Test: Industrial Controllers & Compensators


10 Questions MCQ Test Topicwise Question Bank for Electrical Engineering | Test: Industrial Controllers & Compensators


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Attempt Test: Industrial Controllers & Compensators | 10 questions in 30 minutes | Mock test for Electrical Engineering (EE) preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Topicwise Question Bank for Electrical Engineering for Electrical Engineering (EE) Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

A first order dynamic linear system with a proportional controller exhibits an offset to a unit step input. The offset can be reduced by

Solution:

One of the disadvantage of a proportional controller is that it exhibits a permanent residual error at its operating point known as offset and given by . The offset can be reduced by adding integral mode.

QUESTION: 2

Addition of zeros in a transfer function causes

Solution:

Pole-zero plot for lead and lag compensators are shown below.

Since zero is close to origin in a lead compensator, therefore addition of zero in a transfer function will cause lead compensator.

QUESTION: 3

A phase lead compensation network

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Match List-I (Type of controllers) with List-II (Operation) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
List-I
A. Hydraulic controller
B. Pneumatic controller
C. Electronic controller
List-II
1. Fire and explosion of proof operation
2. Flexible operation
3. High torque, high speed operation 

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements related to compensators used in control system applications:
1. When transient response is satisfactory and steady state characteristics are not satisfactory, normally lag compensation is employed.
2. Phase lag network is used to increase system stability and maintain velocity gain constant.
3. The capacitance is not used to fabricate a lag network.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:

Lag compensator is used to reduce steady-state error, therefore statement-1 is true.
As lag compensator reduces steady state error therefore, statement-2 is false.
Statement-3 is also false because capacitance is used to fabricate a lag network.

QUESTION: 6

The transfer function of a phase-lead controller is given by

Solution:

For lead compensator, zero is near to origin and pole is near to infinity as shown below. So, constant b will be more than unity and time constant T will be greater than zero.

QUESTION: 7

The input to a controller is

Solution:

For any type of controller, the input is always an error signal.

QUESTION: 8

Addition of a pole to the closed-loop transfer function results in

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Which of the following properties is/are not exhibited by a phase lead network?
1. The velocity constant is usually increased.
2. The slope of the magnitude curve is reduced at the gain cross over frequency.
3. The bandwidth is reduced.
4. The response becomes faster.

Solution:

Due to a phase lead network, bandwidth is increased. Hence, option (d) is correct.

QUESTION: 10

Assertion (A): If the phase shift decreases rapidly near the gain cross over frequency, phase lead compensation becomes ineffective.
Reason (R): The additional phase lead at gain crossover frequency is added to a much smaller phase angle than that at the old gain crossover frequency.

Solution:
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