UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Tests  >  Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly  >  Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - UPSC MCQ

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - UPSC MCQ


Test Description

25 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 for UPSC 2024 is part of Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly preparation. The Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 below.
Solutions of Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 questions in English are available as part of our Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly for UPSC & Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 solutions in Hindi for Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for UPSC Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 | 25 questions in 30 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you? Download the App
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 1

Consider the following statements regarding Lymphatic Filariasis (LF).

  1. Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease.
  2. It does not spread to humans through the bite of mosquitoes.
  3. Infection is usually acquired in childhood causing hidden damage to the lymphatic system and the visible manifestations of the disease occur later in life.
  4. In India, Anti-filarial drugs are administered door-to-door through a nationwide Mass Drug Administration (MDA) campaign.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 1
  • Recently the Government launched a nationwide Mass Drug Administration (MDA) campaign aimed at ending disease transmission through the door-to-door administration of anti-filarial drugs, especially in 10 filaria affected states. All those above two years of age, except pregnant women and ailing persons, will be administered the antifilarial drugs.
  • Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease. Infection occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through Culex mosquitoes. Infection is usually acquired in childhood causing hidden damage to the lymphatic system.
  • The painful and disfiguring visible manifestations of the disease, lymphoedema, elephantiasis and scrotal swelling (hydrocele) occur later in life and can lead to permanent disability.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 2

Consider the following statements.

  1. In the last one decade, India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has never been below the replacement level fertility.
  2. When the share of the working-age population is larger than the non-working-age share of the population, it can lead to demographic dividend.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 2
  • The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) — which is the average number of children who would be born to any women in her lifetime – has declined from 2.2 in 2015-16 to 2.0 in 2019-21. It was revealed in the fifth round of the National Family Health Survey, or NFHS-5.
  • Replacement level fertility represents the level at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next, thus leading to zero population growth if the level sustained over a sufficiently long period. This rate is roughly 2.1 children per woman for most countries, although it may modestly vary with mortality rates.
  • According to United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), demographic dividend means:
  • The economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population (15 to 64) is larger than the non-working-age share of the population (14 and younger, and 65 and older)”.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 3

In India which of the following states have notified Fifth Schedule areas?

  1. Odisha
  2. Telangana
  3. Uttar Pradesh
  4. Himachal Pradesh
  5. Rajasthan

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 3

Ten states — Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, and Telangana — have notified Fifth Schedule areas that cover (partially or fully) several districts in each of these states.

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 4

Annual Financial Statement (AFS) of a Government in a financial year includes

  1. Estimates of revenue and capital receipts
  2. Estimates of expenditure
  3. Introduction of new schemes/projects
  4. Ways and means to raise the revenue

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 4

Annual Financial Statement (AFS) is a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government in a financial year. In addition to it, the Budget contains:

  • Estimates of revenue and capital receipts,
  • Ways and means to raise the revenue,
  • Estimates of expenditure,

The economic and financial policy of the coming year, i.e., taxation proposals, prospects of revenue, spending programme and introduction of new schemes/projects.

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 5

Consider the following statements regarding International Court of Justice (ICJ).

  1. ICJ acts as an appeal court for any international tribunal.
  2. ICJ can Suo Moto deal with any international dispute.
  3. United Nations Charter authorizes the UN Security Council to enforce ICJ rulings.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 5
  • The ICJ is not a supreme court to which national courts can turn; it does not act as a court of last resort for individuals. Nor is it an appeal court for any international tribunal. It can, however, rule on the validity of arbitral awards.
  • The Court can only hear a dispute when requested to do so by one or more States. It cannot deal with a dispute on its own initiative. Neither is it permitted, under its Statute, to investigate and rule on acts of sovereign States as it chooses.
  • Judgments are final and without appeal. If there is a dispute about the meaning or scope of a judgment, the only possibility is for one of the parties to make a request to the Court for an interpretation. In the event of the discovery of a fact hitherto unknown to the Court which might be a decisive factor, either party may apply for revision of the judgment.
  • United Nations Charter authorizes the UN Security Council to enforce Court rulings. However, such enforcement is subject to the veto power of the five permanent members of the council.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 6

Consider the following statements.

  1. The Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan are India’s highest civilian honours, both instituted after India’s independence.
  2. Padma Awards have been conferred every year to deserving civilians, without any interruptions since its inception.
  3. Unlike Bharat Ratna, Padma Awards are conferred only to Indian citizens are not to foreigners.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 6
  • Two awards, the Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan were first instituted in 1954 as India’s highest civilian honours.
  • While the Bharat Ratna is treated as an exceptional award with only 45 Bharat Ratnas being handed over till date, the Padma Awards are annually conferred to deserving civilians. Except for interruptions in 1978, 1979 and between 1993 and 1997, every year the names of the recipients are announced on Republic Day eve.
  • Typically, not more than 120 awards are given in a year, but this does not include posthumous awards or awards given to NRIs and foreigners. While the award is normally not conferred posthumously, the Government can consider posthumous felicitation in exceptional circumstances.
  • The first ever Padma Vibhushan awardees in 1954 were scientist Satyendra Nath Bose, artist Nandalal Bose, educationist and politician Zakir Hussain, social worker and politician Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, and diplomat and academic V.K. Krishna Menon. The first ever non-Indian Padma Vibhushan awardee was Bhutanese king Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, who also received the award in 1954.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 7

Consider the following statements.

  1. Co-location is a data centre facility where third parties can lease space for servers and other computer hardware.
  2. National Stock Exchange introduced co-location facilities and offered traders/brokers the ability to place their servers within NSE’s data centre.
  3. Securities Appellate Tribunal is a statutory and autonomous body created under the provisions of SEBI Act, 1992 and whose jurisdiction extends to companies situated across India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 7
  • Co-location is a data centre facility where third parties can lease space for servers and other computer hardware. They provide infrastructure like power supply, bandwidth and cooling for setting up servers and storage of data. Customers usually rent out space by rack, cabinet, cage or room.
  • The NSE introduced co-location facilities in 2009 and offered traders/brokers the ability to place their servers within NSE’s data centre for a fee. By being in close proximity to the stock exchange servers, traders/brokers would have faster access to the price feed and the execution of trades, due to the low latency connectivity.
  • Securities Appellate Tribunal is a statutory and autonomous body created as per provisions of section 15K of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) Act, 1992. Jurisdiction of Securities Appellate Tribunal extends to companies situated across India.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 8

The Government carries out Disinvestment to achieve which of the following goals?

  1. Encourage open market to have wide share in ownership
  2. Reduce Financial burden on Government
  3. Introduce competition with market discipline
  4. Depoliticise essential services

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 8

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 9

Sovereign credit ratings can significantly affect which of the following in the Indian Economy?

  1. Own-country exchange rates
  2. Stock market returns
  3. Bond Yields
  4. Foreign direct investment (FDI)

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 9
  • Changes in sovereign credit ratings significantly affect bond and stock markets.
  • Donors’ as well as recipients’ credit ratings impact FDI flows. Countries in high rated regions may receive more FDI.
  • Ratings affect own-country exchange rates as well as have strong regional spill over effect on exchange rates.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 10

Consider the following statements regarding geography of Egypt.

  1. Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning both Africa and Asia.
  2. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the east.
  3. Suez Canalis located in Egypt, which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.
  4. The Nile River does not flow through Egypt.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 10

Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 11

Consider the following statements regarding Gold ETF.

  1. Gold ETFs are passive investment instruments that are based on gold prices and invest in gold bullion.
  2. The price of One Gold ETF unit is equal to 1 gram of gold of at least 99.5 percent purity.
  3. Gold ETFs can be redeemed for physical gold.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 11
  • A Gold ETF is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that aims to track the domestic physical gold price. They are passive investment instruments that are based on gold prices and invest in gold bullion.
  • One Gold ETF unit is equal to 1 gram of gold and is backed by physical gold of very high purity. Gold ETFs combine the flexibility of stock investment and the simplicity of gold investments.
  • Gold ETFs are listed and traded on the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange Ltd. (BSE) like a stock of any company. Gold ETFs trade on the cash segment of BSE & NSE, like any other company stock, and can be bought and sold continuously at market prices.
  • Buying Gold ETFs means you are purchasing gold in an electronic form. You can buy and sell gold ETFs just as you would trade in stocks. When you actually redeem Gold ETF, you don’t get physical gold, but receive the cash equivalent. Trading of gold ETFs takes place through a dematerialised account (Demat) and a broker, which makes it an extremely convenient way of electronically investing in gold.
  • Because of its direct gold pricing, there is a complete transparency on the holdings of a Gold ETF. Further due to its unique structure and creation mechanism, the ETFs have much lower expenses as compared to physical gold investments.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 12

Only one side of the Moon is visible from Earth because

  1. There is atmospheric refraction on earth whereas atmosphere is absent on Moon.
  2. Moon rotates on its axis at the same rate that the Moon orbits the Earth
  3. The moon has a geoid shape and the earth has an axial tilt.

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 12

The near side of the Moon is the lunar hemisphere that always faces towards Earth, opposite to the far side. Only one side of the Moon is visible from Earth because the Moon rotates on its axis at the same rate that the Moon orbits the Earth—a situation known as tidal locking.
Atmospheric refraction helps planets, stars twinkle and doesn’t decide which side of them is visible or invisible on earth.
Statement 3 is incorrect.

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 13

Consider the following statements.

  1. A depository is an organization which holds securities like shares and bonds of investors in electronic form.
  2. A depository also provides services related to transactions in securities.
  3. In India, National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) is the only depository registered with SEBI.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 13
  • A depository is an organization which holds securities (like shares, debentures, bonds, government securities, mutual fund units etc.) of investors in electronic form at the request of the investors through a registered depository participant. It also provides services related to transactions in securities.
  • At present two Depositories viz. National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) and Central Depository Services (India) Limited (CDSL) are registered with SEBI.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 14

Which of the following statement is correct regarding Profundal zone? 

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 14

The profundal zone is a very cold zone, such as an ocean or a lake, located below the range of effective light penetration. This is typically below the thermocline, the vertical zone in the water through which temperature drops rapidly. The lack of light in the profundal zone determines the type of biological community that can live in this region, which is distinctly different from the community in the overlying waters. The profundal zone is part of the aphotic zone.

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 15

Berring strait connects which of the following oceans/seas?

  1. Arctic Ocean
  2. Atlantic Ocean
  3. Pacific Ocean
  4. Mediterranean Sea

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 15

The Arctic Ocean is located within the Arctic Circle and surrounds the North Pole. It is connected with the Pacific Ocean by a narrow stretch of shallow water known as berring strait.

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 16

Which of the following factors can lead to the creation of urban heat islands?

  1. Vehicular emissions
  2. Concrete and asphalt structures
  3. Deforestation
  4. Density of population

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 16
  • An urban heat island (UHI) is an urban area that is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities.
  • Vehicle exhaust emits CO2, NOX and other GHGs that capture heat.
  • The concrete and metals in buildings and the asaphalt of roads get heated up during the day. This heat is released during the night.
  • Also, the crowded high-rise buildings of the cities trap the warm air and thus raise the temperature of the cities.
  • Forest moderate temperature, cool the surroundings by transpiration and capture the carbon dioxide that traps heat. Deforestation and low forest cover contribute to urban heat islands.
  • Density of population and industrial economic activity automatically increase the heat generated per unit area.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 17

Which of the following commodities/products is/are considered as Minor Forest Produce?

  1. Mahua Seeds
  2. Teak
  3. Sal Leaves
  4. Wild Honey
  5. Seeded Tamarind

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 17

Forest produce can be divided into several categories. From the point of view of usage, forest produce can be categorized into three types: Timber, Non-Timber and Minor Minerals. Non-timber forest products [NTFPs] are known also as minor forest produce (MFP) or non-wood forest produce (NWFP).
MINOR FOREST PRODUCES (MFPs)

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 18

“Superbugs” can develop with the abuse of

  1. Antiparasitics
  2. Antibiotics
  3. Antivirals
  4. Antifungals

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 18
  • Antimicrobial resistance occurs when microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change in ways that render the medications used to cure the infections they cause ineffective. When the microorganisms become resistant to most antimicrobials they are often referred to as “superbugs”. 
  • Antimicrobial resistance is the broader term for resistance in different types of microorganisms and encompasses resistance to antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic and antifungal drugs.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 19

Consider the following statements regarding Ruminant species.

  1. Ruminants are herbivorous grazing mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.
  2. Cows, sheep, goats, and buffaloes are some of the Ruminants.
  3. Ruminant animals release methane mainly through burping.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 19
  • Ruminant species are hooved grazing or browsing herbivores that chew cud. Ruminants such as cows, sheep, goats, and buffaloes have a special type of digestive system that allows them to break down and digest food that non-ruminant species would be unable to digest.
  • Stomachs of ruminant animals have four compartments, one of which, the rumen, helps them to store partially digested food and let it ferment. This partially digested and fermented food is regurgitated by the animals who chew through it again and finish the digestive process.
  • However, as grass and other vegetation ferments in the rumen, it generates methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Ruminant animals such as cows and sheep release this methane mainly through burping.
  • Given the very large numbers of cattle and sheep on farms in dairy-producing countries, these emissions add up to a significant volume. It is estimated that the ruminant digestive system is responsible for 27 per cent of all methane emissions from human activity.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 20

Consider the following statements regarding Mughal Gardens.

  1. A defining feature of these gardens is the use of waterways, often to demarcate the various quadrants of the garden.
  2. Gardens surrounding Humanyun’s Tomb in Delhi and Nishat Bagh in Srinagar were built in this style.
  3. At present India is the only country to have Mughal Gardens.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 20
  • The iconic Mughal Gardens at the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s House) in Delhi have been renamed. “The collective identity of all the gardens at Rashtrapati Bhavan will be ‘Amrit Udyan’.
  • Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan have a number of Mughal gardens.
  • The Mughals were known to appreciate gardens. In Babur Nama, Babur says that his favourite kind of garden is the Persian charbagh style (literally, four gardens). The charbagh structure was intended to create a representation of an earthly utopia – jannat – in which humans co-exist in perfect harmony with all elements of nature.
  • Defined by its rectilinear layouts, divided in four equal sections, these gardens can be found across lands previously ruled by the Mughals. From the gardens surrounding Humanyun’s Tomb in Delhi to the Nishat Bagh in Srinagar, all are built in this style – giving them the moniker of Mughal Gardens.
  • A defining feature of these gardens is the use of waterways, often to demarcate the various quadrants of the garden.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 21

Consider the following statements regarding Uroosi.

  1. Uroosi is a Gupta-era architectural feature.
  2. Wooden shutters are used as partition walls within buildings, instead of concrete walls.
  3. Uroosi work includes octagonal and decagonal ornamental pillars too.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 21
  • One way of saving lives in case of a natural calamity is to reconnect with older methods of architecture and construction. Uroosi, a Mughal-era home architectural element, is one such.
  • Uroosi are wooden shutters used as partition walls within homes, instead of concrete walls. 
  • Uroosi work includes octagonal and decagonal ornamental pillars too. Jalali House is a landmark in Srinagar that has this architectural element.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 22

Consider the following statements regarding Anamorphic projection technology.

  1. Anamorphic projection creates an illusion of reality.
  2. It involves projecting on a large surface a distorted image with the use of optical devices such as mirrors or lenses.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 22

Anamorphic projection essentially involves projecting on a large surface a distorted image which, with the use of optical transformation devices such as mirrors or lenses, gives the illusion of reality.

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 23

Usually which of the following agencies project India’s growth?

  1. Asian Development Bank
  2. Moody’s Investors Service
  3. World Bank
  4. Fitch Ratings Inc.
  5. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 23

Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 24

Which of the following statements best describe the term Entrenched inflation? 

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 24
  • The Economic Survey may have presented an optimistic growth outlook for the next year, but it did highlight the risks of an “entrenched inflation” and hence “higher and longer” interest rates, and a “depreciating rupee” leading to higher current account deficit, both on account of global headwinds.
  • Transitory inflation tends to be short-lived and circumstantial, while entrenched inflation tends to stick around even after the immediate problems that spurred it on have resolved.
  • If inflation were entrenched, it would mean that prices would not come back down, and that the new prices we see in the market would be a more permanent fixture in the economic life of citizens.
Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 25

Consider the following statements regarding Revenue receipts.

  1. Revenue receipts creates a liability for the government.
  2. Revenue receipts are regular and recurring in nature.
  3. They do not lead to any reduction in the government’s assets.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 25

Revenue receipts can be defined as those receipts which neither create any liability nor cause any reduction in the assets of the government. They are regular and recurring in nature and the government receives them in the normal course of activities.
Revenue receipts include the proceeds from taxes and other duties levied by the Centre; the interest and dividend it receives on its investments; and the fees and charges the government receives for its services.
Simply put, revenue receipts must satisfy two basic conditions:

  • No liability:Revenue receipts do not create any liability for the government. For example, taxes received by the government, unlike borrowings, do not create any liabilities for it.
  • No asset reduction: Revenue receipts do not lead to any reduction in the government’s assets. So, the government cannot show its earnings from sale of stake in a public-sector undertaking as revenue receipts because the stake sale resulted in reduction of its assets.
39 videos|4355 docs|967 tests
Information about Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for Test: February 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice

Up next

Download as PDF

Up next

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!