Spectrum Test: Simon Commission & the Nehru Report


10 Questions MCQ Test Spectrum for Modern History: Summary & Tests | Spectrum Test: Simon Commission & the Nehru Report


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QUESTION: 1

Consider the following statements.

1. Those who decided to support the Congress call of a boycott of the Simon Commission included the liberals of the Hindu Mahasabha and the the majority faction of the Muslim League under Jinnah.

2. Some others, such as the Unionists in Punjab and the Justice Party in the south, decided not to boycott the commission 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:

 

  • Those who decided to support the Congress call of a boycott of the Simon Commission included the liberals of the Hindu Mahasabha and the majority faction of the Muslim League under Jinnah. 

  • The Muslim league had two sessions in 1927 - one under Jinnah at Calcutta where it was decided to oppose the Simon Commission, and another at Lahore under Muhammad Shafi, who supported the government. 

  • Some others, such as the Unionists in Punjab and the Justice Party in the south, decided not to boycott the commission.

 

 

 

QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements.

1. What angered the Indians most was the exclusion of Indians from the commission and the basic notion behind the exclusion that foreigners would discuss and decide upon India's self-government fitness.

2. This notion was seen as a violation of the principle of self-determination and as a deliberate insult to the self-respect of Indians. 

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution:  
  • The Indian response to the Simon Commission was immediate and nearly unanimous. 

  • What angered the Indians most was the exclusion of Indians from the commission and the basic notion behind the exclusion that foreigners would discuss and decide upon India's self-government fitness. 

  • This notion was seen as a violation of the principle of self-determination, and as a deliberate insult to the self-respect of Indians.

QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements.

1. The Congress session in Madras in December 1927 meeting under the presidency of Motilal Nehru decided to boycott the commission "at every stage and in every form."

2. Nehru succeeded in getting a snap resolution passed at the session, declaring complete independence as the goal of the Congress

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:  
  • In Madras (December 1927), the Congress session under the presidency of M.A. Ansari decided to boycott the commission "at every stage and in every form".

  • Meanwhile, Nehru succeeded in getting a snap resolution passed at the session, declaring complete independence as the Congress's goal.

QUESTION: 4

What were the recommendations of the Nehru report? 

1. Dominion status 

2. Rejection of separate electorates 

3. 19 fundamental rights 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • Nehru Report (1928): First Indian effort to draft constitutional scheme. 

  • Dominion status

  • Not separate electorates, but joint electorates with reserved seats for minorities

  • Linguistic provinces 

  • 19 fundamental rights

  • Responsible government at the centre and in provinces.

QUESTION: 5

The concessions made in the Nehru report to Hindu communalists included 

1. Joint electorates and reservation proposed for Muslims only wherein minority 

2. Seemed to be detached from Bombay only after Dominion status was granted 

3. Political structure proposed broadly unitary 

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • The Hindu Mahasabha was vehemently opposed to the proposals for creating new Muslim-majority provinces and reservation of seats for Muslims majorities in Punjab and Bengal (which would ensure Muslim control over legislatures in both). 

  • It also demanded a strictly unitary structure—this attitude of the Hindu Mahasabha complicated matters. 

  • Compromises: In the deliberations of the All Parties Conference, the Muslim League dissociated itself and stuck its demand for reservation of seats for Muslims, especially in the central legislature and in Muslim majority provinces. 

  • Thus, Motilal Nehru and other leaders drafting the report found themselves in a dilemma: if the demands of the Muslim communal opinion were accepted, the Hindu communalists would withdraw their support, if the latter were satisfied, the Muslim leaders would get estranged. 

  • The concessions made in the Nehru Report to Hindu communalists included the following: Joint electorates proposed everywhere but reservation for Muslims only where in the minority; Sindh to be detached from Bombay only after dominion status was granted and subject to the weightage given to Hindu minority in Sindh; Political structure proposed broadly unitary, as residual powers rested with the centre.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the following statements.

1. In 1927, a large number of Muslim leaders had met at Delhi at the Muslim League session and evolved four proposals for their demands to be incorporated into the draft constitution 

2. These proposals, which were opposed by the Madras session of the Congress came to be known as the 'Delhi Proposals'

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:

 

  • Earlier, in December 1927, many Muslim leaders had met at Delhi at the Muslim League session and evolved four proposals for their demands to be incorporated into the draft constitution. 

  •  

    These proposals, which were accepted by the Congress's Madras session (December 1927), came to be known as the 'Delhi Proposals'. 

  •  

    These were: joint electorates in place of separate electorates with reserved seats for Muslims; one-third representation to Muslims in Central Legislative Assembly; representation to Muslims in Punjab and Bengal in proportion to their population; formation of three new Muslim majority provinces Sindh, Baluchistan and North-West Frontier Province.

 

 

 

QUESTION: 7

At the All Parties Conference held at Calcutta in December 1928 to consider the Nehru Report, Jinnah proposed three amendments to the report on behalf of the Muslim League. These were: 

1. One-third representation to Muslims Central legislature 

2. Reschedule powers to provinces 

3. Reservation to Muslims in Bengal and Punjab legislatures proportional to their population 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:  
  • Amendments Proposed by Jinnah At the All Parties Conference held at Calcutta in December 1928 to consider the Nehru Report, Jinnah, on behalf of the Muslim League, proposed three amendments to the report: 

  • (i) one-third representation to Muslims in the central legislature; 

  • (ii) reservation to Muslims in Bengal and Punjab legislatures proportionate to their population, till adult suffrage was established; and 

  • (iii) residual powers to provinces. 

  • These demands were not accommodated.

QUESTION: 8

Consider the following statements.

1. As an answer to Lord Birkenhead's challenge, an All-Parties Conference met in 1928 and appointed a subcommittee under Motilal Nehru's chairmanship to draft a constitution.

2. Not only were the Muslim League, the Hindu Mahasabha and the Sikh communalists unhappy about the Nehru Report, but the younger section of the Congress-led by Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Bose were also angered 

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  
  • To answer Lord Birkenhead's challenge, an All-Parties Conference met in February 1928 and appointed a sub-committee under Motilal Nehru's chairmanship to draft a constitution. 

  • This was the first major attempt by the Indians to draft a constitutional framework for the country. 

  • The committee included Tej Bahadur Sapru, Subhash Bose, M.S. Aney, Mangal Singh, Ali Imam, Shuaib Qureshi and G.R. Pradhan members. The report was finalized by August 1928. 

  • The Nehru Committee's recommendations were unanimous except in one respect—while the majority favoured the "dominion status" as the basis of the Constitution, a section of it wanted "complete independence" as the basis, with the majority section giving the latter section liberty of action.

QUESTION: 9

Which among the following was Jinnah 14 points? 

1. Provincial autonomy 

2. Formation of three new Muslim majority provinces - Sindh, Balochistan and North-West frontier province 

3. Separate electorate 

4. Representation to Muslims in Punjab and Bengal in proportion to their population 

Choose from the following options.

Solution: Jinnah went back to the Shafi faction of the Muslim League and in March 1929 gave fourteen points which were to become the basis of all future propaganda of the Muslim League. The fourteen points were as follows. 

1. Federal Constitution with residual powers to provinces. 

2. Provincial autonomy. 

3. No constitutional amendment by the centre without the concurrence of the states constituting the Indian federation. 

4. All legislatures and elected bodies to have adequate representation of Muslims in every province without reducing a majority of Muslims in a province to a minority or equality. 

5. Adequate representation to Muslims in the services and in self-governing bodies. 

6. One-third of Muslim representation in the central legislature. 

7. In any cabinet at the centre or in the provinces, one-third to be Muslims. 

8. Separate electorates. 

9. No bill or resolution in any legislature to be passed if three-fourths of a minority community consider such a bill or resolution to be against their interests. 

10. Any territorial redistribution not to affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and NWFP. 11. Separation of Sindh from Bombay. 12. Constitutional reforms in the NWFP and Baluchistan. 

13. Full religious freedom to all communities. 

14. Protection of Muslim rights in religion, culture, education and language.

QUESTION: 10

Consider the following statements about the Simon Commission. 

1. It was an all-white, seven-member Indian Statutory Commission, popularly known as the Simon Commission 

2. the British government set it up under Sir John Simon's prime ministership in 1927.

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution:

An all-white, seven-member Indian Statutory Commission, popularly known as the Simon Commission (after its chairman, Sir John Simon), was set up by the British government under Stanley Baldwin's prime ministership on November 8, 1927.

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