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31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - NEET MCQ


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30 Questions MCQ Test Chemistry Class 11 - 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 for NEET 2024 is part of Chemistry Class 11 preparation. The 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 below.
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31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 1

If ΔH is the change in enthalpy and ΔE, the change in internal energy accompanying a gaseous reaction, then [1990]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 1

As  ΔH = ΔE + ΔngRT if n p < nr; Δ ng = np – nr = – ve.
Hence Δ H < Δ E.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 2

Equal volumes of molar hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid are neutralized by dil. NaOH solution and x kcal and y kcal of heat are liberated respectively. Which of the following is true ?

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 2

1MH2SO4 = 2g eq. of H2SO4.
Hence y = 2x or 

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31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 3

For the reaction [1991]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 3

Δng = 2 – 4 = – 2, ΔH = ΔE – 2RT.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 4

During isothermal expansion of an ideal gas, its

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 4

During isothermal expansion of ideal gas,
ΔT = 0.   Now H = E + PV
∵ ΔH = ΔE + Δ(PV)
∴ ΔH = ΔE + Δ(nRTT));
Thus if ΔT = 0., ΔH = ΔE i.e., remain unaffected

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 5

A chemical reaction will be spontaneous if it is accompanied by a decrease of [1994]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 5

ΔG is negative for a spontaneous process.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 6

Consider the following reaction occurring in an automobile [1994] 

the sign of ΔH, ΔS and ΔG would be

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 6

This is combustion reaction, which is always exothermic hence
ΔH = –ve
As the no. of gaseous molecules are increasing hence entropy increases now ΔG = ΔH - TΔS
For a spontaneous reaction ΔG = -ve
Which is possible in this case as ΔH = –ve and ΔS = +ve.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 7

Standard Gibb’s free energy change for isomerization reaction [1995] cis-2 pentene  trans-2-pentene is – 3.67 kJ/mol at 400 K. If more trans-2 pentene is added to the reaction vessel, then

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 7

If more tran s-2-pentene is added, then its concentration in right hand side will increase. But in order to maintain the K constant, concentration of cis-2-pentene will also increase. Therefore more cis-2-pentene will be formed.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 8

If enthalpies of formation of C2H4(g) , CO2(g) and H2O(l) at 25°C and 1atm pressure are 52, – 394 and – 286 kJ/mol respectively, the change in ethalpy is equal to [1995]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 8

Enthalpy of formation of C2H4 , CO2 and H2O are 52 , – 394 and – 2 86 k J/ mol respectively. (Given) The reaction is
C2H4 + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 2H2O.
change in enthalpy, (ΔH) = ΔHproducts - ΔHreactants
= 2 x (-394) + 2 x (-286) - (52 + 0)
= – 1412 kJ/ mol.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 9

The correct relationship between free energy and equilibrium con stant K of a reaction is [1996]  

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 9

Enthalpy of formation of C2H4 , CO2 and H2O are 52 , – 394 and – 2 86 k J/ mol respectively. (Given) The reaction is
C2H4 + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 2H2O.
change in enthalpy, (ΔH) = ΔHproducts - ΔHreactants
= 2 x (-394) + 2 x (-286) - (52 + 0)
= – 1412 kJ/ mol.

The relation between free energy change and equilibrium constant is given by Nernst equation

At equilibrium,  Ec = 0 and Q = KC

................(i)

Again ΔGº = nFEº (ii)

put in (i)

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 10

According to the third law of thermodynamics which one of the following quantities for a perfectly crystalline solid is zero at absolute zero?

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 10

Entropy states the randomness or disorderness of the system. At absolute zero, the movement of molecules of the system or randomenss of the system is zero, hence entropy is also zero.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 11

Given the following entropy values (in J K–1 mol–1) at 298 K and 1 atm :H2(g) : 130.6, Cl2(g) : 223.0, HCl (g) : 186.7.The entropy change (in J K–1 mol– 1) for the reaction H2(g) + Cl 2(g)  —→  2 HCl(g) is [1996]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 11

Entropy change ΔS =  ΔSproduct - ΔSreactant  
= 2 (186.7) – (223 + 130.6)
 = 373.4 – 353.6
 = 19.8 JK–1 mol–1

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 12

Hydrogen has an ionisation energy of 1311 kJ mol–1 and for chlorine it is 1256 kJ mol–1.Hydrogen forms H+ (aq) ions but chlorine does not form Cl+ (aq) ions because [1996]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 12

Hydration energy of Cl+ is very less than H+ hence it doesn’t form Cl+ (aq) ion.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 13

Given that

 the enthalpy of formation of carbon monoxide will be [1997]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 13

Given C + O2 = CO2 , ΔHº =-x kJ    ....(1) 
2CO2 = 2CO +O2 ΔHº = + y kJ  … (2)
or CO2 = CO+ 1/2O2, ΔHº =+ y/2 kJ ...(3)
From eq. no. (1) and (3)

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 14

Identify the correct statement regarding entropy: [1998]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 14

We know from the third law of thermodynamics, the entropy of a perfectly crystalline substance at absolute zero temperature is taken to be zero.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 15

One mole of an ideal gas at 300 K is expanded isothermally from an initial volume of 1 litre to 10 litres. The ΔE for this process is (R =2 cal. mol–1 K–1)[1998]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 15

For an isother mal process ΔE  = 0

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 16

For a cyclic process, which of the following is not true? [1999]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 16

For a cyclic process

ΔE = 0, ΔH = 0 & ΔG = 0 .

As all depend upon final state and initial state,w doesn’t depend on path followed.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 17

Adiabatice xpansions of an ideal gas is accompanied by [1999]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 17

ΔE = ΔQ–W
For adiabatic expansion,ΔQ = 0
⇒  ΔE = –W
The negative sign shows decrease in Internal energy, which is equal to the work done on the system by the surroundings.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 18

For a reaction in which all reactants and products are liquids, which one of the following equations is most applicable ? [1999]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 18

As all reactant and product are liquid 

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 19

The entropy change in the fusion of one mole of a solid melting at 27ºC (Latent heat of fusion, 2930 J mol–1) is : [2000]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 19

= 9.77 J K–1 mol–1

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 20

The factor of ΔG values is important in metallurgy. The ΔG values for the following reactions at 800ºC are given as :



Then ΔG for the reaction :

 will be :  

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 20

For the reaction 2ZnS → 2Zn + S2 ; ΔG1º = 293 kJ  ..........(1)
2Zn + O2 → ZnO ; ΔG2º = –480 kJ  ..........(2)
S2 + 2O2 → 2 SO2 ; ΔG3º = –544 kJ  .........(3)
ΔGº for the reaction 2ZnS + 3O2 → 2ZnO + 2SO2 can be obtained by adding eqn. (1), (2) and (3)
⇒ ΔGº = 293 – 480 – 544 = – 731 kJ

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 21

The values of heat of formation of SO2 and SO3 are –298.2 kJ and –98.2 kJ. The heat of formation of the reaction  will be [2000]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 21

 = –98.2 + 298.2 = 200 kJ/Mole

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 22

For a hypothetical reaction A → B , the activation energies for forward and backward reactions are 19 kJ/mole and 9 kJ/mole respectively. The heat of reaction is [2000]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 22

Solution:-

As we know that, for a reaction,

ΔH=Ea​ for forward reaction −Ea​ for backward reaction.

Given that:-

Ea​ for forward reaction =19kJ

Ea​ for backward reaction =9kJ

∴ΔH=19−9=10kJ

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 23

 Enthalpy of  is negative. If enthalpy of combustion of CH4 and CH3OH are x and y respectively, then which relation is correct [2001]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 23


∴ ΔH = [(ΔH of combustion of CH3OH) = (ΔH of combustion of CH4)]
= [(–y) – (–x)]  = –[–y+x] =  x – y
Given ΔH = –ve
∴ x – y < 0 hence x < y

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 24

When 1 mol of a gas is heated at constant volume, temperature is raised from 298 to 308 K. If heat supplied to the gas is 500 J, then which statement is correct ? [2001]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 24

As volume is constant hence work done in this proces is zero hence heat supplied is equal to change in internal energy.

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 25

What is the enth alpy chan ge for, 2H2O2(l) → 2 H2O(l) + O2(g) if h eat of formation of H2O2 (l) and H2O (l) are –188 and – 286 kJ/mol respectively? [2001]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 25

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 26

In a closed insulated container, a liquid is stirred with a paddle to increase the temperature, which of the following is true? [2002]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 26

Internal energy is dependent upon temperature and according to first law of thermodynamics total energy of an isolated system remains same, i.e., in a system of constant mass, energy can neither be created nor destroyed by any physical or chemical change but can be transformed from one form to another
ΔE = q + w For closed insulated container, q = 0, so,
ΔE = +w , as wor k is done by the system

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 27

2 mole of an ideal gas at 27ºC temperature is expanded reversibly from 2 lit to 20 lit. Find the entropy change (R = 2 cal/mol K) [2002]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 27

For isothermal reversible expansion

Entropy change, 

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 28

Heat of combustion ΔHº for C (s), H2(g) and CH4(g) are –94, –68 and –213 kcal/mol, then ΔHº for C(s) + 2H2(g) → CH4(g) is [2002]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 28






31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 29

Unit of entropy is [2002]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 29

q —→ required heat per mole
T —→ constant absolute temperature
Unit of entropy is JK–1 mol–1

31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 30

The molar heat capacity of water at constant pressure is 75 JK–1 mol–1. When 1kJ of heat is supplied to 100 g of water, which is free to expand, the increase in temperature of water is [2003]

Detailed Solution for 31 Year NEET Previous Year Questions: Thermodynamics - 2 - Question 30

Given Cp = 75 JK–1 mol–1

 Q = 1000J         ΔT = ?

Q = nCpΔT

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