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Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - UPSC MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Old & New NCERTs for IAS Preparation (Must Read) - Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After)

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) for UPSC 2024 is part of Old & New NCERTs for IAS Preparation (Must Read) preparation. The Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) below.
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Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 1

What caused the Indian sepoys to rebel against the Company in 1857?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 1

The Indian sepoys rebelled because they were upset about changes that went against their religious beliefs. This made them very unhappy, and they decided to stand up against these changes. It's important to respect everyone's beliefs and traditions.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 2

Who was the adopted son of the late Peshwa Baji Rao who proclaimed himself Peshwa near Kanpur?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 2

Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the late Peshwa Baji Rao, gathered armed forces and expelled the British garrison from the city of Kanpur. He proclaimed himself Peshwa, a title indicating a high-ranking official in the Maratha Empire.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 3

Identify the kingdom based on the clues given
One of the last territories to be annexed by the British
A subsidiary alliance was imposed here on 1801 and later taken over in 1856 by the British
Lord Dalhousie declared that the territory was being misgoverned and British rule was need to ensure proper administration

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 3
Awadh could not be annexed on the basis of the Doctrine of Lapse as Wajid Ali Shah, the then Nawab of Awadh has several successors. Awadh was formally annexed to the British Empire in India on 7 Feb 1856 when the reigning monarch, Wajid Ali Shah , refused to sign a treaty handling over the administration to east India company, with this act Lord Dalhousie brought to a logical end the progressive subordination of Awadh to British economic and political control that begun with the battle of buxar. He annexed Awadh in the name of “good of the governed”, condemning the Nawab for misrule the Nawab for misrule and ill administration.
Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 4

In 1856, which Governor General decided that Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal King and none of his descendants would be recognized as Kings hereafter?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 4

In 1856, Lord Canning made the decision to designate Bahadur Shah Zafar as the final Mughal monarch. Following his demise, none of his successors would be acknowledged as rulers; instead, they would only hold the title of princes. This act of disrespect towards the Mughal Emperor was among the political grievances that fueled the uprising of 1857.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 5

What did Governor-General Canning decide about Bahadur Shah Zafar's descendants?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 5
  • Governor-General Canning decided that after the death of Bahadur Shah Zafar, none of his descendants would be recognized as kings – they would just be called princes. This means that even though they were from the royal family, they would not have the same title as their ancestor. Instead, they would be called princes, which is a different and lower position than being a king.
Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 6

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The Company refused the pleas of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and Nana Saheb for protecting their interests.

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 6

Explanation:

Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and Nana Saheb requested the Company to recognize their rights, but the Company, feeling very strong, said no. They thought they could do whatever they wanted.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 7

What did Nana Saheb declare himself as when he gathered armed forces in Kanpur?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 7

When Nana Saheb gathered armed forces in Kanpur, he declared himself as a Governor under Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. This means he saw himself as a leader who was working for the Emperor. It was like he was saying he was in charge and responsible for the area, following the Emperor's orders.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 8

What title was given to the Governor-General of India after the British government accepted direct responsibility for ruling India?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 8

After the British government took direct control of ruling India, the title given to the Governor-General of India was Viceroy. A Viceroy is like a personal representative of the Crown. It's a fancy word for someone who is in charge on behalf of the King or Queen.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 9

The attached picture shows the statue of a great personality kept in Solapur, Maharashtra. Identify her from the given clues:
She is from the kingdom of Jhansi
She wanted the East India Company to recognize her adopted son as the heir to the kingdom

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 9
Rani Laxmibai was the famed monarch of Jhansi and an embodiment of courage at the time of British reign in India. She was one of the front ranking leaders of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and a symbol of resistance to British rule.

Her valiant battle to ensure that her adopted son was recognized as the legal ruler of Jhansi may not have ultimately resulted in victory, but she continues to remain a beacon for the upcoming generations of freedom fighters.
Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 10

State whether the following statement is True or False

Indian sepoys were happy about their pay, allowances, and conditions of service.

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 10
  • The statement is False. Indian sepoys were not happy about their pay, allowances, and conditions of service. They had reasons for discontent, such as issues with their pay, allowances, and service conditions.
  • Some of the new rules also went against their religious beliefs, which made them unhappy.
  • This discontent among the sepoys eventually contributed to the events leading up to the Revolt of 1857.
Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 11

Name the ruler of Kanpur who called himself Peshwa?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 11

Nana Saheb (19 May 1824 – 1859), born as Dhondu Pant, was an Indian Peshwa of the Maratha empire, aristocrat and fighter, who led the rebellion in Cawnpore (Kanpur) during the 1857 uprising.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 12

The British Parliament passed a new Act in 1858 and transferred the powers of the East India Company to the British Crown in order to ensure a more responsible ______ of Indian affairs.

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 12

The British Parliament passed a new Act in 1858 and transferred the powers of the East India Company to the British Crown in order to ensure a more responsible management of Indian affairs. This means they wanted to take better care of how things were handled in India.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 13

Identify this personality in the attached image, pleaded with the British to give his father's pension when the latter died?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 13

Nana Saheb (19 May 1824 – 1859), born as Dhondu Pant, was an Indian Peshwa of the Maratha empire, aristocrat and fighter. As the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, Nana Saheb believed that he was entitled to a pension from the East India Company, but the underlying contractual issues were rather murky. The Company's refusal to continue the pension after his father's death, as well as what he perceived as high-handed policies, compelled him to revolt and seek independence from company rule in India.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 14

By the mid 19th century, what actually happened to the Nawabs and Rajas in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 14

Since the mid-19th century, nawabs and rajas gradually lost their power and authority. The Company and the British government reduced their freedom, disbanded their armed forces, and took away their tax revenues and territories. Many ruling families, such as Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi tried to negotiate with the Company to protect their interests, but they were mostly defeated and murdered.

Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 15

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The British easily defeated all the rebel forces during the uprising of 1857.

Detailed Solution for Test: When People Rebel (1857 & After) - Question 15
  • The statement is False. During the uprising of 1857, the British faced difficulties in defeating the rebel forces. It was not an easy victory for the British. Many leaders like Rani Lakshmibai, Rani Avantibai, and Tantia Tope led strong resistance against the British.
  • Even after some initial defeats, the rebels continued to fight back, making it a tough challenge for the British forces.
  • So, the British did not easily defeat all the rebel forces during the uprising.
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