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The FFBM Act aims at reducing gross fiscal deficit by:
In 2003, the _______ was passed to reduce the gross fiscal deficit by 0.5% of the GDP in each financial year.
_________ refers to public revenue, expenditure and allied matters
Deficit Financing means :
Deficit financing in advanced countries is used to mean an excess of expenditure over revenue—the gap being covered by borrowing from the public by the sale of bonds and by creating new money. In India, and in other developing countries, the term deficit financing is interpreted in a restricted sense.
The National Planning Commission of India has defined deficit financing in the following way. The term ‘deficit financing’ is used to denote the direct addition to gross national expenditure through budget deficits, whether the deficits are on revenue or on capital account.
The essence of such policy lies in government spending in excess of the revenue it receives. The government may cover this deficit either by running down its accumulated balances or by borrowing from the banking system (mainly from the central bank of the country).
If borrowing and order liabilities are added to the budget deficits we get ______:
_________ is the difference between total receipts and total expenditure: