Eddy currents are produced when 
Eddy currents are produced when a metal is
kept in a varying magnetic field.
Energy in a current carrying coil is stored in theform of 
Energy stored in a coil =
where, L is the self-inductance and i the
current flowing through the inductor. Thus,
energy is stored in the magnetic field of the
In a region of uniform magnetic inductionB = 10–2 tesla, a circular coil of radius 30 cm andresistance π2 ohm is rotated about an axis whichis perpendicular to the direction of B and whichforms a diameter of the coil. If the coil rotates at 200 rpm the amplitude of the alternating currentinduced in the coil is 
Given, n = 1, B = 10–2 T,
A = π(0.3)2m2, R = π2
f= (200/60) and ω = 2π(200/60)
Substituting these values and solving, we
I0 = 6 × 10–3 A = 6mA
In the circuit of Fig, the bulb will become suddenly bright if 
When contact is broken, current in the circuit decreases. To oppose the inductor releases current and emf is induced. This induced emf is having high value. Hence, The bulb will become suddenly bright.
The correct option is C.
In which of the following, emission of electronsdoes not take place 
Thermionic emission : When a metal is
heated to a high temperature, the free
electrons gain kinetic energy and escape
from the surface of the metal.
Secondary emission : When an electron
strikes the surface of a metallic plate, it emits
other electrons from the surface.
Photoelectric emission : Emission of
electrons from the metal surface on irradiation
with radiation of suitable frequency.
X-rays emission : High speed electrons
(emitted from a filament) striking a target
(a copper block) to emit X-rays.
The time constant of C–R circuit is 
The time constant for resonance circuit,
C = CR
Growth of charge in a circuit containing
capacitance and resistance is given by the
CR is known as time constant in this formula.
In an a.c. circuit, the r.m.s. value of current, irms is related to the peak current, i0 by the relation
An LCR series circuit is connected to a source of alternating current. At resonance, the applied voltage and the current flowing through the circuit will have a phase difference of 
At resonance, The circuit
behaves as if it contains R only. So, phase
difference = 0
At resonance, impedance is minimum Zmin =
R and current is maximum, given by
It is interesting to note that before resonance
the current leads the applied emf, at
resonance it is in phase, and after resonance
it lags behind the emf. LCR series circuit is
also called as acceptor circuit and parallel
LCR circuit is called rejector circuit.
In an experiment, 200 V A.C. is applied at theends of an LCR circuit. The circuit consists ofan inductive reactance (XL ) = 50 Ω, capacitivereactance (XC ) = 50 Ω and ohmic resistance (R)= 10 Ω. The impedance of the circuit is
Given : Supply voltage (Vac) = 200 V
Inductive reactance (XL) = 50 Ω
Capacitive reactance (XC) = 50 Ω
Ohmic resistance (R) = 10 Ω.
We know that impedance of the LCR circuit
In an A.C. circuit with voltage V and current I the power dissipated is 
Power dissipated = Erms. Irms = (Erms) (Irms)
Hence, power dissipated depends upon
The primary winding of a transformer has 500 turns whereas its secondary has 5000 turns. Theprimary is connected to an A.C. supply of 20 V,50 Hz. The secondary will have an output of 
The transformer converts A.C. high voltage
into A.C. low voltage, but it does not cause
any change in frequency. The formula for
Thus, output has voltage 200 V and
frequency 50 Hz.
A step-up transformer operates on a 230 V lineand supplies a load of 2 ampere. The ratio of theprimary and secondary windings is 1 : 25. Thecurrent in the primary is 
∴ Es = 25 Ep
But EsIs = EpIp
25Ep × 2 = Ep × Ip ⇒ Ip = 5 0 A
An inductance L having a resistance R is connected to an alternating source of angular frequency ω. The quality factor Q of the
inductance is 
A capacitor has capacity C and reactance X. Ifcapacitance and frequency become double, thenreactance will be 
In a series resonant circuit, having L, C and R as its elements, the resonant current is i. The power dissipated in the circuit at resonance is 
Current through circuit i =E/R
Power dissipated at Resonance = i2R
A coil of 40 henry inductance is connected inseries with a resistance of 8 ohm and thecombination is joined to the terminals of a 2 voltbattery. The time constant of the circuit is 
Time constant is L/R
Given, L = 40H & R = 8Ω
∴ τ = 40/8 = 5 sec
In a circuit, L, C and R are connected in series with an alternating voltage source of frequency f. The current leads the voltage by 45°. The value of C is 
A coil of inductive reactance 31 Ω has aresistance of 8 Ω. It is placed in series with acondenser of capacitative reactance 25Ω. Thecombination is connected to an a.c. source of110 volt. The power factor of the circuit is
The core of a transformer is laminated because 
When there is change of flux in the core of a
transformer due to change in current around
it, eddy current is produced. The direction
of this current is opposite to the current
which produces it, so it will reduce the main
current. We laminate the core so that flux is
reduced resulting in the reduced production
of eddy current.
A transistor-oscillator using a resonant circuitwith an inductor L (of negligible resistance) anda capacitor C in series produce oscillations offrequency f. If L is doubled and C is changed to4C, the frequency will be 
We know that frequency of electrical
oscillation in L.C. circuit is
The primary and secondary coil of a transformerhave 50 and 1500 turns respectively. If themagnetic flux φ linked with the primary coil isgiven by φ= φ0 + 4t, where φ is in webers, t is timein seconds and φ0 is a constant, the outputvoltage across the secondary coil is 
Ns = No. of turns across primary coil = 50
Np = No. of turns across secondary coil
A transformer is used to light a 100 W and 110 Vlamp from a 220 V mains. If the main current is 0.5amp, the efficiency of the transformer isapproximately 
Efficiency of the transformer
What is the value of inductance L for which the current is maximum in a series LCR circuit with C = 10 μF and ω = 1000s -1 ? 
Condition for which the current is maximum
in a series LCR circuit is,
= L = 100 mH
In an a.c circuit the e.m.f. (e) and the current (i) at any instant are given respectively by
e = E0 sin ωt 
i = I0 sin (ωt –φ)
The average power in the circuit over one cycle of a.c. is
The average power in the circuit over one
cycle of a.c. is given by
Power dissipated in an LCR series circuit connected to an a.c source of emf εε is 
Power dissipated in series LCR;
is called the impedance of the circuit.
In the given circuit the reading of voltmeter V1 and V2 are 300 volts each. The reading of the voltmeter V3 and ammeter A are
Hence, the reading of the voltmeter V3 is 220 V and the reading of ammeter A is 2.2 A.
A 220 volts input is supplied to a transformer.The output circuit draws a current of 2.0 ampereat 440 volts. If the efficiency of the transformeris 80%, the current drawn by the primarywindings of the transformer is 
An ac voltage is applied to a resistance R and aninductor L in series. If R and the inductivereactance are both equal to 3Ω, the phasedifference between the applied voltage and thecurrent in the circuit is 
The phase difference φ is given by
In an ac circuit an alternating voltage e = 200 √2 sin 100 t volts is connected to a capacitorof capacity 1μF. The r.m.s. value of the currentin the circuit is 
The r.m.s. value of potential difference V shown in the figure is [2011M]
A coil has resistance 30 ohm and inductive reactance 20 ohm at 50 Hz frequency. If an ac source, of 200 volt, 100 Hz, is connected across the coil, the current in the coil will be [2011M]
If ω = 50 × 2π then ωL = 20Ω
If ω' = 100 × 2π then ω'L = 40Ω
Current flowing in the coil is
In an electrical circuit R, L, C and an a.c. voltage source are all connected in series. When L is removed from the circuit, the phase difference between the voltage the current in the circuit is π/3. If instead, C is removed from the circuit, the phase difference is again π/3. The power factor of the circuit is : 
when C is remove from the circuit
The current (I) in the inductance is varying with time according to the plot shown in figure. 
Which one of the following is the correct variation of voltage with time in the coil?
Here time and di/dt is -ve for next T/2 time so.
The instantaneous values of alternating current and voltages in a circuit are given as
The average power in Watts consumed in the circuit is : [2012M]
The average power in the circuit where cos
φ = power factory
< P > = Vrms × Irms cos φ
φ = π/3 = phase difference =180/3 = 60
A coil of self-inductance L is connected in serieswith a bulb B and an AC source. Brightness ofthe bulb decreases when
By inserting iron rod in the coil,
The primary of a transformer when connected toa dc battery of 10 volt draws a current of 1 mA.The number of turns of the primary andsecondary windings are 50 and 100 respectively.The voltage in the secondary and the currentdrawn by the circuit in the secondary arerespectively [NEET Kar. 2013]
A transformer is essentially an AC device.
DC source so no mutual induction between
⇒ E2 = 0 and I2 = 0