge Q and kinetic energyT enters a transverse uniform magnetic field ofinduction . After 3 seconds, the kinetic energyof the particle will be: [2008]
When a charged particle enters a transverse magnetic field it traverse a circular path. Its kinetic energy remains constant.
A circular disc of radius 0.2 meter is placed in a uniform magnetic field of induction in such a way that its axis makes an angle of 60° with . The magnetic flux linked with the disc is: [2008]
Here,
θ = 60°
Area normal to the plane of the disc
Flux = B × normal area
A galvanometer having a coil resistance of 60 Ωshows full scale deflection when a current of 1.0amp passes through it. It can be convertedinto an ammeter to read currents upto 5.0 amp by [2009]
G = 60Ω, I_{g}=1.0A, I=5A.
Let S be the shunt resistance connected in parallel to galvanometer I_{g}G = (I – I_{g}) S,
Thus by putting 15Ω in parallel, the galvanometer can be converted into an ammeter.
A charged paritcle (charge q) is moving in a circleof radius R with uniform speed v. The associatedmagnetic moment μ is given by [2007]
Magnetic moment, m = IA
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