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English Mock Test - 6 - CDS MCQ


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120 Questions MCQ Test CDS (Combined Defence Services) Mock Test Series 2024 - English Mock Test - 6

English Mock Test - 6 for CDS 2024 is part of CDS (Combined Defence Services) Mock Test Series 2024 preparation. The English Mock Test - 6 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CDS exam syllabus.The English Mock Test - 6 MCQs are made for CDS 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for English Mock Test - 6 below.
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English Mock Test - 6 - Question 1

Fill in the blank (2) from suitable given options:

Leadership is one element, probably the most important element, of the overall managerial job. For managerial effectiveness, leadership quality is (1)____. Leadership is not status or (2)____ but rather it is having (3)____ over others. Managers are required to (4)____ the objectives; leadership is exercised to (5)____ them. Leadership is an individual (6)____and is proportional to individual’s own personal  (7)____ to get people to do as he (8)____. Thus leadership can stimulate and (9)____ people to get their willingness and (10)____ for achieving the proposed objectives of the organization.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 1

The correct option for blank 2 is B.
Leadership is not status or superiority. 
This is the best suitable word as status presents a position and the next word suitable here is superiority.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 2

Fill in the blank (9) from suitable given options:

Leadership is one element, probably the most important element, of the overall managerial job. For managerial effectiveness, leadership quality is (1)____. Leadership is not status or (2)____ but rather it is having (3)____ over others. Managers are required to (4)____ the objectives; leadership is exercised to (5)____ them. Leadership is an individual (6)____and is proportional to individual’s own personal  (7)____ to get people to do as he (8)____. Thus leadership can stimulate and (9)____ people to get their willingness and (10)____ for achieving the proposed objectives of the organization.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 2

The correct option is B.
Leadership can motivate a person to do what he is willing to do.
Thus motivate is the most suitable word here.

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English Mock Test - 6 - Question 3

Fill in the blank (1) from suitable given options:

Leadership is one element, probably the most important element, of the overall managerial job. For managerial effectiveness, leadership quality is (1)____. Leadership is not status or (2)____ but rather it is having (3)____ over others. Managers are required to (4)____ the objectives; leadership is exercised to (5)____ them. Leadership is an individual (6)____and is proportional to individual’s own personal  (7)____ to get people to do as he (8)____. Thus leadership can stimulate and (9)____ people to get their willingness and (10)____ for achieving the proposed objectives of the organization.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 3

The correct option for blank 1 is D.
 If you say that one thing is preferable to another, you mean that it is more desirable or suitable.  
Hence, Leadership is one element, probably the most important element, of the overall managerial job. For managerial effectiveness, leadership quality is Preferable. 

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 4

Find  the word most appropriate for Blank no. 15 

The (11)____  citizen who has to get everyday jobs done by  various municipal and government  departments is (12)____  driven up a tree, first (13)____ them, second explaining to them what is (14)____ and lastly, getting the job done.

If this week I  (15)____ some personal experience in this column, it is because I can document them. It is not to ask for any special (16)____  or voice personal (17)____  but to bring into public view the  experience of hundreds, if not thousands of citizens everyday of the year and express the collective (18)____ of all of them. Because one’s usual experience is that when such complaints are (19)____ in such columns, the departments rush to (20)____

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 4

The correct option is B.
The person talks about counting his personal experience and says that if he counts his experience in this column, it is because I can document them.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 5

Find  the word most appropriate for Blank no.  31

Our study about women’s place in Indian society is mainly based on urban, professional and educated Indian women. Deep in the rural heartland of the country, the rapidly changing world has not even touched the (29)____ of the life of a women. Most men of orthodox families take (30)____ in revealing that their (31)____ folk stay in ‘purdah’, a shield that (32)____ a woman of the joys of free nature. Still more alarming are the (33)____ of atrocities of women (34)____ incidents at Bantala, Singur and Birati are (35)____

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 5

Womenfolk is more appropriate than Womanfolk.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 6

Instruction for the Next Five Questions are given below: 

The principal advantage of having a clear cut objective of business is that it does not derail; the enterprise does not stray ...(1)... the direct route that it has set for ...(2)... Enterprises with well-defined objectives can conveniently undertake ...(3)... and follow long range development policies. Recognition of objectives ...(4)... the temptation to compromise long range ...(5)... for short term gains and improves coordination in work and consistency in policy.

What will come in option one?

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 6

The principal advantage of having a clear cut objective of business is that it does not derail; the enterprise does not stray from the direct route.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 7

Practice Quiz or MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) with solutions are available for Practice, which would help you prepare for "Closet Test " under Verbal Aptitude. You can practice these practice quizzes as per your speed and improvise the topic. The same topic is covered under various competitive examinations like - CAT, GMAT, Bank PO, SSC and other competitive examinations.

Instruction for the Next Five questions are given below:

Today most businessmen are very worried. To begin with, they are not used to competition.In the past they sold whatever ...(1)... produced at whatever prices they chose. But ...(2)... increasing competition, customers began to ...(3)... and choose. Imports suddenly became ...(4)... available and that too at cheaper ...(5)...

 

What will come in Option one?

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 7

Today most businessmen are very worried. To begin with, they are not used to competition.In the past they sold whatever they produced at whatever prices they chose.

So option C is correct

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 8

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given against each letter and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.

Scientists said on Monday they have used a laser beam to _____(A)_____ lightning for the first time, hoping the technique will help protect against deadly bolts -- and one day maybe even trigger them.

Lightning strikes between 40-120 times a second worldwide, killing more than 4,000 people and causing billions of dollars worth of _____(B)_____ every year.

Yet the main protection against these bolts from above is still the humble lightning rod, which was first _____(C)_____ by American polymath Benjamin Franklin in 1749.

A team of scientists from six research institutions have been working for years to use the same idea but replace the simple metal pole with a far more sophisticated and _____(D)_____ laser.

Now, in a study published in the journal Nature Photonics, they describe using a laser beam -- shot from the top of a Swiss mountain -- to guide a lightning bolt for more than 50 metres.

"We wanted to give the first _____(E)_____ that the laser can have an influence on lightning -- and it is simplest to guide it," said Aurelien Houard, a physicist at the applied optics laboratory of the ENSTA Paris institute and the study's lead author.

Q. Select the most appropriate option that will fill in the blank (D).

I. venerable
II. precise
III. exact

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 8

A team of scientists from six research institutions have been working for years to use the same idea but replace the simple metal pole with a far more sophisticated and precise _____(D)_____ laser.

The passage needs a word to describe the efficiency of laser. The word ‘venerable’ cannot be used to describe a laser and can be eliminated. The words ‘precise’ and ‘exact’ are suitable to describe ‘laser’.

Venerable (adjective): accorded a great deal of respect

Precise (adjective): marked by exactness and accuracy of expression or detail.

Exact (adjective): accurate or correct in all details.

Hence, the correct answer is option C.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 9

Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
 

Some people are very keen _________ working in a team, but some others don't like depending on others.


Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 9

'On' is used to indicate position, usually indicating that something is on top of something else.

  • We might say, “My journal is on the desk.” In this function, “on” typically denotes proximity or position.
  • Another example would be, “He sat on the stone wall.”
English Mock Test - 6 - Question 10

Most office workers are fond _________ having frequent coffee breaks.


Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 10

"Most office workers are fond of having frequent coffee breaks."

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 11

Choose the appropriate options to complete the sentences 
 

I ---- to learn a lot of new words.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 11

I am going to learn a lot of new words.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 12

The plane will stay on the runway ---- five minutes.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 12

 A preposition is a word which comes before a noun or a pronoun and establishes a relationship between the elements of a clause or words. Option D)for is correct as it indicates a duration. The other options are wrong as at, on, and in indicate a specific location, a surface, and the inside of an area respectively. These uses don't fit in the given question. The correct answer is D)for.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 13

Directions: Find out which part has an error and mark it as your answer. If there is no error, mark ‘No error’ as your answer.

After the function of the foundation day, it was not only the students but also the teacher who demanded (A) /their leave for the next day, so the management agreed to (B) / his request and granted the leave to all for two days. (C) / No error (D)

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 13

The correct answer is 'B' i.e. 'error lies in part B of the sentence.'

Key Points

  • In the given sentence, the usage of 'their' is incorrect. Instead of it use 'His'.
  • When two subjects are joined using- either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, none-but etc. the verb should be used in accordance with the nearest subject. Here in the given sentence, the nearest subject of the verb is teacher, which is third person singular but the possessive case used for it is ‘their’ which is wrong and should be replaced with ‘his’

The correct sentence- “After the function of the foundation day it was not only the students but also the teacher who demanded his leave for the next day, so the management agreed to his request and granted the leave to all for two days."

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 14

Directions: Identify the part having an error. If no part has an error, mark (5).

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 14

We 'call upon' persons and call at places.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 15

Choose the correct preposition to fill in the blank: She is interested ___ learning Spanish.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 15

The adjective "interested" is often followed by the preposition "in" to indicate a person's interest in something.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 16

Choose the correct preposition to fill in the blank:
I am going ______ the store.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 16

The verb "going" is often followed by the preposition "to" to indicate movement towards a destination.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 17

Directions: Identify the part having an error. If no part has an error, mark (5).

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 17

Use definitive article 'the' before French (people). French is a language; the French are a people (nation).

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 18

Directions: Identify the part having an error. If no part has an error, mark (5).

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 18

'Across' is not followed by preposition 'with'. Use of 'with' is redundant. Correct phrase should be 'across an old friend....'.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 19

Directions: In the following question, a sentence is given followed by a blank. You are provided with three fragments I, II and III. You have to identify which fragment/s can carry forward the given sentence in the most logical way so as to make the sentence coherent and contextually correct.

Q. Education is essential because ______________.
I. it equips individuals with knowledge and skills for personal and professional development.
II. it leads to higher employment opportunities and economic growth.
III. it restricts creativity and hinders critical thinking.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 19

Fragments I and II provide coherent and logical reasons for the importance of education. Fragment I explains that education equips individuals with knowledge and skills for personal and professional development, while fragment II states that it leads to higher employment opportunities and economic growth. Fragment III, however, presents an opposing viewpoint by suggesting that education restricts creativity and hinders critical thinking, which is not in line with the coherence of the statement.
Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 20

Directions: In each question, a sentence is given followed by a blank. You are provided with three fragments I, II and III. You have to identify which statement/s can carry forward the given sentence in the most logical way so as to make the sentence coherent and contextually correct.

Q. From technology to food and finance, new plurilateral arrangements are ____________.
I.  building a secret military facility in a port.
II. bringing middle powers together to the new rules making table.
III. hoping to make the most of the opportunities creating history.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 20

I. From technology to food and finance, new plurilateral arrangements are building a secret military facility in a port.

The above sentence is logically incoherent because the implied meaning of the sentence is absurd in naturThe logical induction of technology to food and finance does not relate to building secret military facility meaningfully.
Hence, fragment I is incorrect.

II. From technology to food and finance, new plurilateral arrangements are bringing middle powers together to the new rules making table.
The above sentence is logically coherent and contextually meaningful as it implies that new plurilateral arrangements have the capability to bring middle powers together to not just rule making table but also from technology to food and finance.
Hence, fragment II is correct.

III. From technology to food and finance, new plurilateral arrangements are hoping to make the most of the opportunities creating history.
The above sentence is logically coherent and contextually meaningful as it implies that new plurilateral arrangements hope to make most of the opportunities, for instance technology to food and finance which will help in making history.
Hence, fragment III is correct.
Therefore, Option B is the correct answer.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 21

Direction: In each question, a sentence is given followed by a blank. You are provided with three fragments I, II and III. You have to identify which statement/s can carry forward the given sentence in the most logical way so as to make the sentence coherent and contextually correct.

Q. The Income Tax department has notified a new form for filing updated I-T returns_________.
I.  in which taxpayers will have to give the exact reason for filing it along with the amount of income to be offered to tax..
II. Providing deeper analysis of the liquidity, solvency, activity and profitability of the business.
III. for 2021-2022 fiscal, which also seek details of oncome from overseas retirement benefit accounts from tax payers.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 21

I. The Income Tax department has notified a new form for filing updated I-T returns in which taxpayers will have to give the exact reason for filing it along with the amount of income to be offered to tax.
This is correct .

II. The Income Tax department has notified a new form for filing updated I-T returns providing deeper analysis of the liquidity, solvency, activity and profitability of the business .
This is grammatically correct but does not really make sense. this fragment is incorrect.

III. The Income Tax department has notified a new form for filing updated I-T returns for 2021-2022 fiscal, which also seek details of oncome from overseas retirement benefit accounts from tax payers.
This is correct too.
Hence, option B is correct.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 22

Directions: In the question given below, a sentence is given, a part of which is left blank. Fill in the blank with the correct option to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Q. The company's decision to cut employee benefits was a __________, with many employees resigning in protest.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 22

The sentence suggests that the company's decision to cut employee benefits was not well-received by the employees and led to many resignations. Therefore, the correct option would be related to a negative outcome or consequence.

Option A, "wise choice," and B, "necessary sacrifice," are incorrect, as they imply that the company made a good decision or a difficult but necessary choice, which is contradictory to the rest of the sentence. Option C, "complete success," is also incorrect, as it implies that the decision was successful, which is contradictory to the rest of the sentence. 

Option D, "terrible mistake," correctly fits the context and meaning of the sentence, as it refers to a poor decision or action that leads to negative consequences.

Therefore, the correct answer is option D.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 23

Directions: In each question, a sentence is given followed by a blank. You are provided with three fragments I, II and III. You have to identify which statement/s can carry forward the given sentence in the most logical way so as to make the sentence coherent and contextually correct.

Q. While India’s education enrolment has been impressive,  ____________________________.
I. sustaining the same track record would require good governance at local level.
II.  gender bias in employment opportunities remains a concern.
III. its health and survival record are at rock-bottom.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 23

I. While India’s education enrolment has been impressive, sustaining the same track record would require good governance at local level.
The above sentence is logically coherent and contextually correct as it implies that even if India’s education enrolment is in good shape, to sustain the track record would require good governance at local level.
Hence, fragment I is correct.

II. While India’s education enrolment has been impressive, gender bias in employment opportunities remains a concern.
The above sentence is logically coherent and contextually meaningful because it portrays the contrasting information about other problems such as gender bias in employment opportunities even if India’s education enrolment is high.
Hence, fragment II is correct.

III. While India’s education enrolment has been impressive, its health and survival record are at rock-bottom.
The above sentence is logically coherent because it implies that even if India’s education enrolment has remained good, its health and survival statistics are at a deep low.
Hence, fragment III is correct.
Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 24

Directions: In the question given below, a sentence is given, a part of which is left blank. Fill in the blank with the correct option which makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Q. The annual festival attracts thousands of visitors each year and has a significant ______________.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 24

Option C is correct as it suggests that the annual festival has an effect on the local economy. Option B is incorrect as it uses plural noun ‘impacts’ but the sentence talks about ‘a significant impact’ which is singular. Options A and D use the word ‘impact’ as verb which is not correct grammatically.
Hence, option C is correct.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 25

Antonym of STARTLED

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 25

The antonym of STARTLED is relaxed.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 26

Antonym of  AWARE

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 26

The antonym of AWARE is Ignorant.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 27

Antonym of  ARROGANT

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 27

The exact OPPOSITE of ARROGANT is Humble.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 28

Antonym of  PERTINENT

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 28

The antonym of PERTINENT is Irrelevant.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 29

Antonym of  MALICIOUS

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 29

Malicious means evil and Kind means gracious.
So, Kind is the antonym of Malicious

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 30

Antonym of SACROSANCT

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 30

You think you will persuade him to live a comfortable life? Impossible! A Spartan way of life is sacrosanct for him. If something is sacrosanct, it is too holy or important to be allowed any harm. The opposite of holy is unholy.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 31

Antonym of FAMOUS

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 31

Analysis:
The given question asks for the antonym of the word "FAMOUS". To determine the correct answer, we need to understand the meaning of each option and choose the one that is opposite in meaning to "FAMOUS".

To find the antonym of "FAMOUS", we analyze each option:
A: Disgraced
- Disgraced means to have lost honor or reputation due to bad behavior or actions.
- This option does not convey the opposite meaning of "FAMOUS". Therefore, it is not the correct answer.
B: Popular
- Popular means being liked, admired, or enjoyed by many people.
- This option does not convey the opposite meaning of "FAMOUS". Therefore, it is not the correct answer.
C: Evil
- Evil refers to something morally wrong or harmful.
- This option does not convey the opposite meaning of "FAMOUS". Therefore, it is not the correct answer.
D: Unknown
- Unknown means not recognized, familiar, or widely known.
- This option conveys the opposite meaning of "FAMOUS" as it implies a lack of recognition or fame.
- Therefore, the correct answer is D: Unknown.
Conclusion:
The antonym of the word "FAMOUS" is "Unknown".

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 32

Antonym of HOSTILITY

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 32


The word given is "hostility" and we need to find a word that is the opposite or has a similar meaning.
Options:
A: Courtesy
B: Hospitality
C: Relationship
D: Friendliness
Analysis:
To determine the correct answer, we need to understand the meaning of each option and choose the one that is most opposite to "hostility".
- Courtesy: Politeness, good manners
- Hospitality: Warm and welcoming behavior towards guests or strangers
- Relationship: Connection or association between two or more people
- Friendliness: Being kind and amicable towards others
Answer:
The correct answer is D: Friendliness.
Explanation:
- Hostility refers to a state of being unfriendly or aggressive, while friendliness refers to being kind and amicable towards others.
- Friendliness can be seen as the opposite of hostility, as it represents a positive and welcoming attitude.
- Therefore, friendliness is the most suitable word that is opposite in meaning to hostility among the given options.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 33

Antonym of Foremost :

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 33

Hindmost : furthest back, latest or ultramodern.
Disposed : inclined or willing.
Mature : fully developed physically, full-grown.
Premature : occurring or done before the usual or proper time, too early.
Unimportant : lacking in importance or significance.
Foremost : most prominent in rank, importance, or position.

So, antonym is Unimportant.
 

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 34

Antonym of TRANSPARENT

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 34

The antonym of Transparent is Opaque.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 35

A friend of mine has just invited me to Italy.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 35

Simple Past Tense
"Your dad was talking to you honey, listen to him”.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 36

Choose the correct answer to the following question: Which of the following words is an example of an adjective?

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 36

fifteen is a quantitative adjective

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 37

Directions: In the question below, three sentences are given which may or may not contain an error. Choose the one(s) that is/are grammatically as well as contextually correct and meaningful. 

I. Analyses have suggested that the tigers in Similipal form a small and isolated population.
II. Populations that are smaller than 100 breeding individuals have a higher probability of extinction.
III. Whether he is right or wrong, I just think we should not loss sight of the argument.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 37

Statement I: Correct

Statement II: Correct

Statement III: Incorrect

The sentence is erroneous due to the use of the word ‘loss’ and it should be replaced with ‘lose’. ‘Loss’ means 'an instance of losing, such as a defeat' when used as a noun. ‘Lose’ means 'to cause (something) to cease to be in one's possession or capability due to unfortunate or unknown circumstances, events or reasons' when used as a verb.

Hence, the correct answer is option D.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 38

Directions: In the following question, three sentences are given which may or may not contain an error. Choose the one that is incorrect grammatically or contextually. If all the sentences are correct, mark option E as your answer.

I. Butler steered the protesting Vietnamese man to the rented four-wheel drive.

II. State legislators did not looked kindly on government regulations they felt would impinge on personal freedoms.

III. The blind innkeeper said that the Americans could sleep in his stable that night.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 38

Statement I: Correct

Statement II: The use of past form of verb ‘looked’ is incorrect because ‘did not’ uses the simple form of verb along with it. So, the correct verb will be ‘look’.

Statement III: Correct

Hence, the correct answer is option A.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 39

Directions: In the following question, one part of the sentence may have an error. Find out which parts of the sentence do not contain an error and select the appropriate option. If the sentence is free from error, select 'No error'. Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.

The thickets of ironwood that had once grown (A) / there had been harvested centuries ago, to (B) / created a broad swath of open ground through (C) / which no enemy could hope to pass unseen. (D)

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 39

The sentence is erroneous due to the use of past form of verb ‘created’ after preposition ‘to’. The preposition ‘to’ is always followed by simple form of verb and so, ‘created’ should be replaced with ‘create’.

Correct Sentence:

The thickets of ironwood that had once grown there had been harvested centuries ago, to create a broad swath of open ground through which no enemy could hope to pass unseen.

Hence, the correct answer is option D.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 40

Either Nemmu or Mennu / are in the wrong; / both can / certainly never be.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 40

Change, are into is

When two or more than two subjects are joined by 'Either, or' 'Neither, nor', the verb agrees with the subject nearest to it.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 41

It was him / who came / running / into the classroom.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 41

Change, It was him into It was he
As complement of the Copulative verb is Nominative case.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 42

Supposing if / it rains / what shall / we do?

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 42

Delete 'if'

Supposing it rains what shall we do?

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 43

Directions: In the question given below, a sentence is given, divided into parts. One of the parts may contain an error. Identify the part that contains the error, and mark it as the answer. Ignore errors of punctuation. 

I was desperate to make contact/ with American tennis players as the lure/ of playing in a tournament with some/ of best names in tennis was irresistible.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 43

The error lies with the usage of article. In grammar, the superlative degree of adjectives is preceded by ‘the’ and ‘best’ is a superlative degree of adjective. Thus, ‘the’ should be used just before ‘best’.

Correct Sentence:

I was desperate to make contact with American tennis players as the lure of playing in a tournament with some of the best names in tennis was irresistible.

Hence, the correct answer is option D.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 44

Directions: In the following question, one part of the sentence may have an error. Find out which parts of the sentence do not contain an error and select the appropriate option. If the sentence is free from error, select 'No error'. Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.

In eating the plants we combine the carbohydrates (A) / with oxygen dissolved in our blood because of (B) / his penchant for breathing air, and (C) / so extract the energy that makes us go. (D)

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 44

The sentence is erroneous due to the possessive adjective ‘his’ used in fragment C for pronoun ‘we’. This possessive adjective is incorrect because it is used for ‘he’ and should be replaced with ‘our’.

Correct Sentence:

In eating the plants we combine the carbohydrates with oxygen dissolved in our blood because of our penchant for breathing air, and so extract the energy that makes us go.

Hence, the correct answer is option D.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 45

Directions: In the question given below, a sentence is given, divided into parts. One of the parts may contain an error. Identify the part that contains the error, and mark it as the answer. Ignore errors of punctuation. 

Rather then wait until morning, he orders/ his staff to mount up for the sixteen-mile midnight/ ride to Jetersville, where General Sheridan/ and his cavalry are camped.

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 45

The use of adverb ‘then’ is incorrect and it should be replaced with ‘than’ because it is a conjunction and the correct form is ‘rather than’.

Correct Sentence:

Rather than wait until morning, he orders his staff to mount up for the sixteen-mile midnight ride to Jetersville, where General Sheridan and his cavalry are camped.

Hence, the correct answer is option A.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 46

Directions: The passage below is followed by some questions based on its content. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.
Language, the quintessential hallmark of human civilization, is an ever-evolving entity. Its evolution is not merely a chronicle of words coming in and out of use but a complex interplay of social, cultural, and technological forces. The journey of language through the ages is marked by periods of rapid evolution and long stretches of relative stability.
The advent of the printing press in the 15th century, for instance, standardized written forms of language and slowed the pace of change. However, the digital age has accelerated language evolution once again. The internet, with its unprecedented reach and interactivity, has democratized language, allowing new words and phrases to spread and evolve at a pace never seen before.
Slang, once confined to specific regions or groups, now achieves global recognition through social media and online communities. The influence of technology is evident in the emergence of terms like "selfie" or "hashtag," which have become ingrained in everyday language. Moreover, the rise of emoji as a form of communication reflects the human propensity for visual expression, harking back to the earliest forms of written language in pictographs.
Yet, language evolution is not without its challenges. The rapid adoption of new terms and the concurrent obsolescence of others can lead to generational divides in communication. Furthermore, the dominance of English on the global stage raises concerns about linguistic diversity and the preservation of minority languages.
As we navigate the 21st century, the evolution of language continues to mirror the complexities of human society. It stands as a testament to our adaptability and creativity, but also poses questions about the future of communication and cultural identity.
Q. The author's tone in the passage can best be described as:

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 46

The author objectively analyzes the various factors that influence language evolution, including social, cultural, and technological changes. The tone is not overtly critical (A), nostalgic (B), or dismissive (D), but rather analytical and informative (C), as the author discusses the complexities and nuances of language evolution.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 47

Directions: The passage below is followed by some questions based on its content. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.

The Ethical Implications of Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering, once a speculative notion confined to the realms of science fiction, has now become a tangible reality with profound implications. The ability to manipulate the genetic code of living organisms has opened a Pandora's box of ethical dilemmas that challenge our most fundamental beliefs about life, identity, and nature.
At the forefront of this scientific frontier is the revolutionary technology known as CRISPR-Cas9, which allows for precise editing of DNA. Its applications range from the noble pursuit of eradicating genetic diseases to the contentious arena of enhancing human capabilities beyond their natural limits. The potential to cure hereditary conditions and improve the quality of life is counterbalanced by the specter of 'designer babies' and the commodification of genetic traits.
The ethical quandaries extend beyond human genetics. Genetic engineering in agriculture has led to the creation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that promise higher yields and resistance to pests. However, the long-term ecological consequences of such modifications remain uncertain, and the monopolization of genetically altered seeds by corporations raises concerns about food sovereignty and the rights of farmers.
Moreover, the manipulation of animal genetics for human benefit, such as the production of transgenic animals for pharmaceutical purposes, poses questions about animal welfare and the integrity of species. The blurring of lines between natural and artificial life forms has profound philosophical implications, challenging our understanding of what it means to be 'natural' in the age of genetic engineering.
As we grapple with the capabilities afforded by genetic engineering, it is imperative to engage in a global dialogue that considers the ethical, social, and environmental ramifications. The decisions we make today will shape the future of our species and the planet, necessitating a careful balance between scientific innovation and ethical responsibility.
Q. What is the primary concern addressed in the passage?

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 47

The passage primarily focuses on the ethical dilemmas and implications arising from the advancements in genetic engineering. While it does touch upon the capabilities and applications of genetic engineering, the central theme revolves around the ethical considerations, such as the creation of 'designer babies', the ecological consequences of GMOs, and animal welfare in the context of transgenic animals. The passage does not primarily address the technical challenges (A), financial costs (C), or historical development (D) of genetic engineering.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 48

Carefully read the statements in the questions below and arrange them in a logical order.
1.  In order to address the concerns about job loss and economic inequality, there is a need for policies that support retraining and reskilling of workers for new roles in the emerging digital economy.
2. However, there are also potential benefits to the adoption of automation and artificial intelligence, including increased productivity, lower costs, and improved safety.
3. The rise of automation and artificial intelligence is leading to the displacement of human workers, resulting in concerns about job loss and economic inequality.
4. Ultimately, the successful integration of automation and artificial intelligence into the economy will require a combination of technological innovation and social policies that promote equitable access and distribution of the benefits of these technologies.
5. Additionally, there is a need for policies that address the unequal distribution of wealth and income, such as progressive taxation and social welfare programs.


Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 48

The correct sequence is 32154.

  • Statement 3 introduces the topic of the rise of automation and artificial intelligence and how it can lead to the displacement of human workers, raising concerns about job loss and economic inequality.
  • Statement 2 provides a counterpoint by explaining the potential benefits of automation and artificial intelligence, including increased productivity, lower costs, and improved safety.
  • Statement 1 follows up with the need for policies that address the concerns raised in Statement 1, such as supporting the retraining and reskilling of workers for new roles in the digital economy.
  • Statement 5 suggests another policy solution to address economic inequality by addressing the unequal distribution of wealth and income through progressive taxation and social welfare programs.
  • Finally, Statement 4 concludes the sequence by emphasizing that the successful integration of automation and artificial intelligence into the economy will require a combination of technological innovation and social policies that promote equitable access and distribution of the benefits of these technologies.
  • Overall, this sequence provides a logical flow of information, starting with the concerns about job loss and economic inequality and ending with a call for a balanced approach to the adoption of automation and artificial intelligence that benefits everyone. Therefore, the correct sequence is 32154.
English Mock Test - 6 - Question 49

Which of the following is the ODD ONE OUT? [TITA]
1. The Renaissance was a period of great cultural and artistic achievements that occurred in Europe from the 14th to the 17th century.
2. The Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century.
3. The Industrial Revolution, which began in the 18th century, transformed the way goods were produced and led to significant changes in social and economic organization.
4. Romanticism was an artistic and literary movement that originated in Europe in the late 18th century, emphasizing individualism, emotion, and the natural world.
5. Modernism is a cultural and artistic movement that emerged in the early 20th century, characterized by experimentation, abstraction, and a rejection of traditional values.


Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 49

Statement 3 is the odd one out because while the other four statements are discussing cultural and artistic movements in Europe and their significance, Statement 3 is talking about a technological and economic transformation that occurred during the same period. Statement 1 is talking about the Renaissance, a cultural and artistic movement, Statement 2 is discussing the Enlightenment, an intellectual and philosophical movement, Statement 4 is discussing Romanticism, an artistic and literary movement, and Statement 5 is discussing Modernism, a cultural and artistic movement. Therefore, Statement 3 is the odd one out.

English Mock Test - 6 - Question 50

Directions: The passage below is followed by some questions based on its content. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.
Before discussing the relationship, I would like to break down the concepts of bio-power and capitalism used by Foucault first. Foucault defined bio-power to be "the administration of bodies and the calculated management of life". This definition emphasized "administration" and "management". In order to clarify this distinction, Foucault contrasted bio-power against sovereign power. Sovereign power expressed itself as the absolute and final determinant to take away lives. Bio-power, on the contrary, was concerned much less about seizure and deduction.
Foucault elaborated the techniques of bio-power through two concepts: anatomo-politics and bio-politics, both of which were forms of bio-power. Anatomo-politics dealt with "the body as a machine" at the level of individuals. It set a normative and desirable standard of the human body and manipulated every single segment of it to conform to its standard; by doing so, it disciplined the body. Bio-politics, on the other hand, dealt with "the species body, the body imbued with the mechanics of life and serving as the basis of the biological processes" at the level of population. It aspired to control "propagation, births and mortality, the level of health, life expectancy and longevity" so that it could regulate the population as a whole and thus manage its change in every aspect.
It is worth noticing that these two basic forms of bio-power were not antithetical. Anatomo-politics normalized the specific behaviours and set of actions of each individual by implementing normative standards and manipulating body segments. Bio-politics normalized the characteristics of the population by intervening in its political and economic determinants.
Foucault did not provide a clear definition of capitalism. His conception of capitalism, however, can be deduced from his explanations. First, Foucault argued that the development of capitalism required adjustment in "the machinery of production and…economic processes" as well as "a stable and competent labour force. It had private ownership and wage labour as its material makeup and economic presupposition. Furthermore, Foucalt mentioned that capitalism was a "development". Third, Foucault pointed out that there were two classes in capitalism: bourgeoisie and proletariat. The political peculiarity of capitalism lay in the antagonism between these two classes, in which the former employed and dominated the latter. Moreover, Foucault claimed that "bio-power was…an indispensable element in the development of capitalism".
Capitalism and bio-power together imposed a set of social discourse that appeared as something truthful and justified both of them. Capitalism turned techniques of bio-power and its penetrating control of body into a market principle. Bio-power created a discourse in which the normal way of living, the normal condition of the human body, and the normal character of classes were defined so that the alienated bodies in capitalist production were seen not as miserable, but normal and even desirable. Thus, the social discourses imposed by capitalism and bio-power, which designated a normalized and seemingly truthful notion of body, interactively helped to conceal the wretched conditions and subjugation they brought.
Q. In the statement, "Thus, the social discourses imposed by capitalism and bio-power, which designated a ... and subjugation they brought", what do you infer is the tone of the author?

Detailed Solution for English Mock Test - 6 - Question 50

The author is analytical throughout the passage. He explains how Foucalt was able to establish a link between capitalism and bio-power which led to the growth and development of capitalism. It cannot be inferred that he is ironic, as no such contrasting irony has been established in the point, nor can it be inferred that he is helpless or resentful.