Test: Vocabulary


20 Questions MCQ Test Topic-wise Past Year Questions for CAT | Test: Vocabulary


Description
This mock test of Test: Vocabulary for CAT helps you for every CAT entrance exam. This contains 20 Multiple Choice Questions for CAT Test: Vocabulary (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Test: Vocabulary quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. CAT students definitely take this Test: Vocabulary exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Test: Vocabulary extra questions, long questions & short questions for CAT on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Directions for Questions : In each question, there are five sentences. Each sentence has pairs of words/phrases that are italicized and highlighted. From the italicized and highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase (s) to from correct sentences.

Then, from the options given, choose the best one.
(i) The municipal councilor (A) / counselor (B) promised to improve civic amenities in the suburbs.
(ii) Jean’s adopted (A) / adoptive (B) patents dote on her and cater to her every whim.
(iii) The venal (A) / venial (B) official was caught red – handed accepting bribe.
(iv) We have now shifted our residence farther (A) / further (B) away from the main city.
(v) She claims to be of aristocratic dissent (A) / descent (B).

(2016)

Solution:

The word 'counselor' means a person who provides advice.
'Councilor' means a member of a council.
'Adopted' means legally take another's child and bring it up as one's own.
'Adoptive' means of a child or parent in that relationship by adoption.
'Venal' means showing or motivated by susceptibility to bribery; corrupt.
'Venial' means of a fault or offence slight and pardonable
'Further' is used for metaphorical or figurative distance.
'Farther' is used for physical distance.
So the correct answer is Option (d). ABAAB

QUESTION: 2

Directions for Questions : In each question, there are five sentences. Each sentence has pairs of words/phrases that are italicized and highlighted. From the italicized and highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase (s) to from correct sentences.

Then, from the options given, choose the best one.
(i) While evacuating people from the flood ravaged areas precedence (A) / precedent (B) was given to women and children.
(ii) The best was to reach the summit is by trekking up the hill, alternately (A) / alternatively (B) you can go on horse back
(iii) His impeccable manners perfectly complimented (A) / complemented (B) his polished looks and fashionable attire.
(iv) There has been a noticeable (A) / notable (B) improvement in Tarun’s academic performance lately.
(v) You must be discreet (A) / discrete (B) about your plans

(2016)

Solution:

'Precedence' means the condition of being considered more important than someone or something else; priority in importance.
'Precedent' means an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar consequences.
'Alternately' means set up or following by turns, one after the other. 'Alternatively' refers to or implies a choice between two things.
'Noticeable' is worthy of note; significant
'Notable' is useful or profitable. "Discrete' means individually separate and distinct.
'Discreet' means careful and prudent in one's speech or actions.
So the right answer is Option (d). ABBAA

QUESTION: 3

Directions for Questions: In each of the following questions, the word at the top is used in four different ways. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE.

Q. PULL

(2016)

Solution:

In Statement 1, the word 'pull' implies to take something out of or away from a place, especially using physical effort.
In Statement 3, the word 'pull' implies to attract a person or people.
In Statement 4, the word 'pull' implies to remove or stop something because it is found to be offensive or not accurate.
The correct answer is Statement 2, as the usage of word 'pull' here is inappropriate. Since 'pull away' implies to physically move away; however the statement implies metaphorical moving away.

QUESTION: 4

Directions for Questions: In each of the following questions, the word at the top is used in four different ways. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE.

Q. SHADE

(2016)

Solution:

Statement 1 is correct, the word 'shade' here implies a colour, especially with regard to how light or dark it is or as distinguished from one nearly like it.
Statement 2 is also correct; the word 'shady' here implies something/someone of doubtful honesty or legality.
Statement 3 is also correct; the word 'shade' here implies the comparative darkness and coolness caused by shelter from direct sunlight.
The correct answer is Statement 4 as the word 'shade' here is incorrect as 'fear' is an emotion/feeling, that does not have a shade.

QUESTION: 5

Directions for Questions: Given below are five sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words that are italicized. From the italicized words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate option.

I. It would not be wrong to say that the politicians today are leeches (A) / leaches (B) feeding off the hard-working majority.
II. He had been gulled (A) / culled (B) into believing that the documents were authentic
III. The sole of the shoe should be designed in a manner such that it can take constant abrasion (A) / aberration (B).
IV. He attenuated (A) / accentuated (B) the eccentricity of the already freakish costume by adopting theatrical attitudes and an air of satisfied negligence.
V. She is the object of his unabashed amorphous (A) / amorous (B) intentions.

(2014)

Solution:

Leech refers to bloodsucking parasites that feed on others while leach means to drain away from soil, ash, or similar material. Gulled means fooled while culled means slaughtered. Abrasion means process of wearing down by friction and aberration means deviation or abnormality. To attenuate means to lessen the intensity of something and to accentuate means to intensify or emphasize. Amorphous means shapeless while amorous means passionate and lustful. The correct answer is AAABB. So option (c) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 6

Directions for Questions: Given below are five sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words that are italicized. From the italicized words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate option.

I. The animal approached us bellowing (A) / billowing (B) and pawing the ground with the strength of many earthly bulls.
II. I have seen this whole body of soldiers, upon a word of command, draw their swords at once, and brandish (A) / blandish
(B) them in the air.
III. I am surprised that plaintiffs’ hyperbolic allegations and inflated damage claims are given any credence (A) / cadence (B).
IV. A number of the species are edible, while others have been recorded as deleterious (A) / delirious (B).
V. From the top of the hill I decried (A) / descried (B) a solitary rider.

(2014)

Solution:

Bellow means to roar or shout while billow means to puff, swell or fill with something. Blandish means to coax someone with kind words and brandish means to exhibit something aggressively. Credence means belief in something and cadence means rhythm or beat.
Delirious means to be in a disturbed state of mind while deleterious means harmful. To decry means to denounce or criticize someone while descry means to catch sight of something. The correct answer is AAAAB. So option (d) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 7

Directions for Questions: Given below are five sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words that are italicized. From the italicized words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate option.

I. A survey of the history of Christianity tells a disturbing tale, one wherein diffident (A) / dissident (B) cries for reform
resulted in dangerous accusation of heresy and witchcraft.
II. Certainly the Arabs have no interest in seeing another war conflagrate (A) / conflate (B) in the Gulf region.
III. The government operates according to its own rules, bringing enormous benefits to the chosen few, and suffering and
immiseration (A) / commiseration (B) to millions.
IV. If the minority in such case cedes (A) / secedes (B) rather than acquiesces, it will make a precedent which in turn will divide
and ruin them.
V. The full moon beams like a beckon (A) / beacon (B) in the clear sky.

(2014)

Solution:

Diffident means lack in g self-confidence while dissident means a rebel or a non-conformist.
Conflagrate means to inflame or incite and conflate means to mix different types of elements together.
Immiseration means economic impoverishment and commiseration means pity or sympathy. Secede means to withdraw or disaffiliate from an organization while cede means to yield or surrender. Beacon means a shining example or a guiding light while beckon refers to a gesture to summon someone. The correct answer is BAABB. So option (b) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 8

Directions for Questions: The word given below has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

The word given below has been used in the given sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

NECK

Solution:

To stick one's neck out means to take a risk. If someone is described as a pain in the neck, it means he/she is an annoyance. If something is an albatross around your neck, it's something that keeps causing you problems.
The correct idiom in option (d) should be 'neck and neck' which is used if two persons are competing very closely. So option (d) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 9

Directions for Questions: The word given below has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

The word given below has been used in the given sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

EYES

(2014)

Solution:

A bird's eye view means a view from a very high place which allows one to see a large area. Roving eye refers to people who are sexually attracted to persons other than their partner. The idiom 'stars in one's eyes' means to be dazzled or enraptured. Option (a) is incorrect as the correct phrase is 'to cry one's eyes out' not 'to cry one's eyes after'. So option (a) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 10

Directions for Questions: Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

There are two gaps in the sentence/paragraph given below. From the pairs of words given, choose the one that fills the gaps most appropriately.

However, the adults in the audience may find even these _____ effects a relief, given the overwhelming _____ of most of the film.

(2014)

Solution:

Gauche means unsophisticated or socially awkward and blandness means the quality of being boring, plain or insipid. So option (b) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 11

Directions for Questions: Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

There are two gaps in the sentence/paragraph given below. From the pairs of words given, choose the one that fills the gaps most appropriately.

Despite the ______ that has characterized much of Vietnamese history, a nationalist _______ has remained in the form of anticolonization and anti imperialism.

(2014)

Solution:

Divisiveness means creating dissension or discord and nationalist refers to a common thread or a binding force.
So option (a) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 12

Directions for Questions: Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

There are two gaps in the sentence/paragraph given below. From the pairs of words given, choose the one that fills the gaps most appropriately.

For Septimius Severus stood as a ___________ reminder of what Libya had once been: a Mediterranean region of immense cultural and economic wealth, anything but ___________ from the world beyond the sea.

(2013)

Solution:

Options (a), (c) and (d) do not fit in the given context and are incorrect. Since the sentence mentions a yearning for the glorious past, the word 'wistful', as given in option (b), which means 'full of yearning or desire tinged with melancholy' fits in the blank and makes it meaningful. So option (b) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 13

Directions for Questions: Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

There are two gaps in the sentence/paragraph given below. From the pairs of words given, choose the one that fills the gaps most appropriately.

It’s the vulnerability of the political father-figure, played strategically to bring out something deeper from the ___________ than civil obedience, something more like ___________ love.

(2013)

Solution:

A quick review of question indicates that the first blank should be filled with a word similar to society or the population. Similarly, in the second blank, an adjective for the word 'love' is needed. Option (b) is incorrect because 'irrevocable' means irreversible which doesn't fit in the sentence. Option (c) is also incorrect because 'unrequited' means unreturned which does not logically fit in the sentence. Option (d) is incorrect because 'civil obedience' cannot be demanded from the opposition. The words given in option (a) fit perfectly in the blanks; 'populace', meaning the ordinary people of a country, fits in the first blank and 'unquestioning' goes well with obedience. So option (a) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 14

Directions for Questions: Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

There are two blanks in the following sentence. From the pair of words given, choose the one that fills the blanks most appropriately. The first word in the pair should fill the first blank.

Even those who do not _________ Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas ___________ him as a champion who has daringly refused give up his convictions.

(2012)

Solution:

Except option (b) all oth er options contradict t he thought contained in the given sentence. Option (b) keeps the thought intact that Mahatma Gandhi was respected for his convictions even by his critics. So option (b) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 15

Directions for Question: The word given below has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

(2012)

The word given below has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

NOTE

Solution:

In option (a) use of the word 'note' is correct. In the given context 'note' refers to explanation/s that the author has provided for reference of the readers. In option (b) the word 'note' has been used to refer a person who is distinguished or famous. In option (d) the word 'note' has been used correctly. The word 'note' is used in this context to refer to grief, condolence or similar emotional qualities. In option (c) there is incorrect use of the word 'note'. The word has been incorrectly used in the expression 'rings a note' in place of the idiom 'rings a bell'. The idiom 'rings a bell' is used to refer to something which evokes memory or recollection. So option (c) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 16

Directions for Question : The word given below has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

(2012)

The word given below is used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

HIT

Solution:

In option (a) use of the word 'hit' is correct. The phrase 'hits off' means to be friendly with each other immediately. Option (b) is also correct; 'hit the front page' means to be published in front page of a newspaper or magazine. Option (d) is correct; 'hit out' means to make a violent verbal attack.  Option (c) is incorrect; it has wrong use of the idiom 'hit the high spots' which means visiting the most exciting places in a town. So option (c) is the correct answer.

QUESTION: 17

Directions for Questions : Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

He later said that his organization was in _____ discussion with the Indian govermment and he remains optimistic that a positive outcome can be achieved but_____ it will not alter the security architecture of its corporate offering.

(2011)

Solution:

‘Constructive’ means promoting further development or advancement. ‘Advanced’ means further along in progress. Though ‘preliminary’ and ‘advanced’ can be used to describe discussions, they do not fit in the context as the rest of the sentence says that “he remains optimistic that a positive outcome can be achieved”. ‘Reassert’ means to state with assureance or state strongly. The answer is option (b).

QUESTION: 18

Directions for Questions : Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

At the moment, security agencies are getting_____ printouts of chat messages within four to five hours of their requirements with RIM, a home ministry source said, adding that once it gets_____ access, it could track chat messages on a real-time basis.

(2011)

Solution:

‘Exhaustive’ means compreshensive. ‘Secure’ and ‘complete’ do not fit in the context of taking printouts. ‘Manual’ means involving or using human effort and this fits in the context of a contrast with tracking messages on a real-time basis. The answer is option (d).

QUESTION: 19

Directions for Questions : Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

The day dies slowly,___________. It’s reluctant to go and drags out the farewell, like an elemental orchestra returning with just one more_______, one final flourish, and then another, and then just one more.

(2011)

Solution:

‘langour ously’ an d ‘quietl y’ would be th e on ly appropriate words for the first blank. The second blank can effectively help at arriving at the answer option as ‘abyss’ would be inappropriate. ‘refrain’ which means ‘a regularly occurring melody or chorus of a song’ would be more appropriate.

QUESTION: 20

Directions for Questions : Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choice to fill in the blank(s).

We can stand in awe of the pyramids while understanding the slave labour and misery that comprised their construction. Similarly, amid the politics and pain that engulf and sometimes threaten to _________professional sport, there is also a/an ________ that can take your breath away.

(2011)

Solution:

It is important to understand the comparison in the two sentences. In the first sentence we are in awe of the pyramids despite being aware of the misery that accompanied their construction. Therefore in the first blank we need a negative word, whereas for the second blank we would need a positive word. ‘smother’ and ‘art’ fit best.