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Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - UPSC MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 for UPSC 2024 is part of Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly preparation. The Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 below.
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Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 1

Which of the following statements about auroras is true? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 1

The colors of auroras are determined by the types of gases in the Earth’s atmosphere. When charged particles from the Sun collide with gas molecules in the Earth’s atmosphere, they emit light of various colors. Oxygen molecules typically produce green and red auroras, while nitrogen molecules produce blue and purple auroras.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 2

With reference to Coronal mass ejections (CMEs), consider the following statements:

  1. CMEs are bursts of solar wind expelled from the Sun’s corona.
  2. CMEs primarily consist of charged particles, such as protons and electrons.
  3. CMEs have little to no impact on Earth’s magnetic field and ionosphere.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 2
  • S1: Correct. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are indeed bursts of solar wind expelled from the Sun’s corona. These ejections are significant events involving the release of a large amount of plasma and magnetic field from the solar corona into space.
  • S2: Incorrect. While CMEs do consist of charged particles, they are not primarily composed of charged particles. CMEs contain mostly plasma, which is a state of matter consisting of ionized gas particles. This plasma contains charged particles like protons and electrons, but it also includes neutral particles.
  • S3: Incorrect. CMEs can have a significant impact on Earth’s magnetic field and ionosphere. When the charged particles associated with a CME interact with Earth’s magnetosphere, they can cause geomagnetic storms, which may disrupt satellite operations, communication systems, and power grids.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 3

Consider the following statements:

  1. Trans fats are healthier than saturated fats because they lower LDL cholesterol levels.
  2. Trans fats are formed through an industrial process called hydrogenation.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 3

Trans fats are artificially created through a process called hydrogenation, where hydrogen is added to vegetable oil to make it solid at room temperature. This process is often used in the production of margarine, shortening, and some processed foods to increase their shelf life and improve texture. Trans fats have been linked to various health issues, including an increased risk of heart disease, as they raise LDL (bad) cholesterol levels while lowering HDL (good) cholesterol levels.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 4

During a geomagnetic storm: 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 4

Geomagnetic storms occur when there is a significant disturbance in the Earth’s magnetosphere, caused by changes in the solar wind or solar magnetic field interacting with the Earth’s magnetic field. These storms can lead to fluctuations in the Earth’s magnetic field, causing disturbances in the magnetosphere and ionosphere. These disturbances can result in various effects such as auroras, radio communication disruptions, and potential damage to satellites and electrical power grids. Therefore, option D is the correct choice as it accurately describes the impact of geomagnetic storms on the Earth’s magnetic field.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 5

Consider the following statements:

  1. Measles is caused by bacteria.
  2. Measles primarily affects the digestive system.
  3. Measles can be prevented by vaccination.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 5
  • Measles is not caused by bacteria but by a virus known as the measles virus.
  • Measles primarily affects the respiratory system, not the digestive system.
  • Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent measles. The measles vaccine, typically administered as part of the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine, provides immunity against the virus.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 6

Consider the following Indian literary works:

  1. Sahṛdayaloka-Locana
  2. Panchatantra
  3. Ramcharitmanas

How many of the above have been included in ‘UNESCO’s Memory of the World Asia-Pacific Regional Register’ recently?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 6
  • The Ramcharitmanas, Panchatantra and Sahṛdayāloka-Locana have been included in ‘UNESCO’s Memory of the World Asia-Pacific Regional Register’. This inclusion is a proud moment for India, a confirmation of the country’s rich literary heritage and cultural legacy. It signifies a step forward in global cultural preservation efforts, highlighting the importance of recognizing and safeguarding the diverse narratives and artistic expressions that shape our shared humanity. By honouring these literary masterpieces, society not only pays homage to the creative genius of their creators but also ensures that their profound wisdom and timeless teachings continue to inspire and enlighten future generations.
  • The ‘Ramcharitmanas’, ‘Panchatantra’, and ‘Sahṛdayaloka-Locana’ are such timeless works that have deeply influenced Indian literature and culture, shaping the nation’s moral fabric and artistic expressions. These literary works have transcended time and place, leaving an indelible mark on readers and artists both within and outside India. It is noteworthy that ‘Sahṛdayaloka-Locana’, ‘Panchatantra’, and ‘Ramcharitmanas’ were authored by Acharya Anandvardhan, Pt. Vishnu Sharma, and Goswami Tulsidas, respectively.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 7

For FY 2023-24, India’s largest trading partner is: 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 7

In the fiscal year 2023-24, China has overtaken the US as India’s largest trading partner, with a total two-way commerce of $118.4 billion, as per the data from the economic think tank GTRI. India’s exports to China rose by 8.7 percent to $16.67 billion, while imports increased by 3.24 percent to $101.7 billion. Conversely, exports to the US dipped slightly to $77.5 billion, and imports decreased by about 20 percent to $40.8 billion.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 8

Which of the following statements about photons are true? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 8

Photons are elementary particles that behave both as particles and waves. This phenomenon is known as wave-particle duality, a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 9

Consider the following statements about Chabahar Port:

  1. Chabahar Port is located in Oman.
  2. It serves as a crucial hub for trade between India, Afghanistan, and Iran.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 9

Chabahar Port is indeed located in Iran, specifically in the southeastern region of the country, near the border with Pakistan. It serves as a significant strategic point for trade, particularly for India, Afghanistan, and Iran, providing an alternative route for connectivity and reducing dependence on Pakistan for access to Afghanistan and Central Asia. The port has garnered international attention for its potential to boost regional trade and economic development, especially with the construction of infrastructure such as roads and rail links connecting it to Afghanistan and beyond.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 10

Consider the following statements about India International Bullion Exchange (IIBX):

  1. The IIBX is solely focused on trading in gold bullion.
  2. The IIBX is headquartered in Mumbai, the financial capital of India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 10
  • S1 is incorrect because the IIBX is not solely focused on trading in gold bullion. It facilitates trading in various precious metals including gold, silver, platinum, and palladium.
  • S2 is incorrect as the IIBX is headquartered in GIFT City (Gujarat International Finance Tec-City) in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, not in Mumbai.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 11

Which of the following statements about Sahul is correct? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 11

Sahul refers to the landmass that existed during the last glacial maximum when the sea levels were lower, connecting present-day Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania into a single landmass. This land bridge facilitated human migration and the spread of flora and fauna between these regions.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 12

Consider the following statements:

  1. Chabahar port is located in Iraq.
  2. Chabahar port is solely operated by India.
  3. Chabahar port is primarily used for military purposes.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 12
  • Context: The US has warned of potential sanctions following India’s signing of a 10-year contract with Iran to operate the Chabahar port.
  • Chabahar port is located in Iran, not Iraq (S1 is incorrect). While India has invested significantly in the development of the Chabahar port, it is not solely operated by India (S2 is incorrect). The strategic importance of Chabahar lies in its role as a gateway for trade to Afghanistan and Central Asia, providing an alternative route that bypasses Pakistan. Chabahar port is primarily a commercial port, and its main purpose is trade, not military activities (S3 is incorrect).
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 13

With reference to the “Tea Board” in India, consider the following statements:

  1. The Tea Board is a statutory body.
  2. It is a regulatory body attached to the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  3. The Tea Board’s Head Office is situated in Bengaluru.
  4. The Board has overseas offices at Dubai and Moscow.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 13
  • S1: The Tea Board is a statutory body set up under section 4 of the Tea Act, 1953 was constituted on 1st April 1954.
  • S2: The present Tea Board is functioning as a statutory body of the Central Government under the Ministry of Commerce.
  • S3&S4: The head office of the Tea board is in Kolkata. Currently, the Tea Board has two overseas offices located in Dubai and Moscow. Its functions include rendering financial and technical assistance for the cultivation, manufacture and marketing of tea, export promotion, aiding Research and Development activities for augmentation of tea production and improvement of tea quality.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 14

Consider the following statements about Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI):

  1. GANHRI is an independent non-governmental organization advocating for human rights globally.
  2. It primarily focuses on providing humanitarian aid in conflict zones around the world.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 14
  • Context: The Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI) has deferred the accreditation of India’s National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) for the second consecutive year, which could impact India’s voting rights at the Human Rights Council and some UNGA bodies.
  • 1: GANHRI is is a global network of national human rights institutions (NHRIs) which coordinates the relationship between NHRIs and the United Nations human rights system, and is unique as the only non-UN body whose internal accreditation system, based on compliance with the 1993 Paris Principles, grants access to UN committees. Institutions accredited by the Subcommittee for Accreditation (SCA) of GANHRI with “A status”, meaning full compliance with the Paris Principles, are usually accorded speaking rights and seating at human rights treaty bodies and other UN organs, mainly to the Human Rights Council. GANHRI representatives often present statements on behalf of individual NHRIs or the regional groups.
    • GANHRI is constituted as a non-profit entity under Swiss law, and has one member of staff representing it at the United Nations Office at Geneva.
  • S2: GANHRI’s primary focus is on promoting and protecting human rights through its member institutions, rather than providing humanitarian aid in conflict zones.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 15

Consider the following statements:

  1. The weightage of food in Consumer Price Index (CPI) is higher than that in Wholesale Price Index (WPI).
  2. The WPI does not capture changes in the prices of services, which CPI does.
  3. The Reserve Bank of India has now adopted WPI as its key measure of inflation and to decide on changing the key policy rates.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 15

Statements 1 and 2 are correct.
Context: Recently, India’s Wholesale Price Index (WPI)-based inflation surged to a 13-month high of 1.26%, up from 0.5%, driven primarily by increases in food and fuel prices.
The Wholesale Price Index (WPI) is an economic indicator that measures the average change in prices of goods at the wholesale level, i.e., before they reach the retail level.
It is used to track inflation and deflation trends in the economy by reflecting price changes in a basket of wholesale goods.

S3: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor, Raghuram Raja in 2014 announced that the central bank had adopted the new Consumer Price Index (CPI) (combined) as the key measure of inflation.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 16

Consider the following statements:

  1. Inflation occurs when there is an overall increase in the price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
  2. Hyperinflation is a term used to describe extremely high and typically accelerating inflation, often exceeding 50% per month.
  3. Deflation is the opposite of inflation and occurs when the price level of goods and services decreases over time.
  4. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the Producer Price Index (PPI) are two measures used to gauge inflation.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 16
  • Statement 1: Correct. Inflation is defined as the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, and subsequently, purchasing power is falling. Central banks attempt to limit inflation, and avoid deflation, to keep the economy running smoothly.
  • Statement 2: Correct. Hyperinflation is an extremely high and typically accelerating inflation, often exceeding 50% per month. It can lead to the quick erosion of the real value of local currency, as the prices of all goods increase.
  • Statement 3: Correct. Deflation is the decrease in the general price level of goods and services, which can increase the real value of money. This is the opposite of inflation and can be harmful to the economy, leading to reduced consumer spending and increased real value of debt.
  • Statement 4: Correct. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. The Producer Price Index (PPI) measures the average change over time in the selling prices received by domestic producers for their output. Both are used to gauge inflation.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 17

With reference to Soil nailing, consider the following statements:

  1. Soil nailing is a technique used to stabilize slopes and excavations.
  2. Soil nails are typically installed vertically to provide maximum stability.
  3. The technique involves the insertion of reinforcing elements into the soil to enhance its strength.
  4. Soil nailing is primarily used in soft soils with high moisture content.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 17
  • Statement 1: Correct. Soil nailing is indeed a technique used to stabilize slopes and excavations. It involves inserting reinforcing elements, called soil nails, into the ground to create a composite mass that resists deformation.
  • Statement 2: Incorrect. Soil nails are typically installed at an angle, not vertically. The angle of installation is usually between 10 to 20 degrees from the horizontal to provide optimal stability and resistance to the forces acting on the slope or excavation.
  • Statement 3: Correct. The technique involves the insertion of reinforcing elements, usually steel bars, into the soil to enhance its strength and stability.
  • Statement 4: Incorrect. While soil nailing can be used in various soil types, it is not primarily for soft soils with high moisture content. The method is versatile and can be used in a range of soil conditions, but it is particularly effective in stiff clays, dense sands, and other cohesive soils.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 18

With reference to Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)’, consider the following statements.

  1. CAATSA was enacted in response to Russia’s interference in the 2016 U.S. elections.
  2. The primary goal of CAATSA is to enhance the U.S. military presence in Eastern Europe.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 18
  • Context: India and Iran signed a 10-year contract on Chabahar Port, but the US State Department warned against business deals with Iran due to potential sanctions under CAATSA.
  • S1: CAATSA was enacted in response to various actions by Russia, including its interference in the 2016 U.S. elections, its involvement in the conflict in Ukraine, and its support for the Assad regime in Syria.
  • S2: It, enacted in 2017, is a US law targeting countries engaged with Russia, North Korea, and Iran through economic sanctions. It imposes penalties on nations conducting significant transactions with Russian intelligence and military entities. In 2018, the US House of Representatives passed an amendment exempting India from CAATSA sanctions for purchasing the S-400 missile defence system from Russia.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 19

The Reserve Bank of India is using which of the following inflation indices as anchor for ‘Inflation Targeting’? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 19

The inflation target in India is indeed fixed in terms of the all-India Consumer Price Index (CPI)-Combined. This index reflects the price changes for a basket of goods and services consumed by households.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 20

Consider the following statements about National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission:

  1. The NCDRC is a statutory body constituted under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
  2. The NCDRC has jurisdiction to entertain consumer complaints where the value of goods or services and compensation is claimed up to one crore rupees.
  3. The NCDRC is headquartered in Mumbai.
  4. Appeals against the orders of the NCDRC can be made directly to the Supreme Court of India.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 20
  • S1: The NCDRC was established under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 to provide a mechanism for the quick resolution of consumer disputes.
  • S2: Centre notifies rules for Consumer Protection (Jurisdiction of the District Commission, the State Commission and the National Commission) Rules, 2021
  • The revised pecuniary jurisdiction for entertaining consumer complaints shall be upto –
    • 50 lakh for District Commissions,
    • More than ₹50 lakh to ₹2 Crore for State Commissions and
    • More than ₹2 Crore for National Commission
  • S3: The NCDRC is headquartered in New Delhi, not Mumbai.
  • S4: Orders of the NCDRC can be appealed directly to the Supreme Court of India, making it the apex consumer dispute redressal authority before reaching the highest judicial body.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 21

Consider the following statements about International Telecommunication Union :

  1. It is the United Nations specialized agency.
  2. It is the oldest of the UN’s 15 specialized agencies.
  3. It allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 21

It is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs). Founded in 1865, it is the oldest of the UN’s 15 specialized agencies. ITU allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develops technical standards for network interconnectivity, and aims to improve ICT access for underserved communities. Based in Geneva, Switzerland, ITU is part of the UN Development Group and operates 12 regional offices. It functions as an intergovernmental public-private partnership with 193 member states and around 800 sector members. India, a member since 1952, was re-elected to the ITU Council for the 2019-2022 term.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 22

Consider the following statements regarding Nor’westers:

  1. Nor’westers are most commonly observed during the pre-monsoon months, particularly from March to May.
  2. These thunderstorms predominantly affect the coastal regions of India, especially the western coast.
  3. Nor’westers play a crucial role in the agriculture of eastern India by providing much-needed rain for crops such as jute and rice.
  4. The primary cause of Nor’westers is the interaction between hot and humid air from the Bay of Bengal and cold, dry air from the northwest.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 22
  • Statement 1: Correct. Nor’westers are indeed most commonly observed during the pre-monsoon months, particularly from March to May. This is the period when the conditions for their formation are most favorable.
  • Statement 2: Incorrect. Nor’westers predominantly affect the eastern and northeastern regions of India, particularly states like West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar, Assam, and Jharkhand, rather than the coastal regions of the western coast.
  • Statement 3: Correct. Nor’westers are vital for the agriculture of eastern India as they provide essential rainfall for crops such as jute and rice, helping to mitigate the effects of dry conditions.
  • Statement 4: Incorrect. While the interaction between hot, humid air from the Bay of Bengal and cold, dry air from the northwest contributes to the formation of Nor’westers, this is not the primary cause. The primary mechanism involves intense surface heating and the lifting of moist air, leading to the development of these violent thunderstorms.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 23

Article 21 in the Constitution of India is related to: 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 23

Article 21 of the Constitution of India states, “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.” This fundamental right is a cornerstone of Indian democracy, ensuring that every individual enjoys the right to live with dignity and personal freedom. The Supreme Court of India has interpreted this article expansively to include various derivative rights such as the right to privacy, the right to a healthy environment, the right to shelter, and the right to education. This broad interpretation underscores the importance of Article 21 in safeguarding the fundamental human rights of individuals against arbitrary state actions.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 24

The “Father of the White Revolution in India” significantly contributed to which of the following projects? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 24

About Dr. Verghese Kurien (1921-2012):

  • Also known as the ‘Father of the White Revolution in India,’ he spearheaded ‘Operation Flood,‘ the world’s largest agricultural program. He established 30 farmer-run institutions and played a key role in the success of the Amul brand, leading India to become the world’s largest milk producer in 1998. His efforts extended to managing the Delhi Milk Scheme and making India self-sufficient in edible oils. Honoured with the Ramon Magsaysay Award, Krishi Ratna, World Food Prize, and India’s highest civilian awards (Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Vibhushan), National Milk Day on November 26 commemorates his birth anniversary.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 25

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Earth’s magnetic north pole is the point on the Earth’s surface where the geomagnetic field lines are directed vertically downwards.
  2. The magnetic north pole is located at the same position as the geographic North Pole.
  3. The magnetic south pole is the point on the Earth’s surface where the geomagnetic field lines are directed vertically upwards.
  4. The current magnetic north pole is moving towards Russia at a rate of approximately 10 kilometers per year.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: May 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 25
  • S1: Correct: The Earth’s magnetic north pole is indeed the point on the Earth’s surface where the geomagnetic field lines are directed vertically downwards. This is where a magnetic compass needle would point straight down.
  • S2: Incorrect: The magnetic north pole is not located at the same position as the geographic North Pole. They are distinct and the magnetic north pole moves due to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field.
  • S3: Correct: The magnetic south pole is the point on the Earth’s surface where the geomagnetic field lines are directed vertically upwards.
  • S4: Incorrect: While the magnetic north pole is indeed moving, the current rate is closer to approximately 34 miles (55 kilometers) per year, not 10 kilometers per year.
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