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Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Civil Engineering (CE) MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test GATE Civil Engineering (CE) 2025 Mock Test Series - Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock for Civil Engineering (CE) 2024 is part of GATE Civil Engineering (CE) 2025 Mock Test Series preparation. The Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock questions and answers have been prepared according to the Civil Engineering (CE) exam syllabus.The Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock MCQs are made for Civil Engineering (CE) 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock below.
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Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 1

The length of National Highways as per 3rd 20 year (Lucknow) road plan is given by

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 1

(i) Length of National Highways (NH)
= Area of the country/50
(ii) Length of State Highways (SH)
= Area of the state/25
= 62.5 x number of towns in the state - Area of the state/50
(iii) Length of the Major District Roads (MDR)
= Area of the State/12.5
= 90 x number of towns in the state
(iv) Total length of all categories of roads in a district i.e.
NH + SH + MDR + ODR + VR 
= Area of District x 0.82

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 2

In 1927, Jayakar committee was set up-to examine and report on road development in India, based on which certain institutions were subsequently set up. Which of the following were the direct out come of Jayakar committee recommendations.
1. Indian Road Congress
2. Central Road Fund
3. CRRI
4. National Highway Act

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 2

After the first World War, motor vehicle using the roads increases. Jayakar Committee was thus, formed and recommended-
Road development should be a national interest.
 An extra tax should be levied on petrol from road users to create the road development fund Central Road Fund
To establish a semi-official, technical institution to pool technical knowledge, sharing of ideas to act as an advisory body Indian Road Congress
To create a national level institution to carry research, development works and constitution CRRI (Central Road Research Institute)

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Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 3

Consider
1. Creation of Central Road Fund
2. National Highway Act
3. Formation of Indian Road Congress
4. Creation of Highway Research Board

The correct chronological order of these events is

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 3

Creation of Central Road Fund -1929
National Highway Act -1956
Formation of Indian Road Congress - 1934
Creation of Highway Research Board - 1973

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 4

The semiofficial body set up for controlling and standardization of roads and bridges in India is 

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 4
Indian Road Congress

  • Role: The Indian Road Congress (IRC) is a semiofficial body established for the purpose of controlling and standardizing roads and bridges in India.

  • Functions: The IRC plays a crucial role in formulating and implementing standards for road construction, maintenance, and safety.

  • Guidelines: It provides guidelines and recommendations for the design, construction, and maintenance of roads and bridges to ensure quality and safety standards are met.

  • Research and Development: The IRC also promotes research and development in the field of road engineering to keep pace with technological advancements.

  • Training: It conducts training programs and workshops for engineers and professionals in the road construction industry to enhance their skills and knowledge.

  • Consultation: The IRC acts as a consultative body for the government and other stakeholders in matters related to road infrastructure development.

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 5

Nagpur road plan has recommended the use of road pattern type of

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 5
Explanation:

  • Nagpur road plan: The road plan in Nagpur has recommended the use of a specific road pattern type.

  • Recommended pattern: The recommended pattern is the star and grid pattern.

  • Reasoning: This pattern allows for efficient traffic flow and organization of roads in a structured grid-like format.

  • Benefits: The star and grid pattern helps in reducing congestion, improving navigation, and overall enhancing the transportation system in Nagpur.

  • Implementation: By following this road pattern type, Nagpur can ensure a more systematic and organized layout for its road network.

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 6

Select the correct statement.

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 6
Explanation:

  • Nagpur road plan formulae take into account the towns with very large population: This statement is incorrect as the Nagpur road plan formulae do not specifically target towns with very large populations. The plan focuses on developing road infrastructure in a systematic and efficient manner.

  • Nagpur road plan has a target road length of 32 km per 100 square km: This statement is incorrect as the target road length in the Nagpur road plan is not specified as 32 km per 100 square km. The plan aims to improve connectivity and accessibility through strategic road development.

  • Second 20 year plan has provided 1600 km of expressways out of the proposed National highway: This statement is correct. The Second 20-year plan includes the development of 1600 km of expressways as part of the proposed National highway network. This initiative aims to enhance transportation efficiency and connectivity.

  • Second 20 year plan allowed deduction of length of railway track in the area while calculating the length of roads: This statement is incorrect. The Second 20-year plan does not deduct the length of railway tracks in the area while calculating the length of roads. The plan focuses on expanding road infrastructure to meet the growing demands of the region.

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 7

A train is hauled by 2-8-2 locomotive with 22.5 tonnes load on each driving axle. Assuming the coefficient of rail-wheel friction to be 0.25, what would be the hauling capacity of the locomotive?

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 7

2-8-2 means 2 boggie carriers, 8 central or driving or coupled wheels and 2 rear or trailing wheels.
Thus, number of axles 

Number of driving axles = 8/4 =4
Hauling capacity = (0.25 x 4 x 22.5 = 22.5)

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 8

The load on each axle of a locomotive is 22 tonnes. If the coefficient of friction is 0.2 then the hauling capacity due to 3 pairs of driving wheels will be

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 8

Hauling capacity = 0.2 x 22 x 3 = 13.2t

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 9

A locomotive has four pairs of driving wheels carrying an axle load of 24 x 104 N. The maximum load that can be pulled if the coefficient of friction is 1/6, is

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 9

Maximum load pulled

Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 10

In India, in station yards a minimum gradient of 1 in 1000 is provided for

Detailed Solution for Test: Highway Development & Planning & Train Resistance & Rolling Stock - Question 10
Explanation:

  • Station Yards in India: Station yards are the areas in railway stations where trains are parked, assembled, and disassembled.

  • Minimum Gradient of 1 in 1000: This means that for every 1000 units of horizontal distance, there is a vertical rise of 1 unit.

  • Purpose of Minimum Gradient: The minimum gradient of 1 in 1000 is provided in station yards for specific reasons.


Reasons for Providing Minimum Gradient:

  • Avoiding Movement of Standing Wagons: The gradient helps in preventing the movement of standing wagons due to heavy wind blows. The slight slope ensures that the wagons stay in place.

  • Easy Starting of Trains: The gradient makes it easier for trains to start moving as less extra pull is required for such gradients. It reduces the strain on locomotives.

  • Easy Stopping of Trains: The gradient also aids in the easy stopping of trains running at high speeds. It allows for smoother braking and reduces wear and tear on brake systems.

  • Easy Draining of Water: Another reason for providing the minimum gradient is to facilitate the easy draining of water in station yards. The slope helps in directing water flow away from the tracks and yard area.


Conclusion:

  • Overall, the minimum gradient of 1 in 1000 in station yards in India serves multiple purposes such as preventing wagon movement, aiding in train operations, facilitating water drainage, and ensuring safety and efficiency in railway operations.

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