Spectrum Test: Beginning Of Modern Nationalism In India

10 Questions MCQ Test Spectrum for Modern History: Summary & Tests | Spectrum Test: Beginning Of Modern Nationalism In India

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Consider the following statements. 

1. The English language helped Nationalist leaders from different linguistic regions to communicate with each other 

2. The introduction of a modern system of education afforded opportunities for assimilation of modern Western ideas 

3. English educated class provided leadership to the Indian political associations 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

  • The English system of education had been conceived rulers in the self-interest of efficient administration, liberal and radical thought of European writers like Shelley, John Stuart Mill, Rousseau, Paine, Spencer Voltaire helped many Indians imbibe modern rational, secular, democratic and nationalist ideas. 

  • The English language helped nationalist leaders from different linguistic regions to communicate with each other. Those among the educated who took up liberal professions (lawyers, doctors, etc.) often visited England for higher education. 

  • There they saw the working of modern political institutions in a free country and compared that system with the Indian situation where even basic rights were denied to the citizens. 

  • This ever-expanding English educated class formed the middle-class intelligentsia who constituted the nucleus for the newly arising political unrest. It was this section which provided leadership to the Indian political associations.


Consider the following statement about the role of press and literature in the 19th century. 

1. The press never criticised official Policies but urged the people to unite 

2. There was the prolonged growth of Indian owned Vernacular newspapers because of numerous restrictions imposed on the press by the colonial rulers

Which of these statements is/are correct?

  • The second half of the nineteenth century saw an unprecedented growth of Indian-owned English and vernacular newspapers, despite numerous restrictions imposed on the press by the colonial rulers from time to time. 

  • In 1877, there were about 169 newspapers published in vernacular languages, and their circulation reached the neighbourhood of 1,00,000. 

  • On the one hand, the press, while criticising official policies, urged the people to unite, on the other.

  • It also helped spread modern ideas of self-government, democracy, civil rights and industrialisation. 

  • The newspapers, journals, pamphlets, and nationalist literature helped exchange political ideas among nationalist leaders from different regions.


Consider the following statements. 

1. Indian provinces were under direct British rule, and the princely states were under indirect British rule 

2. British impacted political Unity in India 

Which of these statements are not correct?



  • While Indian provinces were under direct' British rule, the princely states were under 'indirect British rule. 


    The British sword imposed political unity in India. 


    princely state, also called a native statefeudatory state or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state[1] under a local or indigenous or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj. Though the history of the princely states of the subcontinent dates from at least the classical period of Indian history, the predominant usage of the term princely state specifically refers to a semi-sovereign principality on the Indian subcontinent during the British Raj that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by a local ruler, subject to a form of indirect rule on some matters. The imprecise doctrine of paramountcy allowed the government of British India to interfere in the internal affairs of princely states individually or collectively[2] and issue edicts that applied to all of India when it deemed it necessary.





Which of the following political associations were formed before the Indian National Congress?

1. British Indian Association 

2. Indian League 

3. Poona Sarvajanik Sabha 

4. Madras Mahajan Sabha 

5. Bombay Presidency Association 

Choose from the following options.


Political Associations Before Indian National Congress: 

  • 1836-Bangabhasha Prakasika Sabha 
  • 1843-Bengal British India Society 
  • 1851--British Indian Association 
  • 1866-East India Association 
  • 1875-Indian League 
  • 1876--Indian Association of Calcutta or Indian National Association 
  • 1867-Poona Sarvajanik Sabha 
  • 1885-Bombay Presidency Association 
  • 1884-Madras Mahajan Sabha

The Indian League was started by

Solution: The Indian League was started in 1875 by Kumar Ghosh to stimulate the sense of nationalism amongst the people and increase political education.


In 1851, Landholders society and the Bengal British India society merged into the

  • The Zamindari Association, more popularly known as the 'Landholders' Society', was founded to safeguard the landlords' interests. 

  • Although limited in its objectives, the Landholders' Society marked the beginning of organised political activity and use of methods of constitutional agitation for the redressal of grievances. 

  • The Bengal British India Society was founded in 1843 with the object of the collection and dissemination of information relating to the actual condition of the people of British India... and to employ such other means of peaceful and lawful character as may appear calculated to secure the welfare, extend the just rights and advance the interests of all classes of our fellow-subjects". 


Madras Mahajan Sabha was founded by

Solution: You have to remember the political associations and their founders. They are super important.


The Ilbert bill is associated with

Solution: The Ilbert bill controversy is associated with Lord Ripon. The Ilbert Bill was a bill introduced in 1883 during the Viceroyship of the Marquess of Ripon, written by Sir Courtenay Peregrine Ilbert. According to this act, Indian judges could try Europeans.


What was the result of British rule in India? 

1. A professional civil service 

2. A unified judiciary 

3. Codified Civil and criminal laws 

4. English education 

Choose from the following options.

  • A professional civil service, a unified judiciary and codified civil and criminal laws throughout the length and breadth of the country imparted a new dimension of political unity to the hitherto cultural unity that had existed in India for centuries. 

  • The necessities of administrative convenience considerations of military defence and the urge for economic penetration and commercial exploitation (all in British interests) were the driving forces behind the planned development of modern means of transport and communication such as railways, roads, electricity and telegraph.


Which among the following were the factors of Indian nationalism? 

1. Worldwide upsurge of the concepts of the nationalism 

2. Indian Renaissance 

3. Strong reaction to the British imperialistic policies in India 

4. Right of self-determination initiated by the French Revolution 

Choose from the following options:

  • The rise and growth of Indian nationalism have been traditionally explained in terms of Indian response to the British Raj stimulus by creating new institutions, new opportunities, resources, etc. 

  • In other words, Indian nationalism grew partly due to colonial policies and partly as a reaction to colonial policies. 

  • In fact, it would be more correct to see Indian nationalism as a product of a mix of various factors: (i) Worldwide upsurge of the concepts of nationalism and right of self-determination initiated by the French Revolution. (ii) Indian Renaissance. (iii) An offshoot of modernisation initiated by the British in India. (iv) Strong reaction to British imperialist policies in India.

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