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Which of the following weather conditions is associated with anticyclones?
Detailed Solution for Test: Climate - 1 - Question 1
Anticyclones are large-scale circulations of winds around a central region of high atmospheric pressure. They herald fair weather, clearing skies, and calm air with high temperatures in summers and cold in winters.
What is the main difference between tropical cyclones and extratropical cyclones?
Detailed Solution for Test: Climate - 1 - Question 2
Tropical cyclones are more destructive, originate only on sea and dissipate on reaching land, and move from east to west, while extratropical cyclones move from west to east, have a lower wind velocity, and can affect much larger areas, originating on land as well as sea.
Which of the following winds is experienced in the valleys of northern Alps, particularly in Switzerland in spring?
Detailed Solution for Test: Climate - 1 - Question 5
Fohn winds are local hot and dry winds experienced on the leeward side of the mountains when descending air becomes compressed with increased pressure. They are experienced in the valleys of northern Alps, particularly in Switzerland in spring.
What causes the reversal of Monsoon Winds in India?
Detailed Solution for Test: Climate - 1 - Question 6
The reversal of Monsoon Winds in India is caused by the shifting of ITCZ, differential heating of continents and oceans, and the movement of the Sun. In summers, the Sun shines vertically over the Tropic of Cancer, resulting in high temperatures and low pressure in central Asia, while pressure is sufficiently high at the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea, inducing heavy rainfall in India and neighboring countries. In winters, the Sun shines vertically over the Tropic of Capricorn, causing the North-West part of India to grow colder than the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal, resulting in the reversal of monsoon in India.
Which of the following statements about Trade Winds is NOT true?
Detailed Solution for Test: Climate - 1 - Question 10
Trade winds do not typically cause considerable rainfall on the eastern margins of the continents. Instead, it is the prevailing westerlies that are responsible for the significant rainfall on the eastern margins of the continents. Trade winds are associated with relatively dry conditions, especially in areas affected by the subsidence of air from high-pressure systems.
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