Test: Other Organs Involved In Excretion, Disorders Of Excretory System


5 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 11 | Test: Other Organs Involved In Excretion, Disorders Of Excretory System


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QUESTION: 1

 Which is not a basic renal function?

Solution:

Perfusion is the passage of fluid through the circulatory system or lymphatic system to an organ or a tissue, usually referring to the delivery of blood to a capillary bed in tissue.

QUESTION: 2

 Dialysing unit (artificial kidney) contains a fluid which is almost the same as plasma except that it has

Solution:

Artificial kidney (Dialysing unit ) is a machine that is used for filtration of blood in the people whose kidneys are failed or damaged by the process called Dialysis.

Dialysis fluid is produced by the blending of treated water with electrolytes at the patient's bedside. The composition of the dialysis fluid should match that of plasma except for the nitrogenous waste (urea).

So the answer is 'No urea'.

QUESTION: 3

What is glycosuria?

Solution:

Glycosuria is the excretion of glucose into the urine. Urine contains no glucose in the normal condition because the kidneys are able to reclaim all of the filtered glucose back into the bloodstream. Glycosuria is caused by elevated blood glucose levels, most commonly due to untreated diabetes mellitus
So, the correct answer is 'High amount of sugar in urine'.

QUESTION: 4

Haematuria means

Solution:

Blood in the urine is commonly known as haematuria. The presence of blood therefore means that there could be a problem in any part of the urinary tract, from the kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate gland or the urethra. 

QUESTION: 5

 Haemodialysis is associated with

Solution:

Haemodialysis is associated with the kidneys. This type of dialysis achieves the extracorporeal removal of waste products such as creatinine and urea and free water from the blood when the kidneys are in a state of kidney failure. Hemodialysis is one of three renal replacement therapies (the other two being kidney transplant and peritoneal dialysis).