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# Test: Principle Of Effective Stress, Capillarity & Permeability - 1

## 10 Questions MCQ Test Topicwise Question Bank for GATE Civil Engineering | Test: Principle Of Effective Stress, Capillarity & Permeability - 1

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QUESTION: 1

### In a falling head permeability test on a soil, the time taken for the head to fall from h0 to h1 is t. The test is repeated with same initial head h0, the final head h' is noted in time t/2. Which one of the following equations gives the relation between h', h0 and h1?

Solution:

In falling head permeability test,  QUESTION: 2

### Approximate ratios of the permeabilities of two clean soils having D10 = 0,6 mm and D10 = 0.3 mm respectively is

Solution:

Ratio of permeabilities of the two soils is given by, QUESTION: 3

### Which one of the following expressions represents the shear strength of soil at point X? Angle of shear resistance of soil is ϕ and symbols γw' γsat' γsub' γdry stand for unit weights of water, saturated soil, submerged soil and dry soil respectively. Solution:

As the free water surface on both sides is same so there is no flow occurring through soil. Thus effective stress at X,
σ' = γwH1 + γsatH - γw(H + H1) = γsubH
∴ Shear strength, τ = σ' tanϕ = γsub H tan ϕ

QUESTION: 4

A stratified soil deposit has three layers of thicknesses: z1 = 4, z2 - 1, z3 = 2 units and the corresponding permeabilities of k1 = 2, k2 = 1 and k3 = 4 units, respectively. The average permeability perpendicular to the bedding planes will be

Solution: QUESTION: 5

In the case of stratified soil layers, the best equation that can be adopted for computing the pressure distribution is

Solution:

Westergaard’s equation is applicable for non-isotropic condition commonly encountered in sedimentary stratified deposits.

QUESTION: 6

The permeability of a soil sample varies (Where d = grain size)

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

In the situation shown in the given figure, the coefficient of permeability of the soil is 10-3cm/s. The discharge in one minute will be Solution:

Discharge = Permeability x Area x Head/ Length = 10-3 x 100 x (1/2) = 1/20 cm3/s
Therefore, volume flown in 1 minute = 60 seconds
= 60/20 cm3  = 3 cm3 = 3ml

QUESTION: 8

Effective stress in a soil is the stress carried by the

Solution:

Effective stress is a function of the particle contact force.
Pore water pressure acts uniformly on all sides of the particle and does not cause the soil particles to press against each other.

QUESTION: 9

The coefficient of permeability increases when

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

Which of the following methods is best suited for the determination of permeability of coarse grained soils?

Solution:

Coarse Grained Soil- Constant Head Method
Fine Grained Soil- Falling Head Method