Test: Solving Simultaneous Equations


10 Questions MCQ Test Mathematics (Maths) Class 12 | Test: Solving Simultaneous Equations


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QUESTION: 1

The solution of the following system of equation is
2x + 3y = 5
5x – 2y = 3​

Solution:

 2x + 3y = 5 
Multiply equation with ‘5’, we get
10x + 15y = 25……………………(1)
5x – 2y = 3
Multiply equation with ‘2’, we get
10x - 4y = 6………………………(2)
Subtracting (1) from (2), we get
19y = 19
y = 1
Put the value of y in eq(1)
10x + 15(1) = 25
10x = 10
 x = 1

QUESTION: 2

One third of sum of two angles is 60° and one fourth of their difference is 28°. The angles are

Solution:

Solution:-
Let the two angles be 'x' and 'y'.
So, according to the question,
One third of the sum of two angles :- 1/3(x+y) = 60  
x/3 + y/3 = 60    ......(1)
Quarter of their difference :- 1/4(x-y) = 28  
x/4 - y/4 = 28...........(2)
Multiplying the equation (1) by 3 and equation (2) by 4, we get
x + y =180  .......(3)   x - y = 112  ......(4)
Subtracting (4) from (3),
 x + y = 180
 x - y = 112
-   +     -
_________
    2y = 68
_________
2y = 68
y = 34
Putting the value of y = 34 in the equation (3)
x + y = 180
x + 34 = 180
x = 180 - 34
x = 146
The two angles are 146° and 34°.

QUESTION: 3

For a square matrix A in a matrix equation AX = B, if │A│≠ 0, then​

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

The following system of equations has
x + 3y + 3z = 2
x + 4y + 3z = 1
x + 3y + 4z = 2​

Solution:

Let A = {(1,3,3) (1,4,3) (1,3,4)}
|A| = 1(16-9) -3(4-3) +3(3-4)
|A| = 1(7) -3(1) +3(-1)
= 7 - 3 - 3
= 1
Therefore, A is not equal to zero, it has unique solution.

QUESTION: 5

Inverse of a matrix A is given by

Solution:

Inverse of matrix (A-1) = (adj A)/|A| 

QUESTION: 6

If  , then A-1 =

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

The system of equations kx + 2y – z = 1,
(k – 1)y – 2z = 2
(k + 2)z = 3 has a unique solution, if k is

Solution:

This system of equations has a unique solution, if

QUESTION: 8

System of equations AX = B is inconsistent if​

Solution:

If (adj A) B ≠ 0 (zero matrix), then the solution does not exist. The system of equations is inconsistent. Else, if (adj A) B = 0 then the system will either have infinitely many solutions (consistent system) or no solution (inconsistent system).

QUESTION: 9

Inverse of , is

Solution:

A = {(6,7) (8,9)}
|A| = (6 * 9) - (8 * 7)
= 54 - 56 
|A| = -2
A-1 = -½{(9,-7) (-8,6)}
A-1 = {(-9/2, 7/2) (4,-3)}

QUESTION: 10

A system of linear equations AX = B is said to be inconsistent, if the system of equations has​

Solution:

A linear system is said to be consistent if it has at least one solution; and is said to be inconsistent if it has no solution. have no solution, a unique solution, and infinitely many solutions, respectively.

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