Test: English Language (Comprehension) - 1 (2014-2012)


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This mock test of Test: English Language (Comprehension) - 1 (2014-2012) for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 20 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Test: English Language (Comprehension) - 1 (2014-2012) (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Test: English Language (Comprehension) - 1 (2014-2012) quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Test: English Language (Comprehension) - 1 (2014-2012) exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Test: English Language (Comprehension) - 1 (2014-2012) extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Cynthia was a shy girl. She believed that she was plain and untalented. One day her teacher ordered the entire class to show up for audition for the school play. Cynthia nearly died of fright when she was told that she would have to stand on stage in front of the entire class and deliver dialogues. The mere thought of it made her feel sick. But a remarkable transformation occurred during the audition. A thin, shy girl, her knees quaking, her stomach churning in terror, began to stun everyone with her excellent performance. Her bored classmates suddenly stopped their noisy chat to stare at her slender figure on the stage. At the end of her audition, the entire room erupted in thunderous applause.

Q. Cynthia was afraid to stand on stage because

[2014]

Solution:

Cynthia was a shy girl and she believed that she was plain and untalented.

QUESTION: 2

Cynthia was a shy girl. She believed that she was plain and untalented. One day her teacher ordered the entire class to show up for audition for the school play. Cynthia nearly died of fright when she was told that she would have to stand on stage in front of the entire class and deliver dialogues. The mere thought of it made her feel sick. But a remarkable transformation occurred during the audition. A thin, shy girl, her knees quaking, her stomach churning in terror, began to stun everyone with her excellent performance. Her bored classmates suddenly stopped their noisy chat to stare at her slender figure on the stage. At the end of her audition, the entire room erupted in thunderous applause.

Q. Cynthia's classmates were chatting because

[2014]

Solution:

It is because Cynthia's classmates were not interested in the previous performances.

QUESTION: 3

Cynthia was a shy girl. She believed that she was plain and untalented. One day her teacher ordered the entire class to show up for audition for the school play. Cynthia nearly died of fright when she was told that she would have to stand on stage in front of the entire class and deliver dialogues. The mere thought of it made her feel sick. But a remarkable transformation occurred during the audition. A thin, shy girl, her knees quaking, her stomach churning in terror, began to stun everyone with her excellent performance. Her bored classmates suddenly stopped their noisy chat to stare at her slender figure on the stage. At the end of her audition, the entire room erupted in thunderous applause.

Q. Cynthia's knees were quaking because

[2014]

Solution:

As Cynthia did not have confidence in herself and was frightened to perform in front of her class mates. She was trembling. So, her knees were quaking.

QUESTION: 4

Cynthia was a shy girl. She believed that she was plain and untalented. One day her teacher ordered the entire class to show up for audition for the school play. Cynthia nearly died of fright when she was told that she would have to stand on stage in front of the entire class and deliver dialogues. The mere thought of it made her feel sick. But a remarkable transformation occurred during the audition. A thin, shy girl, her knees quaking, her stomach churning in terror, began to stun everyone with her excellent performance. Her bored classmates suddenly stopped their noisy chat to stare at her slender figure on the stage. At the end of her audition, the entire room erupted in thunderous applause.

Q. The transformation that occurred during the audition refers to

[2014]

Solution:

Cynthia 's remarkable performance at tracted everybody's attention and everyone was stunned. After her performance ended, all the people in the room stood up and applauded for Cynthia.

QUESTION: 5

In front of us was walking a bare-headed old man in tattered clothes. He was driving his beasts. They were all laden with heavy loads of clay from the hills and looked tired. The man carried a long whip which perhaps he himself had made. As he walked down the road he stopped now and then to eat the wild berries that grew on bushes along the uneven road. When he threw away the seeds, the bold birds would fly to peck at them. Sometimes a stray dog watched the procession philosophically and then began to bark. When this happened, my two little sons would stand still holding my hands firmly. A dog can sometimes be dangerous indeed.

Q. The author's children held his hands firmly because

[2014]

Solution:

Refer to last sentence of the passage. The two little boys feared the barwing dogs.

QUESTION: 6

In front of us was walking a bare-headed old man in tattered clothes. He was driving his beasts. They were all laden with heavy loads of clay from the hills and looked tired. The man carried a long whip which perhaps he himself had made. As he walked down the road he stopped now and then to eat the wild berries that grew on bushes along the uneven road. When he threw away the seeds, the bold birds would fly to peck at them. Sometimes a stray dog watched the procession philosophically and then began to bark. When this happened, my two little sons would stand still holding my hands firmly. A dog can sometimes be dangerous indeed.

Q. The expression "a stray dog watched the procession philosophically" means that

[2014]

Solution:

The stray dogs looked at the procession cur iously because everytime the old man threw seeds form the berries, the birds would fly to peck them.

QUESTION: 7

A stout old lady was walking with her basket down the middle of a street in Petrograd to the great confusion of the traffic and no small peril to herself. It was pointed out to her that the pavement was the place for foot-passengers, but she replied “I’m going to walk where I like. We’ve got liberty now.” It did not occur to the dear lady that if liberty entitled the foot-passenger to walk down the middle of the road it also entitled the taxi-driver to drive on the pavement, and that the end of such liberty would be universal chaos. Everything would be getting in everybody else’s way and nobody would get anywhere. Individual liberty would have become social anarchy.

Q. It was pointed out to the lady that she should walk on the pavement because she was

[2013]

Solution:

If she did not walk on the pavement, she might face an accident.

QUESTION: 8

A stout old lady was walking with her basket down the middle of a street in Petrograd to the great confusion of the traffic and no small peril to herself. It was pointed out to her that the pavement was the place for foot-passengers, but she replied “I’m going to walk where I like. We’ve got liberty now.” It did not occur to the dear lady that if liberty entitled the foot-passenger to walk down the middle of the road it also entitled the taxi-driver to drive on the pavement, and that the end of such liberty would be universal chaos. Everything would be getting in everybody else’s way and nobody would get anywhere. Individual liberty would have become social anarchy.

Q. The lady refused to move from the middle of the street because

[2013]

Solution:

She felt so because  she was arrogant and newly achieved liberty had gone into her head in a wrong way.

QUESTION: 9

A stout old lady was walking with her basket down the middle of a street in Petrograd to the great confusion of the traffic and no small peril to herself. It was pointed out to her that the pavement was the place for foot-passengers, but she replied “I’m going to walk where I like. We’ve got liberty now.” It did not occur to the dear lady that if liberty entitled the foot-passenger to walk down the middle of the road it also entitled the taxi-driver to drive on the pavement, and that the end of such liberty would be universal chaos. Everything would be getting in everybody else’s way and nobody would get anywhere. Individual liberty would have become social anarchy.

Q. The old lady failed to realise that

[2013]

Solution:

The old lady failed to realise that the liberty given to her did not entitle her to walk on the roads as they were meant for motor vehicles only.

QUESTION: 10

It was already late when we set out for the next town, which according to the map was about fifteen kilometers away on the other side of the hills. There we felt that we would find a bed for the night. Darkness fell soon after we left the village, but luckily we met no one as we drove swiftly along the narrow winding road that led to the hills. As we climbed higher, it became colder and rain began to fall, making it difficult at times to see the road. I asked John, my companion, to drive more slowly. After we had travelled for about twenty kilometers, there was still no sign of the town which was marked on the map. We were beginning to get worried. Then without warning, the car stopped and we found we had run out of petrol.

Q. The author asked John to drive more slowly because

[2013]

Solution:

As it was raining. Moreover it was dark so visibility was a problem.

QUESTION: 11

It was already late when we set out for the next town, which according to the map was about fifteen kilometers away on the other side of the hills. There we felt that we would find a bed for the night. Darkness fell soon after we left the village, but luckily we met no one as we drove swiftly along the narrow winding road that led to the hills. As we climbed higher, it became colder and rain began to fall, making it difficult at times to see the road. I asked John, my companion, to drive more slowly. After we had travelled for about twenty kilometers, there was still no sign of the town which was marked on the map. We were beginning to get worried. Then without warning, the car stopped and we found we had run out of petrol.

Q. The travellers set out for the town although it was getting dark because

[2013]

Solution:

They expected to reach the town within a short time as the distance was only 15 km.

QUESTION: 12

It was already late when we set out for the next town, which according to the map was about fifteen kilometers away on the other side of the hills. There we felt that we would find a bed for the night. Darkness fell soon after we left the village, but luckily we met no one as we drove swiftly along the narrow winding road that led to the hills. As we climbed higher, it became colder and rain began to fall, making it difficult at times to see the road. I asked John, my companion, to drive more slowly. After we had travelled for about twenty kilometers, there was still no sign of the town which was marked on the map. We were beginning to get worried. Then without warning, the car stopped and we found we had run out of petrol.

Q. The travellers were worried after twenty kilometers because

[2013]

Solution:

They were supposed to reach their destination after a run of 15 km according to the map. After going 20 km and still not finding their destination they became worried as it was dark and rain had began to fall.

QUESTION: 13

Seven-year-old Jim came home from the park without his new bicycle. “An old man and a little boy borrowed it,” he explained. “They are going to bring it back at four o’clock”. His parents were upset that he had given his expensive new bicycle, but were secretly proud of his kindness and faith. Came four o’clock, no bicycle. The parents were anxious. But at 4:30, the door bell rang, and there stood a happy man and a boy, with the bicycle and a box of chocolates. Jim suddenly disappeared into his bedroom, and then came running out. “All right,” he said, after examining the bicycle. “You can have your watch back!”

Q. When Jim came home without his bicycle his parents

[2013]

Solution:

His parents were worried because the cycle was new and expensive.

QUESTION: 14

Seven-year-old Jim came home from the park without his new bicycle. “An old man and a little boy borrowed it,” he explained. “They are going to bring it back at four o’clock”. His parents were upset that he had given his expensive new bicycle, but were secretly proud of his kindness and faith. Came four o’clock, no bicycle. The parents were anxious. But at 4:30, the door bell rang, and there stood a happy man and a boy, with the bicycle and a box of chocolates. Jim suddenly disappeared into his bedroom, and then came running out. “All right,” he said, after examining the bicycle. “You can have your watch back!”

Q. Jim returned the watch to the old man and the little boy because

[2013]

Solution:

Jim has kept the watch from the old man and the little boy as a security for his new bicycle.

QUESTION: 15

A local man, staying on the top floor of an old wooden house, was awakened at midnight by a fire. Losing his way in a smoke-filled passage, he missed the stairway and went into another room. He picked up a bundle to protect his face from the fire and immediately fell through the floor below where he managed to escape through a clear doorway. The ‘‘bundle’’ proved to be the baby of the Mayor's wife. The ‘‘hero’’ was congratulated by all.

Q. The man went into another room because

[2012]

Solution:

The man went into another room because the passage was full of smoke. It was an old wooden house. There was a fire at midnight. The man who was staying on the top floor of the house was caught unawares. He stumbled out into the smoke filled passage and lost his way. So the root cause of his going into another room was the smoke filled passage.
All the other three options (a), (c) and (d) are automatically cancelled in the height of the above context.

QUESTION: 16

A local man, staying on the top floor of an old wooden house, was awakened at midnight by a fire. Losing his way in a smoke-filled passage, he missed the stairway and went into another room. He picked up a bundle to protect his face from the fire and immediately fell through the floor below where he managed to escape through a clear doorway. The ‘‘bundle’’ proved to be the baby of the Mayor's wife. The ‘‘hero’’ was congratulated by all.

Q. The man was called a hero because he

[2012]

Solution:

The man was called a hero because he saved a life.
(a) In the context of the passage he saved the life of a baby accidentally. So there is no question of his expressing his willingness to risk his life for others.
(b) He did escape from the fire but that is no reason why he should be called a hero.
(c) He just kept stumbling and falling from one spot to another; this does not call for courage.

QUESTION: 17

We started pitching the highest camp that has ever been made. Everything took five times as long as it would have taken in a place where there was enough air to breathe; but at last we got the tent up, and when we crawled in, it was not too bad. There was only a light wind, and inside it was not too cold for us to take off our gloves. At night most climbers take off their boots; but I prefer to keep them on. Hillary, on the other hand, took his off and laid them next to his sleeping bag.

Q. What does the expression “pitching the highest camp” imply?

[2012]

Solution:

The implication here is that even if anybody else had climbed this far earlier. They had not pitched any camp.
(a) There is no reference to the building of any camp in this option.
(c) It is implied that no camp had been built so high.
(d) There is no mention of the manpower required to pitch the camp in the paragraph.

QUESTION: 18

We started pitching the highest camp that has ever been made. Everything took five times as long as it would have taken in a place where there was enough air to breathe; but at last we got the tent up, and when we crawled in, it was not too bad. There was only a light wind, and inside it was not too cold for us to take off our gloves. At night most climbers take off their boots; but I prefer to keep them on. Hillary, on the other hand, took his off and laid them next to his sleeping bag.

Q. They took a long time to finish the work because

[2012]

Solution:

They took a long time to finish the work because there was not enough air to breathe at such a high altitude.
All the other three options (a), (c) and (d) are true, but they are not clearly stated in the passage as in the case of option (b).

QUESTION: 19

We started pitching the highest camp that has ever been made. Everything took five times as long as it would have taken in a place where there was enough air to breathe; but at last we got the tent up, and when we crawled in, it was not too bad. There was only a light wind, and inside it was not too cold for us to take off our gloves. At night most climbers take off their boots; but I prefer to keep them on. Hillary, on the other hand, took his off and laid them next to his sleeping bag.

Q. When they crawled into the tent

[2012]

Solution:

(a) When they crawled in the tent they took off their gloves since it was not very cold.
(b) The narrator says that is was not very cold at such a high altitude. So this option is ruled out.
(c) The same argument as in (b) holds true.
(d) The narrator says they took of their gloves. So, this option is not correct.

QUESTION: 20

For fourteen and a half months I lived in my little cell or room in the Dehradun jail, and I began to feel as if I was almost a part of it. I was familiar with every bit of it, I knew every mark and dent on the whitewashed walls and on the uneven floor and the ceiling with its moth-eaten rafters. In the little yard outside I greeted little tufts of grass and odd bits of stone as old friends. I was not alone in my cell, for several colonies of wasp and hornets lived there, and many lizards found a home behind the rafters, emerging in the evenings in search of prey.

Q. Which of the following explains best the sentence in the passage “I was almost a part of it”?

[2012]

Solution:

When the narrator says that he was “almost a part of it” he means that he was familiar with every corner of the cell.
(a) It is true that he was not alone in the cell; there were lots of insects to keep him company. But this is not the meaning conveyed by the quoted text.
The same goes for options (c) and (d).