A magnetic needle is kept in a non uniform magnetic field. It experiences
The force on north pole =
The force on south pole =
Since the forces will be unequal and are not having same line of action therefore, the magnetic needle experiences a force as well as a torque.
A proton moving with a constant velocity passes through a region of space without any change in its velocity. If E and B represent the electric and magnetic fields respectively, this region of space may have :
There is no change in velocity. It can be possible when
Electric and magnetic fields are absent, i.e., E = 0, B = 0
Or when electric and magnetic fields are present but force due to electric field is equal and opposite to the magnetic force, (i .e., E ≠ 0, B ≠ 0).
Or when E = 0. B ≠ 0 provided
F = qvB sin θ = 0
sin θ = 0, i.e., θ = 0 ⇒ v and B are in the same direction.
A rectangular loop carrying a current i is situated near a long straight wire such that the wire is parallel to one of the sides of the loop and is in the plane of the loop. If steady current I is established in the wire as shown in the figure, the loop will :
AB part of the rectangular loop will get attracted to the long straight wire as the currents are parallel and in the same direction whereas CD part will be repelled. But since this force where r is the distance between the wires. Therefore, there will be a net attractive force on the rectangular loop. Force on BC is equal and opposite to that on AD.
Two thin long parallel wires seperated by a distance ‘b’ are carrying a current ‘i’ amp each. The magnitude of the force per unit lenght exerted by one wire on the other is
The magnetic field due to current in wire 1 in the region of wire 2 will be
Since wire 2 having current i is placed in a magnetic field B1, it will experience a force given by F = i (lB_{1} sin 90°)
Two particles X and Y having equal charges, after being accelerated through the same potential difference, enter a region of uniform magnetic field and describe circular paths of radii R_{1} and R_{2 }respectively. The ratio of the mass of X to that of Y is
K.E. of first particle
K.E. of second particle
NOTE : After entering the magnetic field, a magnetic force acts on the charged particle which moves the charged particle in circular path of radius
Here, K, q, B are equal
A particle of charge + q and mass m moving under the influence of a uniform electric field Eiˆ and uniform magnetic field B kˆ follows a trajectory from P to Q as shown in fig. The velocities at P and Q are viˆ and – 2vˆj . Which of the following statement (s) is/are correct ?
Considering the activity from P to Q (Horizontal) u_{1} = v, v_{1} = 2v, s_{1} = 2a, Acc = A
⇒ 4v^{2} – v^{2 }= 2A(2a)
Force acting in the horizontal direction is F = qE = mA
Rate of doing work at P
Rate of doing work by the magnetic field is throughout zero.The rate of doing work by electric field is zero at Q. Because at Q, the angle between force due to electric field and displacement is zero.
A microameter has a resistance of 100 W and a full scale range of 50 mA . It can be used as a voltmeter or as a higher range ammeter provided a resistance is added to it. Pick the correct range and resistance combination (s)
For V = Ig (G + R) = 5 × 10^{–5} [100 + 200,000] = 10V
A current I flows along the length of an infinitely long, straight, thinwalled pipe. Then
Let us consider any poin t P inside the thin walled pipe. Let us consider a circular loop and apply Ampere's circuital law,
Since current inside the loop is zero.
H^{+}, He^{+} and O^{++} all having the same kinetic energy pass through a region in which there is a uniform magnetic field perpendicular to their velocity. The masses of H^{+}, He^{+} and O2^{+} are 1 amu, 4 amu and 16 amu respectively. Then
KEY CONCEPT : When the charged particles enter a magnetic field then a force acts on the particle which will act as a centripetal force. We know that when kinetic energy and magnetic field are equal then
He^{+} and O^{++} will be deflected equally.
H^{+} will be deflected the most since its radius is smallest.
Two particles, each of mass m and charge q, are attached to the two ends of a light rigid rod of length 2R. The rod is rotated at constant angular speed about a pependicular axis passing through its centre. The ratio of the magnitudes of the magnetic moment of the system and its angular momentum about the centre of the rod is
Current, i = (frequency) (charge)=
Magnetic moment,
Angular momentum .
Two very long, straight, parallel wires carry steady currents I & I respectively. The distance between the wires is d. At a certain instant of time, a point charge q is at a point equidistant from the two wires, in the plane of the wires. Its instantaneous velocity v is perpendicular to this plane. The magnitude of the force due to the magnetic field acting on the charge at this instant is
Net magnetic field due to the wires will be downward as shown below in the figure. Since angle between and is 180°,
Therefore, magnetic force
The following field line can never represent
Out of the given options only induced electric field and magnetostatic field form closed loops of field lines.
A long current carrying wire, carrying current I_{1} such that I_{1} is flowing out from the plane of paper is placed at O. A steady state current I_{2} is flowing in the loop ABCD
Net force on the loop : Force on AB : The magnetic field due to current I_{1 }is along AB.
dF = I (d l * B ´ sin 0°)=0
Force on CD : Similarly the magnetic field due to current I_{1} is along DC. Because θ = 180° here, therefore force on DC is zero.
Force on BC : Consider a small element dl.
By Fleming's left hand rule, the direction of this force is perpendicular to the plane of the paper directed outwards.
By Fleming's left hand rule, the direction of this force is perpendicular to the plane of paper directed inwards. Since the current elements are located symmetrical to current I_{1}, therefore force on BC will cancel out the effect of force on AD.
⇒ Net force on loop ABCD is zero.
Net Torque on the loop : The force on BC and AD will create a torque on ABCD in clockwise direction about OO' as seen by the observer at O.
A particle of mass m and charge q, moving with velocity v enters Region II normal to the boundary as shown in the figure. Region II has a uniform magnetic field B perpendicular to the plane of the paper. The length of the Region II is l Choose the correct choice(s).
As the particle enters the magnetic field, a force acts on it due to the magnetic field which moves the particle in a circular path of radius
For the particle to enter region III, r > l (path shown by dotted line)
For maximum path length in region II, r = l
The time taken by the particle to move in region II before coming back in region I is given by
Two metallic rings A and B, identical in shape and size but having different resistivities ρ_{A} and ρ_{B}, are kept on top of two identical solenoids as shown in the figure. When current I is switched on in both the solenoids in identical manner, the rings A and B jump to heights h_{A} and h_{B}, respectively, with h_{A} > h_{B}. The possible relation(s) between their resistivities and their masses m_{A} and m_{B} is(are)
When current I is switched on in both the solenoids in identical manner, eddy currents are setup in metallic rings A and B in such a way that rings A and B are repelled.
Given h_{A} >h_{B} . This shows that eddy currents produced in A are greater than in B. This is possible when r A <rB (the rate of change of flux is same in both the rings, therefore induced emf is same).
An electron and a proton are moving on straight parallel paths with same velocity. They enter a semi infinite region of uniform magnetic field perpendicular to the velocity. Which of the following statement(s) is / are true?
Figure shows that the megnetic field is present on the right hand side of AB. The electron (e) and proton (p) moving on straight parallel paths with the same velocity enter the region of uniform magnetic field.
The entry and exit of electron & proton in the magnetic field makes the same angle with AB as shown.
Therefore both will come out travelling in parallel paths.
The time taken by proton
The time taken by electron is
∴ (b) , (d) are correct options
Consider the motion of a positive point charge in a region where there are simultaneous uniform electric and magnetic fields At time t = 0, this charge has velocity the in the xy plane, making an angle θ with the xaxis. Which of the following option(s) is (are) correct for time t > 0?
When θ = 0º, the charged particle is projected along xaxis, due to the charged particle will tend to move in a circular path in yz plane but due to force of electric field, the particle will move in a helical path with increasing pitch. Therefore options (A) and (B) are incorrect.
When θ = 10º, we can resolve velocity into two rectangular components. One along xaxis (v cos 10º) and one along yaxis (v sin 10º). Due to v cos 10º, the particle will move in circular path and due to v sin 10º plus the force due to electric field, the particle will undergo helical motion with its pitch increasing.
If θ = 90º, the charge is moving along the magnetic field.
Therefore the force due to magnetic field is zero. But the force due to electric field will accelerate the particle along yaxis.
A particle of mass M and positive charge Q, moving with a constant velocity enters a region of uniform static magnetic field, normal to the xy plane. The region of the magnetic field extends from x = 0 to x = L for all values of y. After passing through this region, the particle emerges on the other side after 10 milliseconds with a velocity . The correct statement(s) is (are)
The magnetic field should be in the –z direction (Fleming’s left hand rule)
(a) and (c) are the correct options
A steady current I flows along an infinitely long hollow cylindrical conductor of radius R. This cylinder is placed coaxially inside an infinite solenoid of radius 2R. The solenoid has n turns per unit length and carries a steady current I. Consider a point P at a distance r from the common axis. The correct statement(s) is (are)
In the region O < r < R, the magnetic field is present due to current in solenoid.
In the region r > 2 R, the magnetic field is present due to the current in the cylinder.
For the region R < r < 2R, the magnetic field is neither along the common axis, nor tangential to the circle of radius r. (a) and (d) are correct options.
A conductor (shown in the figure) carrying constant current I is kept in the xy plane in a uniform magnetic field r B . If F is the magnitude of the total magnetic force acting on the conductor, then the correct statement(s) is(are)
option [A] is correct
Option (b) and (c) are also correct
Consider two identical galvanometers and two identical resistors with resistance R. If the internal resistance of the galvanometers R_{C} < R/2, which of the following statement(s) about any one of the galvanometers is (are) true?
The range of voltmeter ‘V’ is given by the expression
V is max in this case as RHS is maximum. Thus (a) is correct.
The range of ammeter I is given by the expression
Here R_{eq} is minimum and therefore I is maximum. Thus (c) is the correct option.
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