Test: Agriculture In The National Economy (2019 - 2014)


10 Questions MCQ Test UPSC Topic Wise Previous Year Questions | Test: Agriculture In The National Economy (2019 - 2014)


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QUESTION: 1

The economic cost of food grains to the Food Corporation Of India is Minimum Support Price and bonus (if any) paid to the farmers plus

[2019]

Solution:
  • Economic Cost of foodgrains consists of three components: Pooled cost of grains, which is the weighted MSP of the stock of foodgrains available with FCI, procurement incidentals, cost of distribution
  • Thus answer is (c).
QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements:
1. Most of India’s external debt is owed by government entities.
2. All of India’s external debt is denominated in US dollars.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[2019]

Solution:
  • Majority of the external debt is by the private sector’s external commercial borrowing (ECB). So #1 is wrong.
  • Second statement is extreme worded hyperbole so it’s wrong. But just to crosscheck: Page 154 of 154 Economic Survey 2016-17: US dollar denominated debt accounted for 55.6 per cent of India’s total external debt at end- September 2016, followed by Indian rupee (30.1 per cent), SDR (5.8 per cent), Japanese Yen (4.8 per cent) Pound Sterling (0.7 per cent), Euro (2.4 per cent) and others (0.6 per cent).
QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements:
1. According to the Indian Patents Act, a biological process to create a seed can be patented in India.
2. In India, th ere is no Intellectual Proper ty Appellate Board.
3. Plant Varieties are not eligible to the patented in India.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

[2019]

Solution:
  • National IPR Policy 2016 shifted the Copyright Office and its statutory body Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB) from HRD ministry to commerce ministry.
  • India Patent Act : Chapter 2: Inventions not patentable: Bullet (j): plants and animals in whole or any part thereof, including seeds, varieties and species. So, #1 is wrong, #3 is right, answer is C.
QUESTION: 4

Which one the following group of a plant domesticated in the new world and introduced into the old world?

[2019]

Solution:

Encyclopedia Britannica: In the 15th and 16th centuries, during the Columbian Exchange: numerous plants, animals, and microbes from old world (Europe, Asia, and Africa) were introduced to the new world (Americas) and vice versa. From the image given in the link, it’s evident that Cocoa and Tobacco were introduced from new world to old world so only A fits.

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements: 
1. The Standard Mark of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes.
2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[2017]

Solution:

First is correct as per BIS website. And AGMARK is issued under Indian Act. Besides, it's an 'extreme statement', FAO would not bother with small things.

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following has/have occurred in India after its liberalization of economic policies in 1991?
1. Share of agriculture in GDP increased enormously.
2. Share of India's exports in world trade increased.
3. FDI inflows increased.
4. India's foreign exchange reserves increased enormously.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[2017]

Solution:

From the statistical appendix given in the economic survey 2015-16 the answer is "B". While it's possible that in some years, FDI and world share in exports would have declined than previous years because of global financial crisis, but by and large compared to Pre-LPG and Post-LPG, there is definitely an increase.

QUESTION: 7

With reference to ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana’, consider the following statements:
1. Under this scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two percent for any crop they cultivate in any season of the year.
2. This scheme covers post-harvest losses arising out of cyclones and unseasonal rains.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[2016]

Solution:

(i) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana will also seek to address a long standing demand of farmers and provide farm level assessment for localised calamities including hailstorms, unseasonal rains, landslides and inundation.
(ii) Post-harvest loss is included so #2 is right. But Under the new scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two per cent for all kharif crops and 1.5 per cent for all rabi crops. For annual commercial and horticultural crops, farmers will have to pay a premium of 5 per cent. So, #1 is wrong. Therefore, answer (b) only 2.

QUESTION: 8

Why does the Government of India promote the use of Neem-coated Urea’ in agriculture?

[2016]

Solution:

(i) Spraying urea with Neem oil slows the release of nitrogen, by about 10 to 15 per cent, concomitantly reducing consumption of the fertiliser. Many research studies in India have conclusively established that Neem oil acts as an effective nitrification inhibitor if coated onto urea.
(ii) Spraying urea with neem oil slows the release of nitrogen, by about 10 to 15 per cent, concomitantly reducing consumption of the fertiliser. Hence B is the closest answer.

QUESTION: 9

Which of the following is/are the advantage /advantages of practising drip irrigation?
1. Reduction in weed
2. Reduction in soil salinity
3. Reduction in soil erosion

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

[2016]

Solution:

As per Tamilnadu Agriculture University: Advantages of drip irrigation system: Water saving and higher yield, High quality and increased fruit size, Suitable for all types of soil, Easy method of fertigation and chemigation, saving in labour, reduces weed formation and soil erosion. Whereas Disadvantage of drip irrigation system: High initial investment, Clogging of emitters, Possible damage of system components due to animals, etc. After the exam, experts were divided between A and C since both soil salinity and soil erosion are reduced depending on various books. But in its official Answer key, UPSC has kept "C" as the answer.

QUESTION: 10

In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the ‘Seed Replacement Rates’ of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future.
But what is/are the constraint/ constraints in its wider/greater implementation?
1. There is no National Seeds Policy in place.
2. There  is no participation of private sector seed companies in the supply of quality seeds of vegetables  and  planting materials of horticultural crops.
3. There is a demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

[2014]

Solution:

We have a National Seed policy made in 2002. So 1 is not a constraint. The private sector produces high-priced seeds but in lower volume. It supplies nearly the entire hybrid seeds required for vegetables. So 2 is not a constraint. In the case of low value and high volume crops such as wheat and rice, farmers tend to use their own preserved seeds as there is demand and supply gap. So 3 is a constraint.

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