Spectrum Test: Peasant Movements


10 Questions MCQ Test Spectrum for Modern History: Summary & Tests | Spectrum Test: Peasant Movements


Description
Attempt Spectrum Test: Peasant Movements | 10 questions in 12 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Spectrum for Modern History: Summary & Tests for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Which of the following are the factors for the impoverishment of the Indian peasantry? 

1. Colonial economic policies 

2. The new land revenue system 

3. Overcrowding of land 

Choose from the following options.

Solution: The impoverishment of the Indian peasantry was a direct result of the transformation of the agrarian structure due to- 

• colonial economic policies, 

• ruin of the handicrafts leading to overcrowding of land, the new land revenue system, 

• colonial administrative and judicial system

QUESTION: 2

Which of the following statements are correct about Indigo revolt? 

1. Peasants tried to use violent methods and initiated an armed revolution supported by fund collection.

2. Gradually they learnt to go on a rent strike by refusing to pay the enhanced rents 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • The anger of the peasants exploded in 1859 when Digambar Biswas and Bishnu Biswas of Nadia district decided not to grow indigo under duress and resisted the physical pressure of the planters and their lathiyals (retainers)backed by police and the courts. 

  • They also organized a counterforce against the planters' attacks. The planters also tried methods like evictions and enhanced rents. The ryots replied by going on a rent strike by refusing to pay the enhanced rents and by physically resisting the attempts to evict them. 

  • Gradually, they learned to use the legal machinery and initiated legal action supported by fund collection.

QUESTION: 3

Which of the following statements are correct about pabna agrarian leagues? 

1. Having had enough of the oppressive regime, the peasants of Yusufshahi Pargana in Patna district formed an agrarian league or combination to resist the demands of the zamindars 

2. The league organized a rent strike—the ryots refused to pay the enhanced rents, challenging the zamindars in the courts

Solution:  
  • Having had enough of the oppressive regime, the peasants of Yusufshahi Pargana in Patna district formed an agrarian league or combination to resist the zamindars' demands. 

  • The league organized a rent strike—the ryots refused to pay the enhanced rents, challenging the zamindars in the courts. 

  • Funds were raised by ryots to fight the court cases. The struggles spread throughout Patna and to the courts' zamindarsgaRyots raised funds was that of legal resistance; there was very little violence. 

  • Though the peasant discontent continued to linger on till 1885, most of the cases had been solved, partially through official persuasion and partially because of zamindars' fears. Many peasants were able to acquire currency rights and resist enhanced rents.

QUESTION: 4

Which of these statements are correct about Deccan Riots? 

1. Here moneylenders were mostly outsiders - Marwaris or Gujaratis 

2. Modern Nationalist Intelligentsia of Maharashtra opposed the peasants' cause due to the violence

Solution:  
  • In 1874, the growing tension between the moneylenders and the peasants resulted in a social boycott movement organized by the ryots against the "outsider" moneylenders. The ryots refused to buy from their shops. No peasant would cultivate their fields. The barbers, washermen, shoemakers would not serve them.

  • This social boycott spread rapidly to the villages of Poona, Ahmednagar, Solapur and Satara. Soon the social boycott was transformed into agrarian riots with systematic attacks on the moneylenders' houses and shops. 

  • The debt bonds and deeds were seized and publicly burnt. The Government succeeded in repressing the movement. As a conciliatory measure, the Deccan Agriculturists Relief Act was passed in 1879. This time also, the modern nationalist intelligentsia of Maharashtra supported the peasants' cause.

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements about the nature of Peasant movements after 1857 and choose the correct one? 

1. Colonialism was the target of these movements 

2. Territorial reach was limited 

3. There was no continuity of struggle or long term organization

Solution:  

Changed Nature of Peasant Movements after 1857 

• Peasants emerged as the main force in agrarian movements, fighting directly for their own demands. 

• The demands were centred almost wholly on economic issues. 

• The movements were directed against the immediate enemies of the peasant-foreign planters and indigenous zamindars and moneylenders. 

• The struggles were directed towards specific and limited objectives and redressal of particular grievances. 

• Colonialism was not the target of these movements. 

• It was not the objective of these movements to end the subordination or exploitation of the peasants. 

• Territorial reach was limited. 

• There was no continuity of struggle or long-term organization 

• The peasants developed a strong awareness of their legal rights and asserted them in and outside the courts

QUESTION: 6

What were the issues of Peasants in Eka Movement?

1. High rents 

2. Oppression of thikadars in charge of revenue collection 

3. Practice of share rents 

Choose from the following options

Solution: The issues involved were: (i) high rents-50 per cent higher than the recorded rates; (ii) oppression of Thikadars in charge of revenue collection; and (iii) practice of share-rents.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements. 

1. In 1920, the Awadh Kisan Sabha came into existence because of differences in nationalist ranks

2. The Awadh Kisan Sabha asked the kisans to refuse to till bedakhali land, not to offer hari and begar and to boycott panchayats 

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  
  • In October 1920, the Awadh Kisan Sabha came into existence because of differences in nationalist ranks.

  • The Awadh Kisan Sabha asked the kisans to refuse till bedakhali land, not to offer hari and begar (forms of unpaid labour), to boycott those who did not accept these conditions solve their disputes through panchayats. 

  • From the earlier forms of mass meetings and mobilization, the patterns of activity changed rapidly in January 1921 to the looting of bazaars, houses, granaries and clashes with the police.

QUESTION: 8

Which of these statements are correct about Mappila Revolt? 

1. The Mappila tenants were particularly encouraged the demand of the local Congress body for government legislation regulating tenant-landlord relations 

2. Soon, the Mappila movement merged with the ongoing Khilafat agitation 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • The Mappilas were the Muslim tenants inhabiting the Malabar region where most landlords were Hindus Mappilas had expressed their resentment against the landlords' oppression during the nineteenth century. 

  • Their grievances centred around lack of security of tenure, high rents, renewal fees and other oppressive exactions. 

  • The Mappila tenants were particularly encouraged by the local Congress body's demand for government legislation regulating tenant-landlord relations. 

  • Soon, the Mappila movement merged with the ongoing Khilafat agitation. The leaders of the Khilafat-Non-Cooperation Movement like Gandhi, Shaukat Ali and Maulana Azad, addressed Mappila meetings. After the arrest of national leaders, the leadership passed into the hands of local Mappila leaders.

QUESTION: 9

Consider the following statements about Bardoli Satyagraha. 

1. An intelligence wing was set up to make sure all the tenants, followed the movement's resolutions 

2. Those who opposed the movement faced a social boycott 

3. There was less emphasis placed on the mobilization of women 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • Under Patel, the Bardoli peasants resolved to refuse the revised assessment payments until the Government appointed an independent tribunal or accepted the current amount as full payment. 

  • To organize the movement, Patel set up 13 chhavanis or workers' camps in the taluka. Bardoli Satyagraha Patrika was brought out to mobilize public opinion. An intelligence wing was set up to make sure all the tenants followed the movement's resolutions. 

  • Those who opposed the movement faced a social boycott. Special emphasis was placed on the mobilization of women. K.M. Munshi and Lalji Naranji resigned from the Bombay Legislative Council in support of the movement.

QUESTION: 10

Consider the following statements. 

1. The All India Kisan Sabha was founded by Gauri Shankar Mishra and Indra Narayan Dwivedi 

2. The Congress Manifesto for the 1937 provincial elections was strongly influenced by the Awadh Kisan Sabha

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  

The All India Kisan Congress/Sabha: 

  • This sabha was founded in Lucknow in April 1936 with Swami Sahjanand Saraswati as the president and N.G. Ranga as the general secretary.

  • A Kisan manifesto was issued, and a periodical under Indulal Yagnik started. The AIKS and the Congress held their sessions in Faizpur in 1936. 

  • The AIKS agenda strongly influenced the Congress manifesto (especially the agrarian policy) for the 1937 provincial elections.

Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF
Use Coupon Code

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers

Download free EduRev App

Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!

Related tests