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The waveforms will be like
The charge of the capacitor varies between
When capacitor is getting charged, output V_{0} is high
When capacitor is getting discharged, output V_{0} is low
The time period of o/p, T = T_{high }+ T_{low}
In T_{high, }i.e. charging time, both R_{A}& R_{B} are in play.
In T_{low}, i.e. discharging time,
T_{low}, i.e. discharging time,
T_{low} = 0.693 R_{B}C
T = T_{high} + T_{low}
= 0. 693(R_{A} + 2R_{B})C
= 0.693 (8 + (2 × 4) × 10^{3} × 0.1 × 10^{6})
= 0.693 × 16 × 10^{3} × 10^{7 }
In the above monostable multivibrator circuit above given C = 10 nF. If the frequency of output pulse is 100 kHz the resistor value is _________ kΩ
The pulse duration in monostable multivibrator using 555 timer is T = RC In3
10^{5} = 1.1 × R × 10 × 10^{9}
R = 909.1 Ω
≃ 0.91 kΩ
The ON time of 555 timer is T_{ON} = R_{A} + R_{B} and OFF time T_{OFF} = R_{B}
_{}≃ 66% > 50%
A dc voltage of 380 V with a peak ripple voltage not exceeding 7 V is required to supply a 500 Ω load. Find out the inductance required.
We know that the ripple factor
Where r = RMS value of AC component/DC component
RMS value of AC component = 7/1.414 = 4.95
L = 28.8 H
A shunt regular is shown in the figure has a regulated output voltage of 10 V. Given V_{z} = 9.3, V_{BE} = 0 .7 V, β = 49. Neglecting the current through Resistor R_{B} the ratio of maximum power dissipated in the transistor to the maximum power dissipated in the Zener diode is ________
Maximum input current
The Base current is equal to current flowing through Zener diode
V_{z} = I_{B}
→ I_{c} = βI_{B} = βI_{Z}
I_{1} = βI_{Z} + I_{z}
1A = (49 + 1) I_{z}
I_{z} = 20 mA
∴ Power dissipated by the Zener diode P_{z} = V_{z}I_{z}
= 9.3 × 0.02 = 186 mW
Power dissipated by the Zener diode P_{c} = I_{c} × V_{c}
I_{C} = 99I_{z}; V_{C} = V_{O}
⇒ P_{C} = 0.98 × 10 = 9.8 W
∴ The ratio =
For the circuit shown, the value of C = 1 nF, the value of R_{A} & R_{B} such that oscillation frequency of 100 kHz and duty cycle frequency of 75% is obtained at the output is
T = 0.69 C (R_{A} + 2R_{B})
4R_{B} = 14452.75
R_{B} = 3623
3.6 K
R_{A} = 7.2 K
The frequency of oscillation of the astable multivibrator circuit given below is ______
The time period of astable multivibrator given is
T = 0.693 (R_{A} + 2R_{B}) C
Where R_{A} = 9.5 kΩ R_{B} = 7.5 kΩ
C = 0.1 μF
Frequency of oscillation is given by F = 1/T
For the given circuit, what is the value of power dissipated in zener diode ?
The given circuit is of a voltage regulator, hence the output voltage will remain fixed due to zener diode.
V_{0} = V_{Z} – V_{BE} = 12 − 0.7 = 11.3V
V_{CE} = 20 – 11.3 = 8.7V
Hence power dissipated in zener diode is P_{dis }= V_{Z }× I = 477.3 mW
The output voltage of the voltage regulator is constant at 18.5 V. Assuming the opamp and Zener diode are ideal, the maximum power dissipated in the transistor is ______ mw. The transistor β is very high.
Due to virtual short, the voltage at inverting terminal is V_{z
}
Then the current
≃ 0.545 mA
Since opamp is ideal no current is drawn by it,
⇒ I_{C} ≃ I_{E} = I_{1}
V_{CE} = (20 ~ 40) V – 18.5 V
V_{CEmax} = 21.5 V
Power dissipated (maximum) = 21.5 × 0.545 mA
≃ 11.72 mW
For the timer circuit shown below the frequency of oscillation is __________ kHz.
In the given circuit R_{A }= 10 kΩ R_{B} = 5 kΩ C = 1 nF
The frequency of oscillation
Normally the duration of 'high' of pulse is T_{H} = C(R_{A} + R_{B})ln 2, but the diode bypasses the lower resistance R_{B}. And the capacitor is charged only through R_{A}.
Hence T_{H} is = 0.69R_{A}C and T_{L} = 0.69R_{B}C
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