Spectrum Test: Developments under Nehru's Leadership


10 Questions MCQ Test Spectrum for Modern History: Summary & Tests | Spectrum Test: Developments under Nehru's Leadership


Description
Attempt Spectrum Test: Developments under Nehru's Leadership | 10 questions in 12 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Spectrum for Modern History: Summary & Tests for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Consider the following statements.

1. In the first general elections, the Congress won a majority and formed the government at the Centre headed by Jawaharlal Nehru 

2. Rajendra Prasad was elected president by the electoral college of the first parliament of India 

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution:  
  • In 1952, Congress won a huge majority and formed the government at the Centre headed by Jawaharlal Nehru. Rajendra Prasad was elected president by the electoral college of the first Parliament of India. 

  • Nehru led the Congress to major election victories in 1957 and 1962, though the winning majority was reduced towards the end. Parliament in this period legislated various noteworthy laws that were directed towards social change and equity.

QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements. 

1. At the time of independence, there were eleven major languages in India 

2. In colonial India, English was used as the official language, and Hindi was used as the national language 

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  
  • At the time of Independence, there were eleven major languages in India, each spoken by more than a million people. In colonial India, English was used as the official language but with the attainment of independence, the question arose about having a 'national' or 'official language, replacing English. 

  • Gandhi had recommended using Hindustani as the national language of the country for the sake of national integration. Nehru too acknowledged the potential of Hindustani—not too Sanskritised, not too Persianised-to become the national language. 

  • Overall, the idea of Hindi as a national language was not appreciated by the non-Hindi speaking southern and eastern regions of India.

QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements about the language committee of the constituent assembly. 

1. The Committee decided that the Hindi in Devanagari script was to be the national language, but the transition to Hindi would be gradual 

2. For the first fifteen years, English would continue to be used for all official purposes 

3. Each province could choose one of the regional languages, for official work within the province, which were to be listed in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution 

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  
  • In the wake of serious resistance, the Language Committee of Constituent Assembly came up with a compromise formula. 

  • The Committee decided that the Hindi in the Devanagari script was the 'official language, but the transition to Hindi would be gradual. 

  • For the first fifteen years, English would continue to be used for all official purposes. 

  • Each province could choose one of the regional languages for official work within the province, which were to be listed in the Constitution's Eighth Schedule.

QUESTION: 4

Which of the following statements are correct about the official languages act 1963? 

1. It stated that Hindi was to become the official language in India from 1963 

2. It provided a bilingual solution for any official communication through Hindi and English 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • Parliament further clarified the language issue in 1963 through the Official Languages Act, which stated that Hindi was to become India's official language from 1965. 

  • But as a concession to the non-Hindi speakers, English was accorded 'associate additional official language'.

  • Despite this, among non-Hindi speakers, especially in south India, the resentment against Hindi continued, and in late 1964 and early 1965, violent demonstrations erupted over the language issue. 

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements.

1. The Congress in its 1920's session in Nagpur had made efforts to recognize regional linguistic identities and divided India into 21 linguistic units for its organizational setup

2. Many provincial Congress committees were not set up based on linguistic zones; they often coincide with the administrative divisions of British India 

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  
  • The Congress in its 1920's session in Nagpur had made efforts to recognize regional linguistic identities and divided India into 21 linguistic units for its organizational setup. 

  • Many provincial Congress committees were set up based on linguistic zones, which often did not coincide with the administrative divisions of British India.

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following statements correct the linguistic province's Commission appointed by the constituent assembly in 1948? 

1. It opposed the demands of the linguistic reorganization of the provinces 

2. Consequently the constituent assembly decided to include the linguistic principle in the constitution 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • Due to continuous demands, the Constituent Assembly, in June 1948, appointed the Linguistic Provinces Commission, headed by Justice S.K. Dhar, to enquire into the need of linguistic provinces. 

  • The Dhar Commission, however, opposed such a move in the interest of national integration. Consequently, the Constituent Assembly decided not to include the linguistic principle in the constitution.

QUESTION: 7

Arrange the following events chronologically. 

1. Passing of states reorganization act 

2. Appointment of states reorganization Commission 

3. Creation of Andhra 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:

 

  • The creation of Andhra increased other linguistic groups to intensify their movements. 

  • It was created on "1 October 1953" Appointment of the states reorganization commission in December 1953. In 1956 the states reorganization Act was passed.

 

 

 

QUESTION: 8

Consider the following statements regarding the states reorganization act of 1956. 

1. The Telangana region of Hyderabad state was merged into Andhra 

2. Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of the old Madras Presidency with Travancore-Cochin

3. Bombay state was enlarged further by merging the states of Kutch and Saurashtra and the Marathi-speaking regions of Hyderabad state 

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  
  • In November 1956, the States Reorganisation Act was passed, provided for fourteen states and six centrally administered territories. 

  • However, many of these states still contained sizeable linguistic minorities and regional economic disparities. The Telangana region of Hyderabad state was merged into Andhra, Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of the old Madras Presidency with Travancore- Cochin. 

  • Bombay State was enlarged further by merging Kutch and Saurashtra's states and the Marathi-speaking regions of Hyderabad state. 

  • The Mysore State was enlarged by adding Kannada-speaking areas of adjoining states-Bombay, Madras, Hyderabad and Coorg.

QUESTION: 9

Arrange the events chronologically. 

1. Formation of the Praja Socialist party 

2. Formation of the Swatantra party 

3. Formation of the socialist party 

4. Formation of the Bhartiya Jan Sangh 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • The socialist party was formed in 1934 as Congress socialist party. Bharatiya Jan Sangh was founded on October 21, 1951. 

  • Praja socialist party was founded in September 1952 by merging the Praja socialist party and KMPP. The Swatantra Party was founded in August 1959.

QUESTION: 10

Which of the following are India's foreign policy's basic principles during the Nehruvian Era? 

1. Disapproval of participation in any military alliance either bilaterally or multilaterally 

2. An independent, neutral foreign policy not tied to any of the two contending power blocs 

3. Opposed to the policy of apartheid 

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  

During the Nehruvian era, foreign policy of India: 

(i) Disapproval of participation in any military alliance, either bilaterally or multilaterally. 

(ii) An independent foreign policy not tied to any of the two contending power blocs, though this was not a synonym for a neutral foreign policy. (iii) A policy of friendship with every country, whether of the American bloc of the Soviet bloc. 

(iv) An active anti-colonial policy which supported decolonization in Asian-African-Latin American countries. 

(V) Open support to the policy of anti-apartheid. 

(vi) Promotion of disarmament as the key to World peace.

Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF
Use Coupon Code

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers

Download free EduRev App

Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!