Test: Class 10 Social Science: CBSE Sample Question Paper- Term I (2021-22)


60 Questions MCQ Test CBSE Sample Papers For Class 10 | Test: Class 10 Social Science: CBSE Sample Question Paper- Term I (2021-22)


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Attempt Test: Class 10 Social Science: CBSE Sample Question Paper- Term I (2021-22) | 60 questions in 40 minutes | Mock test for Class 10 preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study CBSE Sample Papers For Class 10 for Class 10 Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Who among the following formed the secret society called `Young Italy’?

Solution:

Giuseppe formed this society to transform Italy into a united republican state.

QUESTION: 2

Which one of the following states was ruled by an Italian princely house before unification of Italy?

Solution:

Italian language was not commonly used and had territorial differences but only in Sardinia, people not considered themselves Italian.

QUESTION: 3

Which of the following countries is considered as the 'Cradle of civilisation'?

Solution:

As Greece was the land of educated elites who spread their culture from all over the Europe.

QUESTION: 4

The civil code of 1804 in France is also known as:

Solution:

When Napoleon returned to Monarchy in France, he destroyed democracy in France. Also, in the administrative field, he had incorporated revolutionary principles in order to make the whole system rational and efficient. He introduced Civil Code in 1804 which was also known as cities of Europe. Their activities and campaigns prepared the way for the French armies which moved into Holland, Belgium, Switzerland and much of Italy in the 1790.

QUESTION: 5

What was the purpose of Jacobin clubs?

Solution:

Jacobin clubs were wet up by students and other members of the educated middle classes in different cities of Europe. Their activities and campaigns prepared the way for the French armies which moved into Holland, Belgium, Switzerland and much of Italy in the 1790s.

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following is an example of Cultivable Wasteland ?

Solution:

Wasteland is not available for cultivation.

QUESTION: 7

"There is enough for everybody's need and not for anybody's greed". Who said this ?

Solution:

According to Gandhiji, the greedy and selfish individuals, and exploitative nature of modern technology are the root cause for resource depletion at the global level.

QUESTION: 8

Resources which are surveyed and their quantity and quality have been determined for utilisation isknown as

Solution:

The development of resources depends on technology and level of their feasibility.

QUESTION: 9

Barley: Rabi crop, Cotton: Kharif crop, ................ : Zaid crop.

Solution:

Wheat and Mustard are Rabi crops and Soyabean is Kharif Crop.

QUESTION: 10

A type of millet rich in iron, calcium, other micro nutrients and roughage is ___________.

Solution:

Among all the above options, only Ragi is a millet crop whereas Wheat is a Rabi crop, Rice and Groundnut is a Kharif Crop.

QUESTION: 11

When was States Reorganisation Commission formed ?

Solution:

State Reorganization Commission was formed in 1953 by the Central Government to recommend the reorganization of state boundaries on the basis of language, culture, ethnicity, or geography.

QUESTION: 12

What status has been given to Hindi by the Constitution of India?

Solution:

Article 343(1) of the Constitution provides that Hindi in Devanagari script shall be the Official Language of the Union. Article 343(2) also provided for continuing the use of English in official work of the Union for a period of 15 years (i.e. up to 25 January 1965) from the date of commencement of the Constitution.

QUESTION: 13

Who is the head of urban local government ?

Solution:

Mayors take on a dual role, serving not only as chief executive officer of the municipal administration but also as agents of the Central Government charged with such functions as maintaining public order, security and health.

QUESTION: 14

In which year, a major step was taken towards decentralisation?

Solution:

The major steps taken towards decentralization after 1992 included:
(i) It was made constitutionally mandatory to hold regular elections to local government bodies.
(ii) Seats were reserved for Scheduled Castes (SCS) Scheduled Tribes (STs) and OBCs.
(iii) Women were given one-third representation.

QUESTION: 15

Belgium is a small country in Europe, its area is smaller than:

Solution:

Area of Haryana is 44,212 km and area of Belgium is 30,689 km. So, area of Belgium is smaller than Haryana

QUESTION: 16

Belgium does not share its borders with:

Solution:

Belgium has borders with France, the Netherland, Germany and Luxembourg.

QUESTION: 17

Which one of the following States in India had its own constitution?

Solution:

The Constitution of India granted special States to Jammu and Kashmir among Indian States, and it was the only State in India to have a separate Constitution.

QUESTION: 18

Development of a country can generally be determined by –

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

By national income, we mean the money value of –

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

According to per capita income prepared by the World Bank in 2017, in which category is Indiaincluded –

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Which of the following is not a criterion for comparing development of different countries?

Solution:

To compare the development of different countries, we need to take common features of all those countries. Material possessions like, furniture, vehicles, accessories and equipments. etc. cannot be a part of common feature.

QUESTION: 22

Kerala has a low Infant Mortality Rate because–

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Find the incorrect option from the following:

Solution:

Those with per capita income of US$ 955 or less are called low-income countries.

QUESTION: 24

A person is considered undernourished if his BMI is–

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Who is represented as a postman in the following image?

Solution:

When Napoleon lost the battle of Leipzig in 1813, he dropped out the letters from his bag that has written the names of the territories he lost.

QUESTION: 26

Arrange the following in the correct sequence:

(i) Slav nationalism gathers force in the Habsburg and Ottoman Empires.
(ii) Unification of Germany.
(iii) Victor Emmanuel II was declared as the king of united Italy and Rome was declared the capital of Italy.
(iv) The Prussian King, William I was proclaimed the German Emperor.

Solution:

(i) Victor Emmanuel II was declared as the king of united Italy and Rome was declared the capital of Italy in 1861.
(ii) Unification of Germany from 1866 to 1871.
(iii) The Prussian King, William I was proclaimed the German Emperor in January, 1871.
(iv) Slav nationalism was the go to force in the Habsburg and Ottoman Empires in 1905.

QUESTION: 27

Which among the following best signifies the idea of liberal nationalism of nineteenth centuryEurope?

Solution:

Liberalism stands for equality and freedom that protects individual’s democratic right

QUESTION: 28

Match the following items given in Column A with those in column B:

Solution:

(i) Napoleon Bonaparte introduced Civil Code of 1804, also known as Napoleonic Code.
(ii) The Congress was hosted by the Austrian Chancellor Duke Metternich.
(iii) The last monarch of France was Louis XVI.
(iv) The liberal politician Carl Welcker was an elected member of the Frankfurt Parliament.

QUESTION: 29

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct options :
(i) It is formed by the deposition of alluvium brought down by the east flowing peninsular rivers.
(ii) It is highly fertile.
(iii) It consists of various proportions of sand, silt and clay.
(iv) It is rich in potash, phosphoric acid and lime but deficient in organic matter.

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Find the incorrect option from the following about plantation farming:

Solution:

(a) The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry is true statement.
(b) In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area is true statement.
(c) Plantations cover large tracts of land called estate is true statement. But statement (d) is incorrect because plantation cover large tracts of land called estates and tea, coffee and rubber are grown in these plantations not cereals and food crops.

QUESTION: 31

Two statements are given in the question below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option.

Assertion (A): In Belgium the minority French-speaking community was relatively rich and powerful.
Reason (R): In the capital city Brussels, 90 per cent people living in Wallonia region spoke French.

Solution:

In Belgium only 40 percent people living in Wallonia region spoke French so they were in minority in Belgium (Country). But in the capital Brussels this Frenchspeaking community was large in number, i.e., 80 percent people spoke French. So they became majority in Brussels.

In this way the minority Frenchspeaking community settled in Brussels became more rich and powerful in Belgium.

QUESTION: 32

Analyse the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:It includes subjects of National importance such as defence of the country, foreign affairs, banking,communications and currency. They are included in this list because we need a uniform policy onthese matters throughout the country.

Solution:

Union List is a list of subjects of national importance. All subjects listed in the Union List are financed by the Government of India wholly or in part. The Parliament has exclusive power to make laws with respect to any of the matters enumerated in the Union List

QUESTION: 33

Which of the following pair is incorrect ?

Solution:

The Local governments are not empowered to legislate on any matter. They are vested with limited powers.

The Constitution of India has vested the ‘residuary powers’ with the Centre. But, the final authority to decide whether a matter falls under the list of residuary powers or not, rests with the Supreme Court because it is the judiciary which decides whether any matter falls under residuary list or not.

QUESTION: 34

Two statements are given in the question below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option.

Assertion (A): Usually, a federation has two levels of government.
Reason (R): Both these levels of governments enjoy their power independent of the other.

Solution:

Usually, federation has two levels of government. One is the government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest. The others are governments at the level of Provinces or States that look after much of the day- to-day administering of their state. Both these levels of governments enjoy their power independent of other.

QUESTION: 35

A system of ‘checks and balances’ is another name for which one of the following power-sharing arrangements:

Solution:
QUESTION: 36

Match the following items given in Column A with those in Column B:

Solution:
QUESTION: 37

In case of a clash between the laws made by the Centre and a State on the subject in the concurrentlist:

Solution:

In concurrent both the union as well as the State Governments can make laws on the subjects mentioned in this list. If their laws conflict with each other, the law made by the Union (Centre) will preva

QUESTION: 38

Consider the following statements about the ethnic composition of Sri Lanka, which of the statementsare correct?

Solution:

All above statements are correct about Sri Lanka because it has a diverse population.

QUESTION: 39

Two statements are given in the question below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option

Assertion (A): Tertiary sector comes before Primary and Secondary sectors.
Reason (R): These are activities that help in the development of the Primary and Secondary sectors.

Solution:

After Primary and Secondary sectors, there is a third category of activities that falls under tertiary sector and these activities help in development of both the sectors Primary and Secondary.

QUESTION: 40

Match the following items given in Column A with those in column B:

Solution:
QUESTION: 41

Study the following table and answer the question that follows:

For how many years will the reserves of crude oil last in middle east, if they continue extracting it at the present rate ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 42

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:Sushila is a worker in garment export industry of Agra. She gets facilities like health insuranceprovident fund, overtime at a double rate, medical leave, etc. She is working in :

Solution:

Sushila is employed in an organized sector where she works under fixed terms of employment and cannot be terminated in a casual manner without notice.

QUESTION: 43

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:

The idea of development or progress has always been with us. We have aspirations or desires aboutwhat we would like to do and how we would like to live. Similarly, we have ideas about what acountry should be like. What are the essential things that we require ? Can life be better for all ? Howshould people live together ? Can there be more equality ? Development involves thinking aboutthese questions and about the ways in which we can work towards achieving these goals.’

Solution:
QUESTION: 44

Match the following items given in Column A with those in column B:

Solution:

In terms of operations, the Indian economy is divided into organized and unorganized. While for ownership, it is divided into the public sector and the private sector.

QUESTION: 45

Two statements are given in the question below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option

Assertion (A): The various production activities in all three sectors produce a very large number of goods and services.
Reason (R): Also, the three sectors have a large number of people working in them to produce these goods and services.

Solution:

Primary, Secondary and Tertiary sector all are engaged in various production activities of producing a very large number of goods and services. And they have a very large number of people working in them and producing these goods and services

QUESTION: 46

Most of the agricultural labourers like Mohan depend upon loans from informal sector. Which of thefollowing statements about this sector is correct?

Solution:

It is because the lender in the informal sector give more money, without any collateral. In the informal sector the lender asks for a huge interest which the borrower is unable to sometimes pay back eventually falls into debt trap.

QUESTION: 47

Read the source given below and answer the question by choosing the most appropriate option:

What do we learn from these two stories of Belgium and Sri Lanka? Both are democracies. Yet, they dealt with the question of power sharing differently. In Belgium, the leaders have realised that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Such a realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power Sri Lanka shows as a contrasting example. It shows as that if a majority community wants to force its dominance over others and refuse to share power, it can undermine the unity of the country.

Which two countries are dealt here for power sharing?

Solution:
QUESTION: 48

Read the source given below and answer the question by choosing the most appropriate option:

What do we learn from these two stories of Belgium and Sri Lanka? Both are democracies. Yet, they dealt with the question of power sharing differently. In Belgium, the leaders have realised that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Such a realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power Sri Lanka shows as a contrasting example. It shows as that if a majority community wants to force its dominance over others and refuse to share power, it can undermine the unity of the country.

Which country leaders realized that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the interests of different communities?

Solution:

Belgium leaders realised this point of unity of the country. They respected the feelings and interests of different communitiy's and regions.

QUESTION: 49

Read the source given below and answer the question by choosing the most appropriate option:

What do we learn from these two stories of Belgium and Sri Lanka? Both are democracies. Yet, they dealt with the question of power sharing differently. In Belgium, the leaders have realised that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Such a realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power Sri Lanka shows as a contrasting example. It shows as that if a majority community wants to force its dominance over others and refuse to share power, it can undermine the unity of the country.

Such a realization resulted in ..................... for power sharing

Solution:
QUESTION: 50

Read the source given below and answer the question by choosing the most appropriate option:

What do we learn from these two stories of Belgium and Sri Lanka? Both are democracies. Yet, they dealt with the question of power sharing differently. In Belgium, the leaders have realised that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Such a realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power Sri Lanka shows as a contrasting example. It shows as that if a majority community wants to force its dominance over others and refuse to share power, it can undermine the unity of the country.

Which country is shows majoritarianism?

Solution:

Sri Lanka is example of majoritanism because its majority community SinhaIa Buddhists wants to force its dominance over other and refuses to share power with minority community of Tamils.

QUESTION: 51

Read the source given below and answer the question by choosing the most appropriate option:

What do we learn from these two stories of Belgium and Sri Lanka? Both are democracies. Yet, they dealt with the question of power sharing differently. In Belgium, the leaders have realised that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Such a realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power Sri Lanka shows as a contrasting example. It shows as that if a majority community wants to force its dominance over others and refuse to share power, it can undermine the unity of the country.

A belief that the majority community should be able to rule a country in whichever way it wants, by disregarding the wishes and needs of the minority is:

Solution:

It means that the majority community rules a country by their own by disregarding the wishes and needs of the minority community.

QUESTION: 52

Direction: Two statements are given in the question below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option.

Assertion (A): Brussels presented a special problem.
Reason (R): The Dutch-speaking people constituted a majority in the country, but a minority in the
capital.

Solution:

Brussels, the capital of Belgium presented a special problem: the Dutch-speaking people constituted a majority in the country, but a minority in the capital. In Brussels, 80% of the population spoke French while 20% were Dutch-speaking. The tension between the Dutch-speaking and the French-speaking communities started during the 1950s and 1960s. The tension between the two communities was more acute in Brussels. 

QUESTION: 53

Read the source given below and answer the questions by choosing the most appropriate option:

Countries with higher income are more developed than others with less income. This is based on the understanding that more income means more of all things that human beings need. Whatever people like, and should have, they will be able to get with greater income. So, the greater income itself is considered to be one important goal. Now, what is the income of a country? Intuitively, the income of the country is the income of all the residents of the country. This gives us the total income of the country. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. Are people in one country better off than others in a different country? Hence, we compare the average income which is the total income of the country divided by its total population. The average income is also called per capita income.

In World Development Reports, brought out by the World Bank, this criterion is used in classifying countries. Countries with a per capita income of US$ 49,300 per annum and above in 2019, are called high income or rich countries and those with a per capita income of US$ 2500 or less are called lowincome countries. India comes in the category of low middle-income countries because its per capita income in 2019 was just US$ 6700 per annum. The rich countries, excluding countries of the Middle East and certain other small countries, are generally called developed countries.

Which of the following ranges of per capita incomes come under rich countries?

Solution:
QUESTION: 54

Read the source given below and answer the questions by choosing the most appropriate option:

Countries with higher income are more developed than others with less income. This is based on the understanding that more income means more of all things that human beings need. Whatever people like, and should have, they will be able to get with greater income. So, the greater income itself is considered to be one important goal. Now, what is the income of a country? Intuitively, the income of the country is the income of all the residents of the country. This gives us the total income of the country. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. Are people in one country better off than others in a different country? Hence, we compare the average income which is the total income of the country divided by its total population. The average income is also called per capita income.

In World Development Reports, brought out by the World Bank, this criterion is used in classifying countries. Countries with a per capita income of US$ 49,300 per annum and above in 2019, are called high income or rich countries and those with a per capita income of US$ 2500 or less are called lowincome countries. India comes in the category of low middle-income countries because its per capita income in 2019 was just US$ 6700 per annum. The rich countries, excluding countries of the Middle East and certain other small countries, are generally called developed countries.

Which of the following is an awful measure to compare income between countries?

Solution:
QUESTION: 55

Read the source given below and answer the questions by choosing the most appropriate option:

Countries with higher income are more developed than others with less income. This is based on the understanding that more income means more of all things that human beings need. Whatever people like, and should have, they will be able to get with greater income. So, the greater income itself is considered to be one important goal. Now, what is the income of a country? Intuitively, the income of the country is the income of all the residents of the country. This gives us the total income of the country. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. Are people in one country better off than others in a different country? Hence, we compare the average income which is the total income of the country divided by its total population. The average income is also called per capita income.

In World Development Reports, brought out by the World Bank, this criterion is used in classifying countries. Countries with a per capita income of US$ 49,300 per annum and above in 2019, are called high income or rich countries and those with a per capita income of US$ 2500 or less are called lowincome countries. India comes in the category of low middle-income countries because its per capita income in 2019 was just US$ 6700 per annum. The rich countries, excluding countries of the Middle East and certain other small countries, are generally called developed countries.

Which of the following is the term used for per capita income?

Solution:
QUESTION: 56

Read the source given below and answer the questions by choosing the most appropriate option:

Countries with higher income are more developed than others with less income. This is based on the understanding that more income means more of all things that human beings need. Whatever people like, and should have, they will be able to get with greater income. So, the greater income itself is considered to be one important goal. Now, what is the income of a country? Intuitively, the income of the country is the income of all the residents of the country. This gives us the total income of the country. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. Are people in one country better off than others in a different country? Hence, we compare the average income which is the total income of the country divided by its total population. The average income is also called per capita income.

In World Development Reports, brought out by the World Bank, this criterion is used in classifying countries. Countries with a per capita income of US$ 49,300 per annum and above in 2019, are called high income or rich countries and those with a per capita income of US$ 2500 or less are called lowincome countries. India comes in the category of low middle-income countries because its per capita income in 2019 was just US$ 6700 per annum. The rich countries, excluding countries of the Middle East and certain other small countries, are generally called developed countries.

Which of the following is the correct formula to calculate the average income of the country?

Solution:
QUESTION: 57

Read the source given below and answer the questions by choosing the most appropriate option:

Countries with higher income are more developed than others with less income. This is based on the understanding that more income means more of all things that human beings need. Whatever people like, and should have, they will be able to get with greater income. So, the greater income itself is considered to be one important goal. Now, what is the income of a country? Intuitively, the income of the country is the income of all the residents of the country. This gives us the total income of the country. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. Are people in one country better off than others in a different country? Hence, we compare the average income which is the total income of the country divided by its total population. The average income is also called per capita income.

In World Development Reports, brought out by the World Bank, this criterion is used in classifying countries. Countries with a per capita income of US$ 49,300 per annum and above in 2019, are called high income or rich countries and those with a per capita income of US$ 2500 or less are called lowincome countries. India comes in the category of low middle-income countries because its per capita income in 2019 was just US$ 6700 per annum. The rich countries, excluding countries of the Middle East and certain other small countries, are generally called developed countries.

Who compares the development of the countries on the basis of literacy rate, gross enrolment ratio and health status of their people?

Solution:

The United Nations Development Programme promotes cooperation among the member of the UN.

QUESTION: 58

Read the source given below and answer the questions by choosing the most appropriate option:

Countries with higher income are more developed than others with less income. This is based on the understanding that more income means more of all things that human beings need. Whatever people like, and should have, they will be able to get with greater income. So, the greater income itself is considered to be one important goal. Now, what is the income of a country? Intuitively, the income of the country is the income of all the residents of the country. This gives us the total income of the country. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. Are people in one country better off than others in a different country? Hence, we compare the average income which is the total income of the country divided by its total population. The average income is also called per capita income.

In World Development Reports, brought out by the World Bank, this criterion is used in classifying countries. Countries with a per capita income of US$ 49,300 per annum and above in 2019, are called high income or rich countries and those with a per capita income of US$ 2500 or less are called lowincome countries. India comes in the category of low middle-income countries because its per capita income in 2019 was just US$ 6700 per annum. The rich countries, excluding countries of the Middle East and certain other small countries, are generally called developed countries.

According to the World Development Report 2006, countries with per capita income of ₹ 4,53,000 per annum and above in 2004 are called:

Solution:
QUESTION: 59

On the given outline map of India, identify the locations with the help of specified information.

On the given political map, Identify the (A) state where both Red and Yellow Soil are found?

Solution:

Yellow and Red Soil both are found in the region of Western Ghats and parts of Odisha and Chhattisgarh.

QUESTION: 60

On the given outline map of India, identify the locations with the help of specified information.

On the map, Name the marked (B) dam built on border of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Solution:

Marked dam is Nagarjuna Sagar built on borders of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana on River Krishna.

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