Spectrum Test: Congress Rule in Provinces


10 Questions MCQ Test Spectrum for Modern History: Summary & Tests | Spectrum Test: Congress Rule in Provinces


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Attempt Spectrum Test: Congress Rule in Provinces | 10 questions in 12 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Spectrum for Modern History: Summary & Tests for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Congress Ministries were formed in 

1. Central provinces 

2. Punjab 

3. Bihar 

4. Bengal

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • It won an absolute majority in 5 provinces viz. Madras, United Provinces, Central provinces, Bihar & Orissa, Bombay, Assam and North-West Frontier Province emerged as the largest political party and formed the governments. 

  • Later Assam and NWFP also came under Congress rule. In Bengal, Punjab and Sind, Congress had no majority.

QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements. 

1. Gandhi advised that these offices should be used in a way not expected or intended by the British

2. Gandhi advised members of Congress not to take these offices in a light way 

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution:  
  • Gandhi advised Congressmen to hold these offices lightly and not tightly. The offices were to be seen as "crowns of thorns' which had been accepted to see if they quickened the pace towards the nationalist goal.

  • Gandhi advised that these offices should be used in a way not expected or intended by the British.

QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements about the work under Congress Ministries. 

1. There was an increase in the prestige of the Congress as it had shown that it could not only lead people but could also use State Power for their benefit 

2. Congress changed the basic imperialistic character of the system

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:  
  • There was great enthusiasm among the people; suppressed mass-energy had got released. 

  • There was an increase in Congress's prestige as it had shown that it could lead people and use State power for their benefit. 

  • But the Congress ministries had some basic limitations: they could not, through their administration, change the basic imperialist character of the system and could not introduce a radical era.

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements about the failures of the Congress Ministries. 

1. There were certain blemishes in the performance of the Congress Ministries regarding civil liberties

2. Pensions of officials associated with the civil disobedience movement was not restored 

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution: The Congress ministries did much to ease curbs on civil liberties: 

• Laws giving emergency powers were repealed. 

• Ban on illegal organizations, such as the Hindustan Seva Dal and Youth Leagues, and certain books and journals was lifted. Press restrictions were lifted. 

• Newspapers were taken out of blacklists. 

• Confiscated arms and arms licences were restored. 

• Police powers were curbed, and the CID stopped shadowing politicians. • Political prisoners and revolutionaries were released, and deportation and internment orders were revoked. 

• In Bombay land confiscated by the government during the Civil Disobedience Movement was restored. 

• Pensions of officials associated with the Civil Disobedience Movement were restored. But there were certain blemishes in the performance of the Congress ministries regarding civil liberties. 

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements about agrarian reforms by congress Ministries. 

1. Congress Ministries had adequate financial resources, but Ministries did not have adequate powers

2. Agricultural labourers did not benefit as they had not to be mobilized 

3. Most of the benefits went to statutory and Occupancy tenants while Sub tenants did not gain much

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution: There were inadequate financial resources for Congress Ministries.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the following statements. 

1. Goodwill was sought to be created between labour and capital with the mediation of ministries, while at the same time efforts were made to improve workers' condition and secure wage increases for them 

2. The ministries treated militant trade union protests as law-and-order problems and acted as mediators as far as possible 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:  
  • The basic approach was to advance workers' interests while promoting industrial peace. 

  • This was sought to be achieved by reducing strikes as far as possible and by advocating compulsory arbitration prior to striking before the established conciliation machinery. 

  • Goodwill was sought to be created between labour and capital with mediation of ministries, while at the same time efforts were made to improve workers' condition and secure wage increases for them. 

  • The ministries treated militant trade union protests as law and order problems and acted as mediators as far as possible. This approach was largely successful but not so in Bombay. Also, leftist critics were not satisfied with this approach. Generally, the ministries took recourse to Section 144 and arrested the leaders.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements. 

1. Conciliation and nebulization of jamidar was no more a before or Congress Ministries after winning the elections

2. There was the constraint of time since the logic of Congress politics was the confrontation and not cooperation with colonialism 

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution: Strategy of class adjustments was another hurdle since zamindars, etc., had to be conciliated and neutralized There was the constraint of time since the logic of Congress politics was a confrontation and not cooperation with colonialism

QUESTION: 8

Consider the following statements.

1. The All-India Muslim League, annoyed with the Congress for not sharing power with them 

2. the committee charged the Congress with interference in the religious rites, suppression of Urdu in favour of Hindi, denial of proper representation and the oppression of Muslims in the economic sphere 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:  
  • Meanwhile, the All-India Muslim League, annoyed with the Congress for not sharing power with them established the Pirpur Committee in 1938 to prepare a detailed report on the atrocities supposedly committed by the Congress ministries. 

  • In its report, the committee charged the Congress with interference in the religious rites, suppression of Urdu in favour of Hindi, denial of proper representation, and Muslims' oppression in the economic sphere.

QUESTION: 9

Consider the following statements. 

1. Congress failed to set up Congress Police stations and panchayats because of inadequate power

2. Congress set up grievances committees presenting mass petitions to the government 

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution:  

Extra-Parliamentary Mass Activity of Congress Such activities include - 

• launching of mass literacy campaigns, 

• setting up of Congress police stations and panchayats, 

• Congress Grievance Committees presenting mass petitions to the government, and 

• states peoples' movements.

QUESTION: 10

Consider the following statements. 

1. Congress was drawn into a closer friendship with Indian capitalists 

2. This resulted in what appeared to be an anti-labour shift in congress attitude 

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution:  
  • The huge Congress victory in the elections had aroused the hopes of the industrial working class; there were increased militancy and industrial unrest in Bombay, Gujarat, the United Provinces and Bengal when the Congress was drawn into a closer friendship with Indian capitalists. 

  • This resulted in what appeared to be an anti-labour shift in Congress attitudes that led to the Bombay Traders Disputes Act in 1938.

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