A synchronous generator has synchronous reactance of 1.5 PU. It is connected to an infinite bus voltage 1 PU, equivalent reactance of 0.4 PU. If the maximum output is 2 PU, the load angle for an output of 1 PU is _______ degrees.
P = Pmax sin δ
1 = 2 sin δ
δ = 30°
A 12 pole 3ϕ alternator driven at speed of 500 rpm supplies power to an 8 pole, 3ϕ I.M. If the slip of the motor at full load is 3%. Calculate full load speed of the motor.
F = 50 Hz
Nr = (1 - S) Ns = (1 - .03) × 750
∴ Nr = 727.5 RPM
At a location in India, it is necessary to supply 300 kW of 60 Hz power. The only power source available operate at 50 Hz. It is decide to generate the power by means of a motor-generator set consisting of a synchronous motor driving synchronous generator. How many pole should each of the two machine have in order to convert 50 Hz power to 60-Hz power?
∴ A 10-pole synchronous motor must be coupled to a 12-pole synchronous generator to accomplish this frequency conversion.
A synchronous generator connected to an Infinite bus is under excited. Considering only the reactive power, from the point of the system the machine act as
When Ef cosδ < V, i.e under excited generator, then reactive power (Qout) is negative i.e supplying leading VARs and therefore operating at leading power factor, thus behaving like a capacitor.
A 30 KVA, 230 V, Y connected, 3 phase salient pale synchronous generator supplies rated load at 0.707 lagging power factor. The reactance per phase are Xd = 2Xq = 4 Ω. Neglect the armature resistance determine the power angle (in degree).
A 3 phase alternator has generated emf per phase of 300 V with 15% third harmonic and 10% fifth harmonic content. If the alternator is star connected, what is the value of rms line voltage?
In star connection, the third harmonic component of the three phases cancel out at the line terminals because they are co phased.
∴ the line emf will be consisting of the fundamental and fifth harmonic only
Fundamental component E1 = 300 V
5th harmonic component, E5 = 0.1 × 300 = 30 V
Emf per phase,
= 301.5 V
rms line voltage,
A salient pole synchronous generator has Xd of 0.90 PU and Xq of 0.6 PU. The armature resistance is negligible and generator delivers rated KVA at unity P.F and rated terminal voltage. What is the value of excitation voltage?
Generated voltage of salient pole synchronous generator
Direct component of current
Id = Ia sin 30.96 = 0.5145 PU
∴ |EF| = 1.17 + .5145 × 0.3 = 1.324 PU
A 4 pole 50 Hz star connected alternator has 8 slots/pole/phase, conductor per slot being 8 and flux per pale 0.28 wb. If the winding coil span is 150°, the inductor phase voltage is ________ V.
Slots/pole/phase m = 8
Conductor/slot = 9
Coil/pole = 24
Slot = 24 × 4 = 96
Total no. of conductor z = 96 × 8 = 768
Conductor/phase = 256
Number of turn = 128
Eph = 4.44 × 0.9556 × 0.965 × 0.28 × 50 × 128 = 7337.09 V
An alternator has 18 slots/pole and first coil lies in slots 1 and 16. What is the ratio of pitch factor for 3rd harmonic and 5th harmonic
Coil span is 16 – 1 = 15 slots
Number of empty slots = 18 – 15 = 3 slots
Pitch factor for 3rd harmonic,
Pitch factor for 5th harmonic
A 30 KVA, 230 V, Y connected, 3 phase salient pale synchronous generator supplies rated load at 0.707 lagging power factor. The reactance per phase are Xd = 2Xq = 4 Ω. Neglect the armature resistance determine The percentage voltage regulation__________
= 132.79 × 0.9136 + 75.307 × 4 sin (24 + 45°)
= 121.316 + 281.19
Percentage voltage regulation