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A linear magnetic circuit has flux linkages of 1.2 Wb turns when a current of 10 A flows through its coil. The energy stored in the magnetic field of this coil, in Joules is
The electromagnetic force and/or torque, developed in any physical system, acts in such a direction as to tend to
Singly-and doubly-excited magnetic systems are respectively
In synchronous-motor, dc excitation is given to rotor for flux generation while it’s stator is connected is 3-φ supply. Therefore, it has doubly- excited system . Reluctance motor is an excitation-less motor ie. it has singly-excited magnetic system.
A rotating electromechanical energy conversion device has uniform air-gap. If δ is the space angle between the axis of stator field and rotor field, then the average torque developed is proportional to (a and b are constants)
Average torque developed is
Armature winding is one in which working
In ac rotating machines, the generated or speed emf
In ac rotating machines like synchronous generators/motor/induction motors, working flux (φ) leads generated emf by 900. However, in static device like a transformer working flux (φ) lags the applied voltage by 900.
A 3-phase, 4-pole alternator has 48 stator slots carrying a 3-phase distributed winding. Each coil of the winding is short chorded by one slot pitch. The belt-factor of the winding is given by
m = number of slots/pole /phase
Number of slots /pole = 48/4 = 12
∴ slot-pitch angle,
Consider the following statements about the chorded coils:
1. Chorded coil leads to reduction in harmonics.
2. In chorded coils, coil span may be less or more than 180° electrical.
3. Chorded coils require more conductors material.
4. Chorded coils reduce the magnitude of output voltage.
5. Chorded coils give better generated emf waveform.
6. In chorded coils, coil span is less than 180° electrical.
From these, the correct statements are:
For eliminating 3rd harmonic from the phase emf generated in an alternator, the coil span in terms of full-pitch would be
For eliminating nth harmonic,
∴ Coil span of short-pitched winding
For eliminating 3rd harmonic, coil-span
= 2/3 x Full-pitch
If the dimensions of all the parts of a synchronous generator, and the number of field and armature turns are doubled, then the generated voltage will change by a factor of
Emf induced per phase
( L = Axial length of armature and D = diameter)