Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Physics MCQ

# Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Physics MCQ

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## 20 Questions MCQ Test GATE Physics Mock Test Series 2025 - Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 for Physics 2024 is part of GATE Physics Mock Test Series 2025 preparation. The Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Physics exam syllabus.The Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 MCQs are made for Physics 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 below.
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Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 1

### Consider a system of N non-interacting classical linear harmonic oscillates (each of mass m and angular frequency ω) in thermal equilibrium at temperature T. The enthalpy of the system is

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 1

Partition function of the system

Helmholtz free energy,

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 2

### The equation of state for adiabatic process performed on an ideal gas consisting of non-relativistic rigid triangular molecule in terms of pressure (P) and volume (V) is given by

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 2

For rigid triangular molecule, the internal energy of a molecule,

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Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 3

### Consider a sensitive spring balance characterized by a spring constant k0. The balance is in an environment whose temperature is T. A small object of mass m is suspended to the spring. The mean fluctuation in its position is

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 3

Potential energy
Kinetic Energy K.E.
By Virial theorem
By equipartition theorem,
Mean square fluctuation in position,

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 4

The entropy (S) of a thermodynamics system is give in terms of its internal energy (U) and volume (V) by S= C U^(3/4) V^(1/4) , where c is constant.

The pressure (P) of the system is given by

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 4

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 5

Which of the following can exhibit Bose-Einstein condensation, even in principle?

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 5

Photon is surely boson

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 6

Two gases are separated by an impermeable but movable and conducting partition in an isolated container. Both gases are in which type of equilibrium?

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 6

For conducting, non-rigid and impermeable partition, temperature and pressure are constants.

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 7

Which option is not correct for a liquid to vapour phase transition at critical point?

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 7

Specific heat is second order derivatives of Gibb's free energy and it has finite discontinuity at transition point.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 8

One mole of an ideal gas at 300K expands reversibly and isothermally from a pressure of 1.5 x 103 N/mto 5 x 102 N/m2. The change in entropy (J/K) of the universe is _____________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 8

For reversible process change in entropy of universe (ΔS) = zero.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 9

Consider a photon gas inside a 3-D cavity of volume V and in thermal equilibrium at temperature T. If photon gas is expanded adiabatically into vacuum to 16 times of initial volume, then its temperaure changes to n times of initial tempeature. The value of n is _________________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 9

The process is free expansion For free expansion internal energy (U) = constant.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 10

Six distinghuishable particles are distributed over three non-degenerate levels of energies 0, ∈ and 2∈. The energy of most probable macrostate of the system is _______ ∈.

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 10

For most probable macrostate particles are distributed equally in all groups.
Energy of the system,

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 11

A branch of excitations for a 3-dimension system has a dispersion relation, ∈(k) = A k2/3 where, A is constant, ∈ is energy' and k is the magnitude of wave vector. The excitations are bosonic in nature and chemical potential is zero. The entropy(S) of the system varies on absolute temperature (T) as S ∝ Tn/2, the value of n is

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 11

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 12

The entropy of a system of N spins, which may align either in the upward or in the downward direction. The probability of upward directions is 1/3 and that of downward direction is 2/3. The entropy per spin in unit of kB is _______

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 12

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 13

Consider a system of two ising spin S1 and S2 taking value ±1 with interaction energy ∈ = -JS1S2 in thermal equilibrium at temperature T. The partition function of the system in the limit T → ∞ is ______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 13

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 14

Consider a system that has two energy' levels of energy 0 and ∈. The lowest level is doubly degenerate while excited level is triply degenerate. The system is in thermal equilibrium at temperature T. The average energy of the system in very high temperature limit is

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 14

The average energy of the system,

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 15

What is the maximum entropy of the system when six distinguishable particles are distributed over three non-degenerate energy states of energies 0, ∈ and 2 ∈ ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 15

For maximum entropy particles are distributed equally.
The number of microstates for equal distribution.

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 16

The Helmholtz free energy (A) of atherm odynam ic system in terms of volum e (V) and temperature (T) is given by

where a. b and c are constants The enthalpy (H) of the system is

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 16

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 17

One mole of an ideal gas at 27°C expands reversibly and isothermally from a pressure of 2 x 106 N/m2 to a pressure 2 x 105 N/m2 The change in entropy (in J/K) of the gas is

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 17

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 18

A process is performed on 2 moles of an ideal mono-atomic gas in which its entropy depends an absolute temperature T as S = α/T, where α is a constant. What is the work performed by the eas if its temperature varies from T1 to T2?

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 18

By using combined fonn of first and second law of thermodynamics
dW = TdS - dU
Work performed by the gas

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 19

For a system of non-interacting one-dimension quantum oscillators of angular frequency ω, the value of enthalpy in ther limit per oscillator T → 0, is

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 19

Tlie partition function for a quantum oscillator

In the limit, T → 0 , enthalpyper oscillator

Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 20

Consider an ideal gas of NFemnons inside a 3-D container of volume V. Assume that the dispersion relation ∈ (k) x ∝, the ratio of the ground state energy per particle to the Fermi energy at absolute zero of temperature is

Detailed Solution for Test: Thermo And Statistical - 1 - Question 20

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