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Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - NEET MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test - Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT)

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Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 1

Jute fibres are obtained from the

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 1
Jute fibres are composed primary of the plant materials cellulose and lignin. It falls into the bast fibres category (fibre collected from bast or skin of the plant or secondary phloem) along with flax, ramie etc. So the Crt opt is D.
Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 2

The type of support tissues that consists of uneven thickened primary walls with elongated cells is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 2

Collenchyma tissue is composed of elongated cells with irregularly thickened walls. They provide structural support, particularly in growing shoots and leaves.  Collenchyma cells are usually living, and have only a thick primary cell wall made up of cellulose and pectin.

Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 3

 Intercalary meristem leads in

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 3
Primary growth in shoots. Just as in roots, primary growth in stems is a result of rapidly dividing cells in the apical meristems at the shoot tip. Subsequent cell elongation then leads to primary growth.
Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 4

 Fascicular, interfascicular and extrastellar cambium together constitute

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 4

Lateral meristems produce new cells that make the stems and roots thicker. This type of growth is called secondary growth. There are two kinds of lateral meristems, the vascular cambium and the cork cambium. These lateral meristems form rings within the plant body as the stem increases in thickness. The vascular cambium divides to produce new xylem cells toward the inside of the vascular cambium and new phloem cells toward the outside.
Therefore, the correct answer is option A.

Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 5

The long plants are capable of standing erect due to the presence of

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 5

Since plants do not have bones for structure and support they must have cell walls around all of their cells. This leads to the need for very unique cells in plants. Sclerenchyma cells are specialized plant cells that exist to provide strength and support. They are present in all kinds of plants including grasses, trees, and flowering plants.

So, the correct answer is 'Sclerenchyma.'

Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 6

Cells of this tissue are living and show angular wall thickening. They also provide mechanical support. The tissue is

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 6

Collenchyma cells mainly form supporting tissue and have irregular cell walls. They are found mainly in the cortex of stems and in leaves. The major function of sclerenchyma is support. Unlike collenchyma, mature cells of this tissue are generally dead and have thick walls containing lignin.

Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 7

 Which of the following is nucleated?

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 7

The companion cells are specialized parenchyma cells in the phloem tissues of the angiosperms. They are nucleated living cells with several ribosomes, plastids, and mitochondria. Their nuclei and nucleoli are relatively large (an indication of being metabolically active). They are closely associated with the sieve tube elements. They connect to them via the plasmodesmata. They provide energy to the sieve elements during food transport (translocation).

Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 8

Which among the following is incorrect about tissues in a plant?

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 8
  • A cluster of cells that have a common origin and work together to achieve a specific function.
  • A plant tissue varies from that of an animal because they vary in their functions and characters.
  • In plant there are two types of tissues, namely, Meristematic and permanent tissues.
  • Simple permanent tissues comprise of sclerenchyma, collenchymas, parenchyma and epidermis.
Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 9

Match the following and choose the correct option from below:

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 9

Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 10

At maturity, which of the following is non-nucleated?

Detailed Solution for Test: Meristematic Tissues & Permanent Tissues (Old NCERT) - Question 10

Sieve cells are elongated, living cells without a nucleus. These are mainly involved in transport of sugars from the leaves to different parts of the plant.
Thus, the correct answer is option D.

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