Nitin Singhania Test: UNESCO's List Of Tangible World Heritage Sites In India


10 Questions MCQ Test Nitin Singhania: Indian Art & Culture (Summary & Tests) | Nitin Singhania Test: UNESCO's List Of Tangible World Heritage Sites In India


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Attempt Nitin Singhania Test: UNESCO's List Of Tangible World Heritage Sites In India | 10 questions in 12 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Nitin Singhania: Indian Art & Culture (Summary & Tests) for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property, it's prohibited:

1. To commit any act of hostility directed against the historic monuments, works of art or places of worship which constitute the cultural or spiritual heritage of people

2. To use such objects in support of the military effort

3. To make such objects the object of reprisal

Solution:
  • Article 53 of Geneva Convention treaty promulgates PROTECTION OF CULTURAL OBJECTS AND PLACES OF WORSHIP: Without prejudice to the provisions of the 'Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict of 14 May 1954' and other relevant international instruments, it is prohibited: To commit any act of hostility directed against the historic monuments, works of art or places of worship which constitute the cultural or spiritual heritage of people; To use such objects in support of the military effort; To make such objects the object of reprisal.

QUESTION: 2

Konark Sun Temple is located in:

Solution: Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century CE Sun Temple at Konark about 36 kilometres (22 mi) northeast from Puri on the coastline of Odisha, India. The temple is attributed to king Narasinga Deva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty about 1250 CE.

QUESTION: 3

Elephanta Caves is located in:

Solution:
  • Elephanta Caves are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a collection of cave temples predominantly dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.

  • They are on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally "the city of caves"), in Mumbai Harbour, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of Mumbai in the Indian state of Mahārāshtra.

  • About 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) west of the Jawaharlal Nehru Port, consists of five Hindu caves and a few Buddhist stupa mounds that date back to the 2nd century BCE, as well as a small group of two Buddhist caves with water tanks.

QUESTION: 4

Rani ki Vav is located in:

Solution:

Rani ki Vav or Ranki vav is a stepwell situated in the town of Patan in the Gujarat state of India. It is located on the banks of the Saraswati river.

QUESTION: 5

Airavateshvara Temple is located in:

Solution:

Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu temple of Dravidian architecture located in Darasuram, near Kumbakonam, Thanjavur District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

QUESTION: 6

Valley of flowers is located in:

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

What are the benefits of the World Heritage Site Status?

1. Benefits of the World Heritage Site Status Brings international attention to the need to preserve and conserve the site.

2. Brings tourism to the site ensuring economic benefits

3. UNESCO can provide funds for restoration, preservation, and training if required

Choose from the following options.

Solution:

Benefits of the World Heritage Site Status:

  • Brings international attention to the need to preserve and conserve the site.

  • Brings tourism to the site ensuring economic benefits.

  • UNESCO can provide funds for restoration, preservation, and training if required. Promotes close ties with the United Nations system and the prestige and support it provides.

  • Enables access to global project management resources.

  • Facilitates creating partnerships between government, the private sector, and NGOs to achieve conservation goals.

  • The site becomes protected under the Geneva Convention against destruction or misuse during wartime.

QUESTION: 8

Which of the following is the last site to be enlisted as UNESCO Heritage site?

Solution:
  • The Historic City of Ahmadabad or Old Ahmedabad, the walled city of Ahmedabad in India, was founded by Ahmad Shah I of Gujarat Sultanate in 1411. It remained the capital of the Gujarat Sultanate and later important political and commercial centre of Gujarat.

  • Today, despite having become extremely crowded and dilapidated, it still serves as metropolitan Ahmedabad's symbolic heart. It was inscribed as the World Heritage City by UNESCO in July 2017.

QUESTION: 9

Mahabodhi Temple Complex is located in:

Solution:

The Mahabodhi Temple (literally: "Great Awakening Temple"), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an ancient, but much rebuilt and restored, a Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment. Bodh Gaya (in Gaya district) is about 96 km (60 mi) from Patna, Bihar state, India.

QUESTION: 10

Which of the following Historical sites is/are UNESCO heritage sites?: 

1. Sun temple, Konark 

2. Badami, Karnataka 

3. Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra 

Select the correct answer using the code given below

Solution: World Heritage sites in India

Cultural (29)

  • Agra Fort (1983) 

  • Ajanta Caves (1983) 

  • Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar (2016)

  • Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)

  • Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004)

  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004) 

  • Churches and Convents of Goa (1986) 

  • Elephanta Caves (1987) 

  • Ellora Caves (1983) 

  • Fatehpur Sikri (1986) 

  • Great Living Chola Temples (1987,2004) 

  • Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986) 

  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)

  • Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987) 

  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013) 

  • Historic City of Ahmedabad (2017)

  • Humayun's Tomb, Delhi (1993) 

  • Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986) 

  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2002)

  • Mountain Railways of India(l999,2005,2008) 

  • Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993) 

  • Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen's Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat (2014) 

  • Red Fort Complex (2007) 

  • Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) 

  • Sun Temple, Konarak (1984)

  • Taj Mahal (1983) 

  • The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modem Movement (2016) 

  • The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010) 

  • Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai (2018)

Natural (7)

  • Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (2014)

  • Kaziranga National Park (1985)

  • Keoladeo National Park (1985)

  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985)

  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988, 2005) 

  • Sundarbans National Park (1987) 

  • Western Ghats (2012)

Mixed (1)

  • Khangchendzonga National Park (2016)

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